Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Economics

Agricultural and Resource Economics

1982

Articles 1 - 23 of 23

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Large-Scale Alcohol Production From Corn, Grain Sorghum, And Crop Residues , Anthony F. Turhollow Jr. Jan 1982

Large-Scale Alcohol Production From Corn, Grain Sorghum, And Crop Residues , Anthony F. Turhollow Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The potential impacts that large-scale alcohol production from corn, grain sorghum, and crop residues may have on U.S. agriculture in the year 2000 are investigated. A one land group interregional linear programming model is used. The objective function is to minimize the cost of production in the agricultural sector, given specified crop demands and constrained resources;The impacts that levels of alcohol production, ranging from zero to 12 billion gallons, have at two projected levels of crop demands, two grain-to-alcohol conversion and two milling methods, wet and dry, rates are considered. At the lower level of crop demands, 1980 ...


Potential Self-Sufficiency In Major Egyptian Crops: Necessary Production And Price Policies As Estimated By An Econometric Model , Riad El-Sayed Emarah Jan 1982

Potential Self-Sufficiency In Major Egyptian Crops: Necessary Production And Price Policies As Estimated By An Econometric Model , Riad El-Sayed Emarah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study is an attempt to contribute to the understanding and solving of the major Egyptian agricultural problems. The major crops analyzed in this study are wheat, beans, corn, rice, and sugarcane. Other crops in the crop rotation such as berseem, winter tomatoes, cotton, and summer potatoes also are analyzed. These crops are included to allow analysis of interrelationships in the crop system. The study period is from 1960-1979;To analyze the self-sufficiency for the year 2000, this study uses an econometric model. The model is based upon the ordinary theory of the firm and the ordinary theory of the ...


Tatonnement Modeling With Linear Programming: Demand And Supply For Some United States Crops In 2000 , Raymond Joe Schatzer Jan 1982

Tatonnement Modeling With Linear Programming: Demand And Supply For Some United States Crops In 2000 , Raymond Joe Schatzer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

During the last decade, two concerns have been raised about the future of U.S. crop production. These concerns are: (a) Will the United States have enough land available in the future that is suitable for crop production? and (b) What will future crop yields be? Future U.S. crop production is highly dependent upon both these issues;The real problem may not be the quantity of future crop production, but rather the price of the quantity that is available. The development of a model to answer this question is one of the objectives of this study. The other objective ...


An Econometric Analysis Of World Wheat Trade: A Trade Flow Approach , Masayoshi Honma Jan 1982

An Econometric Analysis Of World Wheat Trade: A Trade Flow Approach , Masayoshi Honma

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The central purpose of this study is to investigate the structure and mechanism of commercial world wheat trade with a primary emphasis on the networks of international trade flows of wheat. This was accomplished by constructing an econometric model of world wheat trade. First of all, the world was divided into five exporting countries and ten importing regions. For importing regions, two types of equations were estimated: total import demand equations on per capita basis and trade flow equations. The total import demand equations were specified in the framework of the traditional excess demand theory. In the estimation, special attention ...


Economic Behavior Of Small-Farm Households: Credit Recipients In Olancho Region, Honduras, Zoila Giron-Gonzalez Jan 1982

Economic Behavior Of Small-Farm Households: Credit Recipients In Olancho Region, Honduras, Zoila Giron-Gonzalez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Slaughter Plant Closings On Producer Prices, Cristobal Gerardo Montoya Jan 1982

The Impact Of Slaughter Plant Closings On Producer Prices, Cristobal Gerardo Montoya

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Projections Of Us Farm Numbers By Markov Processes , James D. Libbin Jan 1982

Projections Of Us Farm Numbers By Markov Processes , James D. Libbin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The structure of agriculture for the remaining years of the twentieth century is an issue crucial to farmers and ranchers. Much interest has been focused in recent years on the structure of agriculture and specifically on the size distribution and number of farms and ranches. In recent studies, Markov chain processes have been applied to help predict the numbers and sizes of farms, and to analyze the movement of firms between size classes;Each of the previous attempts to apply the Markov process to the problem of estimating and projecting farm numbers has encountered some major difficulty in deriving a ...


Feed Grains Imports And Pricing In The European Economic Community , Shida Rastegari Jan 1982

Feed Grains Imports And Pricing In The European Economic Community , Shida Rastegari

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The E.E.C. has played an important role in the world feed grains' trade over the past two decades. Some argue that without the E.E.C. Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), the volume of E.E.C. feed grains' imports from non-member countries would have been even larger. One of the most important elements of the CAP is the "target price" towards which the common E.E.C. market price should tend and which is supposed to provide a fair return to the producers;The main objective of this study is to develop an economic rationale for past E ...


The Impact Of Waterway User Charges On The United States Fertilizer Industry, Curtis Huyser Jan 1982

The Impact Of Waterway User Charges On The United States Fertilizer Industry, Curtis Huyser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Price Responses To Public Information: A Case Study Of The Usda Corn Crop Forecasts , Jin Wook Choi Jan 1982

An Analysis Of Price Responses To Public Information: A Case Study Of The Usda Corn Crop Forecasts , Jin Wook Choi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Crop forecast errors were defined as the differences between the five-year revised final estimates of corn production and the monthly USDA corn crop forecasts. It was found that the monthly forecast errors were normally distributed according to the Shapiro-Wilk W Statistics and Probability; An F test, based on Hotelling's T('2) statistics showed that the means of the monthly USDA corn crop forecasts were not statistically different from the five-year revised final estimates at the 5% significance level. When a nonparametric L test was employed, the accuracy of the monthly USDA corn crop forecasts was noted to improve over ...


The Impact Of The Economic Recovery Tax Act Of 1981 On The Intergenerational Transfer Of Farm Estates, Sandra L. Johnson Jan 1982

The Impact Of The Economic Recovery Tax Act Of 1981 On The Intergenerational Transfer Of Farm Estates, Sandra L. Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Projected Impacts Of Cropland Conversion On Corn And Soybean Production In Iowa, Florence Lawson Jan 1982

Projected Impacts Of Cropland Conversion On Corn And Soybean Production In Iowa, Florence Lawson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Projected 1985 Impacts Of Alternative Inland Waterway User Fees On Corn, Soybean, And Wheat Transport , Robert J. Hauser Jan 1982

Projected 1985 Impacts Of Alternative Inland Waterway User Fees On Corn, Soybean, And Wheat Transport , Robert J. Hauser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Inland Waterway Revenue Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-502) established a barge-fuel tax of four cents per gallon that became effective in October of 1980. The tax rate will increase to ten cents per gallon by 1985. The tax revenue is used to recover part of the cost of governmental provision of a navigable river system;This study examines the effects of various taxing methods at rates that are estimated to recover all of the costs of providing an inland waterway system for commercial navigation. Impacts of the alternative waterway user fees on transport modal shares and revenues, relationships ...


Development And Application Of A Multiperiod Linear Programming Model For Water Management In The Willcox Basin, Arizona , Ali Ali Omar Ramadan Jan 1982

Development And Application Of A Multiperiod Linear Programming Model For Water Management In The Willcox Basin, Arizona , Ali Ali Omar Ramadan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Water for irrigation in the Willcox Basin, Arizona, is scarce and the water table is declining. Water pumping costs are increasing as a result of such a decline;The objectives of this study are: (1) to develop a multiperiod linear programming model; and (2) to apply the model to data from the area of study for the purposes of (a) providing a basis for allocating water in the area of study at the highest present value net returns over time, and (b) appraising selected policy options as means for achieving the above water allocation objective. The model consists of linear ...


Potential Price Variability In The Us Grain And Livestock Sector In The 1980s Under Alternative Policy Scenarios: An Econometric Approach , Andrew Scott Morton Jan 1982

Potential Price Variability In The Us Grain And Livestock Sector In The 1980s Under Alternative Policy Scenarios: An Econometric Approach , Andrew Scott Morton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study utilizes an annual structural econometric model of the U.S. grain and livestock sector to simulate market price instability resulting from potential fluctuations in domestic crop yields and demand for U.S. grain exports over 1981-90. The policy alternatives examined are a continuation of post-1977 grains policy and management strategy (PA I); elimination of grain policy programs (PA II); replacement of the existing farmer-owned reserve program (FOR) with an FOR equivalent subsidy to private commercial storage at any price (PA III); and continuation of post-1977 grains policy without authority to implement acreage reduction programs (PA IV);Results from ...


A Quadratic Programming Model Of The Selected Crops Of Thailand , Prasit Itharattana Jan 1982

A Quadratic Programming Model Of The Selected Crops Of Thailand , Prasit Itharattana

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Sector analysis models have been developed in Thailand for providing policy recommendations to decision makers in the Fourth Five Year Development Plan (1977-1981) to raise the income level in the farm sector. In the agricultural sector, linear programming models with fixed estimated demand levels were constructed. The assumption of fixed level of demand will result in an error in estimating both the final level of demand and equilibrium price if the demand for the final product is not perfectly inelastic;The objective of this research is to develop a quadratic programming model of interregional competition which permits dealing with continuous ...


The Economic And Environmental Impacts Of Livestock Grazing In The United States Under Alternative Soil-Loss Policies , Pradeep Kumar Sircar Jan 1982

The Economic And Environmental Impacts Of Livestock Grazing In The United States Under Alternative Soil-Loss Policies , Pradeep Kumar Sircar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The vast rangeland areas of the nation are becoming increasingly valuable to society. Economic progress, changes in society's needs, and varying roles among regions are influencing the relative importance of the nation's rangeland uses, its products and the environment. The general public has become concerned over range grazing and its associated environmental effects. This study analyzes the relationship of grazing to the soil erosion rate and the modifying effect of vegetation on this relationship. It also examines the interaction between the grazing sector and crop sector in the production of livestock feed;The linear programming model used in ...


The Economics Of Soil And Water Conservation Practices In Iowa As Affected By Tenure Arrangements, Capital Availability, And Farm Size, Timm Merrick Banks Jan 1982

The Economics Of Soil And Water Conservation Practices In Iowa As Affected By Tenure Arrangements, Capital Availability, And Farm Size, Timm Merrick Banks

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Monthly Cattle Supply And Price Forecasting Models, Joel Keith Probst Jan 1982

Monthly Cattle Supply And Price Forecasting Models, Joel Keith Probst

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Optimal Soil Management Over Time, Michael James Monson Jan 1982

Optimal Soil Management Over Time, Michael James Monson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of Uses For Financial Futures In The Agricultural Equipment Industry, Dale William Jergensen Jan 1982

An Investigation Of Uses For Financial Futures In The Agricultural Equipment Industry, Dale William Jergensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Livestock Enterprises On The Economics Of Soil And Water Conservation Practices In Iowa, David R. Krog Jan 1982

The Effects Of Livestock Enterprises On The Economics Of Soil And Water Conservation Practices In Iowa, David R. Krog

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Alcohol From Corn: Can Our Soil Survive? , Douglas A. Christensen Jan 1982

Alcohol From Corn: Can Our Soil Survive? , Douglas A. Christensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study employs a national linear programming model to analyze the trade-offs between alcohol production and soil loss. The model minimizes agricultural production costs while meeting commodity demands in the year 2000, and incorporates alcohol production from corn grain and corn residue. Alcohol conversion rates of 3 gallons/bushel of corn grain and 1 gallon/20 pounds of corn residue are used to approximate technology available by 2000;Alcohol production from corn grain at the levels set as goals by the Carter Administration (10 billion gallons) would require 3.3 billion additional bushels of corn. Much of this additional corn ...