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Molecular Biology

2009

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Articles 31 - 60 of 61

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Fshd Region Gene 1 (Frg1) Is Crucial For Angiogenesis Linking Frg1 To Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy-Associated Vasculopathy, Ryan Wuebbles, Meredith L. Hanel, Peter L. Jones May 2009

Fshd Region Gene 1 (Frg1) Is Crucial For Angiogenesis Linking Frg1 To Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy-Associated Vasculopathy, Ryan Wuebbles, Meredith L. Hanel, Peter L. Jones

Peter Jones Lab Publications

The genetic lesion that is diagnostic for facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) results in an epigenetic misregulation of gene expression, which ultimately leads to the disease pathology. FRG1 (FSHD region gene 1) is a leading candidate for a gene whose misexpression might lead to FSHD. Because FSHD pathology is most prominent in the musculature, most research and therapy efforts focus on muscle cells. Previously, using Xenopus development as a model, we showed that altering frg1 expression levels systemically leads to aberrant muscle development, illustrating the potential for aberrant FRG1 levels to disrupt the musculature. However, 50-75% of FSHD patients also exhibit ...


Materials And Methods For The Alteration Of Enzyme And Acetyl Coa Levels In Plants, Basil J. Nikolau, Eve S. Wurtele, David J. Oliver, Patrick S. Schnable, Tsui-Jung Wen Apr 2009

Materials And Methods For The Alteration Of Enzyme And Acetyl Coa Levels In Plants, Basil J. Nikolau, Eve S. Wurtele, David J. Oliver, Patrick S. Schnable, Tsui-Jung Wen

Iowa State University Patents

The present invention provides nucleic acid and amino acid sequences of acetyl CoA synthetase (ACS), plastidic pyruvate dehydrogenase (pPDH), ATP citrate lyase (ACL),Arabidopsis pyruvate decarboxylase (PDC), and Arabidopsis aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), specifically ALDH-2 and ALDH-4. The present invention also provides a recombinant vector comprising a nucleic acid sequence encoding one of the aforementioned enzymes, an antisense sequence thereto or a ribozyme therefor, a cell transformed with such a vector, antibodies to the enzymes, a plant cell, a plant tissue, a plant organ or a plant in which the level of an enzyme has been altered, and a method of ...


The Zinc Finger Protein Zn72d And Dead Box Helicase Belle Interact And Control Maleless Mrna And Protein Levels, Kathleen A. Worringer, Feixia Chu, Barbara Panning Apr 2009

The Zinc Finger Protein Zn72d And Dead Box Helicase Belle Interact And Control Maleless Mrna And Protein Levels, Kathleen A. Worringer, Feixia Chu, Barbara Panning

Molecular, Cellular and Biomedical Sciences Scholarship

Background: The Male Specific Lethal (MSL) complex is enriched on the single X chromosome in male Drosophila cells and functions to upregulate X-linked gene expression and equalize X-linked gene dosage with XX females. The zinc finger protein Zn72D is required for productive splicing of the maleless (mle) transcript, which encodes an essential subunit of the MSL complex. In the absence of Zn72D, MLE levels are decreased, and as a result, the MSL complex no longer localizes to the X chromosome and dosage compensation is disrupted. To understand the Molecular basis of Zn72D function, we identified proteins that interact with Zn72D ...


Transcriptional Regulation Differs In Affected Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy Patients Compared To Asymptomatic Related Carriers, Patricia Arashiro, Iris Eisenberg, Alvin T. Kho, Antonia M. P. Cerqueira, Marta Canovas, Helga C. A. Silva, Rita C. M. Pavanello, Sergio Verjovski-Almeida, Louis M. Kunkel, Mayana Zatz Apr 2009

Transcriptional Regulation Differs In Affected Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy Patients Compared To Asymptomatic Related Carriers, Patricia Arashiro, Iris Eisenberg, Alvin T. Kho, Antonia M. P. Cerqueira, Marta Canovas, Helga C. A. Silva, Rita C. M. Pavanello, Sergio Verjovski-Almeida, Louis M. Kunkel, Mayana Zatz

Wellstone Center for FSHD Publications

Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a progressive muscle disorder that has been associated with a contraction of 3.3-kb repeats on chromosome 4q35. FSHD is characterized by a wide clinical inter- and intrafamilial variability, ranging from wheelchair-bound patients to asymptomatic carriers. Our study is unique in comparing the gene expression profiles from related affected, asymptomatic carrier, and control individuals. Our results suggest that the expression of genes on chromosome 4q is altered in affected and asymptomatic individuals. Remarkably, the changes seen in asymptomatic samples are largely in products of genes encoding several chemokines, whereas the changes seen in affected samples ...


Proline Isomerization Preorganizes The Itk Sh2 Domain For Binding The Itk Sh3 Domain, Andrew J. Severin, Raji E. Joseph, Scott E. Boyken, D. Bruce Fulton, Amy H. Andreotti Apr 2009

Proline Isomerization Preorganizes The Itk Sh2 Domain For Binding The Itk Sh3 Domain, Andrew J. Severin, Raji E. Joseph, Scott E. Boyken, D. Bruce Fulton, Amy H. Andreotti

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications

We report here the NMR-derived structure of the binary complex formed by the interleukin-2 tyrosine kinase (Itk) Src homology 3 (SH3) and Src homology 2 (SH2) domains. The interaction is independent of both a phosphotyrosine motif and a proline-rich sequence, the classical targets of the SH2 and SH3 domains, respectively. The Itk SH3/SH2 structure reveals the molecular details of this nonclassical interaction and provides a clear picture for how the previously described prolyl cis/trans isomerization present in the Itk SH2 domain mediates SH3 binding. The higher-affinity cis SH2 conformer is preorganized to form a hydrophobic interface with the ...


Molecular Diagnostic For Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Based On Amplification Of Three Species-Specific Microsatellites, Kyung Seok Kim, Zsofia Szendrei, Cesar Rodriguez-Saona, Phillip G. Mulder Jr., Thomas W. Sappington Apr 2009

Molecular Diagnostic For Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Based On Amplification Of Three Species-Specific Microsatellites, Kyung Seok Kim, Zsofia Szendrei, Cesar Rodriguez-Saona, Phillip G. Mulder Jr., Thomas W. Sappington

Entomology Publications

The boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis grandis Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), is a serious pest of cultivated cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., in the Americas, and reinfestation of zones from which they have been eradicated is of perpetual concern. Extensive arrays of pheromone traps monitor for reintroductions, but occasionally the traps collect nontarget weevils that can be misidentified by scouts. For example, the congeneric pepper weevil,Anthonomus eugenii Cano, and other superficially similar weevils are attracted to components of the boll weevil lure or trap color. Although morphologically distinguishable by trained personnel, the potential for misidentification is compounded when captured weevils are dismembered ...


Spatiotemporal Control Of Mitosis By The Conserved Spindle Matrix Protein Megator, Mariana Lince-Faria, Stefano Maffi, Bernard Orr, Yun Ding, Claudia Florindo, Claudio E. Sunkel, Alvaro Tavares, Jorgen Johansen, Kristen M. Johansen, Helder Maiato Mar 2009

Spatiotemporal Control Of Mitosis By The Conserved Spindle Matrix Protein Megator, Mariana Lince-Faria, Stefano Maffi, Bernard Orr, Yun Ding, Claudia Florindo, Claudio E. Sunkel, Alvaro Tavares, Jorgen Johansen, Kristen M. Johansen, Helder Maiato

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications

A putative spindle matrix has been hypothesized to mediate chromosome motion, but its existence and functionality remain controversial. In this report, we show that Megator (Mtor), the Drosophilamelanogaster counterpart of the human nuclear pore complex protein translocated promoter region (Tpr), and the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) protein Mad2 form a conserved complex that localizes to a nuclear derived spindle matrix in living cells. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching experiments supports that Mtor is retained around spindle microtubules, where it shows distinct dynamic properties. Mtor/Tpr promotes the recruitment of Mad2 and Mps1 but not Mad1 to unattached kinetochores (KTs), mediating ...


Conformational Snapshots Of Tec Kinases During Signaling, Raji E. Joseph, Amy H. Andreotti Mar 2009

Conformational Snapshots Of Tec Kinases During Signaling, Raji E. Joseph, Amy H. Andreotti

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications

The control of cellular signaling cascades is of utmost importance in regulating the immune response. Exquisitely precise protein-protein interactions and chemical modification of substrates by enzymatic catalysis are the fundamental components of the signals that alert immune cells to the presence of a foreign antigen. In particular, the phosphorylation events induced by protein kinase activity must be spatially and temporally regulated by specific interactions to maintain a normal and effective immune response. High resolution structures of many protein kinases along with supporting biochemical data are providing significant insight into the intricate regulatory mechanisms responsible for controlling cellular signaling. The Tec ...


Iterative Cluster-Nma (Icnma): A Tool For Generating Conformational Transitions In Proteins, Adam D. Schuyler, Robert L. Jernigan, Pradman K. Qasba, Boopathy Ramakrishnan, Gregory S. Chirikjian Feb 2009

Iterative Cluster-Nma (Icnma): A Tool For Generating Conformational Transitions In Proteins, Adam D. Schuyler, Robert L. Jernigan, Pradman K. Qasba, Boopathy Ramakrishnan, Gregory S. Chirikjian

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications

Computational models provide insight into the structure-function relationship in proteins. These approaches, especially those based on normal mode analysis, can identify the accessible motion space around a given equilibrium structure. The large magnitude, collective motions identified by these methods are often well aligned with the general direction of the expected conformational transitions. However, these motions cannot realistically be extrapolated beyond the local neighborhood of the starting conformation. In this paper, the icNMA method is presented for traversing the energy landscape from a starting conformation to a desired goal conformation. This is accomplished by allowing the evolving geometry of the intermediate ...


Integration Host Factor (Ihf) Dictates The Structure Of Polyamine-Dna Condensates: Implications For The Role Of Ihf In The Compaction Of Bacterial Chromatin, Ishita Mukerji Feb 2009

Integration Host Factor (Ihf) Dictates The Structure Of Polyamine-Dna Condensates: Implications For The Role Of Ihf In The Compaction Of Bacterial Chromatin, Ishita Mukerji

Division III Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Inhibition Of Lentivirus Replication By Aqueous Extracts Of Prunella Vulgaris, Melinda A. Brindley, Mark P. Widrlechner, Joe-Ann Mccoy, Patricia A. Murphy, Catherine C. Hauck, Ludmila Rizshsky, Basil J. Nikolau, Wendy Maury Jan 2009

Inhibition Of Lentivirus Replication By Aqueous Extracts Of Prunella Vulgaris, Melinda A. Brindley, Mark P. Widrlechner, Joe-Ann Mccoy, Patricia A. Murphy, Catherine C. Hauck, Ludmila Rizshsky, Basil J. Nikolau, Wendy Maury

NCRPIS Publications and Papers

Background
Various members of the mint family have been used historically in Chinese and Native American medicine. Many of these same family members, including Prunella vulgaris, have been reported to have anti-viral activities. To further characterize the anti-lentiviral activities of P. vulgaris, water and ethanol extractions were tested for their ability to inhibit equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) replication.

Results
Aqueous extracts contained more anti-viral activity than did ethanol extracts, displaying potent anti-lentiviral activity against virus in cell lines as well as in primary cell cultures with little to no cellular cytotoxicity. Time-of-addition studies demonstrated that the extracts were effective ...


Pathbinder – Text Empirics And Automatic Extraction Of Biomolecular Interactions, Lifeng Zhang, Daniel Berleant, Jing Ding, Tuan Cao, Eve S. Wurtele Jan 2009

Pathbinder – Text Empirics And Automatic Extraction Of Biomolecular Interactions, Lifeng Zhang, Daniel Berleant, Jing Ding, Tuan Cao, Eve S. Wurtele

Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Motivation

The increasingly large amount of free, online biological text makes automatic interaction extraction correspondingly attractive. Machine learning is one strategy that works by uncovering and using useful properties that are implicit in the text. However these properties are usually not reported in the literature explicitly. By investigating specific properties of biological text passages in this paper, we aim to facilitate an alternative strategy, the use of text empirics, to support mining of biomedical texts for biomolecular interactions. We report on our application of this approach, and also report some empirical findings about an important class of passages. These may ...


A Microrna Imparts Robustness Against Environmental Fluctuation During Development, Xin Li, Justin J. Cassidy, Catherine A. Reinke, Stephen Fischboeck, Richard W. Carthew Jan 2009

A Microrna Imparts Robustness Against Environmental Fluctuation During Development, Xin Li, Justin J. Cassidy, Catherine A. Reinke, Stephen Fischboeck, Richard W. Carthew

Faculty Publications

The microRNA miR-7 is perfectly conserved from annelids to humans, and yet some of the genes that it regulates in Drosophila are not regulated in mammals. We have explored the role of lineage restricted targets, using Drosophila , in order to better understand the evolutionary significance of microRNA-target relationships. From studies of two well characterized developmental regulatory networks, we find that miR-7 functions in several interlocking feedback and feedforward loops, and propose that its role in these networks is to buffer them against perturbation. To directly demonstrate this function for miR-7, we subjected the networks to temperature fluctuation and found that ...


Chemical Information Based Elastic Network Model: A Novel Way To Identification Of Vibration Frequencies In Proteins., Sharad K. Raj Jan 2009

Chemical Information Based Elastic Network Model: A Novel Way To Identification Of Vibration Frequencies In Proteins., Sharad K. Raj

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

A novel method of analysis of macromolecules has been worked upon through this research. In an effort to understand the dynamics of macromolecules and to further our knowledge, pertaining specifically to the low frequency domain and also to elucidate certain important biological functions associated with it, a theoretical technique of chemical information based Normal Mode Analysis has been developed. These simulations render users with the ability to generate animations of modeshapes as well as key insight on the associated vibration frequencies. Harmonic analysis using atomistic details is performed taking into account appropriate values of masses of constituent atoms of a ...


Dopamine Controls Locomotion By Modulating The Activity Of The Cholinergic Motor Neurons In C. Elegans, Andrew T. Allen Jan 2009

Dopamine Controls Locomotion By Modulating The Activity Of The Cholinergic Motor Neurons In C. Elegans, Andrew T. Allen

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Dopamine is an important neurotransmitter in the brain, where it plays a regulatory role in the coordination of movement and cognition by acting through two classes of G protein-coupled receptors to modulate synaptic activity. In addition, it has been shown these two receptor classes can exhibit synergistic or antagonistic effects on neurotransmission. However, while the pharmacology of the mammalian dopamine receptors have been characterized in some detail, less is known about the molecular pathways that act downstream of the receptors. As in mammals, the soil nematode Caenorhabditis elegans uses two classes of dopamine receptors to control neural activity and thus ...


Functional Analysis Of Receptor-Like Kinases In Pollen-Pistil Interactions In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Mini Aggarwal Jan 2009

Functional Analysis Of Receptor-Like Kinases In Pollen-Pistil Interactions In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Mini Aggarwal

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Rac/Rop GTPases are molecular switches in plants that control the growth of polarized cells such as pollen tubes and root hairs, differentiation, development, actin dynamics, production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and disease resistance. These small GTPases are activated by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) that replace GDP for GTP and are referred to as RopGEFs in plants. To identify upstream components of the RopGEF regulated signaling pathways, GEF1 from Arabidopsis thaliana was used as a bait to screen a seedling cDNA library in a yeast two-hybrid system. This yielded members of a small family of the Catharanthus roseus ...


Understanding The Physical Properties That Control Protein Crystallization By Analysis Of Largescale Experimental Data, W. Nicholson Price Ii, Yang Chen, Samuel K. Handelman, Helen Neely, Philip Manor, Richard Karlin, Rajesh Nair, Jinfeng Liu, Michael Baran, John Everett, Saichiu N. Tong, Farhad Forouhar, Swarup S. Swaminathan, Thomas Acton, Rong Xiao, Joseph R. Luft, Angela Lauricella, George T. Detitta, Burkhard Rost, Gaetano T. Montelione, John T. Hunt Jan 2009

Understanding The Physical Properties That Control Protein Crystallization By Analysis Of Largescale Experimental Data, W. Nicholson Price Ii, Yang Chen, Samuel K. Handelman, Helen Neely, Philip Manor, Richard Karlin, Rajesh Nair, Jinfeng Liu, Michael Baran, John Everett, Saichiu N. Tong, Farhad Forouhar, Swarup S. Swaminathan, Thomas Acton, Rong Xiao, Joseph R. Luft, Angela Lauricella, George T. Detitta, Burkhard Rost, Gaetano T. Montelione, John T. Hunt

Law Faculty Scholarship

Crystallization is the most serious bottleneck in high-throughput protein-structure determination by diffraction methods. We have used data mining of the large-scale experimental results of the Northeast Structural Genomics Consortium and experimental folding studies to characterize the biophysical properties that control protein crystallization. This analysis leads to the conclusion that crystallization propensity depends primarily on the prevalence of well-ordered surface epitopes capable of mediating interprotein interactions and is not strongly influenced by overall thermodynamic stability. We identify specific sequence features that correlate with crystallization propensity and that can be used to estimate the crystallization probability of a given construct. Analyses of ...


Pressure-Driven Transport Of Particles Through A Converging-Diverging Microchannel, Ye Ai, Sang W. Joo, Xiangchun Xuan, Shizhi Qian Jan 2009

Pressure-Driven Transport Of Particles Through A Converging-Diverging Microchannel, Ye Ai, Sang W. Joo, Xiangchun Xuan, Shizhi Qian

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

Pressure-driven transport of particles through a symmetric converging-diverging microchannel is studied by solving a coupled nonlinear system, which is composed of the Navier-Stokes and continuity equations using the arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian finite-element technique. The predicted particle translation is in good agreement with existing experimental observations. The effects of pressure gradient, particle size, channel geometry, and a particle's initial location on the particle transport are investigated. The pressure gradient has no effect on the ratio of the translational velocity of particles through a converging-diverging channel to that in the upstream straight channel. Particles are generally accelerated in the converging region and ...


Computational And Experimental Analyses Converge To Reveal A Coherent Yet Malleable Aptamer Structure That Controls Chemical Reactivity, Tianjiao Wang, Julie A. Hoy, Monica H. Lamm, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton Jan 2009

Computational And Experimental Analyses Converge To Reveal A Coherent Yet Malleable Aptamer Structure That Controls Chemical Reactivity, Tianjiao Wang, Julie A. Hoy, Monica H. Lamm, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

As short nucleic acids, aptamers in solution are believed to be structurally flexible. Consistent with this view, most aptamers examined for this property have been shown to bind their target molecules by mechanisms that can be described as "induced fit". But, it is not known to what extent this structural flexibility affects the integrity of the target - aptamer interaction. Using the malachite green aptamer (MGA) as a model system, we show that the MGA can protect its bound target, malachite green (MG), from oxidation over several days. Protection is reversed by an oligonucleotide complementary to the MGA binding pocket. Computational ...


Metabolic Profiling Of Echinacea Genotypes And A Test Of Alternative Taxonomic Treatments, Lankun Wu, Philip M. Dixon, Basil J. Nikolau, George A. Kraus, Mark P. Widrlechner, Eve S. Wurtele Jan 2009

Metabolic Profiling Of Echinacea Genotypes And A Test Of Alternative Taxonomic Treatments, Lankun Wu, Philip M. Dixon, Basil J. Nikolau, George A. Kraus, Mark P. Widrlechner, Eve S. Wurtele

NCRPIS Publications and Papers

The genus Echinacea is used as an herbal medicine to treat a variety of ailments. To better understand its potential chemical variation, 40 Echinacea accessions encompassing broad geographical and morphological diversity were evaluated under controlled conditions. Metabolites of roots from these accessions were analyzed by HPLC-photo diode array (HPLC-PDA), GC-MS, and multivariate statistical methods. In total, 43 lipophilic metabolites, including 24 unknown compounds, were detected. Weighted principal component analysis (WPCA) and clustering analysis of the levels of these metabolites across Echinacea accessions, based on Canberra distances, allowed us to test two alternative taxonomic treatments of the genus, with the further ...


Prtad: A Database For Protein Residue Torsion Angle Distributions, Xiaoyong Sun, Di Wu, Robert L. Jernigan, Zhijun Wu Jan 2009

Prtad: A Database For Protein Residue Torsion Angle Distributions, Xiaoyong Sun, Di Wu, Robert L. Jernigan, Zhijun Wu

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications

PRTAD is a dedicated database and structural bioinformatics system for protein analysis and modelling. The database is developed to host and analyse the statistical data for protein residue level 'virtual' bond and torsion angles obtained from their distributions in databases of known protein structures such as in the PDB Data Bank. PRTAD is capable of generating, caching, and displaying the statistical distributions of the angles of various types. The collected information can be used to extract geometric restraints or define statistical potentials for protein structure determination. PRTAD is supported with a friendly designed web interface so that users can easily ...


Edaxadiene: A New Bioactive Diterpene From Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Francis M. Mann, Meimei Xu, Xiaoming Chen, D. Bruce Fulton, David G. Russell, Reuben J. Peters Jan 2009

Edaxadiene: A New Bioactive Diterpene From Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Francis M. Mann, Meimei Xu, Xiaoming Chen, D. Bruce Fulton, David G. Russell, Reuben J. Peters

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications

Mycobacterium tuberculosis remains a widespread and devastating human pathogen. Presented here is the characterization of an atypical class I diterpene cyclase from M. tuberculosis that catalyzes an unusual cyclization reaction in converting the known M. tuberculosis metabolite halimadienyl diphosphate to a further cyclized novel diterpene, which we have termed edaxadiene, as it directly inhibits maturation of the phagosomal compartment in which the bacterium is taken up during infection.


A Functional Genomics Approach To Tanshinone Biosynthesis Provides Stereochemical Insights, Wei Gao, Matthew L. Hillwig, Luqi Huang, Guanghong Cui, Xueyong Wang, Jianqiang Kong, Bin Yang, Reuben J. Peters Jan 2009

A Functional Genomics Approach To Tanshinone Biosynthesis Provides Stereochemical Insights, Wei Gao, Matthew L. Hillwig, Luqi Huang, Guanghong Cui, Xueyong Wang, Jianqiang Kong, Bin Yang, Reuben J. Peters

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications

Tanshinones are abietane-type norditerpenoid quinone natural products that are the bioactive components of the Chinese medicinal herb Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. The initial results from a functional genomics-based investigation of tanshinone biosynthesis, specifically the functional identification of the relevant diterpene synthases from S. miltiorrhiza, are reported. The cyclohexa-1,4-diene arrangement of the distal ring poises the resulting miltiradiene for the ensuing aromatization and hydroxylation to ferruginol suggested for tanshinone biosynthesis.


Regulation Of Intracellular Calcium Concentration By Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Fields, Shaka S. Scarlett, Jody A. White, Peter F. Blackmore, Karl H. Schoenbach, Juergen Kolb Jan 2009

Regulation Of Intracellular Calcium Concentration By Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Fields, Shaka S. Scarlett, Jody A. White, Peter F. Blackmore, Karl H. Schoenbach, Juergen Kolb

Bioelectrics Publications

Changes in [Ca2+]i response of individual Jurkat cells to nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) of 60 ns and field strengths of 25, 50, and 100 kV/cm were investigated. The magnitude of the nsPEF-induced rise in [Ca2+]i was dependent on the electric field strength. With 25 and 50 kV/cm, the [Ca2+]i response was due to the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores and occurred in less than 18 ms. With 100 kV/cm, the increase in [Ca2+]i was due to both internal release and to influx across the plasma membrane ...


Novel Relationships Among Lampreys (Petromyzontiformes) Revealed By A Taxonomically Comprehensive Molecular Data Set, Nicholas J. Lang, Kevin J. Roe, Claude B. Renaud, Howard S. Gill, Ian C. Potter, Jörg Freyhof, Alexander M. Naseka, Philip Cochran, Hector Espinosa Pérez, Evelyn M. Habit, Bernard R. Kuhajda, David A. Neely, Yuri S. Reshetnikov, Vladimir B. Salnikov, Maria Th. Stoumboudi, Richard L. Mayden Jan 2009

Novel Relationships Among Lampreys (Petromyzontiformes) Revealed By A Taxonomically Comprehensive Molecular Data Set, Nicholas J. Lang, Kevin J. Roe, Claude B. Renaud, Howard S. Gill, Ian C. Potter, Jörg Freyhof, Alexander M. Naseka, Philip Cochran, Hector Espinosa Pérez, Evelyn M. Habit, Bernard R. Kuhajda, David A. Neely, Yuri S. Reshetnikov, Vladimir B. Salnikov, Maria Th. Stoumboudi, Richard L. Mayden

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

The systematics of lampreys was investigated using complete mitochondrial cytochrome b sequences from all genera and nearly all recognized species. The families Geotriidae and Petromyzontidae are monophyletic, but the family Mordaciidae was resolved as two divergent lineages at the base of the tree. Within Petromyzontidae, the nonparasitic Lethenteron sp. S and Okkelbergia aepyptera were recognized as distinct lineages, Lethenteron morii and Lampetra zanandreai were moved to new genera, a sister species relationship was recovered between Caspiomyzon wagneri and Eudontomyzon hellenicus, and a clade was recovered inclusive of Entosphenus hubbsi and western North American Lampetra (L. ayresii and L. richardsoni). The ...


An Affinity-Based Scoring Scheme For Predicting Dna-Binding Activities Of Modularly Assembled Zinc-Finger Proteins, Jeffry D. Sander, Peter Zaback, J. Keith Joung, Daniel F. Voytas, Drena L. Dobbs Jan 2009

An Affinity-Based Scoring Scheme For Predicting Dna-Binding Activities Of Modularly Assembled Zinc-Finger Proteins, Jeffry D. Sander, Peter Zaback, J. Keith Joung, Daniel F. Voytas, Drena L. Dobbs

Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Publications

Zinc-finger proteins (ZFPs) have long been recognized for their potential to manipulate genetic information because they can be engineered to bind novel DNA targets. Individual zinc-finger domains (ZFDs) bind specific DNA triplet sequences; their apparent modularity has led some groups to propose methods that allow virtually any desired DNA motif to be targeted in vitro. In practice, however, ZFPs engineered using this ‘modular assembly’ approach do not always function well in vivo. Here we report a modular assembly scoring strategy that both identifies combinations of modules least likely to function efficientlyin vivo and provides accurate estimates of their relative ...


Minimotif Miner 2nd Release: A Database And Web System For Motif Search, Sanguthevar Rajasekaran, Sudha Balla, Patrick R. Gradie, Michael R. Gryk, Krishna Kadaveru, Vamsi Kundeti, Mark W. Maciejewski, Tian Mi, Nicholas Rubino, Jay Vyas, Martin R. Schiller Jan 2009

Minimotif Miner 2nd Release: A Database And Web System For Motif Search, Sanguthevar Rajasekaran, Sudha Balla, Patrick R. Gradie, Michael R. Gryk, Krishna Kadaveru, Vamsi Kundeti, Mark W. Maciejewski, Tian Mi, Nicholas Rubino, Jay Vyas, Martin R. Schiller

Life Sciences Faculty Publications

Minimotif Miner (MnM) consists of a minimotif database and a web-based application that enables prediction of motif-based functions in user-supplied protein queries. We have revised MnM by expanding the database more than 10-fold to approximately 5000 motifs and standardized the motif function definitions. The web-application user interface has been redeveloped with new features including improved navigation, screencast-driven help, support for alias names and expanded SNP analysis. A sample analysis of prion shows how MnM 2 can be used.


Alterations In Gene Expression And Sensitivity To Genotoxic Stress Following Hdmx Or Hdm2 Knockdown In Human Tumor Cells Harboring Wild-Type P53, Katherine Heminger, Michael P. Markey, Meldrick Mpagi, Steven J. Berberich Jan 2009

Alterations In Gene Expression And Sensitivity To Genotoxic Stress Following Hdmx Or Hdm2 Knockdown In Human Tumor Cells Harboring Wild-Type P53, Katherine Heminger, Michael P. Markey, Meldrick Mpagi, Steven J. Berberich

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

While half of all human tumors possess p53 mutations, inactivation of wild-type p53 can also occur through a variety of mechanisms that do not involve p53 gene mutation or deletion. Our laboratory has been interested in tumor cells possessing wild-type p53 protein and elevated levels of HdmX and/or Hdm2, two critical negative regulators of p53 function. In this study we utilized RNAi to knockdown HdmX or Hdm2 in MCF7 human breast cancer cells, which harbor wild-type p53 and elevated levels of HdmX and Hdm2 then examined gene expression changes and effects on cell growth. Cell cycle and growth assays ...


Choosing The Right Path: Enhancement Of Biologically Relevant Sets Of Genes Or Proteins Using Pathway Structure, Reuben Thomas, Julia M. Gohlke, Geffrey F. Stopper, Frederick M. Parham, Christopher J. Portier Jan 2009

Choosing The Right Path: Enhancement Of Biologically Relevant Sets Of Genes Or Proteins Using Pathway Structure, Reuben Thomas, Julia M. Gohlke, Geffrey F. Stopper, Frederick M. Parham, Christopher J. Portier

Biology Faculty Publications

A method is proposed that finds enriched pathways relevant to a studied condition using the measured molecular data and also the structural information of the pathway viewed as a network of nodes and edges. Tests are performed using simulated data and genomic data sets and the method is compared to two existing approaches. The analysis provided demonstrates the method proposed is very competitive with the current approaches and also provides biologically relevant results.


Hmgb1 Mediates Endogenous Tlr2 Activation And Brain Tumor Regression, James Curtin, Naiyou Liu, Marianela Candolfi, Weidong Xiong, Hikmat Assi, Kader Yagiz, Matthew Edwards, Kathrin Michelsen, Kurt Kroeger, Chunyan Liu, Akm Ghulam Muhammad, Mary Clark, Moshe Arditi, Begonya Comin-Anduix, Antoni Ribas, Pedro Lowenstein, Maria Castro Jan 2009

Hmgb1 Mediates Endogenous Tlr2 Activation And Brain Tumor Regression, James Curtin, Naiyou Liu, Marianela Candolfi, Weidong Xiong, Hikmat Assi, Kader Yagiz, Matthew Edwards, Kathrin Michelsen, Kurt Kroeger, Chunyan Liu, Akm Ghulam Muhammad, Mary Clark, Moshe Arditi, Begonya Comin-Anduix, Antoni Ribas, Pedro Lowenstein, Maria Castro

Articles

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive primary brain tumor that carries a 5-y survival rate of 5%. Attempts at eliciting a clinically relevant anti-GBM immune response in brain tumor patients have met with limited success, which is due to brain immune privilege, tumor immune evasion, and a paucity of dendritic cells (DCs) within the central nervous system. Herein we uncovered a novel pathway for the activation of an effective anti-GBM immune response mediated by high-mobility-group box 1 (HMGB1), an alarmin protein released from dying tumor cells, which acts as an endogenous ligand for Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) signaling ...