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Biochemistry

1997

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Articles 1 - 30 of 49

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Ets-Core Binding Factor: A Common Composite Motif In Antigen Receptor Gene Enhancers, Batu Erman, Marta Cortes, Barbara S. Nikolajczyk, Nancy A. Speck, Ranjan Sen Dec 1997

Ets-Core Binding Factor: A Common Composite Motif In Antigen Receptor Gene Enhancers, Batu Erman, Marta Cortes, Barbara S. Nikolajczyk, Nancy A. Speck, Ranjan Sen

Open Dartmouth: Peer-reviewed articles by Dartmouth faculty

A tripartite domain of the murine immunoglobulin μ heavy-chain enhancer contains the μA and μB elements that bind ETS proteins and the μE3 element that binds leucine zipper-containing basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH-zip) factors. Analysis of the corresponding region of the human μ enhancer revealed high conservation of the μA and μB motifs but a striking absence of the μE3 element. Instead of bHLH-zip proteins, we found that the human enhancer bound core binding factor (CBF) between the μA and μB elements; CBF binding was shown to be a common feature of both murine and human enhancers. Furthermore, mutant enhancers that bound ...


Probing The Intermolecular Hydrogen Bonding Of Water Molecules At The Ccl4/Water Interface In The Presence Of Charges Soluble Surfactant, D. E. Gragson, G. L. Richmond Dec 1997

Probing The Intermolecular Hydrogen Bonding Of Water Molecules At The Ccl4/Water Interface In The Presence Of Charges Soluble Surfactant, D. E. Gragson, G. L. Richmond

Chemistry and Biochemistry

The molecular structure and hydrogen bonding of water molecules at the CCl4/water interface in the presence of a charged soluble surfactant has been explored in this study using vibrational sum frequency generation. By examining OH stretching modes that are highly sensitive to the local hydrogen bonding environment it is found that water molecules at the CCl4/water interface both in the presence and absence of a charged soluble surfactant are predominantly in a tetrahedral arrangement much like the structure ofice. Isotopic dilution studies have been employed to further characterize this icelike interfacial structure. Ablueshift ofapproximately120 cm-1 ...


Liquid-Liquid Immiscibility In Lipid Monolayers, John P. Hagen, Harden M. Mcconnell Oct 1997

Liquid-Liquid Immiscibility In Lipid Monolayers, John P. Hagen, Harden M. Mcconnell

Chemistry and Biochemistry

Some binary lipid mixtures form coexisting liquid phases when spread at the air/water interface. This work describes the pressure–composition phase diagrams of binary mixtures of four unsaturated phosphatidylcholines with dihydrocholesterol. These four binary mixtures have critical compositions of approximately fifty mole percent, and average critical exponents of 0.25±0.07. The data can also be approximated by a regular solution thermodynamic model, yielding parameters for the non-ideality of these mixtures.


A Fluid In Contact With A Semipermeable Surface: Second-Order Integral Equation Approach, Douglas Henderson, Pawel Bryk, Stefan Sokolowski Aug 1997

A Fluid In Contact With A Semipermeable Surface: Second-Order Integral Equation Approach, Douglas Henderson, Pawel Bryk, Stefan Sokolowski

Faculty Publications

An integral equation approach for a binary hard-sphere mixture interacting with a planar semipermeable wall (membrane) is formulated by using the second-order nonuniform or pair Ornstein–Zernike equation as well as the usual singlet Ornstein–Zernike equation. The results of the pair theory are compared with those obtained from the singlet theory and with computer simulation data. The pair approach is more accurate than the singlet theory.


Emissions From Smoldering Combustion Of Biomass Measured By Open-Path Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Robert J. Yokelson, Ronald A. Susott, Darold E. Ward, James J. Reardon, David W. T. Griffith Aug 1997

Emissions From Smoldering Combustion Of Biomass Measured By Open-Path Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Robert J. Yokelson, Ronald A. Susott, Darold E. Ward, James J. Reardon, David W. T. Griffith

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Biomass samples from a diverse range of ecosystems were burned in the Intermountain Fire Sciences Laboratory open combustion facility. Midinfrared spectra of the nascent emissions were acquired at several heights above the fires with a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR) coupled to an open multipass cell. In this report, the results from smoldering combustion during 24 fires are presented including production of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, ethene, ethyne, propene, formaldehyde, 2-hydroxyethanal, methanol, phenol, acetic acid, formic acid, ammonia, hydrogen cyanide, and carbonyl sulfide. These were the dominant products observed, and many have significant influence on atmospheric chemistry at the ...


Rapid Analysis Of Wood Using Transient Infrared Spectroscopy And Photoacoustic Spectroscopy With Pls Regression, Stanley J. Bajic, Roger W. Jones, John F. Mcclelland, Bonnie R. Hames, Robert R. Meglen Aug 1997

Rapid Analysis Of Wood Using Transient Infrared Spectroscopy And Photoacoustic Spectroscopy With Pls Regression, Stanley J. Bajic, Roger W. Jones, John F. Mcclelland, Bonnie R. Hames, Robert R. Meglen

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

In the forest products industry, improved methods are needed for rapid analysis of wood and paper products. Currently, the best methods for determining chemical and physical properties of wood-based materials require considerable sample preparation and analysis time. Consequently, quantitative information is often not obtained on a time scale suitable for process monitoring, control, and quality assurance. The primary barriers to practical utilization of conventional infrared methods are the opaqueness and poor reflection properties of the wood-based materials. This paper demonstrates how photoacoustic and transient infrared spectroscopies have been combined with chemometric techniques to overcome the limitations of conventional infrared spectroscopies ...


Ingredient Selection For Plastic Composite Supports For L-(+)-Lactic Acid Biofilm Fermentation By Lactobacillus Casei Subsp. Rhamnosus, K.L. Ho, A. L. Pometto Iii, P. N. Hinz, James S. Dickson, A. Demirci Jul 1997

Ingredient Selection For Plastic Composite Supports For L-(+)-Lactic Acid Biofilm Fermentation By Lactobacillus Casei Subsp. Rhamnosus, K.L. Ho, A. L. Pometto Iii, P. N. Hinz, James S. Dickson, A. Demirci

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Plastic composite supports containing 50% agricultural products (oat hulls, soybean hulls, yeast extract, soybean flour, dried bovine erythrocytes, bovine albumin, and/or mineral salts) and 50% (wt/wt) polypropylene were produced by high-temperature twin-screw extrusion. The research employed two half sets of a five-factorial fractional design (2(5 - 1)) to evaluate the effects of different agricultural components on the properties of the plastic composite supports and to select the best plastic composite support formulation for lactic acid fermentation. The biofilm population was affected by the contact angle and relative hydrophobicity of the supports (r = 0.79 to 0.82). Lactic ...


Type Ii Estrogen Binding-Site Agonist: The Synthesis And Biological Evaluation Of The Enantiomers Of Methyl-Para-Hydroxyphenyllactate (Mehpla), Lester G. Pretlow Jul 1997

Type Ii Estrogen Binding-Site Agonist: The Synthesis And Biological Evaluation Of The Enantiomers Of Methyl-Para-Hydroxyphenyllactate (Mehpla), Lester G. Pretlow

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

The function of the type II estrogen binding site (EBS) has yet to be determined. However, a high affinity ligand for the binding site has been identified through HPLC and GC-MS. This ligand, MeHPLA, bears a structural relationship to a group of compounds called "phytoestrogens" which, along with MeHPLA, have been observed to suppress the cellular proliferation of estrogen sensitive MCF-7 breast cancer cells in vitro. Additionally, MeHPLA has been observed to suppress the growth of rat uteri in vivo. The high affinity of MeHPLA for the type II EBS suggests that this interaction is responsible for the observed suppression ...


The Cellular And Molecular Dynamics Of The Queuosine Modification In Transfer Rna: Definition, Modulation, Deficiencies And Effect Of The Queuosine Modification System, Rana C. Morris Jul 1997

The Cellular And Molecular Dynamics Of The Queuosine Modification In Transfer Rna: Definition, Modulation, Deficiencies And Effect Of The Queuosine Modification System, Rana C. Morris

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

The presence of the queuosine modification in the wobble position of tRNAasn, tRNasp, tRNAhis, and tRNAtyr is associated with a decrease in cellular growth rate, an increase in the ability to withstand environmental stress, and differentiation of pleuripotent cells into mature phenotypes. The loss of this normal modification is strongly correlated with neoplastic transformation and tumor progression of a wide variety of cancers.

The "normal" system for formation of the queuosine modification in tRNA was studied in human fibroblast cell cultures and in mouse, rat and human liver tissues. The queuosine modification system is shown to ...


Thermodynamics Of Oligoarginines Binding To Rna And Dna., David Mascotti, Timothy Lohman Jun 1997

Thermodynamics Of Oligoarginines Binding To Rna And Dna., David Mascotti, Timothy Lohman

David P. Mascotti

These results suggest that hydrogen bonding of arginine to the phosphate backbone of the nucleic acids contributes to the increased stability of these complexes.


Distribution Of Endosomal, Lysosomal And Mhc Markers In A Monocytic Cell Line Infected With Chlamydia Psittaci, David M. Ojcius, Raymond Hellio, Alice Dautry-Varsat Jun 1997

Distribution Of Endosomal, Lysosomal And Mhc Markers In A Monocytic Cell Line Infected With Chlamydia Psittaci, David M. Ojcius, Raymond Hellio, Alice Dautry-Varsat

Dugoni School of Dentistry Faculty Articles

The intracellular fate of Chlamydia psittaci during infection of a monocytic cell line, THP1, was characterized. Cytochalasin D inhibited phagocytosis of latex beads but had no effect on infection by C. psittaci, and vacuoles expressed the transferrin receptor, suggesting accessibility to the endocytic pathway. Early Chlamydia-containing vacuoles expressed major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules, and most vacuoles fused with host cell lysosomes, since they expressed LAMP-1 and had acidic pHs. In cells prestimulated with gamma interferon, vacuoles also expressed MHC class II molecules, suggesting that the monocytes might effectively process Chlamydia-derived antigens for presentation by MHC class I and ...


Grand Canonical Monte Carlo And Modified Singlet Integral Equations For The Density Profile Of A Yukawa Fluid Near A Planar Wall, Douglas Henderson, Wilmer Olivares-Rivas, Leo Degreve, Jacqueline Quintana May 1997

Grand Canonical Monte Carlo And Modified Singlet Integral Equations For The Density Profile Of A Yukawa Fluid Near A Planar Wall, Douglas Henderson, Wilmer Olivares-Rivas, Leo Degreve, Jacqueline Quintana

Faculty Publications

Results for the density profile for Yukawa molecules near a hard wall and an exponential attractive wall are presented for Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations, for the singlet hypernetted chain (HNC) integral equation and for a modified version of the Lovett–Mou–Buff–Wertheim (LMBW-1) which uses the exact contact value theorem. The results of the standard singlet HNC are quite poor. If the LMBW equation is modified (but still using the bulk direct correlation function) the results at high temperature become reasonable. However, the results at low temperatures, close to the bulk coexistence curve, are only a partial ...


Laser-Initiated Decomposition Products Of Indocyanine Green (Icg) And Carbon Black Sensitized Biological Tissues, John M. Kokosa, Andrzej Przyjazny, Kenneth Eugene Bartels, Massoud Motamedi, Donald J. Hayes, David B. Wallace, Christopher J. Frederickson May 1997

Laser-Initiated Decomposition Products Of Indocyanine Green (Icg) And Carbon Black Sensitized Biological Tissues, John M. Kokosa, Andrzej Przyjazny, Kenneth Eugene Bartels, Massoud Motamedi, Donald J. Hayes, David B. Wallace, Christopher J. Frederickson

Chemistry & Biochemistry Publications

Organic dyes have found increasing use a s sensitizers in laser surgical procedures, due to their high optical absorbances. Little is known, however, about the nature of the degradation products formed when these dyes are irradiated with a laser. Previous work in our laboratories has shown that irradiation of polymeric and biological tissues with CO2 and Nd:YAG lasers produces a host of volatile and semivolatile by-products, some of which are known to be potential carcinogens. This work focuses on the identification of the chemical by-products formed by diode laser and Nd:YAG laser irradiation of indocyanine green (ICG) and ...


Fish Primary Cultures For Toxicity And Pathological Studies, Maria Lyons Alcantara May 1997

Fish Primary Cultures For Toxicity And Pathological Studies, Maria Lyons Alcantara

Doctoral

In this study, epithelial primary cultures from the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were developed as a model for environmental effects assessment. Cadmium was used as representative of heavy metals. The possible use of this system for pathological studies was also evaluated. The differential cytotoxic effects of cadmium on fish and mammalian epithelial cells in established and primary culture wee assessed by looking at the reduction of colony-forming ability and the reduction in the extent of growth. The influence of medium composition on the toxicity of cadmium was also studied using serum-free and serum-containing media. The experiments using immortalised cell lines ...


Search For Water-Soluble, Nontoxic Fullerene Derivatives To Inhibit Hiv-I Protease Activity, Christopher J. Leichliter May 1997

Search For Water-Soluble, Nontoxic Fullerene Derivatives To Inhibit Hiv-I Protease Activity, Christopher J. Leichliter

All-College Writing Contest

No abstract provided.


Endogenous Alkylglycerol Functions As A Mediator Of Protein Kinase C Activity And Cell Proliferation, Fritz G. Buchanan May 1997

Endogenous Alkylglycerol Functions As A Mediator Of Protein Kinase C Activity And Cell Proliferation, Fritz G. Buchanan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

To explore the possibility that 1-O-alkyl-sn-glycerol (alkylglycerol) may serve a regulatory role in the control of cell proliferation or PKC activity, we examined the ability of alkylglycerol to influence PKC activity and subcellular distribution as well as the ability of alkylglycerol to effect cell proliferation. MDCK cells grown to confluence show a loss of PKC activity associated with the membrane, as reported in fibroblasts. Preconfluent cultures of MDCK cells have a high level of PKC activity associated with the membrane. However, treatment of preconfluent cultures with alkylglycerol causes a reduction of PKC activity. A similar inhibition was observed with alkylglycerol ...


Binding Of Cobalt (Iii) To Nucleic Acids Via Reaction With [Co(Nh3)5(Oh2)]3+, David M. Calderone May 1997

Binding Of Cobalt (Iii) To Nucleic Acids Via Reaction With [Co(Nh3)5(Oh2)]3+, David M. Calderone

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

No abstract provided.


Ac-Mode Atomic Force Microscope Imaging In Air And Solutions With A Thermally Driven Bimetallic Cantilever Probe, Andrew C. Hillier, Allen J. Bard Apr 1997

Ac-Mode Atomic Force Microscope Imaging In Air And Solutions With A Thermally Driven Bimetallic Cantilever Probe, Andrew C. Hillier, Allen J. Bard

Andrew C. Hillier

An ac imaging mode for atomic force microscopy ~AFM! has been developed that employs a thermally driven bimetallic cantilever to sense surface topography. Oscillations are induced in a composite cantilever, comprising a Si3N4 layer and Au overcoat, by local heating with a resistive wire heater placed in close proximity to the cantilever. Cantilever bending occurs upon heating due to the difference in thermal expansion coefficients of the Si3N4 and Au layers. The magnitude of this bending is a function of the heat input, the cantilever geometry, the frequency of the excitation, and the thermal properties of the surrounding medium. A ...


Las Vegas Wash Water Quality Monitoring Program: 1996 Report Of Findings, Richard A. Roline, James J. Sartoris, U.S. Bureau Of Reclamation, U.S. Geological Survey Apr 1997

Las Vegas Wash Water Quality Monitoring Program: 1996 Report Of Findings, Richard A. Roline, James J. Sartoris, U.S. Bureau Of Reclamation, U.S. Geological Survey

Publications (WR)

Las Vegas Wash, a natural wash east of the city of Las Vegas, Nevada, carries stormwater, groundwater drainage, and sewage effluent from three sewage treatment plants to Lake Mead. The Wash provides nearly the only surface water outlet for the entire 2,193 mi2 of Las Vegas Valley. A drainage area of 1,586 mi2 contributes directly to the Wash through surface flow which is channeled to Las Vegas Bay of Lake Mead, while drainage of the remaining 607 mi2 is presumably subsurface and may drain toward Las Vegas Wash.

In the 1930's and 1940's ...


Photophysics And Biological Applications Of 7-Azaindole And Its Analogs, Alexandre V. Smirnov, D. S. English, R. L. Rich, J. Lane, L. Teyton, A. W. Schwabacher, S. Luo, R. W. Thornburg, Jacob W. Petrich Apr 1997

Photophysics And Biological Applications Of 7-Azaindole And Its Analogs, Alexandre V. Smirnov, D. S. English, R. L. Rich, J. Lane, L. Teyton, A. W. Schwabacher, S. Luo, R. W. Thornburg, Jacob W. Petrich

Chemistry Publications

7-Azaindole is the chromophoric moiety of 7-azatryptophan, which is an alternative to tryptophan as an optical probe of protein structure and dynamics. The great power of the 7-azaindole chromophore is that it is red shifted both in absorption and emission from tryptophan, that its fluorescence decay is single exponential in water under appropriate conditions, and that its emission is sensitive to solvent. In addition, 7-azatryptophan can be incorporated into synthetic peptides and bacterial protein. In this article, the interactions of 7-azaindole with its environment are discussed. Special attention is directed to the difference in its fluorescence properties in water as ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Modified Silica Gel As An Intermediate In The Generation Of Gaseous Standard Mixtures, M. Prokopowicz, K. Lewandowska, A. Skwierawska, Andrzej Przyjazny, Jan F. Biernat, J. Namiesnik Apr 1997

Synthesis And Characterization Of Modified Silica Gel As An Intermediate In The Generation Of Gaseous Standard Mixtures, M. Prokopowicz, K. Lewandowska, A. Skwierawska, Andrzej Przyjazny, Jan F. Biernat, J. Namiesnik

Chemistry & Biochemistry Publications

A possibility of extending analytical applications of chemically modified silica gels is described. This involves their utilization for the generation of gaseous standard mixtures consisting of methyl chloride as the analyte and nitrogen as a carrier gas to be used for the calibration of the GC-FID system. N-methylmorpholine was chemically bonded to the propylsilylated surface of silica gel forming chloride of an appropriate immobilized compound which, under certain conditions, undergoes thermal decomposition yielding a single, volatile component (methyl chloride). Such a method of generating specific amounts of a standard substance can be used both for a single point calibration and ...


Endosome To Golgi Retrieval Of The Vacuolar Protein Sorting Receptor, Vps10p, Requires The Function Of The Vps29, Vps30, And Vps35 Gene Products, Matthew N. J. Seaman, Eric G. Marcusson, Joan Lin-Cereghino, Scott D. Emr Apr 1997

Endosome To Golgi Retrieval Of The Vacuolar Protein Sorting Receptor, Vps10p, Requires The Function Of The Vps29, Vps30, And Vps35 Gene Products, Matthew N. J. Seaman, Eric G. Marcusson, Joan Lin-Cereghino, Scott D. Emr

College of the Pacific Faculty Articles

Mutations in the S. cerevisiae VPS29 and VPS30 genes lead to a selective protein sorting defect in which the vacuolar protein carboxypeptidase Y (CPY) is missorted and secreted from the cell, while other soluble vacuolar hydrolases like proteinase A (PrA) are delivered to the vacuole. This phenotype is similar to that seen in cells with mutations in the previously characterized VPS10 and VPS35 genes. Vps10p is a late Golgi transmembrane protein that acts as the sorting receptor for soluble vacuolar hydrolases like CPY and PrA, while Vps35p is a peripheral membrane protein which cofractionates with membranes enriched in Vps10p. The ...


Introduction Of A [4fe-4s (S-Cys)4]+1,+2 Iron-Sulfur Center Into A Four-Α Helix Protein Using Design Parameters From The Domain Of The Fx Cluster In The Photosystem I Reaction Center, Marvin Paul Scott, John Biggins Feb 1997

Introduction Of A [4fe-4s (S-Cys)4]+1,+2 Iron-Sulfur Center Into A Four-Α Helix Protein Using Design Parameters From The Domain Of The Fx Cluster In The Photosystem I Reaction Center, Marvin Paul Scott, John Biggins

Agronomy Publications

We describe the insertion of an iron-sulfur center into a designed four α-helix model protein. The model protein was re-engineered by introducing four cysteine ligands required for the coordination of the mulinucleate cluster into positions in the main-chain directly analogous to the domain predicted to ligand the interpeptide [4Fe-4S (S-cys)4] cluster, Fx, from PsaA and PsaB of the Photosystem I reaction center. This was achieved by inserting the sequence, CDGPGRGGTC, which is conserved in PsaA and PsaB, into interhelical loops 1 and 3 of the four α-helix model. The holoprotein was characterized spectroscopically after insertion of the iron-sulfur center ...


A Heterodimer Of Thioredoxin And Ib2 Cooperates With Sec18p (Nsf) To Promote Yeast Vacuole Inheritance, Zuoyu Xu, Andreas Mayer, Eric Muller, William Wickner Jan 1997

A Heterodimer Of Thioredoxin And Ib2 Cooperates With Sec18p (Nsf) To Promote Yeast Vacuole Inheritance, Zuoyu Xu, Andreas Mayer, Eric Muller, William Wickner

Open Dartmouth: Peer-reviewed articles by Dartmouth faculty

Early in S phase, the vacuole (lysosome) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae projects a stream of vesicles and membranous tubules into the bud where they fuse and establish the daughter vacuole. This inheritance reaction can be studied in vitro with isolated vacuoles. Rapid and efficient homotypic fusion between saltwashed vacuoles requires the addition of only two purified soluble proteins, Sec18p (NSF) and LMA1, a novel heterodimer with a thioredoxin subunit. We now report the identity of the second subunit of LMA1 as IB2, a previously identified cytosolic inhibitor of vacuolar proteinase B. Both subunits are needed for efficient vacuole inheritance in vivo ...


Characterization Of A Transposon Tn916-Generated Mutant Of Haemophilus Ducreyi 35000 Defective In Lipooligosaccharide Biosynthesis, B W. Gibson, A A. Campagnari, William Melaugh, M A. Apicella, S Grass, Jing Wang, Katherine L. Palmer, R S. Munson Jan 1997

Characterization Of A Transposon Tn916-Generated Mutant Of Haemophilus Ducreyi 35000 Defective In Lipooligosaccharide Biosynthesis, B W. Gibson, A A. Campagnari, William Melaugh, M A. Apicella, S Grass, Jing Wang, Katherine L. Palmer, R S. Munson

Chemistry Faculty Publications

To define the role of the surface lipooligosaccharide (LOS) of Haemophilus ducreyi in the pathogenesis of chancroid, Tn916 mutants of H. ducreyi 35000 defective in expression of the murine monoclonal antibody (MAb) 3F11 epitope on H. ducreyi LOS were identified by immunologic screening. One mutant, designated 1381, has an LOS which lacks the MAb 3F11 epitope and migrates with an increased mobility on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The gene disrupted by the Tn916 element in strain 1381 was identified by cloning the sequences flanking the Tn916 element. The sequences were then used to probe a lambda DASHII genomic library ...


Identification Of The Adp-L-Glycero-D-Manno-Heptose-6-Epimerase (Rfad) And Heptosyltransferase Ii (Rfaf) Biosynthesis Genes From Nontypeable Haemophilus Influenzae 2019, W A. Nichols, B W. Gibson, William Melaugh, N G. Lee, M Sunshine, M A. Apicella Jan 1997

Identification Of The Adp-L-Glycero-D-Manno-Heptose-6-Epimerase (Rfad) And Heptosyltransferase Ii (Rfaf) Biosynthesis Genes From Nontypeable Haemophilus Influenzae 2019, W A. Nichols, B W. Gibson, William Melaugh, N G. Lee, M Sunshine, M A. Apicella

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Haemophilus influenzae is an important human pathogen. The lipooligosaccharide (LOS) of H. influenzae has been implicated as a virulence determinant. To better understand the assembly of LOS in nontypeable H. influenzae (NtHi), we have cloned and characterized the rfaD and rfaF genes of NtHi 2019, which encode the ADP-L-glycero-D-manno-heptose-6-epimerase and heptosyltransferase II enzymes, respectively. This cloning was accomplished by the complementation of Salmonella typhimurium lipopolysaccharide (LPS) biosynthesis gene mutants. These deep rough mutants are novobiocin susceptible until complemented with the appropriate gene. In this manner, we are able to use novobiocin resistance to select for specific NtHi LOS inner core ...


Complexes Between Nascent Polypeptides And Their Molecular Chaperones In The Cytosol Of Mammalian Cells, Daryl K. Eggers, W. J. Welch, W. J. Hansen Jan 1997

Complexes Between Nascent Polypeptides And Their Molecular Chaperones In The Cytosol Of Mammalian Cells, Daryl K. Eggers, W. J. Welch, W. J. Hansen

Daryl K. Eggers

Folding of newly synthesized proteins in vivo is believed to be facilitated by the cooperative interaction of a defined group of proteins known as molecular chaperones. We investigated the direct interaction of chaperones with nascent polypeptides in the cytosol of mammalian cells by multiple methods. A new approach using a polyclonal antibody to puromycin allowed us to tag and capture a population of truncated nascent polypeptides with no bias as to the identity of the bound chaperones. In addition, antibodies that recognize the cytosolic chaperones hsp70, CCT (TRiC), hsp40, p48 (Hip), and hsp90 were compared on the basis of their ...


Rna Base-Amino Acid Interaction Strengths Derived From Structures And Sequences, Brooke Lustig, S Arora, R L. Jernigan Jan 1997

Rna Base-Amino Acid Interaction Strengths Derived From Structures And Sequences, Brooke Lustig, S Arora, R L. Jernigan

Brooke S. Lustig

We investigate RNA base-amino acid interactions by counting their contacts in structures and their implicit contacts in various functional sequences where the structures can be assumed to be preserved. These frequencies are cast into equations to extract relative interaction energetics. Previously we used this approach in considering the major groove interactions of DNA, and here we apply it to the more diverse interactions observed in RNA. Structures considered are the three different tRNA synthetase complexes, the U1A spliceosomal protein with an RNA hairpin and the BIV TARTat complex. We use binding data for the base frequencies for the seryl, aspartyl ...


Complexes Between Nascent Polypeptides And Their Molecular Chaperones In The Cytosol Of Mammalian Cells, Daryl K. Eggers, W. J. Welch, W. J. Hansen Jan 1997

Complexes Between Nascent Polypeptides And Their Molecular Chaperones In The Cytosol Of Mammalian Cells, Daryl K. Eggers, W. J. Welch, W. J. Hansen

Faculty Publications, Chemistry

Folding of newly synthesized proteins in vivo is believed to be facilitated by the cooperative interaction of a defined group of proteins known as molecular chaperones. We investigated the direct interaction of chaperones with nascent polypeptides in the cytosol of mammalian cells by multiple methods. A new approach using a polyclonal antibody to puromycin allowed us to tag and capture a population of truncated nascent polypeptides with no bias as to the identity of the bound chaperones. In addition, antibodies that recognize the cytosolic chaperones hsp70, CCT (TRiC), hsp40, p48 (Hip), and hsp90 were compared on the basis of their ...


Rna Base-Amino Acid Interaction Strengths Derived From Structures And Sequences, Brooke Lustig, S Arora, R L. Jernigan Jan 1997

Rna Base-Amino Acid Interaction Strengths Derived From Structures And Sequences, Brooke Lustig, S Arora, R L. Jernigan

Faculty Publications, Chemistry

We investigate RNA base-amino acid interactions by counting their contacts in structures and their implicit contacts in various functional sequences where the structures can be assumed to be preserved. These frequencies are cast into equations to extract relative interaction energetics. Previously we used this approach in considering the major groove interactions of DNA, and here we apply it to the more diverse interactions observed in RNA. Structures considered are the three different tRNA synthetase complexes, the U1A spliceosomal protein with an RNA hairpin and the BIV TARTat complex. We use binding data for the base frequencies for the seryl, aspartyl ...