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Publication List Economics Department: 1992 - 1993, Department Of Economics Apr 1993

Publication List Economics Department: 1992 - 1993, Department Of Economics

Economics Pamphlet Series

The publications listed herein were prepared during January 1992 - March 1993 by the faculty and graduate students in the Economics Department at South Dakota state University. The publications are arranged by series (Staff Paper, Research Paper, Economics Commentator, Experiment Station Bulletin, etc.).


Rural Flies In The Urban Environment?, Gustave D. Thomas, Steven R. Skoda Feb 1993

Rural Flies In The Urban Environment?, Gustave D. Thomas, Steven R. Skoda

Historical Research Bulletins of the Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station

Because metropolitan areas in the United States have been expanding at a dramatic rate, there has been direct competition between rural and urban interests for land. Also, market pressures often make it most profitable for meat producers to locate as close to urban centers as possible. A resultant growing interface between rural and urban centers, coupled with inadequate understanding of the people between the two centers, provides a potential for problems to develop. This book generally summarizes one area of contention - flies: few people tolerate flies in any setting anymore.


Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz Jan 1993

Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

A number of (present or former) analytical Marxists, such as Jon Elster, have argued that functional explanation has almost no place in the social sciences. (Although the discussion is framed in terms of a debate among analytical Marxists, the point is quite general, and Marxism is used for illustrative purposes.) Functional explanation accounts for what is to be explained by reference to its function; thus, sighted organism have eyes because eyes enable them to see. Elster and other critics of functional explanation argue that this pattern of explanation is inconsistent with "methodological individualism," the idea, as they understand it, that ...


Reducing Pesticide Use Through Environmental Monitoring For Pest Protection, Mark L. Gleason, Paul A. Domoto, Donald R. Lewis, Michael D. Duffy Jan 1993

Reducing Pesticide Use Through Environmental Monitoring For Pest Protection, Mark L. Gleason, Paul A. Domoto, Donald R. Lewis, Michael D. Duffy

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Strict grading standards require that fresh market apples be blemish-free. Consequently, Iowa orchardists are heavy users of synthetic chemical pesticides, typically making more than a dozen pesticide applications each growing season. The environmental and economic costs of this practice are high. Environmental contamination from spray drift and residues in surface and groundwater is an ever-present concern. This concern is critical in orchards located near populated areas. In addition, these pesticide applications represent direct costs to Iowa growers in the form of pesticide, labor, fuel, and equipment.


1993 South Dakota Beef Report, Department Of Animal And Range Sciences, South Dakota State University, Agricultural Experiment Station, South Dakota State University, Cooperative Extension Service, South Dakota State University Jan 1993

1993 South Dakota Beef Report, Department Of Animal And Range Sciences, South Dakota State University, Agricultural Experiment Station, South Dakota State University, Cooperative Extension Service, South Dakota State University

South Dakota Beef Report, 1993

This is the complete 1993 South Dakota Beef Report. The articles published in this report summarize many of the beef cattle research activities conducted at South Dakota State University during 1993. The articles in this report have many levels of application. Some information has immediate application for your farm, ranch, or agribusiness. The articles include information on nutrition , breeding and genetics, management, health, growth and development, and economics of the cattle and beef industry in South Dakota.


The Political Economy Of International Agricultural Protection , Virender Gautam Jan 1993

The Political Economy Of International Agricultural Protection , Virender Gautam

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study has been to investigate some prominent determinants of agricultural protection across industrialized and developing countries. The hypotheses tested are that consumers' food security concerns and producers' pressure group characteristics play an eminent role in the determination of political market equilibrium in the agricultural sector. The methodology employed provides an integrated development of theoretical and empirical analysis;The comparative static results of the theoretical models are tested using the ordinary least squares, generalized least squares, pooled cross-section time-series, and Probit and Logit estimation techniques. The analysis includes data from 30 industrialized and developing countries for the ...


Rationing In Agricultural Credit Markets: Evidence From Iowa Farm Operators, Gayatri C. Weerawardane Jan 1993

Rationing In Agricultural Credit Markets: Evidence From Iowa Farm Operators, Gayatri C. Weerawardane

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Land Tenure On The Use Of Sustainable Agricultural Practices, Daniel M. Koster Jan 1993

The Impact Of Land Tenure On The Use Of Sustainable Agricultural Practices, Daniel M. Koster

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Essays In Dynamic Adjustment, Structural Change And Data Analysis: Applications To The Demand For Meat In The Us , Jacinto Fama Fabiosa Jan 1993

Essays In Dynamic Adjustment, Structural Change And Data Analysis: Applications To The Demand For Meat In The Us , Jacinto Fama Fabiosa

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A number of reasons are cited in the literature to explain the over rejection of theoretical demand properties in empirical studies. This dissertation examines two of the most common explanations; the Dynamic Adjustment Hypothesis (DAH) and the Structural Change Hypothesis (SCH), as it is applied to meat demand in the U.S. That is, failure to account for dynamics and variation of parameters over time may be the root cause of the over rejection. Despite the inclusion of dynamics and parameter variation in the model, however, the theoretical demand properties still can not be accepted;The first paper clearly shows ...


Tradeoffs In Balancing Multiple Objectives Of An Integrated Agricultural Economic And Environmental System , P. G. Lakshminarayan Jan 1993

Tradeoffs In Balancing Multiple Objectives Of An Integrated Agricultural Economic And Environmental System , P. G. Lakshminarayan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research, which integrates the economic and environmental processes in a multiobjective framework to find comprehensive solution, is a departure from the traditional approach. The problem is motivated by multiattribute utility and social welfare theory, and the conditions for optimality are derived. Since agricultural nonpoint source pollution (NPS) pollution is a nonmarket externality, a motivation based on public policy and social costs is provided to include environmental quality decisions. A conceptual framework for integrating the multidisciplinary models is presented. The environmental data needs of the integrated system was obtained from spatially simulated predictions of the biogeophysical process model, a mathematical ...


Forecasting The Probability Distribution Of Us Harvest Time Average Corn Prices , Daniel Michael O'Brien Jan 1993

Forecasting The Probability Distribution Of Us Harvest Time Average Corn Prices , Daniel Michael O'Brien

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A procedure is developed which provides preharvest forecasts of the probability distribution of U.S. harvest time average corn prices. Crop-weather models are used to estimate the relationship between corn yields, technology trends and weather conditions for seventeen corn producing regions in the U.S. Corn Belt at monthly intervals throughout the growing season. Probability distributions of U.S. corn production forecasts are derived based on historic production forecast accuracy. To produce price forecasts, a corn price model is estimated from corn supply and demand information available to the market at harvest time. Forecasts of the probability distribution of U ...


Environmental Pollution Control Under Alternative Incentive Structures , Ramu Govindasamy Jan 1993

Environmental Pollution Control Under Alternative Incentive Structures , Ramu Govindasamy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study examines environmental pollution control under alternative incentive structures with an emphasis on the effectiveness and practicality of alternative policy tools. The focus is on three instruments for controlling pollution: (1) Environmental Bonds; (2) Budget Balancing Incentive Mechanisms; and (3) Environmental Rank Order Tournaments;Environmental bonds typically require more information for implementation than either budget balancing incentive mechanisms or rank order tournaments. However, there is a trade-off between the cost savings from acquiring information and the potential costs from committing an error in assigning pollution control responsibility;Paper I examines the limits to environmental bonds. It identifies three ...


A Theoretical And Financial Analysis Of Pork Production Contracts , Chris Lynn Hillburn Jan 1993

A Theoretical And Financial Analysis Of Pork Production Contracts , Chris Lynn Hillburn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A theoretical model of pork production contracts using the principal-agent framework is used to investigate optimal compensation schedules for both feeders and owners. The optimal compensation schedules derived may take on a variety of forms, but all payment schedules should contain an inverse relationship between the quality and quantity of inputs provided by the owner and the compensation provided to the feeder;A simulation analysis is used to investigate the risk and returns to both the feeder and the owner for feeder pig finishing and feeder pig production contracts. For the owner the returns from a contract are similar (though ...


Nf93-155 Rural Families Facing Economics And Emotional Stress, Herbert G. Lingren Jan 1993

Nf93-155 Rural Families Facing Economics And Emotional Stress, Herbert G. Lingren

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebFact discusses rural families facing economics and emotional stress.


G93-1161 Investment Alternatives...For The Beginner, Kathleen Prochaska-Cue Jan 1993

G93-1161 Investment Alternatives...For The Beginner, Kathleen Prochaska-Cue

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This publication discusses risks associated with investing, and then gives a brief introduction to 21 investment alternatives. The alternatives are classified into seven types of investments.

Risks Associated With Investing

There are many types of risk involved with investments. Let's consider two types: investment risk and purchasing power risk.

Investment risk is the probability that the actual return on an investment will be different from what you expect. This is the type of risk one usually thinks of when considering investments. For example, CD's and EE savings bonds are considered safe investments because the probability that the actual ...


G93-1188 Financing Environmental Quality Programs In Nebraska, Roy Frederick Jan 1993

G93-1188 Financing Environmental Quality Programs In Nebraska, Roy Frederick

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes the role and responsibilities of the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality. Included are funding sources and environmental issues in Nebraska.

The Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) has the primary responsibility for protecting and improving the quality of Nebraska's air, land and water resources. Many of the programs administered by DEQ are mandated and funded--in whole or in part--by the federal government.

In discharging its responsibilities, DEQ receives input from the state Environmental Quality Council, a 16-member panel appointed by the governor. Fifteen of the 16 council members represent a specific industry or interest affected by ...


Demand For Risky Foods And Food Safety , Kung-Cheng Lin Jan 1993

Demand For Risky Foods And Food Safety , Kung-Cheng Lin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A demand for risky food model is constructed to study several aspects of food safety problems. On the basis of this proposed model, results are addressed in the following. First, when the food safety is exogenously fixed, an increase in the safety level of the risky food X[subscript]1 increases the demand for X[subscript]1 if X[subscript]1 is normal. However, when both goods are risky, a rise in the safety level of one good generally has an ambiguous effect on the demands. For the case where the safety level is endogenously chosen, the consumer will in ...


Risk Management Strategies And Iowa Farmers: A Logit Analysis Of The Use Of Federal Crop Insurance, Jana Pinkasova Jan 1993

Risk Management Strategies And Iowa Farmers: A Logit Analysis Of The Use Of Federal Crop Insurance, Jana Pinkasova

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Applications Of Contingent Claims Theory To Microeconomic Problems , David A. Hennessy Jan 1993

Applications Of Contingent Claims Theory To Microeconomic Problems , David A. Hennessy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis contingent claims techniques have been applied to various specifications of the economic problem of optimizing the expected value of a welfare function. In paper I we consider the relationship between financial market completeness, corn production, and the corn target price program. Using the observation that the program is similar to a government issued put option, we found that the per acre program benefit, at around 20/acre was quite large, that the program encourages producers to trade options, and that the existence of contingent markets facilitates the policy maker in decoupling agricultural support. In paper II we ...


Report Of Developed Services In The El Pinalito Village Of The Chiquimula Municipality, Department Of Chiquimula, Fredy Samuel Coronado López Jan 1993

Report Of Developed Services In The El Pinalito Village Of The Chiquimula Municipality, Department Of Chiquimula, Fredy Samuel Coronado López

All Theses and Dissertations

This paper reports on efforts to improve socioeconomic conditions and natural resource use in the El Pina lito community, department of Chiquimula, Guatemala. Students participating in supervised practical training at Centro Universitario de Oriente/Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala (CUNORI) developed projects to address these issues. A general diagnostic instrument was created for this community to assist in the development of specific work projects. Students prepared community first-aid kits, agricultural activities with school children, and instructional sessions with farmers on how to prepare a family garden and efficiently manage domestic animals. Other activities included ornamental tree preparation for female ...