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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

The Influence Of The Proximal Thiolate Ligand And Hydrogen Bond Network Of The Proximal Helix On The Structural And Biochemical Properties Of Chloroperoxidase, Elena Shersher Mar 2016

The Influence Of The Proximal Thiolate Ligand And Hydrogen Bond Network Of The Proximal Helix On The Structural And Biochemical Properties Of Chloroperoxidase, Elena Shersher

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Chloroperoxidase (CPO) from Caldariomyces fumago is a versatile heme enzyme with great potential for environmental and pharmaceutical applications. It catalyzes a plethora of reactions including halogenation, dismutation, epoxidation, and oxidation. The diverse catalytic capabilities of CPO have long been attributed to the protein’s distinct active site that combines structural features of peroxidases and cytochromes P450. Particularly, the role of the axial thiolate ligand in CPO catalysis has been much debated. Furthermore, no data are available on the role of hydrogen bonding between Arg 26-Asn 37 and Ala 27-Asn 33 of the proximal helix in defining the structural and catalytic ...


Short Peptides In Minimalistic Biocatalyst Design, Krystyna L. Duncan, Rein V. Ulijn Sep 2015

Short Peptides In Minimalistic Biocatalyst Design, Krystyna L. Duncan, Rein V. Ulijn

Publications and Research

We review recent developments in the use of short peptides in the design of minimalistic biocatalysts focusing on ester hydrolysis. A number of designed peptide nanostructures are shown to have (modest) catalytic activity. Five features are discussed and illustrated by literature examples, including primary peptide sequence, nanosurfaces/scaffolds, binding pockets, multivalency and the presence of metal ions. Some of these are derived from natural enzymes, but others, such as multivalency of active sites on designed nanofibers, may give rise to new features not found in natural enzymes. Remarkably, it is shown that each of these design features give rise to ...


Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles: Their Phosphatase Activity And Its Control, Atul Dhall Jan 2014

Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles: Their Phosphatase Activity And Its Control, Atul Dhall

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cerium oxide nanoparticles are established scavengers of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. They have many potential biomedical applications that depend on their physicochemical properties and mode of preparation. Recent studies have found these nanoparticles possess phosphatase mimetic activity. Studying such catalytic activities will qualify their biomedical applications and render information on their bioavailability and potential toxicity. Two oxidation states of cerium exist in these nanoparticles (3+ or 4+). It is hypothesized that the oxidation state of cerium in the nanoparticles determines the amount of adsorbed water on the crystal lattices. This in turn governs their activity as phosphatases. Nanoparticles with ...


Synthesis, Kinetic And Photocatalytic Studies Of Porphyrin-Ruthenium-Oxo Complexes, Yan Huang Aug 2010

Synthesis, Kinetic And Photocatalytic Studies Of Porphyrin-Ruthenium-Oxo Complexes, Yan Huang

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Macrocyclic ligand-complexed transition metal-oxo intermediates are the active oxidizing species in a variety of important biological and catalytic oxidation reactions. Many transition metal catalysts have been designed to mimic the predominant oxidation catalysts in Nature, namely the cytochrome P450 enzymes. Ruthenium porphyrin complexes have been the center of the research and have successfully been utilized, as catalysts, in major oxidation reactions such as the hydroxylation of alkanes. This study focuses on kinetic and photocatalytic studies of oxidation reactions with wellcharacterized high-valent ruthenium-oxo porphyrin complexes.
The trans-dioxoruthenium(VI) porphyrins have been among the best characterized metal-oxo intermediates and their involvement ...