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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Water. New Waters And New Life, Juan Enriquez Jul 2007

Water. New Waters And New Life, Juan Enriquez

New England Journal of Public Policy

An excerpt from an article about life sciences taken from the proceedings of the Education for Public Inquiry and International Citizenship (EPIIC) Symposium held at Tufts University in Massachusetts in February 2005 is presented.


Optimization Of Cutaneous Electrically Mediated Plasmid Dna Delivery Using Novel Electrode, L. C. Heller, M. J. Jaroszeski, D. Coppola, A. N. Mccray, J. Hickey, R. Heller Feb 2007

Optimization Of Cutaneous Electrically Mediated Plasmid Dna Delivery Using Novel Electrode, L. C. Heller, M. J. Jaroszeski, D. Coppola, A. N. Mccray, J. Hickey, R. Heller

Bioelectrics Publications

The easy accessibility of skin makes it an excellent target for gene transfer protocols. To take advantage of skin as a target for gene transfer, it is important to establish an efficient and reproducible delivery system. Electroporation is an established technique for enhancing plasmid delivery to many tissues in vivo. A critical component of this technique is the electrode configuration. Electroporation parameters were optimized for transgene expression with minimal tissue damage with a novel electrode. The highest transgene expression and efficiency of individual cell transformation with minimal damage was produced with eight 150 ms pulses at field strength of 100 ...


Selective Cholesterol Dynamics Between Lipoproteins And Caveolae/Lipid Rafts, Stephen M. Storey, Adalberto M. Gallegos, Barbara P. Atshaves, Avery L. Mcintosh, Gregory G. Martin, Rebecca D. Parr, Kerstin K. Landrock, Ann B. Kier, Judith M. Ball, Friedhelm Schroeder Jan 2007

Selective Cholesterol Dynamics Between Lipoproteins And Caveolae/Lipid Rafts, Stephen M. Storey, Adalberto M. Gallegos, Barbara P. Atshaves, Avery L. Mcintosh, Gregory G. Martin, Rebecca D. Parr, Kerstin K. Landrock, Ann B. Kier, Judith M. Ball, Friedhelm Schroeder

Faculty Publications

Although low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-mediated cholesterol uptake through clathrin-coated pits is now well understood, the molecular details and organizing principles for selective cholesterol uptake/efflux (reverse cholesterol transport, RCT) from peripheral cells remain to be resolved. It is not yet completely clear whether RCT between serum lipoproteins and the plasma membrane occurs primarily through lipid rafts/caveolae or from non-raft domains. To begin to address these issues, lipid raft/caveolae-, caveolae-, and non-raft-enriched fractions were resolved from purified plasma membranes isolated from L-cell fibroblasts and MDCK cells by detergent-free affinity chromatography and compared with detergent-resistant membranes isolated from the same ...


Coa1 Links The Mss51 Post-Translational Function To Cox1 Cofactor Insertion In Cytochrome C Oxidase Assembly, Fabien Pierrel, Megan L. Bestwick, Paul A. Cobine, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Julia A. Cricco, Dennis R. Winge Jan 2007

Coa1 Links The Mss51 Post-Translational Function To Cox1 Cofactor Insertion In Cytochrome C Oxidase Assembly, Fabien Pierrel, Megan L. Bestwick, Paul A. Cobine, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Julia A. Cricco, Dennis R. Winge

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

The assembly of cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) in yeast mitochondria is shown to be dependent on a new assembly factor designated Coa1 that associates with the mitochondrial inner membrane. Translation of the mitochondrial-encoded subunits of CcO occurs normally in coa1Δ cells, but these subunits fail to accumulate. The respiratory defect in coa1Δ cells is suppressed by high-copy MSS51, MDJ1 and COX10. Mss51 functions in Cox1 translation and elongation, whereas Cox10 participates in the biosynthesis of heme a, a key cofactor of CcO. Respiration in coa1Δ and shy1Δ cells is enhanced when Mss51 and Cox10 are coexpressed ...


Mechanistic Studies Of The Long Chain Acyl-Coa Synthetase Faa1p From Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Hong Li, Elaina M. Melton, Steven Quackenbush, Concetta C. Dirusso, Paul N. Black Jan 2007

Mechanistic Studies Of The Long Chain Acyl-Coa Synthetase Faa1p From Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Hong Li, Elaina M. Melton, Steven Quackenbush, Concetta C. Dirusso, Paul N. Black

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Long chain acyl-CoA synthetase (ACSL; fatty acid CoA ligase: AMP forming; EC 6.2.1.3) catalyzes the formation of acyl-CoA through a process, which requires fatty acid, ATP and coenzymeA as substrates. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae the principal ACSL is Faa1p (encoded by the FAA1 gene). The preferred substrates for this enzyme are cis-monounsaturated long chain fatty acids. Our previous work has shown Faa1p is a principal component of a fatty acid transport/activation complex that also includes the fatty acid transport protein Fat1p. In the present work hexameric histidine tagged Faa1p was purified to homogeneity through a ...


Evidence For A Pro-Oxidant Intermediate In The Assembly Of Cytochrome Oxidase, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Amanda Bird, Dennis R. Winge Jan 2007

Evidence For A Pro-Oxidant Intermediate In The Assembly Of Cytochrome Oxidase, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Amanda Bird, Dennis R. Winge

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

The hydrogen peroxide sensitivity of cells lacking two proteins,

Sco1 and Cox11, important in the assembly of cytochrome

c oxidase (CcO), is shown to arise from the transient accumulation

of a pro-oxidant heme A-Cox1 stalled intermediate. The

peroxide sensitivity of these cells is abrogated by a reduction in

either Cox1 expression or hemeAformation but exacerbated by

either enhanced Cox1 expression or heme A production arising

from overexpression of COX15. Sco1 and Cox11 are implicated

in the formation of the CuA and CuB sites of CcO, respectively.

The respective wild-type genes suppress the peroxide sensitivities

of sco1∆ and cox11 ...