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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Vaccines For Infection Salmon Anemia Virus, Nathan Edward Charles Brown May 2003

Vaccines For Infection Salmon Anemia Virus, Nathan Edward Charles Brown

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Infectious salmon anemia (ISA) virus is an emerging pathogen of fanned Atlantic salmon. Due to the massive economic losses inflicted by the ISA virus, effective measures to control future outbreaks are necessary. An attractive method for preventing ISA virus from infecting stocks of Atlantic salmon is vaccination. DNA vaccination is a proven cheap, effective means of protecting fish from aquatic viruses. In this thesis DNA vaccination of Atlantic salmon was investigated. Three different strains of ISA virus were cultured and purified by density gradient ultracentrifugation. ISA virus RNA was isolated and used to amplify full-length cDNAs of five ISA virus ...


Hybridization Between The Watersnakes Nerodia Sipedon And Nerodia Fasciata, In The Carolinas: A Morphological And Molecular Approach, Konrad Mebert Apr 2003

Hybridization Between The Watersnakes Nerodia Sipedon And Nerodia Fasciata, In The Carolinas: A Morphological And Molecular Approach, Konrad Mebert

Biological Sciences Theses & Dissertations

A few traditionally applied diagnostic characters of color pattern were compared with an additional set of morphological and genetic characters to evaluate differences between Nerodia sipedon and N. fasciata and to study the dynamics across their hybrid zone in the Carolinas. Many of the morphological characters exhibited significant interspecific differences, although only the number of dorsally complete crossbands (CBa) was diagnostic by itself. A discriminant function analysis of morphological characters was successful in separating both taxa. Species-specific nuclear markers, identified by the AFLP (Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism) technique were nearly fixed and served as diagnostic markers. They revealed extensive introgression ...


Posttranslational Processing And Functional Analysis Of Tractin, An L1 Family Member In Leech , Yingzhi Xu Jan 2003

Posttranslational Processing And Functional Analysis Of Tractin, An L1 Family Member In Leech , Yingzhi Xu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

During neurogenesis, glycosylated cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) mediate the growth cone navigation and synapse formation. The structure of neuronal CAMs of Ig superfamily is characterized by the variability and complexity of their extracellular region which contain multiple tandemly arranged domains. The diversity in the structure of the neuronal CAMs is generated by alternative splicing and posttranslational modification, such as differential glycosylation and proteolytic processing.;Tractin is a member of the L1-family of neuronal CAMs in leech. It contains six Ig domains, 4 FNIII-like domains, an acidic domain, 12 repeats of a novel proline- and glycine-rich motif (PG/YG) with sequence ...


Protein Structure, Distribution Of Homoplasy And Phylogenetic Inference , Olivier Fedrigo Jan 2003

Protein Structure, Distribution Of Homoplasy And Phylogenetic Inference , Olivier Fedrigo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

All molecular phylogenetic methods are based on two assumptions: independence of characters and constant selective pressure. It is well known that these assumptions are often violated, but it is assumed that the methods are robust to such violations. However, the increase of unorthodox phylogenies makes us wonder about their reliability. None of the currently used phylogenetic methods and models account for a change of functional/structural constraint at the protein level. In order to understand the consequences on the phylogenetic inference, I studied the distribution of the structural/functional misleading phylogenetic signal in the tree and described the effect of ...


Cloning Of Bovine Placental Lactogen And Production In Vitro, Stephanie A. Doucette Jan 2003

Cloning Of Bovine Placental Lactogen And Production In Vitro, Stephanie A. Doucette

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Bovine placental lactogen (bPL) is a hormone produced by the fetal portion of the placenta during gestation. Although there is little known about the structure and function of the protein, it is thought to play a role in the growth of the fetus and in mammary growth and differentiation. Attempts have been made to heighten the understanding of bPL through the use of recombinant DNA technology. Thus far, researchers have been able to produce the recombinant molecule in bacteria cells. Bacteria, however, are incapable of carrying out some of the post-translational modifications characteristic of mammalian proteins. For example, unlike native ...


Demographic Assessment Of The Blue Crab (Callinectes Sapidus) In Chesapeake Bay Using Extractable Lipofuscins As Age Markers, Se-Jong Ju, David H. Secor, H. Rodger Harvey Jan 2003

Demographic Assessment Of The Blue Crab (Callinectes Sapidus) In Chesapeake Bay Using Extractable Lipofuscins As Age Markers, Se-Jong Ju, David H. Secor, H. Rodger Harvey

OEAS Faculty Publications

The blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) plays an important economic and ecological role in estuaries and coastal habitats from the Gulf of Mexico to the east coast of North America, but demographic assessments are limited by length-based methods. We applied an alternative aging method using biochemical measures of metabolic byproducts (lipofuscins) sequestered in the neural tissue of eyestalks to examine population age structure. From Chesapeake Bay, subsamples of animals collected from the 1998-99 (n-769) and 1999-2000 (n=367) winter dredge surveys were collected and lipofuscin was measured. Modal analysis of the lipofuscin index provided separation into three modes, whereas carapace-width data ...


Identification Of Genes For Carcass Merit And Meat Quality In The Pig, Max Rothschild, Daniel Ciobanu, Steven Lonergan, Jack Dekkers, Ken Stalder Jan 2003

Identification Of Genes For Carcass Merit And Meat Quality In The Pig, Max Rothschild, Daniel Ciobanu, Steven Lonergan, Jack Dekkers, Ken Stalder

Animal Science Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Advances in the fields of molecular genetics and genomics have been considerable over the past several years. Recent discoveries in human genetics and in molecular biology have led to the development of a very useful genetic map of the pig. Several recent quantitative trait loci (QTL) scans and candidate gene analyses have identified important chromosomal regions and individual genes associated with carcass and meat quality traits. The causative mutations for porcine stress syndrome (HAL or RYR1) and the acid meat (RN) disorder, both with effects on meat quality are now known. Candidate genes for carcass merit (MC4R) and meat quality ...


A Genome Scan To Detect Qtl Affecting Growth, Composition, And Meat Quality Traits In A Berkshire X Yorkshire Cross, Jack Dekkers, Jong-Joo Kim, Massoud Malek, Hauke Thomsen, Hakkyo Lee, Hong-Hua Zhao, Max Rothschild Jan 2003

A Genome Scan To Detect Qtl Affecting Growth, Composition, And Meat Quality Traits In A Berkshire X Yorkshire Cross, Jack Dekkers, Jong-Joo Kim, Massoud Malek, Hauke Thomsen, Hakkyo Lee, Hong-Hua Zhao, Max Rothschild

Animal Science Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The techniques of molecular biology and molecular genetics have rapidly progressed. These methods, coupled with advances in human genetics, have opened new vistas for investigators wishing to identify genes that control quantitative traits (quantitative trait loci or QTL). Also, over the past years, a great deal of progress has been made in development of genetic maps in the pig. For example, a large international mapping effort (Archibald et al., 1994), a USDA/ARS effort (Rohrer et al., 1996) and a U.S. coordinated effort (Rothschild, 1994) have produced several genetic linkage maps for the pig. Based on these linkage maps ...


Synalpheus Shrimp From Carrie Bow Cay, Belize. Systematics, Phylogenetics And Biological Observations (Crustacea: Decapoda: ; Alpheidae), Ruben Rios Gonzalez Jan 2003

Synalpheus Shrimp From Carrie Bow Cay, Belize. Systematics, Phylogenetics And Biological Observations (Crustacea: Decapoda: ; Alpheidae), Ruben Rios Gonzalez

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Snapping shrimp in the family Alpheidae are remarkably abundant in coral reef ecosystems worldwide. The second most speciose genus, Synalpheus , includes species usually small and reclusive, and their general morphology is notably uniform, yet the number of species is staggeringly high, as is the intraspecific variability. These features have contributed to a poorly resolved taxonomic status, as evidenced both by recurring lumping and splitting of species and by lack of proper definition of several common species. I examined western Atlantic species of Synalpheus in the large and regionally dominant "Gambarelloides group of species", an informal but widely used guild within ...