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Economics

Agricultural and Resource Economics

Animal Industry Report

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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Factors Affecting Timing And Intensity Of Calving Season Of Beef Cow-Calf Producers In The Midwest, Lee L. Schulz, Claire E. Andresen, Patrick J. Gunn Jan 2016

Factors Affecting Timing And Intensity Of Calving Season Of Beef Cow-Calf Producers In The Midwest, Lee L. Schulz, Claire E. Andresen, Patrick J. Gunn

Animal Industry Report

Despite demonstrated market incentives to adopt controlled calving seasons, many producers still have herds that calve somewhat broadly throughout the year. Primarydata, collected through a coordinated survey effort withUSDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, were usedto quantify factors that affect producers’ decisions regardingtiming and intensity of calving season. Ninety-seven, 50, 33,and 26% of farms calve in the spring (Mar, Apr, May),summer (Jun, Jul, Aug), fall (Sep, Oct, Nov), and winter(Dec, Jan, Feb), respectively. Twenty-two percent observeda calving season exclusively in the spring. Sixty-six percentof respondents indicated calving season was dictated byweather, 34% because of labor availability, and ...


Predicting Animals In Feedlot That Produce Discounted Carcasses, Maro A. Ibarburu, John D. Lawrence Jan 2005

Predicting Animals In Feedlot That Produce Discounted Carcasses, Maro A. Ibarburu, John D. Lawrence

Animal Industry Report

U.S. beef producers are striving to improve the quality of their product. Most packers send economic signals to producers by paying quality grade and yield grade premiums based on the USDA standards in an effort to reward the higher quality beef producers and receive better quality animals in their slaughter plants. But the premiums and discounts for quality and yield grade vary between plants and grids. Therefore, identifying the characteristics of the lot before deciding which plant or grid system to sell their cattle is of special relevance for the producers.


Valuing Double Vaccination In Feeder Cattle, Maro A. Ibarburu, Beth E. Doran, J. D. Lawrence Jan 2005

Valuing Double Vaccination In Feeder Cattle, Maro A. Ibarburu, Beth E. Doran, J. D. Lawrence

Animal Industry Report

Pre-conditioning is a calf management program that grew out of a concept that originated in Iowa in 1965. The program is designed to reduce risk, health problems and improve profitability for both cow-calf producers and cattle feeders. Dr. John Herrick, Extension Veterinarian at the ISU College of Veterinary Medicine, and Dr. Harold Amstutz of the American Association of Bovine Practitioners were instrumental in developing the preconditioning program and coordinating the delivery of the program with Cliff Iverson, Area Extension Livestock Specialist, and co-workers in southeast Iowa. Today, Iowa leads the nation in the size and scope of this program.


The Impact Of Prrs On The Pig Cost Of Production, Colin D. Johnson, John W. Mabry, James B. Kliebenstein, Eric Neumann Jan 2005

The Impact Of Prrs On The Pig Cost Of Production, Colin D. Johnson, John W. Mabry, James B. Kliebenstein, Eric Neumann

Animal Industry Report

Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) has had a significant impact on the profitability of swine production. As a means to quantify the financial impact of PRRS to the U.S. swine industry, a study was conducted. This study utilized case studies and a Delphi survey to identify the various impacts PRRS has on farms. Results suggest that impacts to individual farms vary greatly but aggregated data for approximately 100 million market swine being sold each year in the U.S., estimates PRRS adds somewhere between $5.60 and $7.62 to the cost per head sold.