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Economics

2016

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Articles 1 - 30 of 110

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Building From The Hiv Response Toward Universal Health Coverage, Jonathon Jay, Kent Buse, Marielle Hart, Robert Marten, Scott Kellerman, Morolake Odetoyinbo, Jonathan D. Quick, Timothy Evans, Peter Piot, Mark Dybul, Agnes Binagwaho Aug 2016

Building From The Hiv Response Toward Universal Health Coverage, Jonathon Jay, Kent Buse, Marielle Hart, Robert Marten, Scott Kellerman, Morolake Odetoyinbo, Jonathan D. Quick, Timothy Evans, Peter Piot, Mark Dybul, Agnes Binagwaho

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Universal health coverage (UHC) has gained prominence as a global health priority. The UHC movement aims to increase access to quality, needed health services while reducing financial hardship from health spending, particularly in low- and middle- income countries.
As a policy agenda, UHC has been identified primarily with prepayment and risk-pool- ing programs. While financing policies provide important benefits, increasing access to health services will require broader reforms.
For lessons, the UHC movement should look to the global HIV response, which has confronted many of the same barriers to access in weak health systems. Considerable success on HIV has resulted ...


Nuisance Protection Law Unconstitutional, Neil E. Harl, Charles F. Curtiss Jul 2016

Nuisance Protection Law Unconstitutional, Neil E. Harl, Charles F. Curtiss

Neil E. Harl

In late September, the Iowa Supreme Court declared unanimously that an Iowa statute providing protection against nuisance suits for agricultural operations is "flagrantly" unconstitutional. The lawsuit involved the Iowa agricultural areas statute that allows counties to designate agricultural areas of at least 300 contiguous acres. Farming operations conducted within such a designated area are not subject to nuisance lawsuits if they are operated properly.


Delayed Planting, Prevented Planting And Replanting Crop Insurance Coverage, Steven D. Johnson, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Delayed Planting, Prevented Planting And Replanting Crop Insurance Coverage, Steven D. Johnson, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

The frequent rains that have soaked Iowa this year have left many corn and soybean fields unplanted or with flooded areas. Many producers are wondering what options they have under their multiple peril crop insurance (MPCI) policies. In Iowa, the crop insurance “late planting period” for corn begins on June 1. Corn can still be planted after this date, but the insurance guarantee on those acres is reduced by 1 percent per day until the acres are planted. Corn acres planted after June 25 will receive insurance coverage equal to 60 percent of their original guarantee. Producers should keep accurate ...


Late Harvest And Crop Insurance Coverage, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Late Harvest And Crop Insurance Coverage, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

Iowa and other Corn Belt states are experiencing one of the latest and slowest harvest seasons on record. Some producers have had concerns about whether their crop insurance coverage will be still be in effect if harvesting drags into December.


Producer Machinery And Labor Sharing Arrangements Workshops, Roger Ginder, William M. Edwards, Georgeanne M. Artz, Darren H. Jarboe Jul 2016

Producer Machinery And Labor Sharing Arrangements Workshops, Roger Ginder, William M. Edwards, Georgeanne M. Artz, Darren H. Jarboe

William Edwards

Four case studies were developed for Iowa farm operations that have successfully used machinery and labor sharing arrangements for intergenerational transfer of farm assets. Results were shared at workshops and through publication of a resource manual.


Marketing Year Prices Cancel Acre Payments In Iowa, Chad Hart, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Marketing Year Prices Cancel Acre Payments In Iowa, Chad Hart, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

Following the completion of the 2009/10 marketing year, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) released its final monthly price estimates for corn and soybeans. Over the September through August marketing year the national average price for corn was $3.55 per bushel. This is $.51 less than the average price during the 2008/09 marketing year of $4.06 per bushel. For soybeans, the 2009/10 national average price was $9.60 per bushel, which is $.37 lower than the previous year’s average price of $9.97 per bushel.


Isu Extension Offers Information About New Farm Bill Programs, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Isu Extension Offers Information About New Farm Bill Programs, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

The Food, Conservation and Energy Act of 2008 contains a wide variety of legislation affecting everything from school lunches to milk checks. Some of the most immediate provisions that farmers must address are:
• New limitations on commodity payments,
• Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE),
• Supplemental Revenue Assistance (SURE) program.


Crop Insurance May Help Flooded And Wet Corn And Soybean Acres, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Crop Insurance May Help Flooded And Wet Corn And Soybean Acres, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

Wet weather has delayed planting of corn and soybeans across the state, and flooding has severely damaged many acres that have been planted. Fortunately, nearly 90 percent of the corn and soybean acres in Iowa are covered by multiple peril crop insurance (MPCI), which can provide some relief.


Isu Extension Offers Information About New Farm Bill Programs, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Isu Extension Offers Information About New Farm Bill Programs, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

The Food, Conservation and Energy Act of 2008 contains a wide variety of legislation affecting everything from school lunches to milk checks. Some of the most immediate provisions that farmers must address are: • New limitations on commodity payments,• Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE), • Supplemental Revenue Assistance (SURE) program.


Ag Energy: Risk Management, Energy, And Grain Issues, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Ag Energy: Risk Management, Energy, And Grain Issues, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

Nearly everyone has been impacted by higher fuel prices this year. Custom corn and soybean harvesters are no exception. Their increased costs will likely be factored into custom harvesting rates this fall. Estimates of diesel fuel consumption of combining corn range from 1.5 to 2.0 gallons per acre. Soybean harvesting takes only about 1.0 to 1.5 gallons per acre. Larger, newer combines will typically use less fuel per acre.


Crop Insurance May Help Flooded And Wet Corn And Soybean Acres, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Crop Insurance May Help Flooded And Wet Corn And Soybean Acres, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

Wet weather has delayed planting of corn and soybeans across the state, and flooding has severely damaged many acres that have been planted. Fortunately, nearly 90 percent of the corn and soybean acres in Iowa are covered by multiple peril crop insurance (MPCI), which can provide some relief.


Economic Impact Of Delayed And Prevented Planting, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Economic Impact Of Delayed And Prevented Planting, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

Most crop producers know that to achieve optimum yields it is important to plant early. However, in years like this when cold weather or frequent rains prevented tillage and planting from being completed, some adjustments may be made to the amount of coverage provided by Multiple Peril Crop Insurance (MPCI) as well as other types of crop insurance. These adjustments are subject to revision each year by the Risk Management Agency and crop insurance vendors.


Ag Decision Maker: Combine Ownership Or Custom Hire, William M. Edwards, H. Mark Hanna Jul 2016

Ag Decision Maker: Combine Ownership Or Custom Hire, William M. Edwards, H. Mark Hanna

William Edwards

Includes advantages and disadvantages of custom hiring and information on estimating costs; includes worksheets.


Adjusting Hail-Damaged Crops For Crop Insurance Reporting, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Adjusting Hail-Damaged Crops For Crop Insurance Reporting, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

Hail damage to crops in north central Iowa caused great losses; the total of which will become more defined with harvest. The following guidelines are intended to help farmers through the process of adjusting hail-damaged crops for crop insurance reporting.


Compensation Of Farm Employees, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Compensation Of Farm Employees, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

Iowa farm operators were surveyed to learn what type and level of compensation they paid to full-time employees in 1997. The average total compensation paid was $26, 914, of which 79 percent consisted of cash wages.Benefits accounted for 18 percent of the compensation, and bonuses and wages in kind amounted to 3 percent.Housing and insurance plans were the most significant benefits provided


Late Harvest And Crop Insurance Coverage, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Late Harvest And Crop Insurance Coverage, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

Iowa and other Corn Belt states are experiencing one of the latest and slowest harvest seasons on record. Some producers have had concerns about whether their crop insurance coverage will be still be in effect if harvesting drags into December.


Delayed Planting, Prevented Planting And Replanting Crop Insurance Coverage, Steven D. Johnson, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Delayed Planting, Prevented Planting And Replanting Crop Insurance Coverage, Steven D. Johnson, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

The frequent rains that have soaked Iowa this year have left many corn and soybean fields unplanted or with flooded areas. Many producers are wondering what options they have under their multiple peril crop insurance (MPCI) policies. In Iowa, the crop insurance “late planting period” for corn begins on June 1. Corn can still be planted after this date, but the insurance guarantee on those acres is reduced by 1 percent per day until the acres are planted. Corn acres planted after June 25 will receive insurance coverage equal to 60 percent of their original guarantee. Producers should keep accurate ...


Flood Damaged Crops, Crop Insurance Payments And Lease Contracts, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Flood Damaged Crops, Crop Insurance Payments And Lease Contracts, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

Some Iowa corn and soybean producers are facing substantial if not complete crop losses due to flooding. In particular, many acres of crops in the Missouri River Valley have been under water for a month or more this year. Fortunately, nearly 90 percent of Iowa’s corn and soybean acres are protected by multiple peril crop insurance.


Farmland Rental Rates Show Continued Strength In 2012, William M. Edwards, Ann M. Johanns Jul 2016

Farmland Rental Rates Show Continued Strength In 2012, William M. Edwards, Ann M. Johanns

William Edwards

Anyone who is involved with the rental market for Iowa farmland knows that rental rates have been pushed significantly higher by the favorable corn and soybean prices that farmers have enjoyed since 2010. This trend continued in 2012.


Machinery Management For Small- And Medium-Sized Horticultural Farms, Georgeanne M. Artz, William M. Edwards, Darren H. Jarboe Jul 2016

Machinery Management For Small- And Medium-Sized Horticultural Farms, Georgeanne M. Artz, William M. Edwards, Darren H. Jarboe

William Edwards

Machinery and equipment needs are far different for vegetable farms than for commodity production units. This project explored the unique machinery access options for small and mid-sized horticulture operations.


Delayed Planting, Prevented Planting And Replanting Crop Insurance Coverage, Steven D. Johnson, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Delayed Planting, Prevented Planting And Replanting Crop Insurance Coverage, Steven D. Johnson, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

The frequent rains that have soaked Iowa this year have left many corn and soybean fields unplanted or with flooded areas. Many producers are wondering what options they have under their multiple peril crop insurance (MPCI) policies. In Iowa, the crop insurance “late planting period” for corn begins on June 1. Corn can still be planted after this date, but the insurance guarantee on those acres is reduced by 1 percent per day until the acres are planted. Corn acres planted after June 25 will receive insurance coverage equal to 60 percent of their original guarantee. Producers should keep accurate ...


Economic Impact Of Delayed And Prevented Planting, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Economic Impact Of Delayed And Prevented Planting, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

Most crop producers know that to achieve optimum yields it is important to plant early. However, in years like this when cold weather or frequent rains prevented tillage and planting from being completed, some adjustments may be made to the amount of coverage provided by Multiple Peril Crop Insurance (MPCI) as well as other types of crop insurance. These adjustments are subject to revision each year by the Risk Management Agency and crop insurance vendors.


Isu Extension Offers Information About New Farm Bill Programs, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Isu Extension Offers Information About New Farm Bill Programs, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

The Food, Conservation and Energy Act of 2008 contains a wide variety of legislation affecting everything from school lunches to milk checks. Some of the most immediate provisions that farmers must address are:
• New limitations on commodity payments,
• Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE),
• Supplemental Revenue Assistance (SURE) program.


Crop Insurance Decisions Related To Delayed And Prevented Planting, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Crop Insurance Decisions Related To Delayed And Prevented Planting, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

In some years cold weather or frequent rains prevent tillage and planting from being completed as early as desired to achieve optimum yields. When this happens some adjustments may be made to the amount of coverage provided by Multiple Peril Crop Insurance (MPCI) as well as other types of crop insurance. These adjustments are subject to revision each year by the Risk Management Agency and crop insurance vendors.


Insurance Coverage For Drought-Damaged Crops, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Insurance Coverage For Drought-Damaged Crops, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

Nearly 90 percent of the corn and soybean acres in Iowa are covered by multiple peril crop insurance. Drought damage is an insurable loss under these policies. Producers should consult with their crop insurance agents before harvesting or destroying any drought-damaged crops, however.


Grain Producers Need To Consider Crop Insurance Options For Late Planting And Replanting, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Grain Producers Need To Consider Crop Insurance Options For Late Planting And Replanting, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

The frequent rains that have soaked Iowa this year have left many corn and soybean fields with areas where little or no production will be realized. Many producers are wondering what options they have under their multiple peril crop insurance policies.


Machinery Management For Small- And Medium-Sized Horticultural Farms, Georgeanne M. Artz, William M. Edwards, Darren H. Jarboe Jul 2016

Machinery Management For Small- And Medium-Sized Horticultural Farms, Georgeanne M. Artz, William M. Edwards, Darren H. Jarboe

William Edwards

Machinery and equipment needs are far different for vegetable farms than for commodity production units. This project explored the unique machinery access options for small and mid-sized horticulture operations.


Valuing Immature Grain Crops As Forage, William M. Edwards, Stephen K. Barnhart Jul 2016

Valuing Immature Grain Crops As Forage, William M. Edwards, Stephen K. Barnhart

William Edwards

Late planted corn, soybeans and oats crops can be harvested as forages instead of for grain. Options include corn or oat silage, earlage, and oat or soybean hay. Estimating a value for these crops is made difficult by the fact there are few reported prices or significant markets in which they are bought and sold. However, there are two other general approaches to valuing grain crops harvested as forage. Both are based on comparisons to alternative actions by either the forage buyer or seller.


Producer Machinery And Labor Sharing Arrangements Workshops, Roger Ginder, William M. Edwards, Georgeanne M. Artz, Darren H. Jarboe Jul 2016

Producer Machinery And Labor Sharing Arrangements Workshops, Roger Ginder, William M. Edwards, Georgeanne M. Artz, Darren H. Jarboe

William Edwards

Four case studies were developed for Iowa farm operations that have successfully used machinery and labor sharing arrangements for intergenerational transfer of farm assets. Results were shared at workshops and through publication of a resource manual.


Crop Insurance Has Some Changes For 2009, William M. Edwards Jul 2016

Crop Insurance Has Some Changes For 2009, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

Crop insurance indemnity prices, guarantees and premiums were all at record levels for corn and soybeans in 2008. Current market conditions make it unlikely that those levels will be reached again in 2009, but they will still be attractive. The Risk Management Agency has announced indemnity prices of $4 per bushel for corn and $9.90 per bushel for soybeans for APH (yield) insurance guarantees for 2009, the second highest prices ever offered. Prices for revenue insurance policies will not be known until the end of February.