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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Molecular Biology

The Texas Medical Center Library

CARM1

Publication Year

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Characterizing The Recognition Motif And Novel Substrates Of Carm1, Sitaram Gayatri Jul 2018

Characterizing The Recognition Motif And Novel Substrates Of Carm1, Sitaram Gayatri

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

A limited pool of proteins attains vast functional repertoire due to posttranslational modifications (PTMs). Arginine methylation is a common posttranslational modification, which is catalyzed by a family of nine protein arginine methyltransferases or PRMTs. These enzymes deposit one or two methyl groups to the nitrogen atoms of arginine side-chains. Elucidating the substrate specificity of each PRMT will promote a better understanding of which signaling networks these enzymes contribute to. Although many PRMT substrates have been identified, and their methylation sites mapped, the optimal target motif for each of the nine PRMTs has not been systematically addressed. Here we describe the ...


Developing And Using Methyl-Specific Antibodies To Study The Biological Roles Of Arginine Methylation, Vidyasiri Vemulapalli May 2016

Developing And Using Methyl-Specific Antibodies To Study The Biological Roles Of Arginine Methylation, Vidyasiri Vemulapalli

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Arginine residues can be modified in three different ways to produce asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA), and monomethylarginine (MMA). These modifications are catalyzed by a family of nine protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMT1-9), which are of three types (I, II, and III). The majority of Type I enzymes asymmetrically dimethylate Glycine- and Arginine-rich (GAR) motifs, except for PRMT4, which methylates Proline-, Glycine-, and Methionine-rich (PGM) motifs. The same substrates (GAR or PGM motifs) can also be dimethylated by PRMT5 in a symmetric fashion. However, it is not clear whether there are dedicated residues within these motifs for ADMA and SDMA ...