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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Serotype Association And Regulation Of The Hyaluronate Lyase Gene Of Streptococcus Pyogenes, Martha Stokes Jul 2007

Serotype Association And Regulation Of The Hyaluronate Lyase Gene Of Streptococcus Pyogenes, Martha Stokes

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

S. pyogenes expresses many virulence factors, controlled by a complex regulatory network. These include hyaluronate lyase, an enzyme that degrades hyaluronic acid, a major component of the human extracellular matrix. Paradoxically, hyaluronic acid is also the sole component of the bacterium's capsule, a primary defense against the host immune response. The hylA gene, which encodes the enzyme, has been shown to take three structural forms: a full-length gene, one containing a 3' deletion and a gene that produces a prematurely truncated protein. This work was intended to show that the structure of hylA is associated with serotype ...


Mutations In Transmembrane Domains 1, 4 And 9 Of The Plasmodium Falciparum Chloroquine Resistance Transporter Alter Susceptibility To Chloroquine, Quinine And Quinidine, Roland A. Cooper, Kristan D. Lane, Bingbing Deng, Jianbing Mu, Jigar J. Patel, Thomas E. Wellems, Xinzhuan Su, Michael T. Ferdig Jan 2007

Mutations In Transmembrane Domains 1, 4 And 9 Of The Plasmodium Falciparum Chloroquine Resistance Transporter Alter Susceptibility To Chloroquine, Quinine And Quinidine, Roland A. Cooper, Kristan D. Lane, Bingbing Deng, Jianbing Mu, Jigar J. Patel, Thomas E. Wellems, Xinzhuan Su, Michael T. Ferdig

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

Mutations in the Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine (CQ) resistance transporter (PfCRT) can result in verapamil-reversible CQ resistance and altered susceptibility to other antimalarials. PfCRT contains 10 membrane-spanning domains and is found in the digestive vacuole (DV) membrane of intraerythrocytic parasites. The mechanism by which PfCRT mediates CQ resistance is unclear although it is associated with decreased accumulation of drug within the DV. On the permissive background of the P. falciparum 106/1(K76) parasite line, we used single-step drug selection to generate isogenic clones containing unique pfcrt point mutations that resulted in amino acid changes in PfCRT transmembrane domains 1 (C72R ...