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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Three Essays On Food Quality And Transaction Costs , Chengyan Yue Jan 2006

Three Essays On Food Quality And Transaction Costs , Chengyan Yue

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Product quality and product differentiation have become increasingly important to producers and policymakers for explaining consumer choice over food products. Consumers are often willing to pay large price premiums for products with preferred attributes. Heterogeneity in quality increases the diversity of goods for consumers and can improve welfare. However, variation in quality also leads to higher transaction costs for consumers, producers and policymakers because quality attributes are hard to identify precisely and vary when the state of the world changes. The first essay addresses the issue of food-quality attributes driven by protectionist policy that inhibits exchange between two countries. Technical ...


A Statistical Regression Model To Determine Financial Cash Flow For Wind Energy Based On Tax Structure, Matthew Dae Joong Ritsema Jan 2004

A Statistical Regression Model To Determine Financial Cash Flow For Wind Energy Based On Tax Structure, Matthew Dae Joong Ritsema

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A financial cash flow for wind turbines is based on an energy entity's tax structure. Using statistical regression of various wind turbines and wind maps, a theoretical model for energy output was calculated. The turbines were separated by the rated size of the turbine. With the theoretical model, financial output was generated for four different types of tax structures. A total of eight test cases were simulated. Special consideration was given to the impact of Production Tax Credits (PTC) and Renewable Energy Production Incentives (REPI). The object is to determine what type of business and tax structure would have ...


Four Papers On Agricultural Finance And Adoption Of Biotechnology , Alexander Ernestovich Saak Jan 2001

Four Papers On Agricultural Finance And Adoption Of Biotechnology , Alexander Ernestovich Saak

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The four papers comprising this thesis are entirely self-contained. Paper I investigates financial measures of a projects' worth in a standard static setting. We identify conditions such that net present value is monotone in the discount rate applied to evaluate a project. We also formulate a linear dominance condition on projects' cash flows sufficient to order projects according to the internal rate of return criterion. Paper II develops a firmer understanding of the economics underlying the relationship between rental rates sensitivity to output price and land quality. Using two measures of land quality: distance to market and yield productivity, we ...


Farmland Ownership And Tenure In Iowa, 1982-1997: A Fifteen Year Perspective, Charles Anthony Pieper Jan 1999

Farmland Ownership And Tenure In Iowa, 1982-1997: A Fifteen Year Perspective, Charles Anthony Pieper

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The 1997 Farmland Ownership and Tenure study focuses on aspects of farmland ownership and tenancy in Iowa and compares 1997 data with trends from similar studies conducted in 1982 and 1992. Agricultural landholding types considered in the study include sole ownership, joint tenancy(husband and wife only), co-ownership(other joint ownership and tenants in common), partnership (including general, limited and limited liability partnership), trusts, estates,corporations, and limited liability companies. Demographics of landowners are included in the study and encompass age, gender, education, occupation, marital status, and residency. Acquisition, anticipated transfer, and management of farmland were also analyzed. A major ...


Linking Revealed And Stated Preference Data In Recreation Demand Modeling , Christopher Dean Azevedo Jan 1999

Linking Revealed And Stated Preference Data In Recreation Demand Modeling , Christopher Dean Azevedo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Valuing non-market goods is a unique economic problem. When a market exists for a good, traditional economic techniques may be utilized to determine the value society associates with the good. When that good is not traded in a market, as in the case of wetland recreation, the economist must find some way to compensate for the lack of market signals;In this dissertation, I develop a recreation demand model that is used to link two disparate sources of data. The two types of data are revealed preference data and stated preference data. Revealed preference data is data that is observed ...


Economic Analysis Of Pesticide Regulation In The U.S. Apple Industry , Jutta Roosen Jan 1999

Economic Analysis Of Pesticide Regulation In The U.S. Apple Industry , Jutta Roosen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Several particularities of apple production systems require careful consideration of the methods used to estimate impacts of pesticide regulation. Growing conditions are geographically diverse, quality considerations are of particular importance, and dynamic aspects need to be acknowledged in production systems of perennial crops;A partial-equilibrium model of the apple industry is estimated where orchards are modeled as multiproduct firms producing apples for fresh and processed consumption. Groups of growers are distinguished by region and by pesticide use patterns. The changes of quantities and prices in the markets for fresh and processed apples that follow a technology shift are derived. Economic ...


Exchange Rate And Market Power In Import Price , Jeong-Yun Seo Jan 1998

Exchange Rate And Market Power In Import Price , Jeong-Yun Seo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study consists of three papers in the area of international market analysis, as listed in Chapter 1, 2, and 3. Each paper has its own issue and application, but the main theme behind these papers is to figure out interactions of international firms' real decisions with respect to changes in financial variables or structure attributing to the firms' behaviors. The papers focus especially on a risk-averse international firm's decision model with respect to fluctuations in exchange rates;The first two papers relate the international firm's ex-ante real decision to the portfolio theory in correspondence to recent importance ...


An Analysis Of Commercial Bank Participation In The Farmer Mac Ii Loan Sale Program , Charles Edgar Murray Jan 1998

An Analysis Of Commercial Bank Participation In The Farmer Mac Ii Loan Sale Program , Charles Edgar Murray

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation's objective was to provide a descriptive and empirical analysis of commercial bank participation in the Farmer Mac II loan sale program for guaranteed portions of U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Guaranteed Farm Loan Program loans. The descriptive analysis summarizes reasons for participation cited by bankers responding to a series of survey questions. Participants indicate the following factors as important in their decision to sell loans: enhanced liquidity, improved profitability, reduced interest rate risk, added capacity to meet heavy USDA guaranteed loan demand, and ability to pass on better loan rates and terms to their borrowers. Nonparticipants ...


Corn And Soybean Basis Behavior And Forecasting: Fundamental And Alternative Approaches , Bingrong Jiang Jan 1997

Corn And Soybean Basis Behavior And Forecasting: Fundamental And Alternative Approaches , Bingrong Jiang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A model is developed to analyze the nearby basis behavior of corn and soybeans in several markets across the U.S. Results suggest that basis behavior has a seasonal pattern, and that different variables affect nearby corn and soybean basis at various periods. The most important factors affecting basis are storage cost (opportunity cost), transportation cost (barge rates), and supply (regional production relative to regional storage capacity). Nine conventional (naive three-year-average forecasts, econometric, ARIMA and composite forecast models) and less conventional forecasting techniques (State Space and Neural Networks models) are utilized to forecast out-of-sample basis for one-month up to 12-month ...


Farmer-Borrowers' Selection Of Short- And Intermediate-Term Loan Contracts: Traditional Lenders Versus Nontraditional Lenders , Jauling Tseng Jan 1996

Farmer-Borrowers' Selection Of Short- And Intermediate-Term Loan Contracts: Traditional Lenders Versus Nontraditional Lenders , Jauling Tseng

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The emergence and growth of nontraditional lenders in short- and intermediate-term agricultural credit markets during the 1990s prompted a number of studies on the economic incentives and competitive strategies for input supply or manufacturing firms to create captive finance companies. Comparably, little work, however, has been done on the choice of nontraditional lenders from the borrower's perspective. This dissertation examines the farmer-borrower's decision-making process in choosing between traditional and nontraditional lenders when financing short- and intermediate-term loan contracts. The objective of this research is to provide a better understanding of the factors that influence farm-level demand for traditional ...


Iowa Farmland Ownership And Tenure, 1982-1992: Analysis And Comparison, Ann Marie Schultz Jan 1994

Iowa Farmland Ownership And Tenure, 1982-1992: Analysis And Comparison, Ann Marie Schultz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Essays In The Measurement Of Consumer Preferences In Experimental Auction Markets , John Andrew Fox Jan 1994

Essays In The Measurement Of Consumer Preferences In Experimental Auction Markets , John Andrew Fox

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis applies a relatively new technique, laboratory experimental auctions, to examine consumer preferences for food products which have not yet reached the market. The auction used is a second-price (Vickrey) auction in which the highest bidder pays an amount equal to the second-highest bid. This auction has been shown to accurately reveal preferences because it eliminates the incentive to underbid true value which is present in a first-price auction;The experimental auction is used to examine preferences for two products; milk from cows treated with bovine somatotropin, and pork treated with irradiation. The applications feature real products, real money ...


Applications Of Contingent Claims Theory To Microeconomic Problems , David A. Hennessy Jan 1993

Applications Of Contingent Claims Theory To Microeconomic Problems , David A. Hennessy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis contingent claims techniques have been applied to various specifications of the economic problem of optimizing the expected value of a welfare function. In paper I we consider the relationship between financial market completeness, corn production, and the corn target price program. Using the observation that the program is similar to a government issued put option, we found that the per acre program benefit, at around 20/acre was quite large, that the program encourages producers to trade options, and that the existence of contingent markets facilitates the policy maker in decoupling agricultural support. In paper II we ...


Overreaction In Futures Markets , Robert Frederick Baur Jan 1992

Overreaction In Futures Markets , Robert Frederick Baur

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Market efficiency is tested in futures markets by forming portfolios of futures contracts on the basis of previous price changes. Contracts with extreme positive (negative) price change are added to winner (loser) portfolios. Market efficiency requires the expected return on these two portfolios to be statistically equal. Buy-and-hold portfolios from sixty-six futures markets from a sample period of January, 1964 to April, 1992 are formed to test for the existence of risk premiums. This study extends DeBondt and Thaler (1985) by applying a similar strategy to futures markets where selection bias should not be a problem;Contrary to their findings ...


Effects Of Farm Characteristics And Government Disaster Assistance On Multiple-Peril Crop Insurance Purchases By Iowa Crop Farmers , Khosrow Khojasteh Jan 1992

Effects Of Farm Characteristics And Government Disaster Assistance On Multiple-Peril Crop Insurance Purchases By Iowa Crop Farmers , Khosrow Khojasteh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present federal crop insurance program has been characterized by low farmer participation and high government costs. It has been frequently argued that one of the major factors causing the poor participation rate is the continued availability of disaster relief payments, whereby the ad hoc disaster assistance programs help support producers' beliefs that a widespread natural disaster will be accompanied by government assistance;The purpose of this study was to develop and empirically estimate probability models that could explain Iowa farmers' behavior regarding the purchase of multiple-peril crop insurance. The models under study included both linear and nonlinear single- equations ...


The Location Of The North American Cattle-Feeding Industry: A Nonspatial Modeling Approach, Shawn Arthur Hamilton Jan 1991

The Location Of The North American Cattle-Feeding Industry: A Nonspatial Modeling Approach, Shawn Arthur Hamilton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Agricultural Land Transfers In Iowa During The Financial Stress Of The 1980s, Stephen Paul Stone Nicholson Jan 1989

Agricultural Land Transfers In Iowa During The Financial Stress Of The 1980s, Stephen Paul Stone Nicholson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Agricultural Leasing: The Lease Versus Buy Decision And Its Implications On Farm Firm Capital Structure, Ann Benedict Wickham Jan 1984

Agricultural Leasing: The Lease Versus Buy Decision And Its Implications On Farm Firm Capital Structure, Ann Benedict Wickham

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Economic Evaluation Of The Cash And Accural Accounting Systems For Farmers, Gerald Thomas Volding Jan 1976

An Economic Evaluation Of The Cash And Accural Accounting Systems For Farmers, Gerald Thomas Volding

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Inter-Relationships Among Capital, Technology And Size In Farm Organization And Income, John Donald Hutchinson Jan 1969

Inter-Relationships Among Capital, Technology And Size In Farm Organization And Income, John Donald Hutchinson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Economics Of Livestock-Meat Industry In Japan, Chung-Chi Lu Jan 1968

Economics Of Livestock-Meat Industry In Japan, Chung-Chi Lu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Study Of The Farm Management Process In Relation To Modern Operations Research Technology, Daniel Merry Castle Jan 1967

A Study Of The Farm Management Process In Relation To Modern Operations Research Technology, Daniel Merry Castle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Farmer Owned And Operated Outdoor Recreation Enterprises In Iowa, Leonard Bull Jan 1966

Farmer Owned And Operated Outdoor Recreation Enterprises In Iowa, Leonard Bull

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Projection Of An Efficient Farm Industry In Southern Iowa 1959, 1980, Rolf Craft Jan 1965

A Projection Of An Efficient Farm Industry In Southern Iowa 1959, 1980, Rolf Craft

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Price Flexibility In The Agricultural Processing Industries, Ronald Elwin Kaldenberg Jan 1964

Price Flexibility In The Agricultural Processing Industries, Ronald Elwin Kaldenberg

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Evaluation Of Farm Credit Cooperatives With Special Reference To The U.S.A. And India, Riaz Ahmad Khan Jan 1961

An Evaluation Of Farm Credit Cooperatives With Special Reference To The U.S.A. And India, Riaz Ahmad Khan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Method For Computing Agricultural Parity Based On Regional Cost And Income Data, Wayne A. Fuller Jan 1957

A Method For Computing Agricultural Parity Based On Regional Cost And Income Data, Wayne A. Fuller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Appraisal Of Institutions Furnishing Credit For Iowa Agriculture, Joseph Lambert Benson Jan 1923

An Appraisal Of Institutions Furnishing Credit For Iowa Agriculture, Joseph Lambert Benson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.