Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Economics

PDF

1983

Discipline

Articles 1 - 16 of 16

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

An Annual Simultaneous Equation Econometric Model Of U.S. Corn And Soybean Cash And Futures Markets , Hsiang-Hsi Liu Jan 1983

An Annual Simultaneous Equation Econometric Model Of U.S. Corn And Soybean Cash And Futures Markets , Hsiang-Hsi Liu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this research is to develop an econometric model that quantifies the interrelationships among the economic forces and policy instruments affecting corn and soybean sectors in the U.S. This study has taken into account the role of future price and emphasized the essential interdependence of cash, futures and storage markets;The structural econometric model contains 29 equations, of which 19 are used to explain behavioral relationships. The model is estimated over the crop years 1961/62 to 1980/81 by using autoregressive three stage least squares (A3SLS). Overall the estimated relationships appear consistent with a priori ...


The Role Of Sugar Cane In Brazil's History And Economy , Plinio Mario Nastari Jan 1983

The Role Of Sugar Cane In Brazil's History And Economy , Plinio Mario Nastari

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A review of the history and evolution of the sugar cane culture in Brazil is presented. An econometric model is constructed to explain the economic relationships of supply and demand of sugar, hydrous ethanol (ethyl alcohol), and anhydrous ethanol in Brazil overtime. Estimates of the parameters in the model are obtained using the methods of ordinary least squares and three stages least squares. Because the number of exogenous variables is larger than the number of observations, principal components of the exogenous variables is used. The model estimated using three stages least squares with seven principal components has the best performance ...


The Effect Of Farm Expansion On Iowa-Farmland-Sale Prices , Phillip Richard Eberle Jan 1983

The Effect Of Farm Expansion On Iowa-Farmland-Sale Prices , Phillip Richard Eberle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Five hypotheses were put forth to explain the dominance of farm-expansion buyers in the farmland market. Those hypotheses were: economies of size, excess machinery, wealth, excess labor and quality of management. It was hypothesized that among farmland buyers, farm-expansion buyers are most likely to consider such factors in their bid price for land;Those five hypotheses have been suggested in the literature, but not all of them have been theoretically evaluated or empirically tested. Those hypotheses that have been tested, were tested by models using aggregate land value data, whereas a micro-land-price-data set of Iowa farmland sales was used in ...


A Statistical Evaluation Of Measurement Error In Determining Moisture Content In Corn, Diane Kay Willimack Jan 1983

A Statistical Evaluation Of Measurement Error In Determining Moisture Content In Corn, Diane Kay Willimack

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Agricultural Cooperative Policy Issues Concerning Earnings Distribution Under Conditions Of Net Earnings And Losses, Cathy Ann Junge Jan 1983

Agricultural Cooperative Policy Issues Concerning Earnings Distribution Under Conditions Of Net Earnings And Losses, Cathy Ann Junge

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Breakeven Analysis Of A Preconditioned Beef Calf Management Program, Everett Bryon Peterson Jan 1983

A Breakeven Analysis Of A Preconditioned Beef Calf Management Program, Everett Bryon Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Variances Of Stochastic Forecasts: Calculating The Reliability Of Predicted Policy Consequences, Suzanna Lynn Morris Jan 1983

The Variances Of Stochastic Forecasts: Calculating The Reliability Of Predicted Policy Consequences, Suzanna Lynn Morris

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Econometric Model For Analyzing Regional Source And Use Of Funds In U.S. Agriculture: An Application Of Random Coefficients Technique , R. Thamodaran Jan 1983

An Econometric Model For Analyzing Regional Source And Use Of Funds In U.S. Agriculture: An Application Of Random Coefficients Technique , R. Thamodaran

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to develop a regional econometric model for analyzing the source and the use of funds in U.S. agriculture. To accomplish this task, a set of behavioral functions for the source and the use of funds are specified and estimated using a random coefficient technique. For the time being, the source of funds equations are estimated through a time trend. Once the model is merged with the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD)--national econometric model, the source of funds will be determined endogenously from other sectors of the national model. Fixed expenditures ...


The Efficiency Of Soil Conservation Investments And Economic Implications For Change , Dennis Lamar Nef Jan 1983

The Efficiency Of Soil Conservation Investments And Economic Implications For Change , Dennis Lamar Nef

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The justification for government investment in soil conservation is reviewed. Problems with criteria presently used in determining areas to receive government conservation assistance are discussed. An intertemporal profit maximizing model is developed to obtain optimal soil use decision rules. Based on the theoretical model, the implicit price of a ton of soil is calculated for areas in Iowa and the Corn Belt. The results show that soil conservation benefits vary by region and soil characteristics. The benefit measure provides a basis for targeting conservation assistance to those areas with the greatest need. The adoption of conservation practices is modeled to ...


Application Of Sustainable Agricultural Production Policies By Means Of A Recursive Econometric-Programming Model , Aasha Kapur Jan 1983

Application Of Sustainable Agricultural Production Policies By Means Of A Recursive Econometric-Programming Model , Aasha Kapur

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The subject of soil loss has attracted increased attention in recent years. There has been an abundance of literature on the importance of conserving this resource, and the consequences of depleting it. While some erosion is an inherent part of the farming process, and is a rational economic response to market and government generated economic factors, divergence of actual rates of erosion from economically determined optimum levels needs to be corrected. This dissertation examines the extent to which four different government policies can control soil loss, and thereby help sustain agricultural production over time;A regional-national recursive hybrid model is ...


An Economic Analysis Of The Relation Of Farm Land Values And Returns , Gwendolyn G. Flowers Jan 1983

An Economic Analysis Of The Relation Of Farm Land Values And Returns , Gwendolyn G. Flowers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study is an evaluation of the relation between farm land values and the returns to farm land. The primary motivation for this study has been to explain the observed relation between farm land values and returns which has in some years been contradictory to the suggested theoretical relation between land values and returns. The primary objective of this study has been to examine the importance of growth of the returns to farm land in explaining the historical levels of farm land and its relationship with the returns to farm land. Data were collected on the values of cash rented ...


The Impact Of Financial Constraints On The Local Price Of Farm Land , John Robery Fiske Jan 1983

The Impact Of Financial Constraints On The Local Price Of Farm Land , John Robery Fiske

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Most farm land acquisitions involve a significant commitment of money capital. The proportion of owned versus borrowed wealth used to meet the purchase commitment is reflected in the down-payment ratio. The larger the down-payment ratio, the greater the proportion of owned wealth employed in the acquisition of the land. The availability of wealth from either or both sources may impose a constraint on land acquisition and may influence the market price of land;A model of firm behavior under a money capital constraint has been developed in order to examine this influence. This model shows the firm's demand for ...


The Us Livestock Industry: An Evaluation Of The Adequacy And Relevance Of Three Models Of Consumer And Producer Behavior , Stephen Stanley Steyn Jan 1983

The Us Livestock Industry: An Evaluation Of The Adequacy And Relevance Of Three Models Of Consumer And Producer Behavior , Stephen Stanley Steyn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Three annual models of the livestock-meat sector of the economy are estimated and simulated over the period 1951-1980 to evaluate their simulation performance and enable conclusions to be drawn about their possible use to jointly simulate the industry;The demand model is based on neoclassical utility theory and incorporates the postulates of utility theory as basic assumptions in a first difference model. The model has become known recently as the Rotterdam Model;A supply model similar to the Rotterdam demand model is used to simulate the supply of meats and demand for feed. This model, while tracking well in simulation ...


A Regional Analysis Of Trade Policies Affecting The Soybean And Soymeal Market , Wipada Soonthornsima Huyser Jan 1983

A Regional Analysis Of Trade Policies Affecting The Soybean And Soymeal Market , Wipada Soonthornsima Huyser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Trade and exchange policy impacts of the soybean and soymeal market are evaluated using a nonspatial equilibrium model. The model is a nonlinear econometric model including all major trading members--exporters: U.S., Brazil, and Argentina--importers: EC, Spain, Japan, and EE. A U.S. dollar revaluation increases soybean and soymeal prices in all countries except the U.S. The percentage price increases elsewhere are much higher than the percentage price decrease in the U.S. This indicates that the U.S. faces a world demand which is more inelastic than U.S. export supply. Export revenue in U.S. dollars decreases ...


Livestock Policy Alternatives: National And Interregional Analysis , Stanley Albert Schraufnagel Jan 1983

Livestock Policy Alternatives: National And Interregional Analysis , Stanley Albert Schraufnagel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Four policies dealing with concerns and perceived problems in the livestock sector of the agricultural economy are investigated. The four issues examined are increased meat exports, increased use of roughage feeds in beef production, greater beef imports and lower beef marketing weights;Offsetting feed grain and soybean exports with meat exports benefits both livestock and crop farmers. Net farm income increases as much as 140 percent at high levels of meat exports. Also, employment in the agricultural sector increases 81 percent as we substitute the value added export of meat for feed grains and soybeans;Increasing production of roughage-fed beef ...


Regional Acreage Response Functions For Major Us Field Crops: Estimation And Policy Implications , James A. Langley Jan 1983

Regional Acreage Response Functions For Major Us Field Crops: Estimation And Policy Implications , James A. Langley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to investigate potential regional differences in the supply response of crop producers to alternative market and government policy incentives. To accomplish this task, a set of acreage response functions are specified and estimated for 8 principal field crops (spring wheat, winter wheat, corn, sorghum, oats, barley, soybeans, and cotton) produced in 11 spatial regions of the United States (Appalachia, Corn Belt, Delta States, Lake States, Northeast, Northern Plains, Northwest, Southeast, Southern Plains, Southwest, and Western Plains). Variables in the functions include those related to expected per-acre gross returns from crop production, the impact of ...