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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Biotechnology

2003

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Transmembrane Movement Of Exogenous Long-Chain Fatty Acids: Proteins, Enzymes, And Vectorial Esterification, Paul N. Black, Concetta C. Dirusso Jan 2003

Transmembrane Movement Of Exogenous Long-Chain Fatty Acids: Proteins, Enzymes, And Vectorial Esterification, Paul N. Black, Concetta C. Dirusso

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

INTRODUCTION......................................................................................................................................................454

FATTY ACIDS AND BIOLOGICAL MEMBRANES.............................................................................................455

Fatty Acid Transport Defined ...............................................................................................................................456

MODEL SYSTEMS TO INVESTIGATE FATTY ACID TRANSPORT ..............................................................456

Genetic Foundations of Fatty Acid Transport....................................................................................................456

PROTEINS IMPLICATED IN FATTY ACID TRANSPORT ...............................................................................456

Fatty Acid Translocase..........................................................................................................................................457

Fatty Acid Binding Protein—Membrane Bound ................................................................................................457

Fatty Acid Transport Protein...............................................................................................................................458

The Long-Chain Fatty Acid Transport Protein FadL .......................................................................................458

Fatty Acyl-CoA Synthetase ...................................................................................................................................459

VECTORIAL ACYLATION: ONE MECHANISM OPERATIONAL IN FATTY ACID TRANSPORT...........460

THE BACTERIAL PARADIGM ...............................................................................................................................460

Energetics of Fatty Acid Transport in Gram-Negative Bacteria......................................................................460

The Fatty Acid Transporter FadL........................................................................................................................461

The Fatty Acyl-CoA Synthetase FadD..................................................................................................................461

Structural Considerations ...