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Molecular Biology

1993

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Articles 1 - 30 of 41

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Unusual Structure Of A Human Middle Repetitive Dna, Duminda D. Ratnasinghe Dec 1993

Unusual Structure Of A Human Middle Repetitive Dna, Duminda D. Ratnasinghe

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The L2Hs sequences are a polymorphic, interspersed, middle repetitive DNA family unique to human genomes. Genomic fingerprinting indicates that these DNAs vary from one individual to another and between tissues of the same individual. Sequence analysis reveals that they are AT-rich (76%) and contain many unusual sequence arrangements (palindromes, inverted and direct repeats). These sequence properties confer on the L2Hs elements the potential to fold into non-B-form structures, a characteristic of recombination hot spots. To test this hypothesis carbodiimide, osmium tetroxide and S$\sb1$ nuclease were used as single-strand specific probes to study a recombinant plasmid, pN6.4.39, containing ...


A Molecular Basis For Erythromycin Sensitivity And Resistance In Escherichia Coli, Harold S. Chittum Dec 1993

A Molecular Basis For Erythromycin Sensitivity And Resistance In Escherichia Coli, Harold S. Chittum

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The effect of erythromycin on the 50S ribosomal subunit during cell growth has been extensively investigated. Sucrose density gradient analysis of ribosomes formed in the presence and absence of the drug revealed a 50S specific assembly defect is partially responsible for erythromycin's inhibitory effects on wild type cells. Examination of two erythromycin-resistant mutants of E. coli (N281 and N282) revealed that mutant N281 (L22 mutant) but not N282 (L4 mutant) was assembly defective in the presence of the drug, although only at much higher drug concentrations (300 ug/ml vs. 75 ug/ml for wild type cells). The altered ...


Gtp Hydrolysis By Complexes Of The Signal Recognition Particle And The Signal Recognition Particle Receptor, Timothy Connolly, Reid Gilmore Nov 1993

Gtp Hydrolysis By Complexes Of The Signal Recognition Particle And The Signal Recognition Particle Receptor, Timothy Connolly, Reid Gilmore

Open Access Articles

Translocation of proteins across the endoplasmic reticulum membrane is a GTP-dependent process. The signal recognition particle (SRP) and the SRP receptor both contain subunits with GTP binding domains. One GTP-dependent reaction during protein translocation is the SRP receptor-mediated dissociation of SRP from the signal sequence of a nascent polypeptide. Here, we have assayed the SRP and the SRP receptor for GTP binding and hydrolysis activities. GTP hydrolysis by SRP was not detected, so the maximal GTP hydrolysis rate for SRP was estimated to be < 0.002 mol GTP hydrolyzed x mol of SRP-1 x min-1. The intrinsic GTP hydrolysis activity of the SRP receptor ranged between 0.02 and 0.04 mol GTP hydrolyzed x mol of SRP receptor-1 x min-1. A 40-fold enhancement of GTP hydrolysis activity relative to that observed for the SRP receptor alone was obtained when complexes were formed between SRP and the SRP receptor. GTP hydrolysis activity was inhibited by GDP, but not by ATP. Extended incubation of the SRP or the SRP receptor with GTP resulted in substoichiometric quantities of protein-bound ribonucleotide. SRP-SRP receptor complexes engaged in GTP hydrolysis were found to contain a minimum of one bound guanine ribonucleotide per SRP-SRP receptor complex. We conclude that the GTP hydrolysis activity described here is indicative of one of the GTPase cycles that occur during protein translocation across the endoplasmic reticulum.


Redistribution Of Clathrin-Coated Vesicle Adaptor Complexes During Adipocytic Differentiation Of 3t3-L1 Cells, Ranjan Chakrabarti, Marguerite Joly, Silvia Corvera Oct 1993

Redistribution Of Clathrin-Coated Vesicle Adaptor Complexes During Adipocytic Differentiation Of 3t3-L1 Cells, Ranjan Chakrabarti, Marguerite Joly, Silvia Corvera

Open Access Articles

Mechanisms for intracellular retention of proteins are induced during adipocytic differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells. To investigate the potential role of clathrin lattices in these retention processes, we performed a morphological and biochemical analysis of coated vesicle components in 3T3-L1 cells. Optical sectioning and image restoration revealed a marked increase in the staining of clathrin and beta adaptins in the perinuclear region of cells with differentiation. In addition, predominance of beta (subunit of the AP-2, plasma membrane adaptor) over beta' (subunit of the AP-1, Golgi adaptor) adaptin was observed in immunoblots of clathrin-coated vesicles purified from nondifferentiated fibroblasts, and this ratio ...


Myocardial Alpha-Thrombin Receptor Activation Induces Hypertrophy And Increases Atrial Natriuretic Factor Gene Expression, C C. Glembotski, C E. Irons, K A. Krown, S F. Murray, A B. Sprenkle, C A. Sei Sep 1993

Myocardial Alpha-Thrombin Receptor Activation Induces Hypertrophy And Increases Atrial Natriuretic Factor Gene Expression, C C. Glembotski, C E. Irons, K A. Krown, S F. Murray, A B. Sprenkle, C A. Sei

Amy Sprenkle

The protease, a-thrombin (aTh), affects myocardial cell contractility, a feature common among agents that induce hypertrophy. However, it is not known whether cardiac myocytes possess aTh receptors (aTh-R), or if long term treatment with aTh can enhance growth and gene expression. In the present study primary neonatal rat ventricular myocytes expressed a 3.6-kilobase mRNA species that hybridized with a rat aTh-R-specific probe. After 48 h, aTh induced hypertrophy, sarcomeric organization, and enhanced atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) expression, all of which were blocked by the aTh-selective protease inhibitor, D-Phe-Pro-Argchloromethyl ketone. The aTh-R agonist peptide, SFLLRNPND, was a potent activator of ...


Leukocyte Extravasation Into The Pancreatic Tissue In Transgenic Mice Expressing Interleukin 10 In The Islets Of Langerhans., Lise Wogensen, Xiaojian Huang, Nora Sarvetnick Jul 1993

Leukocyte Extravasation Into The Pancreatic Tissue In Transgenic Mice Expressing Interleukin 10 In The Islets Of Langerhans., Lise Wogensen, Xiaojian Huang, Nora Sarvetnick

Journal Articles: Regenerative Medicine

Transgenic expression of interleukin 10 (IL-10) in the islets of Langerhans leads to a pronounced pancreatic inflammation, without inflammation of the islets of Langerhans and without diabetes. A scattered infiltration of macrophages (M pi) precedes localized accumulations of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, and M pi. This recruitment of inflammatory cells to the pancreas is somewhat surprising, since the biological activities of IL-10 in vitro indicate that IL-10 is a powerful immunosuppressive cytokine. Since endothelial cells play a major role in leukocyte extravasation, we examined if vascular changes and extralymphoid induction of peripheral and mucosal type vascular addressins ...


Genetic Analyses Of Photopigment Biosynthesis In Eubacteria: A Guiding Light For Algea And Plants, David Bollivar Jul 1993

Genetic Analyses Of Photopigment Biosynthesis In Eubacteria: A Guiding Light For Algea And Plants, David Bollivar

Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Guanosine Diphosphatase Is Required For Protein And Sphingolipid Glycosylation In The Golgi Lumen Of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Claudia Abeijon, Ken Yanagisawa, Elisabet C. Mandon, Alex Hausler, Kelley W. Moremen, Carlos B. Hirschberg, Phillips W. Robbins Jul 1993

Guanosine Diphosphatase Is Required For Protein And Sphingolipid Glycosylation In The Golgi Lumen Of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Claudia Abeijon, Ken Yanagisawa, Elisabet C. Mandon, Alex Hausler, Kelley W. Moremen, Carlos B. Hirschberg, Phillips W. Robbins

Open Access Articles

Current models for nucleotide sugar use in the Golgi apparatus predict a critical role for the lumenal nucleoside diphosphatase. After transfer of sugars to endogenous macromolecular acceptors, the enzyme converts nucleoside diphosphates to nucleoside monophosphates which in turn exit the Golgi lumen in a coupled antiporter reaction, allowing entry of additional nucleotide sugar from the cytosol. To test this model, we cloned the gene for the S. cerevisiae guanosine diphosphatase and constructed a null mutation. This mutation should reduce the concentrations of GDP-mannose and GMP and increase the concentration of GDP in the Golgi lumen. The alterations should in turn ...


Studies On Type I And Type Ii Dna Topoisomerases From Mammalian Mitochondria, Jia-Hwei Lin Jul 1993

Studies On Type I And Type Ii Dna Topoisomerases From Mammalian Mitochondria, Jia-Hwei Lin

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Mammalian mitochondria contain a unique DNA topoisomerase I with characteristics of both nuclear and bacterial type I DNA topoisomerases. This enzyme, purified from bovine liver, requires cations as cofactors and possesses optimal activity at pH 7.0, 37°C and either 150 mM K+ or Na+ ions. Similar to nuclear enzymes and different from the bacterial enzyme, divalent ions such as Ca2+ or Mg2+ will stimulate but are not essential for the enzymatic activity.

Like the nuclear DNA topoisomerase I, the mitochondrial enzyme is capable of relaxing both negatively and positively supercoiled DNA. The relaxation of negatively supercoiled ...


Genetic Analyses Of Photopigment Biosynthesis In Eubacteria: A Guiding Light For Algae And Plants, David Bollivar, Carl E. Bauer, Jon Y. Suzuki Jun 1993

Genetic Analyses Of Photopigment Biosynthesis In Eubacteria: A Guiding Light For Algae And Plants, David Bollivar, Carl E. Bauer, Jon Y. Suzuki

David Bollivar

A wide variety of macrocyclic tetrapyrrole compounds are synthesized by cells for use in diverse cellular processes. As shown in Fig. 1, this pathway includes the synthesis of closed tetrapyrrole compounds that contain metals, such as cobalt-containing cobalamin (vitamin B12), nickel-containing methanogenesis coenzyme F430, copper-containing pigment turacin, iron-containing heme and siroheme, and magnesium-containing chlorophylls and bacteriochlorophylls. Also synthesized by this pathway are a variety of open macrocyclic compounds such as the family of bilins that are used as a source of light-harvesting pigments in cyanobacteria, red algae, and cryptophytes as well as the chromophore that is covalently attached to phytochrome ...


Immunomagnetic Selection Of Acrosome-Reacted Bovine Spermatozoa, Thomas Mccormick Apr 1993

Immunomagnetic Selection Of Acrosome-Reacted Bovine Spermatozoa, Thomas Mccormick

Life and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Theses

The anterior end of the mammalian sperm nucleus is covered by a thin, double-layered membranous sac that contains hydrolytic enzymes including acrosin, hyaluronidase, esterases and acid hydrolases. These enzymes, which are involved in the initial phase of fertilization, are activated and released during the acrosome reaction. This exposure of the acrosomal contents occurs not only during fertilization, but also during sperm death.

Acrosome-reacted sperm cells were selected from thawed, cryopreserved samples of bovine spermatozoa using rabbit antibodies to bovine acrosine and goat anti-rabbit immunoglobulin-coated magnetic beads. The selection process was monitored by staining with fluorescence isothiocynate- beads coupled to anti-rabbit ...


Cloning A Putative Dna-Binding Protein Controlling The 5'Ltr Of The Copia Element In Drosophila, Horng-Yuan Kan Mar 1993

Cloning A Putative Dna-Binding Protein Controlling The 5'Ltr Of The Copia Element In Drosophila, Horng-Yuan Kan

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Copia, a Drosophila retrotransposon, is constitutively expressed in all developmental stages, except the embryo in Drosophila melanogaster. The effect of random integration of the copia element results in phenotypic change in Drosophila. The regulatory sequences, controlling copia expression, are located within the 5'LTR. The DNA sequence in the 5'LTR and in the location between downstream of entire the 5' LTR and the initial translation site have been identified by mobilityshift binding assays and DNase I footprinting assays. The data reveals three protected regions: a TATA-binding site, the AT-1, and AT-2 binding sites. The TATA-binding site and AT-1 site ...


Apparatus And Method For Transient Thermal Infrared Spectrometry Of Flowable Enclosed Materials, John F. Mcclelland, Roger W. Jones Mar 1993

Apparatus And Method For Transient Thermal Infrared Spectrometry Of Flowable Enclosed Materials, John F. Mcclelland, Roger W. Jones

Iowa State University Patents

A method and apparatus for enabling analysis of a flowable material enclosed in a transport system having an infrared transparent wall portion. A temperature differential is transiently generated between a thin surface layer portion of the material and a lower or deeper portion of the material sufficient to alter the thermal infrared emission spectrum of the material from the black-body thermal infrared emission spectrum of the material, and the altered thermal infrared emission spectrum is detected through the infrared transparent portion of the transport system while the altered thermal infrared emission spectrum is sufficiently free of self-absorption by the material ...


Site-Directed Mutagenesis By Double Polymerase Chain Reaction: Megaprimer Method, Sailen Barik Jan 1993

Site-Directed Mutagenesis By Double Polymerase Chain Reaction: Megaprimer Method, Sailen Barik

Biological, Geological, and Environmental Faculty Publications

The "megaprimer" method (1) based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is one of the simplest and most versatile procedures of site-specific in vitro mutagenesis available to date. The method utilizes three oligonucleotide primers and two rounds of PCR performed on a DNA template containing the cloned gene that is to be mutated. The rationale of the method is shown schematically in Fig. 1 where A and B represent the "flanking" primers that can map either within the cloned gene or outside the gene (i.e., within the vector sequence) and M represents the internal "mutant" primer containing the desired base ...


Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz Jan 1993

Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

A number of (present or former) analytical Marxists, such as Jon Elster, have argued that functional explanation has almost no place in the social sciences. (Although the discussion is framed in terms of a debate among analytical Marxists, the point is quite general, and Marxism is used for illustrative purposes.) Functional explanation accounts for what is to be explained by reference to its function; thus, sighted organism have eyes because eyes enable them to see. Elster and other critics of functional explanation argue that this pattern of explanation is inconsistent with "methodological individualism," the idea, as they understand it, that ...


Isolation And Characterization Of Maize (Zea Mays L.) Mitochondrial Polyribosomes , Virginia Cox Crane Jan 1993

Isolation And Characterization Of Maize (Zea Mays L.) Mitochondrial Polyribosomes , Virginia Cox Crane

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Maize mitochondrial polyribosomes were isolated and characterized in the first and so far most complete study of the polysomal component of the translational apparatus of higher plant mitochondrial. Higher plant mitochondria are unique in that more than one, and often many, transcripts for a mitochondrial particular gene are found in abunDance; This made the characterization of the mRNA content of maize mitochondrial polyribosomes crucial to the understanding of information storage and use in these organelles;The protein gene transcript content of mitochondrial polysomes was described and compared to whole mitochondrial transcript content for seven maize mitochondrial genes. It was found ...


Characterization Of The Periplasmic Flagella Proteins Of Leptospira Spp And Cloning Of A Related Gene , Gabriel Antonio Trueba Jan 1993

Characterization Of The Periplasmic Flagella Proteins Of Leptospira Spp And Cloning Of A Related Gene , Gabriel Antonio Trueba

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The structure and composition of periplasmic flagella (PF) of Leptospira interrogans were analyzed. Electron microscopic observations showed that leptospiral PFs are complex structures composed of an 11.3 nm diameter core and two sheaths. Image analysis revealed sheathed PFs with two different diameters; one of 21.5 nm diameter and the other 42 nm diameter. Two dimensional protein electrophoresis of purified PFs demonstrated the presence of at least seven proteins. The molecular masses of the PF proteins ranged from 31.5 kDa to 36 kDa. Monoclonal antibodies against PF proteins and polyclonal antibodies against gel-purified PF proteins were developed. Immunoelectron ...


Genetic And Physical Analysis Of The Staphylococcus Aureus Chromosome Using Two Tn917 Derivatives , Laura Lea Hruska Jan 1993

Genetic And Physical Analysis Of The Staphylococcus Aureus Chromosome Using Two Tn917 Derivatives , Laura Lea Hruska

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Tandem chromosomal duplications offer a means of genetic and physical mapping in microorganisms which lack defined conjugal systems. To determine if tandem chromosomal duplications occur in S. aureus, two libraries of transposon-induced auxotrophic mutations with different resistance phenotypes were needed;To complement the existing library of Tn551-induced auxotrophs, two Tn917lac derivatives were constructed: Tn917G, which contains the gentamicin-resistance gene of Tn4001, and Tn917T, which contains the tetracycline-resistance gene of pT181 and sequences of the Gram-negative cloning vector p34H. Transposon mutagenesis performed with Tn917G and Tn917T demonstrated that these two constructs are useful tools in the genetic analysis of the S ...


A Comparative 2-Dimensional Gel Protein Database Of The Intact And Regenerating Newt Limbs, Panagiotis A. Tsonis Jan 1993

A Comparative 2-Dimensional Gel Protein Database Of The Intact And Regenerating Newt Limbs, Panagiotis A. Tsonis

Biology Faculty Publications

In this paper we describe a two-dimensional gel database of the regenerating newt limb. Protein synthesis was compared in the intact limb, in the 1-week regenerating limb, representing the dedifferentiation stage, and in the 2-week regenerating limb, representing the formation of the blastema. This comparative database provided data on differential expression of about 800 proteins during the process of limb regeneration. In addition, a map has been generated for these proteins for future guidance in characterizing further new, unknown proteins. The overall expression patterns of the proteins indicated that the dedifferentiation stage was marked by down-regulation of most proteins, while ...


Genetic Characterization And Molecular Cloning Of Genes Involved In Kernel Development In Zea Mays , Michael John Scanlon Jan 1993

Genetic Characterization And Molecular Cloning Of Genes Involved In Kernel Development In Zea Mays , Michael John Scanlon

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation describes the genetic and molecular characterization of maize genes that are required for kernel development. Maize stocks in which the Robertson's Mutator (Mu) transposable element system are especially active were used to generate 75 mutations affecting kernel development. Sixty-four kernel mutations were located to chromosome arm, and 17 were placed to more precise locations on the maize genetic map. Viability tests of kernels homozygous for defective kernel (dek) mutations revealed numerous pleiotropic effects on plants obtained from mutant kernels. Fifteen putative Mutator-induced mutations tested negative for allelism to any known gene required for kernel development, and thus ...


Effects Of Bifunctional Chemotherapeutic Agents On Gene Expression In The Human Tumor Cell Line Colo320hsr, Qing Dong Jan 1993

Effects Of Bifunctional Chemotherapeutic Agents On Gene Expression In The Human Tumor Cell Line Colo320hsr, Qing Dong

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Antidiabetic Agent Pioglitazone Enhances Adipocyte Differentiation Of 3t3-F442a Cells: Regulation Of Glucose Transport Activity And Differentiation-Dependent Gene Expression, Tagrid Sandouk Jan 1993

The Antidiabetic Agent Pioglitazone Enhances Adipocyte Differentiation Of 3t3-F442a Cells: Regulation Of Glucose Transport Activity And Differentiation-Dependent Gene Expression, Tagrid Sandouk

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of The Dna Repair/Ribosomal Protein Ap3/Po Gene In Drosophila (Homologue To Human Po), David T. Grabowski Jan 1993

Analysis Of The Dna Repair/Ribosomal Protein Ap3/Po Gene In Drosophila (Homologue To Human Po), David T. Grabowski

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Induction Of Proteases And Their Inhibitors In Cell Lines Of Different Metastatic Potentials And Activated Oncogenes, Jianyi Zhang Jan 1993

Induction Of Proteases And Their Inhibitors In Cell Lines Of Different Metastatic Potentials And Activated Oncogenes, Jianyi Zhang

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Morfología Y Moléculas: Bases Complementarias De La Sistemática Moderna, Rafael O. De Sá, David M. Hillis Jan 1993

Morfología Y Moléculas: Bases Complementarias De La Sistemática Moderna, Rafael O. De Sá, David M. Hillis

Biology Faculty Publications

RESUMEN

El auge de las técnicas moleculares en las últimas dos décadas ha traído nuevos enfoques en los estudios sistemáticos. Aquí presentaremos una revisión del uso, las aplicaciones, y los problemas de las principales metodologías de trabajo. Cada una de estas técnicas es aplicable a algunos problemas e inapropiada para otros, y es importante entender las suposiciones y limitaciones de cada técnica. Concluimos que el uso combinado de los enfoques morfológicos y moleculares otorga mejor resolución a los problemas sistemáticos.

ABSTRACT

The development of molecular techniques during the last two decades has brought new approaches to the analysis of systematic ...


Molecular Analysis Of Protein Kinase C In The Sea Urchin Lytechinus Pictus , Terese Louise Rakow Jan 1993

Molecular Analysis Of Protein Kinase C In The Sea Urchin Lytechinus Pictus , Terese Louise Rakow

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Protein kinase C (PKC) was originally described as a serine threonine kinase in brain tissue. This activity was found to be dependent upon Ca[superscript]2+ and phosphatidyl serine. Today protein kinase C consists of a family of kinases with nine known members. Some members are Ca[superscript]2+-independent isozymes, and all of them have subtle activation differences. The multiple isozymes with varying activities in addition to different tissue distributions lead to the idea that members of the family have different functions. PKC has been well studied in mammalian systems and it is concluded that PKC is activated in ...


Gene Expression Strategies Of Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus , S. P. Dinesh-Kumar Jan 1993

Gene Expression Strategies Of Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus , S. P. Dinesh-Kumar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) has a positive sense, 5.7kb RNA genome encoding at least six open reading frames (ORFs). BYDV uses variety of unusual translational strategies to express its genes. These include frameshifting in the polymerase (60K) ORF, leaky scanning at the AUGs of the overlapping coat protein (CP) and 17K ORFs, and readthrough of the CP stop codon;Full-length cDNA clone of BYDV-PAV has been constructed to understand functions of different viral genes and the roles of specific sequences in translation, replication and encapsidation. Translation in cell-free extracts using in vitro synthesized full-length transcripts resulted in expected ...


Safety And Potency Testing Of Veterinary Vaccines , Louise Mary Henderson Jan 1993

Safety And Potency Testing Of Veterinary Vaccines , Louise Mary Henderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Prior to licensing of veterinary vaccines, it is essential to demonstrate that the use of the product is safe (e.g., use of the product will not have unexpected or undesirable effects on animals exposed to the agent or on the environment) and potent (e.g., produces the desired result). The projects described in this dissertation demonstrate research directed toward the development and improvement of safety and potency testing of veterinary vaccines from a regulatory perspective;In the first study, recombination between vaccine strains of pseudorabies virus (PRV) resulting in the creation of strains with undesirable virulence and antigenic combinations ...


In Vitro Analysis Of The Self-Cleaving Satellite Rna Of Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus , Stanley Livingstone Silver Jan 1993

In Vitro Analysis Of The Self-Cleaving Satellite Rna Of Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus , Stanley Livingstone Silver

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The goals of this research are to begin to define key biological elements involved in the propagation of the satellite RNA associated with barley yellow dwarf virus, serotype RPV (sBYDV) and to design target-specific ribozymes against BYDV genomic RNA. sBYDV RNA is 322 nucleotides long, contains no significant open reading frames, requires BYDV for replication, encapsidation and spread and self-cleaves in the presence of Mg[superscript]2+ and neutral pH. Sequence comparison of several self-cleaving RNAs revealed the presence of a hammerhead-shaped structure spanning the cleavage site. The hammerhead is composed of 11 highly conserved, predominately single-stranded nucleotides and 3 ...


Molecular Cloning And Characterization Of 3-Methylcrotonyl-Coa Carboxylase From Soybean , Jianping Song Jan 1993

Molecular Cloning And Characterization Of 3-Methylcrotonyl-Coa Carboxylase From Soybean , Jianping Song

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A cDNA clone and genes coding for the 85 kDa biotin-containing polypeptide of soybean has been isolated and sequenced. This 85 kDa polypeptide has been identified as the biotin-containing subunit of 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase (MCCase). This is the first plant gene coding for a biotin-containing enzyme to be cloned. It is also the first time that the primary sequence of the biotin-containing subunit of MCCase has been determined;The deduced amino acid sequence of the biotin-containing subunit of MCCase of soybean shows high homology with other known biotin-containing enzymes. Amino acid sequence homology between the soybean MCCase and other biotin enzymes ...