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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Mouse Mast Cell Proteases: Induction, Molecular Cloning, And Characterization, Wei Chu May 1991

Mouse Mast Cell Proteases: Induction, Molecular Cloning, And Characterization, Wei Chu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Tryptase, a mast cell-specific serine protease with trypsin-like specificity, has been identified in a mouse mast cell line (ABFTL-6) based on it's enzymatic activity, inhibition properties, and cross-reactivity to a human mast cell tryptase antibody. The effects of fibroblast-conditioned medium and sodium butyrate on ABFTL-6 mast cell differentiation and tryptase expression have been examined. ABFTL-6 mouse mast cells undergo phenotypic changes upon culturing in media supplemented with fibroblast-conditioned media at 50% or 1 mM sodium butyrate. The induced cells increased in size, had larger and more metachromatic cytoplasmic granules, and increased their total cellular protein about four-fold. Tryptase activity ...


Characterization Of A Potato Proteinase Inhibitor Ii Gene Whose Expression In Not Wound-Responsive , Sanggyu Park Jan 1991

Characterization Of A Potato Proteinase Inhibitor Ii Gene Whose Expression In Not Wound-Responsive , Sanggyu Park

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A potato Proteinase Inhibitor II gene (pin2T) was isolated and characterized both at the molecular level and the functional level. The open reading frame as well as the 5[superscript]' and 3[superscript]' flanking regions were sequenced. The coding region and 3[superscript]' flanking region showed 86% and 87% identity with those of the previously isolated wound-inducible potato Proteinase Inhibitor IIK gene (pin2K) sequence, respectively. However, the 5[superscript]' flanking region of the pin2T is highly homologous (91% identity) with that of pin2K from -767 to +29, relative to the transcription start site of the wound-inducible pin2K. The 5[superscript ...