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Molecular Biology

Theses and Dissertations

Histone

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Involvement Of The Ino80 Complex In Chromosome Segregation, Jesus Moreno May 2018

Involvement Of The Ino80 Complex In Chromosome Segregation, Jesus Moreno

Theses and Dissertations

Chromatin remodeling complexes are multi-protein complexes that regulate the dynamics of the nucleosomes in the genome. The INO80 chromatin remodeling complex participates in varied biological processes such as: transcription, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosome integrity. It catalyzes the eviction of the H2A.Z variant histone as well as whole nucleosome eviction. This complex is comprised of 15 subunits and the contribution of each to chromosome segregations remains unknown. To evaluate the contribution of each subunit to chromosome segregation, we tested deletion mutants of the non-essential subunits for DNA content and benomyl sensitivity. Also, we assessed members of the SWR1 ...


Genomic Deoxyuracil: Targeting, Regulation And Repair, Nate Warren Holton Sep 2015

Genomic Deoxyuracil: Targeting, Regulation And Repair, Nate Warren Holton

Theses and Dissertations

Maintaining genomic integrity is critical to avoid sequence mutations and genetic disease. However the immune system requires genomic rearrangements in order to produce novel antibodies and illicit a full immunological response. The expression of DNA modifying enzymes is essential for antibody production but the off target effects are not well understood. The work presented here was performed to elucidate molecular mechanisms responsible for the regulation and targeting of DNA editing enzymes, as well as characterize repair of these lesions at off target loci.


Characterization Of Novel Histone H2b Mutants Associated With Chromosome Segregation Defects In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Thiruchelvam Rajagopal May 2012

Characterization Of Novel Histone H2b Mutants Associated With Chromosome Segregation Defects In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Thiruchelvam Rajagopal

Theses and Dissertations

Histones are small basic proteins that associate with DNA to form the basic unit of chromatin, the nucleosome. Histones H3 and H4 form a tetramer that is bound by two H2A-H2B dimers to form the histone octamer, to which approximately 146 bp of DNA wrap around to form the nucleosome. High resolution structural information and recent advances in the understanding of histone post-translational modifications have illuminated the many regulatory functions chromatin exerts in the cell, from the transcriptional control of gene expression to chromosome segregation. However, the specific role that histones play in these processes is not well understood. Previous ...