Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Chemistry

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1639

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Theoretical Studies Of Ir And Nmr Spectral Changes Induced By Sigma-Hole Hydrogen, Halogen, Chalcogen, Pnicogen, And Tetrel Bonds In A Model Protein Environment, Mariusz Michalczyk, Wiktor Zierkiewicz, Rafał Wysokiński, Steve Scheiner Sep 2019

Theoretical Studies Of Ir And Nmr Spectral Changes Induced By Sigma-Hole Hydrogen, Halogen, Chalcogen, Pnicogen, And Tetrel Bonds In A Model Protein Environment, Mariusz Michalczyk, Wiktor Zierkiewicz, Rafał Wysokiński, Steve Scheiner

Steve Scheiner

Various types of σ-hole bond complexes were formed with FX, HFY, H2FZ, and H3FT (X = Cl, Br, I; Y = S, Se, Te; Z = P, As, Sb; T = Si, Ge, Sn) as Lewis acid. In order to examine their interactions with a protein, N-methylacetamide (NMA), a model of the peptide linkage was used as the base. These noncovalent bonds were compared by computational means with H-bonds formed by NMA with XH molecules (X = F, Cl, Br, I). In all cases, the A–F bond, which lies opposite the base and is responsible for the σ-hole on the ...


Synthesis And Evaluation Of Novel Silica Hydride-Based Stationary Phases For Bioanalytical Applications Sep 2019

Synthesis And Evaluation Of Novel Silica Hydride-Based Stationary Phases For Bioanalytical Applications

Seiichiro Watanabe

Most HPLC columns are packed with silanol (Si-OH)-rich type-B silica that often
participates in undesired electrostatic interactions with sample solutes and produces a poor analyte peak shape. These silanols are also known to facilitate the surface hydration required for HILIC mode to retain polar analytes. However, the hydrated surface composition can easily fluctuate, which results in poor reproducibility and requires a lengthy equilibration step. In this study, four novel stationary phases have been developed by using the TYPE-CTM silica material, in which up to 95% of the surface silanols have been replaced with Si-H group. One of the advantages ...


Theoretical Studies Of Ir And Nmr Spectral Changes Induced By Sigma-Hole Hydrogen, Halogen, Chalcogen, Pnicogen, And Tetrel Bonds In A Model Protein Environment, Mariusz Michalczyk, Wiktor Zierkiewicz, Rafał Wysokiński, Steve Scheiner Sep 2019

Theoretical Studies Of Ir And Nmr Spectral Changes Induced By Sigma-Hole Hydrogen, Halogen, Chalcogen, Pnicogen, And Tetrel Bonds In A Model Protein Environment, Mariusz Michalczyk, Wiktor Zierkiewicz, Rafał Wysokiński, Steve Scheiner

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Various types of σ-hole bond complexes were formed with FX, HFY, H2FZ, and H3FT (X = Cl, Br, I; Y = S, Se, Te; Z = P, As, Sb; T = Si, Ge, Sn) as Lewis acid. In order to examine their interactions with a protein, N-methylacetamide (NMA), a model of the peptide linkage was used as the base. These noncovalent bonds were compared by computational means with H-bonds formed by NMA with XH molecules (X = F, Cl, Br, I). In all cases, the A–F bond, which lies opposite the base and is responsible for the σ-hole on the ...


9th Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium, University Of Texas Md Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association Sep 2019

9th Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium, University Of Texas Md Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association

MD Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium Abstracts

The mission of the Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium (APSS) is to provide a platform for talented postdoctoral fellows throughout the Texas Medical Center to present their work to a wider audience. The MD Anderson Postdoctoral Association convened its inaugural Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium (APSS) on August 4, 2011.

The APSS provides a professional venue for postdoctoral scientists to develop, clarify, and refine their research as a result of formal reviews and critiques of faculty and other postdoctoral scientists. Additionally, attendees discuss current research on a broad range of subjects while promoting academic interactions and enrichment and developing new collaborations.


Synthesis Of Crosslinkable Poly(Ester Amide)S For Cell Encapsulation And Delivery, Yu Ting (Natalie) Liang Sep 2019

Synthesis Of Crosslinkable Poly(Ester Amide)S For Cell Encapsulation And Delivery, Yu Ting (Natalie) Liang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Tissue engineering using adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) shows promise for soft tissue regeneration. Biodegradable polymers are potential biomaterials as they support the growth and delivery of cells. Specifically, poly(ester amide)s (PEAs) are a class of biodegradable polymers with tunable structures that have been shown to exhibit low cytotoxicity and support the growth of various cell types. This thesis involved the development of new water soluble amino acid-based PEAs with crosslinkable moieties to enable formation of hydrogel scaffolds for ASC encapsulation. These hydrophilic phenylalanine-based and alanine-based PEAs were synthesized by solution polycondensation and photo-crosslinked into a series of hydrogels ...


Minimalistic Peptide-Based Supramolecular Systems Relevant To The Chemical Origin Of Life, Daniela Kroiss Sep 2019

Minimalistic Peptide-Based Supramolecular Systems Relevant To The Chemical Origin Of Life, Daniela Kroiss

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

All forms of life are based on biopolymers, which are made up of a selection of simple building blocks, such as amino acids, nucleotides, fatty acids and sugars. Their individual properties govern their interactions, giving rise to complex supramolecular structures with highly specialized functionality, including ligand recognition, catalysis and compartmentalization. In this thesis, we aim to answer the question whether short peptides could have acted as precursors of modern proteins during prebiotic evolution. Using a combination of experimental and computational techniques, we screened a large molecular search space for peptide sequences that are capable of forming supramolecular complexes with adenosine ...


Spectroscopic Description Of The E1 State Of Mo Nitrogenase Based On Mo And Fe X‑Ray Absorption And MöSsbauer Studies, Casey Van Stappen, Roman Davydov, Zhi-Yong Yang, Ruixi Fan, Yisong Guo, Eckhard Bill, Lance C. Seefeldt, Brian M. Hoffman, Serena Debeer Aug 2019

Spectroscopic Description Of The E1 State Of Mo Nitrogenase Based On Mo And Fe X‑Ray Absorption And MöSsbauer Studies, Casey Van Stappen, Roman Davydov, Zhi-Yong Yang, Ruixi Fan, Yisong Guo, Eckhard Bill, Lance C. Seefeldt, Brian M. Hoffman, Serena Debeer

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Mo nitrogenase (N2ase) utilizes a two-component protein system, the catalytic MoFe and its electron-transfer partner FeP, to reduce atmospheric dinitrogen (N2) to ammonia (NH3). The FeMo cofactor contained in the MoFe protein serves as the catalytic center for this reaction and has long inspired model chemistry oriented toward activating N2. This field of chemistry has relied heavily on the detailed characterization of how Mo N2ase accomplishes this feat. Understanding the reaction mechanism of Mo N2ase itself has presented one of the most challenging problems in bioinorganic chemistry because of the ephemeral nature of its catalytic intermediates, which ...


Mechanism For Apobec3g Catalytic Exclusion Of Rna And Non-Substrate Dna, William C. Solomon, Wazo Myint, Shurong Hou, Tapan Kanai, Rashmi Tripathi, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer, Hiroshi Matsuo Aug 2019

Mechanism For Apobec3g Catalytic Exclusion Of Rna And Non-Substrate Dna, William C. Solomon, Wazo Myint, Shurong Hou, Tapan Kanai, Rashmi Tripathi, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer, Hiroshi Matsuo

Schiffer Lab Publications

The potent antiretroviral protein APOBEC3G (A3G) specifically targets and deaminates deoxycytidine nucleotides, generating deoxyuridine, in single stranded DNA (ssDNA) intermediates produced during HIV replication. A non-catalytic domain in A3G binds strongly to RNA, an interaction crucial for recruitment of A3G to the virion; yet, A3G displays no deamination activity for cytidines in viral RNA. Here, we report NMR and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation analysis for interactions between A3Gctd and multiple substrate or non-substrate DNA and RNA, in combination with deamination assays. NMR ssDNA-binding experiments revealed that the interaction with residues in helix1 and loop1 (T201-L220) distinguishes the binding mode of ...


Effects Of Halogen, Chalcogen, Pnicogen, And Tetrel Bonds On Ir And Nmr Spectra, Jia Lu, Steve Scheiner Aug 2019

Effects Of Halogen, Chalcogen, Pnicogen, And Tetrel Bonds On Ir And Nmr Spectra, Jia Lu, Steve Scheiner

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Complexes were formed pairing FX, FHY, FH2Z, and FH3T (X = Cl, Br, I; Y = S, Se, Te; Z = P, As, Sb; T = Si, Ge, Sn) with NH3 in order to form an A⋯N noncovalent bond, where A refers to the central atom. Geometries, energetics, atomic charges, and spectroscopic characteristics of these complexes were evaluated via DFT calculations. In all cases, the A–F bond, which is located opposite the base and is responsible for the σ-hole on the A atom, elongates and its stretching frequency undergoes a shift to the red. This shift varies ...


Elements Of An Effectiveresearch Presentation, Rachel Willand Charnley Aug 2019

Elements Of An Effectiveresearch Presentation, Rachel Willand Charnley

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Presentations and Other Materials

No abstract provided.


Electronic Transmutation: An Aid For The Rational Design Of New Chemical Materials Using The Knowledge Of Bonding And Structure Of Neighboring Elements, Katie A. Lundell Aug 2019

Electronic Transmutation: An Aid For The Rational Design Of New Chemical Materials Using The Knowledge Of Bonding And Structure Of Neighboring Elements, Katie A. Lundell

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Everything in the universe is made up of elements from the periodic table. Each element has its own role that it plays in the formation of things it makes up. For instance, pencil lead is graphite. A series of honeycomb-like structures made up of carbon stacked on top of one another. Carbon’s neighbor to the left, boron doesn’t like to form such stacked honeycomb-like structures. But, what if there was a way to make boron act like carbon so it did like to form such structures? That question is the basis of the electronic transmutation concept presented in ...


Exploring The Synthesis Of Substituted Porphyrins, Christina Schnee Jul 2019

Exploring The Synthesis Of Substituted Porphyrins, Christina Schnee

Landmark Conference Summer Research Symposium

A current theme in our research laboratory is the development of low cost methods for the synthesis of lamellar vesicles as models for cell membranes. These vesicles, serving as simplified artificial cells, allow us to examine fundamental properties of the membrane including transport of materials across the membrane. Vesicles of varying size can also be employed as molecule delivery systems for a variety of compounds, including pharmaceuticals. We are especially interested in pharmaceuticals used in photodynamic therapy. This type of medical intervention entails delivery of a prodrug (one which is not initially bio-active). Upon exposure to a specific wavelength of ...


Synthesis Of An Amide-Based Extended Heterocyclic System Capable Of Hydrogen Bonding To Both The Adenine And Uracil In Dsrna For Rna Recognition Using Pna, John M. Talbott, Aubrey L. Maryniak Jul 2019

Synthesis Of An Amide-Based Extended Heterocyclic System Capable Of Hydrogen Bonding To Both The Adenine And Uracil In Dsrna For Rna Recognition Using Pna, John M. Talbott, Aubrey L. Maryniak

Landmark Conference Summer Research Symposium

The majority of information known about RNA is centered around coding RNA for its role in synthesizing proteins from DNA. However, noncoding RNA is also biologically relevant, showing importance in gene expression and catalyzing reactions. Peptide Nucleic Acids, or PNAs, are a promising tool that can be used to study noncoding RNA. PNAs can bind to double-stranded RNA forming a triple helix and are highly selective for specific sequences of dsRNA. A current limitation of PNA as a ligand is that traditional nucleobases only bind with high affinity to single purine residues on the RNA, as triplex formation relies on ...


Development Of A One-Pot Allylation And Claisen Rearrangement Of Acetaminophen By Applying Microwave Radiation, Brandon R. Tessier Jul 2019

Development Of A One-Pot Allylation And Claisen Rearrangement Of Acetaminophen By Applying Microwave Radiation, Brandon R. Tessier

Landmark Conference Summer Research Symposium

The Claisen rearrangement is a widely applicable organic reaction that involves the shift of a sigma bond across the pi-system of an allyl vinyl ether to produce allylated phenols. In this project, we aim to develop a microwave assisted allylation of a phenol, followed by a subsequent Claisen rearrangement in one pot. The goals of this project are three-fold. First, we aim to accelerate these reactions using microwave assisted organic synthesis because to date, microwave technology has been sparsely used in Claisen chemistry. Second, we aim to perform these reactions in a single pot, enhancing the simplicity and elegance of ...


An Unexpected Rhenium(Iv)–Rhenium(Vii) Salt: [Co(Nh3)6]3[Reviio4][Reivf6]46h2o, James Louis_Jean, Samudee Mariappan Balasekaran, Adelheid Hagenbach, Frederic Poineau Jul 2019

An Unexpected Rhenium(Iv)–Rhenium(Vii) Salt: [Co(Nh3)6]3[Reviio4][Reivf6]46h2o, James Louis_Jean, Samudee Mariappan Balasekaran, Adelheid Hagenbach, Frederic Poineau

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The title hydrated salt, tris[hexaamminecobalt(III)] tetraoxidorhenate(VII) tetrakis[hexafluoridorhenate(IV)] hexahydrate, arose unexpectedly due to possible contamination of the K2ReF6 starting material with KReO4. It consists of octahedral [Co(NH3)6] 3+ cation (Co1 site symmetry 1), tetrahedral [ReVIIO4] anions (Re site symmetry 1) and octahedral [ReIVF6] 2 anions (Re site symmetries 1and 3). The [ReF6] 2 octahedral anions (mean Re—F = 1.834 A˚ ), [Co(NH3)6] 3+ octahedral cations (mean Co—N = 1.962 A˚ ), and the [ReO4] tetrahedral anion (mean Re—O = 1.719 A˚ ) are slightly distorted. A network of N—HF hydrogen bonds ...


Molecular And Structural Mechanism Of Pan-Genotypic Hcv Ns3/4a Protease Inhibition By Glecaprevir, Jennifer Timm, Klajdi Kosovrasti, Mina Henes, Florian Leidner, Shurong Hou, Akbar Ali, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer Jul 2019

Molecular And Structural Mechanism Of Pan-Genotypic Hcv Ns3/4a Protease Inhibition By Glecaprevir, Jennifer Timm, Klajdi Kosovrasti, Mina Henes, Florian Leidner, Shurong Hou, Akbar Ali, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Hepatitis C virus (HCV), causative agent of chronic viral hepatitis, infects 71 million people worldwide and is divided into seven genotypes and multiple subtypes with sequence identities between 68 to 82%. While older generation direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) had varying effectiveness against different genotypes, the newest NS3/4A protease inhibitors including glecaprevir (GLE) have pan-genotypic activity. The structural basis for pan-genotypic inhibition and effects of polymorphisms on inhibitor potency were not well known due to lack of crystal structures of GLE-bound NS3/4A or genotypes other than 1. In this study, we determined the crystal structures of NS3/4A from genotypes ...


Organic Chemistry With A Biological Emphasis Volume I, Timothy Soderberg Jul 2019

Organic Chemistry With A Biological Emphasis Volume I, Timothy Soderberg

Chemistry Publications

The traditional approach to teaching Organic Chemistry, taken by most of the textbooks that are currently available, is to focus primarily on the reactions of laboratory synthesis, with much less discussion - in the central chapters, at least - of biological molecules and reactions. This is despite the fact that, in many classrooms, a majority of students are majoring in Biology or Health Sciences rather than in Chemistry, and are presumably taking the course in order to learn about the chemistry that takes place in living things.

In an effort to address this disconnect, I have developed a textbook for a two-semester ...


Organic Chemistry With A Biological Emphasis Volume Ii, Timothy Soderberg Jul 2019

Organic Chemistry With A Biological Emphasis Volume Ii, Timothy Soderberg

Chemistry Publications

The traditional approach to teaching Organic Chemistry, taken by most of the textbooks that are currently available, is to focus primarily on the reactions of laboratory synthesis, with much less discussion - in the central chapters, at least - of biological molecules and reactions. This is despite the fact that, in many classrooms, a majority of students are majoring in Biology or Health Sciences rather than in Chemistry, and are presumably taking the course in order to learn about the chemistry that takes place in living things.

In an effort to address this disconnect, I have developed a textbook for a two-semester ...


Dft Study On The Binding Of Selected Metal Ions With Phenylalanine Dipeptide, Ebtehal Alghamdi May 2019

Dft Study On The Binding Of Selected Metal Ions With Phenylalanine Dipeptide, Ebtehal Alghamdi

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

In this study, M06-2X/6-311+G(2d,2p) level calculations were performed to examine the binding energies and vibrational frequencies of different conformers of phenylalanine dipeptide interacting with metal ions (Na+, K+, Mg2+ and Ca2+). Four conformers were selected from the list of 20 most stable structures. The main goal was to understand the influence of conformers on the binding affinity of metal ions with different conformers of phenylalanine dipeptide. In agreement with experimental results, interactions of metal ions with two aromatic rings along with lone pair electrons of oxygen produced high stability. Binding energy was lowest for ...


Expanding The Toolbox With Site-Specific Methods Of Bioconjugation, Tiauna S. Howard May 2019

Expanding The Toolbox With Site-Specific Methods Of Bioconjugation, Tiauna S. Howard

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Bioconjugation is an important tool for studying complex biological systems, with site-specificity being the major challenge. Reactions based on amino acid derived organocatalysts have been widely used in organic synthesis, particularly for the asymmetric synthesis of small molecules but this concept has not been vastly explored on biomolecules. To combat these limitations, two chemical strategies are developed to effectively attach synthetic molecules site specifically to proteins. First, a protein modification technique based on conjugation at a non-native functional handle, an aldehyde or ketone, is developed. This functional handle is chemically introduced onto the biomolecules before undergoing the organocatalyzed aldol reaction ...


Synthesis, Stabilization, And Modification Of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles For Biological Applications, Allison Kimberly Freese May 2019

Synthesis, Stabilization, And Modification Of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles For Biological Applications, Allison Kimberly Freese

MSU Graduate Theses

Nanoparticles have become very useful as delivery systems in biomedicine. The nanoparticles can be layered with different compounds to produce a vessel for transport of biological materials. Specifically, gold nanoparticles layered with a reducing agent, lysozyme, and polyelectrolytes can be synthesized to transport lysozyme into a cell. However, zinc oxide nanoparticles are cheaper, biocompatible nanoparticles that can be used for the same process. Here in, zinc oxide nanoparticle conjugates were synthesized, modified, and analyzed to be used as a biological material delivery system. The zinc oxide nanoparticles were synthesized using zinc chloride and sodium hydroxide. The particles were then layered ...


On The Ability Of Pnicogen Atoms To Engage In Both Σ And Π-Hole Complexes. Heterodimers Of Zf2C6H5 (Z = P, As, Sb, Bi) And Nh3, Wiktor Zierkiewicz, Mariusz Michalczyk, Rafał Wysokiński, Steve Scheiner May 2019

On The Ability Of Pnicogen Atoms To Engage In Both Σ And Π-Hole Complexes. Heterodimers Of Zf2C6H5 (Z = P, As, Sb, Bi) And Nh3, Wiktor Zierkiewicz, Mariusz Michalczyk, Rafał Wysokiński, Steve Scheiner

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

When bound to a pair of F atoms and a phenyl ring, a pyramidal pnicogen (Z) atom can form a pnicogen bond wherein an NH3 base lies opposite one F atom. In addition to this σ-hole complex, the ZF2C6H5 molecule can distort in such a way that the NH3 approaches on the opposite side to the lone pair on Z, where there is a so-called π-hole. The interaction energies of these π-hole dimers are roughly 30 kcal/mol, much larger than the equivalent quantities for the σ-hole complexes, which are only 4–13 ...


Synthesis And Evaluation Of Novel Silica Hydride-Based Stationary Phases For Bioanalytical Application, Seiichiro Watanabe May 2019

Synthesis And Evaluation Of Novel Silica Hydride-Based Stationary Phases For Bioanalytical Application, Seiichiro Watanabe

Seiichiro Watanabe

Most HPLC columns are packed with silanol-rich (Si-OH) type-B silica material that often participates in undesired electrostatic interactions with the analyte solutes and produces poor peak shape [1,2]. These silanols are also known to facilitate surface hydration necessary for HILIC retention mode for polar analyte molecules. However, the hydrated surface composition can easily fluctuate, and thus results in a poor reproducibility and requires lengthy equilibration step. In this study, four novel stationary phases have been developed by using the TYPE-CTM Silica Hydride material, which has replaced up to 95% of the surface silanols with silicon-hydride (Si-H) groups. One of ...


Decrypting Female Attractivity In Garter Snakes, Holly Rucker May 2019

Decrypting Female Attractivity In Garter Snakes, Holly Rucker

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current

Pheromones are utilized by many species as sexual signals driving mate choice, and pheromone production in vertebrates hinges on sex hormone action. Female red-sided garter snakes (Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis) produce a skin-based sex pheromone used by males for mate detection and selection. Estradiol is necessary for pheromone production, yet the specific mechanisms within the skin are unknown. Central to this is the metabolism of testosterone to estradiol via the enzyme aromatase. It is hypothesized that female garter snakes synthesize estradiol locally in the skin and maintain pheromone production via tissue-specific regulation of aromatase. Further, I hypothesize that female attractiveness, and ...


Multiple Local Σ-Aromaticity Of Nonagermanide Clusters, Nikolay V. Tkachenko, Alexander I. Boldyrev Apr 2019

Multiple Local Σ-Aromaticity Of Nonagermanide Clusters, Nikolay V. Tkachenko, Alexander I. Boldyrev

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Nonagermanide clusters are widely used in inorganic synthesis and are actively studied by experimentalists and theoreticians. However, chemical bonding of such versatile species is still not completely understood. In our work we deciphered a bonding pattern for various experimentally obtained nonagermanide species. We localized the electron density via the AdNDP algorithm for the model structures ([Ge9]4−, [Ge9{P(NH2)2}3], Cu[Ge9{P(NH2)2}3] and Cu(NHC)[Ge9{P(NH2)2}3]) and obtained a simple and chemically intuitive bonding pattern which can explain the variety of active sites ...


Interactions Of (My) 6 (M = Zn, Cd; Y = O, S, Se) Quantum Dots With N-Bases, Mariusz Michalczyk, Wiktor Zierkiewicz, Steve Scheiner Apr 2019

Interactions Of (My) 6 (M = Zn, Cd; Y = O, S, Se) Quantum Dots With N-Bases, Mariusz Michalczyk, Wiktor Zierkiewicz, Steve Scheiner

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

(MY)6 clusters, with M = Zn and Cd and Y = O, S, Se, form double-layer drum-like structures containing M–Y covalent bonds. The positive regions near the M atoms attract the N atom of both NH3 and NMe3 so as to form a noncovalent M···N bond. This bond is quite strong, with interaction energies exceeding 35 kcal/mol. The bond strength diminishes with reduced electronegativity of the Y atom (O > S > Se) and is stronger for M = Zn than for Cd. Trimethylation of the base enhances the bond strength. The interaction is dominated by the electrostatic component ...


Investigating The Rotary Mechanism Of Atp Synthase Using Molecular Dynamics Simulations, Angela Marcela Murcia Rios Apr 2019

Investigating The Rotary Mechanism Of Atp Synthase Using Molecular Dynamics Simulations, Angela Marcela Murcia Rios

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

F1-ATPase is a motor protein that can use ATP hydrolysis to drive rotation of the central subunit. The γ C-terminal helix constitutes of the rotor tip that is seated in an apical bearing formed by the α3β3 head. It remains uncertain to what extent the γ conformation during rotation differs from that seen in rigid crystal structures. Existing models assume that the entire γ subunit participates in every rotation. Here we develop a molecular dynamics (MD) strategy to model the off-axis forces acting on γ in F1-ATPase. MD runs showed stalling of the ...


Department Of Chemistry And Biochemistry 24th Departmental Symposium In Conjunction With The Petersheim Academic Exposition, Seton Hall University Apr 2019

Department Of Chemistry And Biochemistry 24th Departmental Symposium In Conjunction With The Petersheim Academic Exposition, Seton Hall University

Petersheim Academic Exposition

No abstract provided.


The Nifz Accessory Protein Has An Equivalent Function In Maturation Of Both Nitrogenase Mofe Protein P-Clusters, Emilio Jimenez-Vicente, Zhi-Yong Yang, Julia S. Martin Del Campo, Valarie L. Cash, Lance C. Seefeldt, Dennis R. Dean Apr 2019

The Nifz Accessory Protein Has An Equivalent Function In Maturation Of Both Nitrogenase Mofe Protein P-Clusters, Emilio Jimenez-Vicente, Zhi-Yong Yang, Julia S. Martin Del Campo, Valarie L. Cash, Lance C. Seefeldt, Dennis R. Dean

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The Mo-dependent nitrogenase comprises two interacting components called the Fe protein and the MoFe protein. The MoFe protein is an α2β2 heterotetramer that harbors two types of complex metalloclusters, both of which are necessary for N2reduction. One type is a 7Fe-9S-Mo-C-homocitrate species designated FeMo-cofactor, which provides the N2-binding catalytic site, and the other is an 8Fe-7S species designated the P-cluster, involved in mediating intercomponent electron transfer to FeMo-cofactor. The MoFe protein's catalytic partner, Fe protein, is also required for both FeMo-cofactor formation and the conversion of an immature form of P-clusters to ...


Halogen Bonding And Host–Guest Chemistry Between N-Alkylammonium Resorcinarene Halides, Diiodoperfluorobutane And Neutral Guests, Fangfang Pan, Mohadeseh Dashti, Michael R. Reynolds, Kari Rissanen, John F. Trant, Ngong Kodiah Beyeh Apr 2019

Halogen Bonding And Host–Guest Chemistry Between N-Alkylammonium Resorcinarene Halides, Diiodoperfluorobutane And Neutral Guests, Fangfang Pan, Mohadeseh Dashti, Michael R. Reynolds, Kari Rissanen, John F. Trant, Ngong Kodiah Beyeh

Chemistry and Biochemistry Publications

Single crystal X-ray structures of halogen-bonded assemblies formed between host N-hexylammonium resorcinarene bromide (1) or N-cyclohexylammonium resorcinarene chloride (2), and 1,4-diiodooctafluorobutane and accompanying small solvent guests (meth- anol, acetonitrile and water) are presented. The guests’ inclusion affects the geometry of the cavity of the receptors 1 and 2, while the divalent halogen bond donor 1,4-diiodooctafluorobutane determines the overall nature of the halogen bond assembly. The crystal lattice of 1 contains two structurally different dimeric assemblies A and B, formally resulting in the mixture of a capsular dimer and a dimeric pseudo-capsule. 1H and 19F ...