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Molecular Biology

Dissertations

CXCR4

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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

The Endosomal Sorting Complex Required For Transport Pathway Mediates Chemokine Receptor Cxcr4 Akt Signaling By Promoting Lysosomal Degradation Of Mtor Antagonist Deptor, Rita Ramkaran Verma Jan 2015

The Endosomal Sorting Complex Required For Transport Pathway Mediates Chemokine Receptor Cxcr4 Akt Signaling By Promoting Lysosomal Degradation Of Mtor Antagonist Deptor, Rita Ramkaran Verma

Dissertations

The chemokine receptor CXCR4 is a member of the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) family. The cognate ligand for CXCR4 is the C-X-C chemokine known as CXCL12. The CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling axis is essential for a number of developmental processes including organogenesis, vascularization of the GI tract and hematopoiesis. Dysregulated CXCR4 signaling is also implicated in a variety of pathological conditions such as WHIM (Warts, Hypogammaglobunemia, Infections and myelokathexis) syndrome, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Despite its role in several pathologies, the molecular mechanisms mediating CXCR4 signaling are not completely understood. Upon CXCL12 binding to CXCR4, several signaling pathways are activated including ...


Molecular Mechanisms Regulating Chemokine Receptor Cxcr4 Signaling And Trafficking, Rohit Malik Jan 2012

Molecular Mechanisms Regulating Chemokine Receptor Cxcr4 Signaling And Trafficking, Rohit Malik

Dissertations

CXCR4 is a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that binds to the chemokine, stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1alpha; a.k.a. CXCL12). The SDF-1alpha/CXCR4 signaling axis plays an essential role during embryogenesis in the development of the heart, brain and vasculature and in the adult mediating immune cell trafficking and stem cell homing to the bone marrow. Dysregulation of SDF-1alpha/CXCR4 signaling is linked to several pathological conditions, including cardiovascular disease, immunological disorders as well as cancer growth and metastasis. However, the mechanisms that govern CXCR4 signaling remain poorly understood. In this dissertation project, we attempt to further our understanding of ...