Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Biotechnology

University of Nebraska - Lincoln

2008

Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Emergent Decision-Making In Biological Signal Transduction Networks, Tomáš Helikar, John Konvalina, Jack Heidel, Jim A. Rogers Feb 2008

Emergent Decision-Making In Biological Signal Transduction Networks, Tomáš Helikar, John Konvalina, Jack Heidel, Jim A. Rogers

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

The complexity of biochemical intracellular signal transduction networks has led to speculation that the high degree of interconnectivity that exists in these networks transforms them into an information processing network. To test this hypothesis directly, a large scale model was created with the logical mechanism of each node described completely to allow simulation and dynamical analysis. Exposing the network to tens of thousands of random combinations of inputs and analyzing the combined dynamics of multiple outputs revealed a robust system capable of clustering widely varying input combinations into equivalence classes of biologically relevant cellular responses. This capability was nontrivial in ...


Coa2 Is An Assembly Factor For Yeast Cytochrome C Oxidase Biogenesis That Facilitates The Maturation Of Cox1, Fabien Pierrel, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Paul A. Cobine, Megan Bestwick, Dennis R. Winge Jan 2008

Coa2 Is An Assembly Factor For Yeast Cytochrome C Oxidase Biogenesis That Facilitates The Maturation Of Cox1, Fabien Pierrel, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Paul A. Cobine, Megan Bestwick, Dennis R. Winge

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

The assembly of cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) in yeast mitochondria is dependent on a new assembly factor designated Coa2. Coa2 was identified from its ability to suppress the respiratory deficiency of coa1 Δ and shy1 Δ cells. Coa1 and Shy1 function at an early step in maturation of the Cox1 subunit of CcO. Coa2 functions downstream of the Mss51-Coa1 step in Cox1 maturation and likely concurrent with the Shy1-related heme a3 insertion into Cox1. Coa2 interacts with Shy1. Cells lacking Coa2 show a rapid degradation of newly synthesized Cox1. Rapid Cox1 proteolysis also occurs in shy1 Δ cells, suggesting ...


Function And Redox State Of Mitochondrial Localized Cysteine-Rich Proteins Important In The Assembly Of Cytochrome C Oxidase, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Dennis R. Winge Jan 2008

Function And Redox State Of Mitochondrial Localized Cysteine-Rich Proteins Important In The Assembly Of Cytochrome C Oxidase, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Dennis R. Winge

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

The cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) complex of the mitochondrial respiratory chain exists within the mitochondrial inner membrane (IM). The biogenesis of the complex is a multi-faceted process requiring multiple assembly factors that function on both faces of the IM. Formation of the two copper centers of CcO occurs within the intermembrane space (IMS) and is dependent on assembly factors with critical cysteinyl thiolates. Two classes of assembly factors exist, one group being soluble IMS proteins and the second class being proteins tethered to the IM. A common motif in the soluble assembly factors is a duplicated Cx9C sequence ...


Pet191 Is A Cytochrome C Oxidase Assembly Factor In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Kevin Rigby, Megan Bestwick, Fabien Pierrel, Paul A. Cobine, Dennis R. Winge Jan 2008

Pet191 Is A Cytochrome C Oxidase Assembly Factor In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Kevin Rigby, Megan Bestwick, Fabien Pierrel, Paul A. Cobine, Dennis R. Winge

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

The twin-Cx9C motif protein Pet191 is essential for cytochrome c oxidase maturation. The motif Cys residues are functionally important and appear to be present in disulfide linkages within a large oligomeric complex associated with the mitochondrial inner membrane. The import of Pet191 differs from that of other twin-Cx9C motif class of proteins in being independent of the Mia40 pathway.


Purification From Human Milk Of Matriptase Complexes With Secreted Serpins: Mechanism For Inhibition Of Matriptase Other Than Hai-1, I-Chu Tseng, Feng-Pai Chou, Sheng-Feng Su, Michael Oberst, Nandakumar Madayiputhiya, Ming-Shyue Lee, Jehng-Kang Wang, David E. Sloane, Michael Johnson, Chen-Yong Lin Jan 2008

Purification From Human Milk Of Matriptase Complexes With Secreted Serpins: Mechanism For Inhibition Of Matriptase Other Than Hai-1, I-Chu Tseng, Feng-Pai Chou, Sheng-Feng Su, Michael Oberst, Nandakumar Madayiputhiya, Ming-Shyue Lee, Jehng-Kang Wang, David E. Sloane, Michael Johnson, Chen-Yong Lin

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Matriptase, a type 2 transmembrane serine protease, is predominately expressed by epithelial and carcinoma cells in which hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor 1 (HAI-1), a membrane-bound, Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor, is also expressed. HAI-1 plays dual roles in the regulation of matriptase, as a conventional protease inhibitor and as a factor required for zymogen activation of matriptase. As a consequence, activation of matriptase is immediately followed by HAI-1-mediated inhibition, with the activated matriptase being sequestered into HAI-1 complexes. Matriptase is also expressed by peripheral blood leukocytes, such as monocytes and macrophages; however, in contrast to epithelial cells, monocytes and macrophages ...


Functional Domains Of The Fatty Acid Transport Proteins: Studies Using Protein Chimeras, Concetta C. Dirusso, Dina Darwis, Thomas Obermeyer, Paul N. Black Jan 2008

Functional Domains Of The Fatty Acid Transport Proteins: Studies Using Protein Chimeras, Concetta C. Dirusso, Dina Darwis, Thomas Obermeyer, Paul N. Black

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Fatty acid transport proteins (FATP) function in fatty acid trafficking pathways, several of which have been shown to participate in the transport of exogenous fatty acids into the cell. Members of this protein family also function as acyl CoA synthetases with specificity towards very long chain fatty acids or bile acids. These proteins have two identifying sequence motifs: The ATP/AMP motif, an approximately 100 amino acid segment required for ATP binding and common to members of the adenylate-forming super family of proteins, and the FATP/VLACS motif that consists of approximately 50 amino acid residues and is restricted to ...


Mapping The Functional Interaction Of Sco1 And Cox2 In Cytochrome Oxidase Biogenesis, Kevin Rigby, Paul A. Cobine, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Dennis R. Winge Jan 2008

Mapping The Functional Interaction Of Sco1 And Cox2 In Cytochrome Oxidase Biogenesis, Kevin Rigby, Paul A. Cobine, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Dennis R. Winge

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Sco1 is implicated in the copper metallation of the CuA site in

Cox2 of cytochrome oxidase. The structure of Sco1 in the metallated

and apo-conformers revealed structural dynamics primarily

in an exposed region designated loop 8. The structural

dynamics of loop 8 in Sco1 suggests it may be an interface for

interactions with Cox17, the Cu(I) donor and/or Cox2. A series

of conserved residues in the sequence motif 217KKYRVYF223 on

the leading edge of this loop are shown presently to be important

for yeast Sco1 function. Cells harboring Y219D, R220D, V221D,

and Y222D mutant Sco1 ...