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Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Alteration Of Nucleotide Excision Repair By Estrogens: Implications For Carcinogenesis, Emily Glynn Notch May 2010

Alteration Of Nucleotide Excision Repair By Estrogens: Implications For Carcinogenesis, Emily Glynn Notch

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Estrogens and estrogen mimics represent a wide range of aquatic contaminants that elicit deleterious effects on exposed organisms. Despite well-characterized reproductive effects of environmental estrogens, less is known about non-reproductive impacts of exogenous estrogen exposure. Additionally, estrogens are known carcinogens, implicated in multiple human cancers. Little or no research has examined the effects of xenoestrogens on DNA repair despite being known carcinogens. The goal of this research was to test the hypothesis that aquatic estrogens enhance the effects of environmental mutagens by altering DNA repair. Of particular interest is nucleotide excision repair (NER), the only repair pathway to remove structurally ...


Physiological And Evolutionary Implications Of The Pattern Of Expression Of Oxygen-Binding Hemoproteins In Antarctic Notothenioid Fishes, Kimberly Borley May 2010

Physiological And Evolutionary Implications Of The Pattern Of Expression Of Oxygen-Binding Hemoproteins In Antarctic Notothenioid Fishes, Kimberly Borley

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Antarctic icefish do not express hemoglobin (Hb). Icefishes possess cardiovascular modifications including increased densities of blood vessels, larger ventricles and increased blood volume compared to red-blooded relatives. In addition to delivering oxygen to tissues, Hb degrades nitric oxide (NO), a small signaling molecule. To investigate the mechanism driving development of icefish cardiovascular characteristics, I present and test the hypothesis that loss of Hb results in increased steady-state levels of NO, triggering downstream signaling pathways such as angiogenesis. I measured NO breakdown products, as a proxy for NO, and found that icefish have higher steady-state levels of NO metabolites in their ...


Innervation, Distribution And Morphology Of Calcitonin Gene Related Peptide And Substancep Immunoreactive Axons In The Whole-Mount Atria Of Fvb Mice, Liang Li Jan 2010

Innervation, Distribution And Morphology Of Calcitonin Gene Related Peptide And Substancep Immunoreactive Axons In The Whole-Mount Atria Of Fvb Mice, Liang Li

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Degeneration of nociceptive afferent axons and terminals in the heart is associated with painless sudden cardiac death. However, innervation, distribution and morphological structures of sympathetic cardiac nociceptive afferent axons and terminals have not yet been fully characterized. The aim of the present study is to characterize the density, arrangement, and structural features of differentiated sympathetic afferent axons and terminals in whole-mount FVB mouse atria. FVB mice (3-6 months old) were perfused and the tissues were fixed. The right and left atria were processed with immunohistochemistry. Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P (SP) are two neuropeptides which have been widely ...


Expression And Characterization Of Antimicrobial Peptides Retrocyclin-101 And Protegrin-1 In Chloroplasts To Control Viral And Bacterial Infections, Baichuan Li Jan 2010

Expression And Characterization Of Antimicrobial Peptides Retrocyclin-101 And Protegrin-1 In Chloroplasts To Control Viral And Bacterial Infections, Baichuan Li

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Retrocyclin-101 (RC101) and Protegrin-1 (PG1) are two important antimicrobial peptides that can be used as therapeutic agents against bacterial and/or viral infections, especially those caused by the HIV-1 or sexually-transmitted bacteria. Because of their antimicrobial activity and complex secondary structures, they have not yet been produced in microbial systems and their chemical synthesis is prohibitively expensive. Therefore, we created chloroplast transformation vectors with the RC101 or PG1 coding sequence, fused with GFP to confer stability, furin or Factor Xa cleavage site to liberate the mature peptide from their fusion proteins and a His-tag to aid in their purification. Stable ...


Acetazolamide-Induced Decrease Of Apical Fluid Flow In Choroid Plexus Is Independent Of The Concomitant Changes In Aquaporin-1 Expression, Pouya Alexander Ameli Jan 2010

Acetazolamide-Induced Decrease Of Apical Fluid Flow In Choroid Plexus Is Independent Of The Concomitant Changes In Aquaporin-1 Expression, Pouya Alexander Ameli

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Acetazolamide (AZA), the only drug approved for treatment of hydrocephalus, is effective in only 25-30% of patients while its effect on fluid flow in the choroid plexus (CP) is unknown. The drug reversibly inhibits Aquaporin 4 (AQP4), the most highly expressed „water pore‟ in the brain, and it is postulated that it reduces cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) production by modulating AQP1 (mostly found in the apical membrane of the CP). In this study, we sought to elucidate the effect of AZA on AQP1 and fluid flow in CP. Primary CP culture from p10 Sprague-Dawley rats and TRCSF-B cell line were grown ...


Low Cost Production Of Proinsulin In Tobacco And Lettuce Chloroplasts For Injectable Or Oral Delivery Of Functional Insulin And, Diane Burberry Jan 2010

Low Cost Production Of Proinsulin In Tobacco And Lettuce Chloroplasts For Injectable Or Oral Delivery Of Functional Insulin And, Diane Burberry

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Current treatment for type I diabetes includes delivery of insulin via injection or pump, which is highly invasive and expensive. The production of chloroplast-derived proinsulin should reduce cost and facilitate oral delivery. Therefore, tobacco and lettuce chloroplasts were transformed with the cholera toxin B subunit fused with human proinsulin (A, B, and C peptides) containing three furin cleavage sites (CTB-PFx3). Transplastomic lines were confirmed for site-specific integration of transgene and homoplasmy. Old tobacco leaves accumulated proinsulin up to 47% of total leaf protein (TLP). Old lettuce leaves accumulated proinsulin up to 53% TLP. Accumulation was so stable that up to ...