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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Biotechnology

University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Lipid transport

Publication Year

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Lipid Transport Required To Make Lipids Of Photosynthetic Membranes, Evan Labrant, Allison C. Barnes, Rebecca Roston Jun 2018

Lipid Transport Required To Make Lipids Of Photosynthetic Membranes, Evan Labrant, Allison C. Barnes, Rebecca Roston

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Photosynthetic membranes provide much of the usable energy for life on earth. To produce photosynthetic membrane lipids, multiple transport steps are required, including fatty acid export from the chloroplast stroma to the endoplasmic reticulum, and lipid transport from the endoplasmic reticulum to the chloroplast envelope membranes. Transport of hydrophobic molecules through aqueous space is energetically unfavorable and must be catalyzed by dedicated enzymes, frequently on specialized membrane structures. Here, we review photosynthetic membrane lipid transport to the chloroplast in the context of photosynthetic membrane lipid synthesis. We independently consider the identity of transported lipids, the proteinaceous transport components, and membrane ...


Chloroplast Lipid Transfer Processes In Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii Involving A Trigalactosyldiacylglycerol 2 (Tgd2) Ortholog, Jaruswan Warakanont, Chia-Hong Tsai, Elena J.S. Michel, George R. Murphy Iii, Peter Y. Hsueh, Rebecca L. Roston, Barbara B. Sears, Christoph Benning Jan 2015

Chloroplast Lipid Transfer Processes In Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii Involving A Trigalactosyldiacylglycerol 2 (Tgd2) Ortholog, Jaruswan Warakanont, Chia-Hong Tsai, Elena J.S. Michel, George R. Murphy Iii, Peter Y. Hsueh, Rebecca L. Roston, Barbara B. Sears, Christoph Benning

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

In plants, lipids of the photosynthetic membrane are synthesized by parallel pathways associated with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the chloroplast envelope membranes. Lipids derived from the two pathways are distinguished by their acyl-constituents. Following this plant paradigm, the prevalent acyl composition of chloroplast lipids suggests that Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (Chlamydomonas) does not use the ER pathway; however, the Chlamydomonas genome encodes presumed plant orthologs of a chloroplast lipid transporter consisting of TGD (TRIGALACTOSYLDIACYLGLYCEROL) proteins that are required for ER-tochloroplast lipid trafficking in plants. To resolve this conundrum, we identified a mutant of Chlamydomonas deleted in the TGD2 gene and characterized ...