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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Renal Specific Rnai Delivery By Fibrillar Nanoparticle Excipients, Sam Wong Sep 2019

Renal Specific Rnai Delivery By Fibrillar Nanoparticle Excipients, Sam Wong

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

RNA interference (RNAi) is a powerful tool to manipulate the phenotype of an organism by silencing the expression of specific genes and is viewed as a highly promising platform for treating undruggable targets and disorders where small molecule drugs and antibodies would fail. However, development of RNAi based therapies has faced major barriers including cellular and tissue-specific uptake of the Small Interfering RNA (siRNA). Utilizing different nanoparticles as RNAi excipients, cellular uptake and gene silencing potency can be greatly improved. The research in Dr. McDevitt groups has fibrillar carbon nanotubes (CNT) as carriers for siRNA for gene silencing in vitro ...


Directly Light-Regulated Binding Of Rgs-Lov Photoreceptors To Anionic Membrane Phospholipids, Spencer T. Glantz, Erin E. Berlew, Zaynab Jaber, Benjamin S. Schuster, Kevin H. Gardner, Brian Y. Chow Jul 2018

Directly Light-Regulated Binding Of Rgs-Lov Photoreceptors To Anionic Membrane Phospholipids, Spencer T. Glantz, Erin E. Berlew, Zaynab Jaber, Benjamin S. Schuster, Kevin H. Gardner, Brian Y. Chow

Publications and Research

We report natural light–oxygen–voltage (LOV) photoreceptors with a blue light-switched, high-affinity (KD ∼ 10−7 M), and direct electrostatic interaction with anionic phospholipids. Membrane localization of one such photoreceptor, BcLOV4 from Botrytis cinerea, is directly coupled to its flavin photocycle, and is mediated by a polybasic amphipathic helixinthelinker regionbetween the LOV sensor and its C-terminal domain of unknown function (DUF), as revealed through a combination of bioinformatics, computational protein modeling, structure–function studies, and optogenetic assays in yeast and mammalian cell line expression systems. In model systems, BcLOV4 rapidly translocates from the cytosol to plasma membrane (∼1 second). The ...


Mutagenesis Of Human Alpha-Galactosidase A For The Treatment Of Fabry Disease, Erin Stokes Sep 2017

Mutagenesis Of Human Alpha-Galactosidase A For The Treatment Of Fabry Disease, Erin Stokes

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by the deficiency of the enzyme, α-galactosidase A, which results in the accumulation of the lipid substrate. This accumulation results in obstruction of blood flow in patients and early demise at approximately 40-60 years of age. There is currently only one FDA approved treatment (Fabrazyme) classified as an enzyme replacement therapy. However, approximately 88% of patients experience a severe immune response that, rarely, can be fatal and is a huge cost burden at average $250,000 a year per patient. The structure of α-galactosidase A has been previously determined to be ...


Engineered Protein Polymer-Gold Nanoparticle Hybrid Materials For Small Molecule Delivery, Min Dai, Ja Frezzo, E Sharma, R Chen, N Singh, C Yuvienco, E Caglar, S Xiao, A Saxena, Jk Montclare Feb 2016

Engineered Protein Polymer-Gold Nanoparticle Hybrid Materials For Small Molecule Delivery, Min Dai, Ja Frezzo, E Sharma, R Chen, N Singh, C Yuvienco, E Caglar, S Xiao, A Saxena, Jk Montclare

Publications and Research

We have fabricated protein polymer-gold nanoparticle (P-GNP) nanocomposites that exhibit enhanced binding and delivery properties of the small hydrophobic molecule drug, curcumin, to the model breast cancer cell line, MCF-7. These hybrid biomaterials are constructed via in situ GNP templated-synthesis with genetically engineered histidine tags. The P-GNP nanocomposites exhibit enhanced small molecule loading, sustained release and increased uptake by MCF-7 cells. When compared to the proteins polymers alone, the P-GNPs demonstrate a greater than 7-fold increase in curcumin binding, a nearly 50% slower release profile and more than 2-fold increase in cellular uptake of curcumin. These results suggest that P-GNP ...


Short Peptides In Minimalistic Biocatalyst Design, Krystyna L. Duncan, Rein V. Ulijn Sep 2015

Short Peptides In Minimalistic Biocatalyst Design, Krystyna L. Duncan, Rein V. Ulijn

Publications and Research

We review recent developments in the use of short peptides in the design of minimalistic biocatalysts focusing on ester hydrolysis. A number of designed peptide nanostructures are shown to have (modest) catalytic activity. Five features are discussed and illustrated by literature examples, including primary peptide sequence, nanosurfaces/scaffolds, binding pockets, multivalency and the presence of metal ions. Some of these are derived from natural enzymes, but others, such as multivalency of active sites on designed nanofibers, may give rise to new features not found in natural enzymes. Remarkably, it is shown that each of these design features give rise to ...