Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Economics

2008

Discipline
Institution
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 21 of 21

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Average Value Of Iowa Farmland Nears $4,500 An Acre In 2008 Survey, Michael Duffy Dec 2008

Average Value Of Iowa Farmland Nears $4,500 An Acre In 2008 Survey, Michael Duffy

Integrated Crop Management News

The average value of an acre of farmland in Iowa reached $4,468 in 2008, continuing to increase for the ninth year in a row, according to an annual survey conducted by Iowa State University Extension. Mike Duffy, ISU Extension farm economist who conducts the survey, said the indicators toward the end of the year imply the upward trend may be slowing as the national economy battles recessionary pressures.


Crop Market Outlook, Chad Hart Dec 2008

Crop Market Outlook, Chad Hart

Integrated Crop Management News

The delays in planting led to delays in crop development and conclude with delays in harvesting. As of Nov. 23, 86 percent of Iowa’s corn was harvested, roughly 12 percent behind normal. The harvesting backlog, in combination with higher fertilizer prices, has fall fertilizer application behind as well. Normally, over half of fall fertilizer applications are done by this point in the year. Currently, we are at 32 percent. The delays of the 2008 crop are slowing the prep work for the 2009 crop.


Farmland Ownership And Tenure In Iowa 2007, Michael Duffy, Darnell Smith, Jennifer E. Reutzel Nov 2008

Farmland Ownership And Tenure In Iowa 2007, Michael Duffy, Darnell Smith, Jennifer E. Reutzel

Extension and Outreach Publications

This study focuses on forms of ownership and tenancy in Iowa in 2007.


Crop Production And Outlook, Chad Hart Oct 2008

Crop Production And Outlook, Chad Hart

Integrated Crop Management News

The latest round of USDA updates to its World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates and Crop Production reports were released on Oct. 10. On the production side, pre-trade estimates had indicated little movement was expected. The October estimates from USDA showed increased corn and soybean production of 1 to 2 percent. The corn increase was driven by an increase in yields, up 1.7 bushels to 154 bushels per acre national average. The soybean increase was driven by a jump in acreage, with harvested area increasing by 2.15 million acres.


Crop Production And Outlook - The Demand Side, Chad Hart Oct 2008

Crop Production And Outlook - The Demand Side, Chad Hart

Integrated Crop Management News

The latest round of USDA updates to its World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates and Crop Production reports were released on Oct. 10. On the demand side, corn feed demand was projected at 5.35 billion bushels, up 150 million from last month, reversing the move from last month. Lower corn prices are seen as the major reason for this shift. Corn demand from ethanol was reduced by 100 million bushels to 4 billion bushels. While lower corn prices should be attractive to the ethanol industry, reduced transportation fuel consumption is a significant drag to the industry. Combined with general ...


Valuing Immature Grain Crops As Forage, William M. Edwards, Stephen K. Barnhart Sep 2008

Valuing Immature Grain Crops As Forage, William M. Edwards, Stephen K. Barnhart

Integrated Crop Management News

Late planted corn, soybeans and oats crops can be harvested as forages instead of for grain. Options include corn or oat silage, earlage, and oat or soybean hay. Estimating a value for these crops is made difficult by the fact there are few reported prices or significant markets in which they are bought and sold. However, there are two other general approaches to valuing grain crops harvested as forage. Both are based on comparisons to alternative actions by either the forage buyer or seller.


Economic Outlook For Expansion Of The Eastern Shore Farmers’ Market: Seafood Handling, Storage, And Transportation Facility, Thomas J. Murray, James E. Kirkley Sep 2008

Economic Outlook For Expansion Of The Eastern Shore Farmers’ Market: Seafood Handling, Storage, And Transportation Facility, Thomas J. Murray, James E. Kirkley

Reports

No abstract provided.


Credit Needs And Cash Rents Impacted By Higher Input Costs, William M. Edwards Aug 2008

Credit Needs And Cash Rents Impacted By Higher Input Costs, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

Corn and soybean farmers have been enjoying record high prices and sizable profits for their past two crops. But higher input prices will eat into those margins in 2009. Many producers have already been confronted with soaring prices for fertilizer, with anhydrous ammonia selling for up to $1,000 per ton, payable in advance. Potash and phosphate fertilizers have shown similar increases. There are various reasons behind the sharply higher prices, but most of them are related to higher energy prices and their impacts on transportation and manufacturing costs. Seed, pesticide and fuel prices have also been affected, though to ...


Changes In Retail Fertilizer Market Impact Producers, Roger Ginder Aug 2008

Changes In Retail Fertilizer Market Impact Producers, Roger Ginder

Integrated Crop Management News

Major change in retail fertilizer markets over the past three years include price volatility and price increases. But, in addition to the unprecedented price volatility, basic changes in the trade practices at the manufacturing, wholesaling, and retail levels in the fertilizer value chain are affecting producers.


Resource Conservation Practices: Consideration In Selecting No-Till, Mahdi Al-Kaisi, H. Mark Hanna, Michael D. Duffy Jul 2008

Resource Conservation Practices: Consideration In Selecting No-Till, Mahdi Al-Kaisi, H. Mark Hanna, Michael D. Duffy

Agriculture and Environment Extension Publications

Consider the advantages of a no-till system. This publication looks at weed control, residue management, equipment requirements, nutrient management and the results of yield and economic return studies.


Crop Insurance May Help Flooded And Wet Corn And Soybean Acres, William M. Edwards Jun 2008

Crop Insurance May Help Flooded And Wet Corn And Soybean Acres, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

Wet weather has delayed planting of corn and soybeans across the state, and flooding has severely damaged many acres that have been planted. Fortunately, nearly 90 percent of the corn and soybean acres in Iowa are covered by multiple peril crop insurance (MPCI), which can provide some relief.


Economic Impact Of Delayed And Prevented Planting, William M. Edwards Jun 2008

Economic Impact Of Delayed And Prevented Planting, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

Most crop producers know that to achieve optimum yields it is important to plant early. However, in years like this when cold weather or frequent rains prevented tillage and planting from being completed, some adjustments may be made to the amount of coverage provided by Multiple Peril Crop Insurance (MPCI) as well as other types of crop insurance. These adjustments are subject to revision each year by the Risk Management Agency and crop insurance vendors.


Slides: Rethinking Western Water Law: Whatever Happened To The Public Interest?, Mark Squillace Jun 2008

Slides: Rethinking Western Water Law: Whatever Happened To The Public Interest?, Mark Squillace

Shifting Baselines and New Meridians: Water, Resources, Landscapes, and the Transformation of the American West (Summer Conference, June 4-6)

Presenter: Mark Squillace, Director, Natural Resources Law Center, University of Colorado Law School

15 slides


Farm-Scale Production Cost Of Switchgrass For Biomass, Richard K. Perrin, Kenneth P. Vogel, Marty R. Schmer, Robert B. Mitchell Mar 2008

Farm-Scale Production Cost Of Switchgrass For Biomass, Richard K. Perrin, Kenneth P. Vogel, Marty R. Schmer, Robert B. Mitchell

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

The economic potential of cellulosic biomass from switchgrass has heretofore been evaluated using estimates of farm costs based on extrapolation from experimental data and budget estimates. The objective of the project reported here was to estimate the cost of production that would be experienced by farmers on commercial production situations. Switchgrass was produced as a biomass crop on commercial-scale fields by ten contracting farmers located from northern North Dakota to southern Nebraska. Results showed a wide range of yields and costs across the five production years and ten sites, with an overall average cost of $65.86 Mg-1 of ...


Business Organization And Coordination In Niche Hog Marketing, James Kliebenstein, Brent Hueth, Maro A. Ibarburu Jan 2008

Business Organization And Coordination In Niche Hog Marketing, James Kliebenstein, Brent Hueth, Maro A. Ibarburu

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Niche hog marketing enterprises face a unique set of challenges. This study considered five critical management issues, and analyzed the workings of two niche pork markets in Iowa. Issues of market timing, product quality, process verification, business organization, and sharing of returns are discussed.


Organic, Natural And Grass-Fed Beef: Profitability And Constraints To Production In The Midwestern United States, Margaret Smith, John Lawrence Jan 2008

Organic, Natural And Grass-Fed Beef: Profitability And Constraints To Production In The Midwestern United States, Margaret Smith, John Lawrence

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Farmers considering a transition from conventional beef production to one of several alternative production systems (such as organic, natural, or grass-fed) need to be well informed about the possible challenges and constraints of making this shift.


Determining The Methods For Measuring The Economic And Fiscal Impacts Associated With Organic Crop Conversion In Iowa, David Swenson, Liesl Eathington, Craig Chase Jan 2008

Determining The Methods For Measuring The Economic And Fiscal Impacts Associated With Organic Crop Conversion In Iowa, David Swenson, Liesl Eathington, Craig Chase

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

This study examines the economic benefits and risks that increased organic crop production can bring to a community or region.


Law, Biology, And Property: A New Theory Of The Endowment Effect, Owen D. Jones, Sarah F. Brosnan Jan 2008

Law, Biology, And Property: A New Theory Of The Endowment Effect, Owen D. Jones, Sarah F. Brosnan

Vanderbilt Law School Faculty Publications

Recent work at the intersection of law and behavioral biology has suggested numerous contexts in which legal thinking could benefit by integrating knowledge from behavioral biology. In one of those contexts, behavioral biology may help to provide theoretical foundation for, and potentially increased predictive power concerning, various psychological traits relevant to law. This Article describes an experiment that explores that context.

The paradoxical psychological bias known as the endowment effect puzzles economists, skews market behavior, impedes efficient exchange of goods and rights, and thereby poses important problems for law. Although the effect is known to vary widely, there are at ...


Evaluation Of Dry Distillers Grains Plus Solubles Inclusion On Performance And Economics Of Finishing Beef Steers, C. D. Buckner, T. L. Mader, G. E. Erickson, S. L. Colgan, D. R. Mark, V. R. Bremer, K. K. Karges, M. L. Gibson Jan 2008

Evaluation Of Dry Distillers Grains Plus Solubles Inclusion On Performance And Economics Of Finishing Beef Steers, C. D. Buckner, T. L. Mader, G. E. Erickson, S. L. Colgan, D. R. Mark, V. R. Bremer, K. K. Karges, M. L. Gibson

Panhandle Research and Extension Center

A 167-d feedlot study was conducted to evaluate feeding increasing levels of dry distillers grains plus solubles (DDGS) to finishing cattle and the impact on performance and profitability. Crossbred steer calves (n = 240, BW = 306 ± 24.5 kg) were used in 30 pens with dietary treatments of 0, 10, 20, 30, and 40% DDGS dietary inclusion (DM basis). Quadratic relationships (P < 0.05) were observed for final BW and ADG as dietary DDGS increased, with the greatest ADG observed at 20% inclusion. The DMI was not affected (P > 0.15) by DDGS level, but G:F tended to be quadratic (P = 0.10) as 20% DM inclusion had the greatest value, although steers fed all levels of DDGS had numerically greater G:F compared with steers fed ...


Alternative Approaches For Sharing Machinery, Labor, And Other Resources Among Small- And Medium-Sized Agricultural Producers, Greg Colson Jan 2008

Alternative Approaches For Sharing Machinery, Labor, And Other Resources Among Small- And Medium-Sized Agricultural Producers, Greg Colson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As the U.S. agriculture industry continues to become increasingly concentrated, the viability of small- and medium-sized farms faced with diminishing profit margins per unit of output hinges in part on their ability to expand operations. In this study, the solution to this problem of taking advantage of economies of scale through farm-level resource sharing arrangements is considered. Through a two phase data collection procedure, Midwestern farmer groups engaged in resource sharing arrangements were identified and investigated through a case study approach. Evidence from the case studies suggest that sharing of equipment and labor can yield not only financial benefits ...


Essays On Fall Fertilizer Application, Mira Nurmakhanova Jan 2008

Essays On Fall Fertilizer Application, Mira Nurmakhanova

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Increased use of nitrogen fertilizer in agricultural production has contributed to increased food production but also contributed to elevated concentration levels of nitrates in groundwater and surface water. High concentration levels of nitrates in drinking water supplied from groundwater and surface water have become a public concern because of their risks to human health.;One way to reduce nitrogen losses is to develop and apply technologies that enable farmers to more accurately match the amount and timing of fertilizer application to crop growth needs. It is best to apply nitrogen as close as possible to when crop needs it most ...