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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Molecular Biology

2009

Series

Biochemistry Biophysics and Molecular Biology

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Materials And Methods For The Alteration Of Enzyme And Acetyl Coa Levels In Plants, Basil J. Nikolau, Eve S. Wurtele, David J. Oliver, Patrick S. Schnable, Tsui-Jung Wen Apr 2009

Materials And Methods For The Alteration Of Enzyme And Acetyl Coa Levels In Plants, Basil J. Nikolau, Eve S. Wurtele, David J. Oliver, Patrick S. Schnable, Tsui-Jung Wen

Iowa State University Patents

The present invention provides nucleic acid and amino acid sequences of acetyl CoA synthetase (ACS), plastidic pyruvate dehydrogenase (pPDH), ATP citrate lyase (ACL),Arabidopsis pyruvate decarboxylase (PDC), and Arabidopsis aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), specifically ALDH-2 and ALDH-4. The present invention also provides a recombinant vector comprising a nucleic acid sequence encoding one of the aforementioned enzymes, an antisense sequence thereto or a ribozyme therefor, a cell transformed with such a vector, antibodies to the enzymes, a plant cell, a plant tissue, a plant organ or a plant in which the level of an enzyme has been altered, and a method of ...


Inhibition Of Lentivirus Replication By Aqueous Extracts Of Prunella Vulgaris, Melinda A. Brindley, Mark P. Widrlechner, Joe-Ann Mccoy, Patricia A. Murphy, Catherine C. Hauck, Ludmila Rizshsky, Basil J. Nikolau, Wendy Maury Jan 2009

Inhibition Of Lentivirus Replication By Aqueous Extracts Of Prunella Vulgaris, Melinda A. Brindley, Mark P. Widrlechner, Joe-Ann Mccoy, Patricia A. Murphy, Catherine C. Hauck, Ludmila Rizshsky, Basil J. Nikolau, Wendy Maury

NCRPIS Publications and Papers

Background
Various members of the mint family have been used historically in Chinese and Native American medicine. Many of these same family members, including Prunella vulgaris, have been reported to have anti-viral activities. To further characterize the anti-lentiviral activities of P. vulgaris, water and ethanol extractions were tested for their ability to inhibit equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) replication.

Results
Aqueous extracts contained more anti-viral activity than did ethanol extracts, displaying potent anti-lentiviral activity against virus in cell lines as well as in primary cell cultures with little to no cellular cytotoxicity. Time-of-addition studies demonstrated that the extracts were effective ...


Metabolic Profiling Of Echinacea Genotypes And A Test Of Alternative Taxonomic Treatments, Lankun Wu, Philip M. Dixon, Basil J. Nikolau, George A. Kraus, Mark P. Widrlechner, Eve S. Wurtele Jan 2009

Metabolic Profiling Of Echinacea Genotypes And A Test Of Alternative Taxonomic Treatments, Lankun Wu, Philip M. Dixon, Basil J. Nikolau, George A. Kraus, Mark P. Widrlechner, Eve S. Wurtele

NCRPIS Publications and Papers

The genus Echinacea is used as an herbal medicine to treat a variety of ailments. To better understand its potential chemical variation, 40 Echinacea accessions encompassing broad geographical and morphological diversity were evaluated under controlled conditions. Metabolites of roots from these accessions were analyzed by HPLC-photo diode array (HPLC-PDA), GC-MS, and multivariate statistical methods. In total, 43 lipophilic metabolites, including 24 unknown compounds, were detected. Weighted principal component analysis (WPCA) and clustering analysis of the levels of these metabolites across Echinacea accessions, based on Canberra distances, allowed us to test two alternative taxonomic treatments of the genus, with the further ...