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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Molecular Biology

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Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

BRC

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

The Effect Of Osm On Mc3t3-E1 Osteoblastic Cells In Simulated Microgravity With Radiation, Jake Goyden, Ken Tawara, Danielle Hedeen, Jeffrey S. Willey, Julia Thom Oxford, Cheryl L. Jorcyk Jun 2015

The Effect Of Osm On Mc3t3-E1 Osteoblastic Cells In Simulated Microgravity With Radiation, Jake Goyden, Ken Tawara, Danielle Hedeen, Jeffrey S. Willey, Julia Thom Oxford, Cheryl L. Jorcyk

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Bone deterioration is a challenge in long-term spaceflight with significant connections to patients experiencing disuse bone loss. Prolonged unloading and radiation exposure, defining characteristics of space travel, have both been associated with changes in inflammatory signaling via IL-6 class cytokines in bone. While there is also evidence for perturbed IL-6 class signaling in spaceflight, there has been scant examination of the connections between microgravity, radiation, and inflammatory stimuli in bone. Our lab and others have shown that the IL-6 class cytokine oncostatin M (OSM) is an important regulator of bone remodeling. We hypothesize that simulated microgravity alters osteoblast OSM signaling ...


Trends In Midwinter Counts Of Bald Eagles In The Conterminous United States, 1986-2005, Karen Steenhof, Laura Bond, Leah L. Dunn Jan 2015

Trends In Midwinter Counts Of Bald Eagles In The Conterminous United States, 1986-2005, Karen Steenhof, Laura Bond, Leah L. Dunn

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Each January, several hundred individuals count eagles along standard, non-overlapping survey routes as part of a nationwide Midwinter Bald Eagle survey. Nationwide counts of eagles were coordinated by the National Wildlife Federation from 1979 until 1992, when the Bureau of Land Management’s Raptor Research and Technical Assistance Center assumed responsibility for overseeing the count. Responsibility for count coordination shifted to the National Biological Survey (1993-1996) and later to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center, Snake River Field Station.

Initial objectives of the survey were to establish an index to the total wintering Bald ...


Minor Fibrillar Collagens, Variable Regions Alternative Splicing, Intrinsic Disorder, And Tyrosine Sulfation, Ming Fang, Reed B. Jacob, Owen Mcdougal, Julia Oxford Jun 2012

Minor Fibrillar Collagens, Variable Regions Alternative Splicing, Intrinsic Disorder, And Tyrosine Sulfation, Ming Fang, Reed B. Jacob, Owen Mcdougal, Julia Oxford

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Minor fibrillar collagen types V and XI, are those less abundant than the fibrillar collagens types I, II and III. The alpha chains share a high degree of similarity with respect to protein sequence in all domains except the variable region. Genomic variation and, in some cases, extensive alternative splicing contribute to the unique sequence characteristics of the variable region. While unique expression patterns in tissues exist, the functions and biological relevance of the variable regions have not been elucidated. In this review, we summarize the existing knowledge about expression patterns and biological functions of the collagen types V and ...


Inhibition Of Proprotein Convertase Ski-1 Blocks Transcription Of Key Extracellular Matrix Genes Regulating Osteoblastic Mineralization, Jeff P. Gorski, Nichole T. Huffman, Sridar Chittur, Ronald J. Midura, Claudine Black, Julia Oxford, Nabil G. Seidah Jan 2011

Inhibition Of Proprotein Convertase Ski-1 Blocks Transcription Of Key Extracellular Matrix Genes Regulating Osteoblastic Mineralization, Jeff P. Gorski, Nichole T. Huffman, Sridar Chittur, Ronald J. Midura, Claudine Black, Julia Oxford, Nabil G. Seidah

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Mineralization, a characteristic phenotypic property of osteoblastic lineage cells, was blocked by AEBSF and dec-RRLL-cmk, inhibitors of SKI-1 (site 1; subtilisin kexin like-1) protease. Since SKI-1 is required for activation of SREBP and CREB/ATF family transcription factors, we tested the effect of these inhibitors on gene expression. AEBSF decreased expression of 140 genes by 1.5- to 3.0-fold including Phex, Dmp1, COL1A1, COL11A1 and fibronectin. Direct comparison of AEBSF and dec-RRLL-cmk, a more specific SKI-1 inhibitor, demonstrated that expression of Phex, Dmp1, COL11A1 and fibronectin was reduced by both while COL1A2 and HMGCS1 were reduced only by AEBSF ...


The Expression Patterns Of Minor Fibrillar Collagens During Development In Zebrafish, Ming Fang, Jason S. Adams, B. Lane Memahhan, Raquel J. Brown, Julia Oxford Oct 2010

The Expression Patterns Of Minor Fibrillar Collagens During Development In Zebrafish, Ming Fang, Jason S. Adams, B. Lane Memahhan, Raquel J. Brown, Julia Oxford

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Minor fibrillar collagens are recognized as the organizers and nucleators during collagen fibrillogenesis but likely serve additional functions. The minor fibrillar collagens include collagens type V and type XI. Mutations of collagen type V and XI can cause Ehlers Danlos, Stickler's, and Marshall's syndromes in human. We have characterized the spatiotemporal expression patterns of Col11a1, Col11a2, Col5a1 as well as Col5a3 in zebrafish embryos by in situ hybridization. Col5a1 is expressed in developing somites, neural crest, the head mesenchyme, developing cranial cartilage, pharyngeal arches and vertebrae. Col5a3 is detected in the notochord, mesenchyme cells in the eyes and ...


Differential Expression Of Collagen Type V And Xi Α-1 In Human Ascending Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms, Julia Thom Oxford Aug 2009

Differential Expression Of Collagen Type V And Xi Α-1 In Human Ascending Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms, Julia Thom Oxford

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Background—The molecular mechanisms leading to ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (ATAAs) remain unknown. We hypothesized that alterations in expression levels of specific fibrillar collagens occur during the aneurysmal process.

Methods—Surgical samples from ascending aortas from patients with degenerative ATAAs were subdivided by aneurysm diameter: small, 5 to 6 cm; medium, 6 to 7 cm; and large, greater than 7 cm; and compared with nonaneurysmal aortas (mean diameter, 2.3 cm).

Results—Histology, immunofluorescence, and electron microscopy demonstrated greater disorganization of extracellular matrix constituents in ATAAs as compared with control with an increase in collagen α1(XI) within regions of ...