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Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Preferential Flow And Colloids: Their Influence On The Transport Of Phosphorus, Tara Johanna Garrett Aug 2005

Preferential Flow And Colloids: Their Influence On The Transport Of Phosphorus, Tara Johanna Garrett

Masters Theses

Although strongly adsorbing ions are relatively immobile within soil, ion transport can be enhanced by preferential flow and by adsorption of ions to mobile colloids. The primary objective of this research was to determine the influence of preferential flow paths on the transportation of phosphorus (P) through a soil profile. Secondary objectives were to determine the effect of fertilizer type (inorganic vs. organic) and colloids on the transport of P.

Eight soil monoliths with a diameter of 0.3 m and a length of 0.75 m were collected from the Water Quality field site at the Ames Plantation. Four ...


Selective Field Effects On Intracellular Vacuoles And Vesicle Membranes With Nanosecond Electric Pulses, Ephrem Tekle, Hammou Oubrahim, Sergey M. Dzekunov, Juergen F. Kolb, Karl H. Schoenbach Jan 2005

Selective Field Effects On Intracellular Vacuoles And Vesicle Membranes With Nanosecond Electric Pulses, Ephrem Tekle, Hammou Oubrahim, Sergey M. Dzekunov, Juergen F. Kolb, Karl H. Schoenbach

Bioelectrics Publications

Electric pulses across intact vesicles and cells can lead to transient increase in permeability of their membranes. We studied the integrity of these membranes in response to external electric pulses of high amplitude and submicrosecond duration with a primary aim of achieving selective permeabilization. These effects were examined in two separate model systems comprising of 1), a mixed population of 1,2-di-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine phospholipid vesicles and in 2), single COS-7 cells, in which large endosomal membrane vacuoles were induced by stimulated endocytosis. It has been shown that large and rapidly varying external electric fields, with pulses shorter than the charging time ...


Effect Of Humic Substance Photodegradation On Bacterial Growth And Respiration In Lake Water, Alexandre M. Anesio, William Granéli, George R. Aiken, David J. Kieber, Kenneth Mopper Jan 2005

Effect Of Humic Substance Photodegradation On Bacterial Growth And Respiration In Lake Water, Alexandre M. Anesio, William Granéli, George R. Aiken, David J. Kieber, Kenneth Mopper

Chemistry & Biochemistry Faculty Publications

This study addresses how humic substance (HS) chemical composition and photoreactivity affect bacterial growth, respiration, and growth efficiency (BGE) in lake water. Aqueous solutions of HSs from diverse aquatic environments representing different dissolved organic matter sources (autochthonous and allochthonous) were exposed to artificial solar UV radiation. These solutions were added to lake water passed through a 0.7-μm pore-size filter (containing grazer-free lake bacteria) followed by dark incubation for 5, 43, and 65 h. For the 5-h incubation, several irradiated HSs inhibited bacterial carbon production (BCP) and this inhibition was highly correlated with H2O2 photoproduction. The H ...


Computer-Assisted Docking Of Flavodoxin With The Atp:Co(I)Rrinoid Adenosyltransferase (Coba) Enzyme Reveals Residues Critical For Protein-Protein Interactions But Not For Catalysis, Nicole R. Baun, Jorge C. Escalante-Semerena Jan 2005

Computer-Assisted Docking Of Flavodoxin With The Atp:Co(I)Rrinoid Adenosyltransferase (Coba) Enzyme Reveals Residues Critical For Protein-Protein Interactions But Not For Catalysis, Nicole R. Baun, Jorge C. Escalante-Semerena

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

The activity of the housekeeping ATP:co(I)rrinoid adenosyltransferase

(CobA) enzyme of Salmonella enterica sv. Typhimurium

is required to adenosylate de novo biosynthetic intermediates

of adenosylcobalamin and to salvage incomplete and complete

corrinoids from the environment of this bacterium. In vitro,

reduced flavodoxin (FldA) provides an electron to generate the

co(I)rrinoid substrate in the CobA active site. To understand how

CobAand FldA interact, a computer model of aCobA-FldA complex

was generated. This model was used to guide the introduction of

mutations into CobA using site-directed mutagenesis and the synthesis

of a peptide mimic of FldA. Residues Arg-9 ...