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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Inferring And Testing Hypotheses Of Cladistic Character Dependence By Using Character Compatibility, F. Robin O’Keefe, Peter J. Wagner Sep 2001

Inferring And Testing Hypotheses Of Cladistic Character Dependence By Using Character Compatibility, F. Robin O’Keefe, Peter J. Wagner

Biological Sciences Faculty Research

The notion that two characters evolve independently is of interest for two reasons. First, theories of biological integration often predict that change in one character requires complementary change in another. Second, character independence is a basic assumption of most phylogenetic inference methods, and dependent characters might confound attempts at phylogenetic inference. Previously proposed tests of correlated character evolution require a model phylogeny and therefore assume that nonphylogenetic correlation has a negligible effect on initial tree construction. This paper develops “tree-free” methods for testing the independence of cladistic characters. These methods can test the character independence model as a hypothesis before ...


The Evolutionary Significance Of Unihemispheric Slow Wave Sleep In Birds, Charles Amlaner Apr 2001

The Evolutionary Significance Of Unihemispheric Slow Wave Sleep In Birds, Charles Amlaner

Charles J. Amlaner

No abstract provided.


Sleep-Wake Behavior Patterns And Eye Closure States In Juvenile Greater Rheas (Rhea Americana), Charles Amlaner, William Franklin, Christopher Ritzi, Steven Lima, Niels Rattenborg Apr 2001

Sleep-Wake Behavior Patterns And Eye Closure States In Juvenile Greater Rheas (Rhea Americana), Charles Amlaner, William Franklin, Christopher Ritzi, Steven Lima, Niels Rattenborg

Charles J. Amlaner

No abstract provided.


Phylogeographic Analysis Of The Threatened And Endangered Superconglutinate-Producing Mussels Of The Genus Lampsilis (Bivalvia: Unionidae), Kevin J. Roe, Charles Lydeard, Paul D. Hartfield Jan 2001

Phylogeographic Analysis Of The Threatened And Endangered Superconglutinate-Producing Mussels Of The Genus Lampsilis (Bivalvia: Unionidae), Kevin J. Roe, Charles Lydeard, Paul D. Hartfield

Kevin J. Roe

Several species of freshwater unionid mussels in the genus Lampsilis exhibit a remarkable reproductive strategy. Female mussels of these species enclose their larvae in a minnow-like lure, called a ‘superconglutinate’, to attract piscivorous fishes. When a fish attempts to ingest the superconglutinate the lure ruptures and the larvae are released to parasitize the fish. Of the four species of mussel which exhibit this strategy and are endemic to the Gulf Coast drainages of the southeastern United States, three are protected under the Endangered Species Act, and one is recognized as imperilled. Phylogenetic analysis of nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial 16S ...


Unilateral Eye Closure And Interhemispheric Eeg Asymmetry During Sleep In The Pigeon (Columba Livia), Niels Rattenborg, Charles Amlaner, Steven Lima Dec 2000

Unilateral Eye Closure And Interhemispheric Eeg Asymmetry During Sleep In The Pigeon (Columba Livia), Niels Rattenborg, Charles Amlaner, Steven Lima

Charles J. Amlaner

Aquatic mammals (i.e., Cetaceans, eared seals and manatees) and birds show interhemispheric asymmetries (IA) in slow-wave sleep-related electroencephalographic (EEG) activity, suggesting that the depth of sleep differs between hemispheres. In birds, an association between unilateral eye closure and IA has been reported in five species from three orders (i.e., Galliformes, Charadriiformes, and Anseriformes). Moreover, unilateral eye closure has been observed during behaviorally defined sleep in 29 species from 13 avian orders, suggesting that birds in general display IA during sleep. Despite the apparent prevalence of unilateral eye closure and IA in birds, previous work did not detect A ...