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Economics

Agricultural and Resource Economics

1986

Articles 1 - 16 of 16

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Decision Making Behavior Of Small Scale Farming Households: The Case Of Zambia, Katongo Katongo Jan 1986

Decision Making Behavior Of Small Scale Farming Households: The Case Of Zambia, Katongo Katongo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Evaluation Of Alternative Hedging Strategies For Iowa Cattle Feeders: Before, At, And After Placement, 1974-1984, William Walter Ziehm Jan 1986

An Evaluation Of Alternative Hedging Strategies For Iowa Cattle Feeders: Before, At, And After Placement, 1974-1984, William Walter Ziehm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Component Pricing On The United States Soybean Industry, Bobby Gene Richey Jr. Jan 1986

The Effect Of Component Pricing On The United States Soybean Industry, Bobby Gene Richey Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Three Articles Concerning Risk Management In The Meat Industry , Dennis Duane Dipietre Jan 1986

Three Articles Concerning Risk Management In The Meat Industry , Dennis Duane Dipietre

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Formulating strategies to mitigate price risk has become a major concern for meat industry managers. Increased price volatility and the demand for fixed price commitments from large buyers present wholesalers with growing challenges to remaining both competitive and profitable;The first two articles examine cross-hedging as a potential means to hedge price risks for beef and pork products (respectively) which do not have a corresponding futures contract. Hedging ratios are developed using simple linear regression techniques for a variety of commonly purchased meat products. An estimation and description of the basis risk involved in hedging these products is also presented ...


The Economic Production Potential For Fresh Summer Fruits And Vegetables In Iowa's Commercial Wholesale Market With An Emphasis On Small Farms , Mark Richard Weimar Jan 1986

The Economic Production Potential For Fresh Summer Fruits And Vegetables In Iowa's Commercial Wholesale Market With An Emphasis On Small Farms , Mark Richard Weimar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Fresh summertime commercial wholesale fruits and vegetables are profitable alternatives for Iowa's traditional corn and soybean crops. This study provides information on the cost advantage Iowa producers hold over their current competitors in 13 fresh fruits and vegetables: broccoli, snap beans, cabbage, sweet corn, cucumbers, muskmelons, leaf lettuce, green peppers, tablestock potatoes, winter and summer squashes, tomatoes, and watermelons;The study, using linear programming with grid linearization, identifies Iowa's import substitution potential in a spatial equilibrium framework. An important focus of this study was delineating the monthly marketing periods and their associated prices and quantities. In addition, three ...


Rational Price Expectations And Structural Change In The Us Broiler Industry , Dayo O.A Phillip Jan 1986

Rational Price Expectations And Structural Change In The Us Broiler Industry , Dayo O.A Phillip

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study broadly investigates the econometric implications of the rational price expectations hypothesis with three alternative formulations of the U.S. broiler market model, each of which was already biologically restricted in terms of the structural equations describing broiler supply. Each of the three alternative structural models reflects a different assumption about the nature of vertical integration in the broiler industry;Each model was estimated in its restricted and unrestricted form. Resulting estimates of regression coefficients were, in most cases, consistent with economic theory predictions and statistically significant. The elasticities of response of the various broiler production activities with respect ...


Macroeconomic Policy And Farmland Value: A Dynamic, Portfolio-Balance Approach , Alan Dean Barkema Jan 1986

Macroeconomic Policy And Farmland Value: A Dynamic, Portfolio-Balance Approach , Alan Dean Barkema

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

An important factor in the financial adjustment affecting the agricultural sector of the U.S. economy during the 1980s is a substantial decline in the average real price of farmland. This study is an investigation of the existence and extent of relationships among macroeconomic policy, the real rate of interest, and the real price of farmland;Experiments performed with the dynamic, portfolio-balance model developed in this investigation suggest that an expansionary ficsal policy conducted in an environment of monetary restraint leads to (1) an increase in the real rate of interest, (2) a decline in returns to land, and (3 ...


Financial Adjustment In Us Agriculture , Damona Grace Doye Jan 1986

Financial Adjustment In Us Agriculture , Damona Grace Doye

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A model of farm financial adjustment is developed to provide empirical estimates of the transition needed to achieve more stable asset and debt distributions in agriculture. The collective effect of microeconomic responses over time are used to provide insights into potential population dynamics in response to farm financial stress. Several macroeconomic scenarios are simulated and several financial stress alleviation policies are analyzed.


Stochastic Dynamic Models Of Farm-Level Conservation Decisions , Elwin George Smith Jan 1986

Stochastic Dynamic Models Of Farm-Level Conservation Decisions , Elwin George Smith

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Sheet and rill erosion has been identified as a major problem in much of the United States. The effect of soil erosion on productivity is the major concern. Off-site damage costs from soil erosion are becoming an increasing concern. This study evaluates soil conservation decisions in a farm-level framework, taking into account all relevant production constraints;The analysis uses two different model formulations to examine the problem. The first is a multiperiod linear programming model which is capable of accounting for the user cost of soil erosion. All production constraints necessary to analyze soil conservation at the farm level are ...


Macro-Econometric Analysis Of The Effects Of Domestic Credit Conditions And Monetary Innovations On Agriculture By Vector-Autoregression Methods: United Kingdom, Japan, Australia, And Nigeria , T.A Sanni Jan 1986

Macro-Econometric Analysis Of The Effects Of Domestic Credit Conditions And Monetary Innovations On Agriculture By Vector-Autoregression Methods: United Kingdom, Japan, Australia, And Nigeria , T.A Sanni

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Sections I, II, and IV of this dissertation contain rigorous empirical evidence on the impacts of domestic credit conditions, proxied by money supply on agricultural aggregates. All the sections employ unconstrained vector autoregression methods. Section III employs a maximum likelihood estimation procedure to identify more parsimonious models confirming earlier contentions of the importance of money on Australian agriculture.


The Effects Of Economic Growth And Policy Intervention In Japan, Taiwan, And South Korea Upon The Import Demand For Soybeans , Rhung-Jieh Woo Jan 1986

The Effects Of Economic Growth And Policy Intervention In Japan, Taiwan, And South Korea Upon The Import Demand For Soybeans , Rhung-Jieh Woo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea are the most important and dynamic growth markets for U.S. soybeans in East Asia. The general objective of this study is to develop a quantitative description of the soybean markets in these three economies and to evaluate the impacts of economic growth and policy intervention upon their import demand for soybeans;The study provides important information about these soybean markets, including the general economic and agricultural situations, the supply and demand conditions of soybeans and soybean products, and the trade and agricultural policies affecting these soybean markets. In addition, regional models integrating domestic supply ...


Analysis Of Feeder Cattle-Corn-Fed Cattle Market Arbitrage Profit Opportunities And Pricing Strategy Alternatives , Ted Conrad Schroeder Jan 1986

Analysis Of Feeder Cattle-Corn-Fed Cattle Market Arbitrage Profit Opportunities And Pricing Strategy Alternatives , Ted Conrad Schroeder

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The financial risks associated with cattle feeding have increased substantially in recent years. Returns have been highly volatile and frequently low. Cattle feeders have available a number of marketing alternatives which they can use to help reduce price risks for major inputs such as corn and feeder cattle and for the final production of fed cattle. These alternatives include futures markets for these 3 commodities as well as options markets for corn and fed cattle. However, with the numerous marketing alternatives available to the producer the marketing decision can be complex. One tool that can aid the producer in making ...


An Analysis Of The 1980 Us Trade Embargo On Exports Of Soybeans And Soybean Products To The Soviet Union: A Spatial Price Equilibrium Approach , Bashir Aslam Qasmi Jan 1986

An Analysis Of The 1980 Us Trade Embargo On Exports Of Soybeans And Soybean Products To The Soviet Union: A Spatial Price Equilibrium Approach , Bashir Aslam Qasmi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

After the Soviets moved into Afghanistan on January 1, 1980, the US imposed an embargo on exports of a number of agricultural commodities including soybeans and soybean products. This study attempted a comprehensive analysis of the impacts of the 1980 US trade embargo using a twelve region spatial price equilibrium model for world trade in soybeans, soymeal, and soyoil;Soymeal and soyoil were treated as final commodities, and the linear demand equations were estimated for different regions by ordinary least squares using annual data for the years 1965 through 1980. Soybeans were treated as an intermediate commodity, and its demand ...


Accounting For Recent Changes In Beef And Pork Marketing Margins, Steven Scott Duncan Jan 1986

Accounting For Recent Changes In Beef And Pork Marketing Margins, Steven Scott Duncan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Macroeconomic Variables On Food Security In Guatemala, Randall James Hager Jan 1986

The Effect Of Macroeconomic Variables On Food Security In Guatemala, Randall James Hager

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Livestock-Feed Consumption Relationships As Indicators Of Feed Demand, John D. Lawrence Jan 1986

Livestock-Feed Consumption Relationships As Indicators Of Feed Demand, John D. Lawrence

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.