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Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Investigating Propargyl-Linked Antifolates In Inhibiting Bacterial And Fungal Dihydrofolate Reductase, Joshua Andrade Aug 2014

Investigating Propargyl-Linked Antifolates In Inhibiting Bacterial And Fungal Dihydrofolate Reductase, Joshua Andrade

Honors Scholar Theses

Antimicrobial agents have been invaluable in reducing illness and death associated with bacterial infection. However, over time, bacteria have evolved resistance to all major drug classes as a result of selective pressure. The advancement of new drug compounds is therefore vital. The Anderson-Wright Lab has focused on developing potent and selective inhibitors of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), an enzyme key in cell proliferation and survival, in several pathogenic species. The lab has found that a set of compounds, known as propargyl-linked antifolates, are DHFR inhibitors that are both biologically effective and have strong pharmacokinetic properties.

The efficacy of novel propargyl-linked antifolates ...


Developing Crosslinking Constructs Of Protein Kinase R, Prisma E. Lopez Jun 2014

Developing Crosslinking Constructs Of Protein Kinase R, Prisma E. Lopez

Honors Scholar Theses

Protein Kinase R (PKR) is a key component of the innate immune antiviral response. PKR is activated upon binding to dsRNA. However, recent studies have shown that PKR can also bind to and become activated by duplex RNAs containing complex secondary structure. The mechanism of PKR binding and activation by these RNAs is currently not known. The approach taken here to determine the mechanism of PKR binding by these RNAs is through the development of PKR constructs that are capable of covalently binding to RNAs. Constructs were created by site-specific incorporation of an unnatural, photoactivatable amino acid within PKR. These ...


Mutagenesis Of 8-Oxoguanine Adjacent To An Abasic Site In Escherichia Coli Cells Proficient Or Deficient In Dna Polymerase Iv, Savas T. Tsikis May 2014

Mutagenesis Of 8-Oxoguanine Adjacent To An Abasic Site In Escherichia Coli Cells Proficient Or Deficient In Dna Polymerase Iv, Savas T. Tsikis

Honors Scholar Theses

It is well established that clustered DNA damages or multiply damaged sites (MDS) are the result of ionizing radiation and that they are characterized by an enhanced mutagenic potential. As a model MDS, we have evaluated the mutagenic and cytotoxic properties of the ubiquitous oxidative DNA damage 8-oxoguanine (G8-oxo) adjacent to the abasic site lesion (Z) using a single stranded M13mp7L2 vector. The recombinant DNA was used to transform wild type E. coli strains and strains deficient in the translesion DNA polymerase of the Y-family, DNA polymerase IV, in the presence or absence of SOS induction. The percent survival ...


Numerical Assessment Of Sequence Conservation In Flu-Virus Hemagglutinin, Scott S. Norton May 2014

Numerical Assessment Of Sequence Conservation In Flu-Virus Hemagglutinin, Scott S. Norton

Honors Scholar Theses

The flu virus was investigated to find a common recognition domain to which an antibody against human-infected viruses can bind. If such a target site is structurally and electrostaticly conserved or invariant, only a single antibody would be required to attack the virus in all cases. The sequence of one of the viral surface proteins contains 24 amino acids that do not vary through mutation. However, these amino acids are neither contiguous in sequence or in space, and the ones that are associated with each other are not readily accessible to an antibody. They do provide a first impression of ...


Characterization Of Udp-Arabinopyranose Mutase Genes In The Arabidopsis Cell Wall Mutant Mur5, Christopher A. Hart May 2014

Characterization Of Udp-Arabinopyranose Mutase Genes In The Arabidopsis Cell Wall Mutant Mur5, Christopher A. Hart

Honors Scholar Theses

The genome of Arabidopsis thaliana contains several coding regions for UDP-arabinopyranose mutases (UAMs) that are also known as reversibly glycosylated polypeptides (RGPs). The mur5 cell wall mutant of Arabidopsis shows a 30% decrease in cell wall arabinose content, and a missense mutation in the Reversibly Glycosylated Polypeptide 2 gene was recently proposed to cause this mutant phenotype. Through a traditional complementation analysis, mur5 and a T-DNA insertion mutant in the RGP2 gene were shown not to complement each other, indicating that the two genes are mutant alleles of the same locus. The mur5 SNP located in RGP2 caused a more ...