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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Embryonic Origin And Genetic Basis Of Cave Associated Phenotypes In The Isopod Crustacean Asellus Aquaticus., Hafasa Mojaddidi, Franco E Fernandez, Priscilla A Erickson, Meredith E. Protas Nov 2019

Embryonic Origin And Genetic Basis Of Cave Associated Phenotypes In The Isopod Crustacean Asellus Aquaticus., Hafasa Mojaddidi, Franco E Fernandez, Priscilla A Erickson, Meredith E. Protas

Meredith Protas

Characteristics common to animals living in subterranean environments include the reduction or absence of eyes, lessened pigmentation and enhanced sensory systems. How these characteristics have evolved is poorly understood for the majority of cave dwelling species. In order to understand the evolution of these changes, this study uses an invertebrate model system, the freshwater isopod crustacean, Asellus aquaticus, to examine whether adult differences between cave and surface dwelling individuals first appear during embryonic development. We hypothesized that antennal elaboration, as well as eye reduction and pigment loss, would be apparent during embryonic development. We found that differences in pigmentation, eye ...


Integrated Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Mirna-Mrna Crosstalk In Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma., Yang Zhang, Yong Chen, Jinhai Yu, Guiming Liu, Zhigang Huang Sep 2019

Integrated Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Mirna-Mrna Crosstalk In Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma., Yang Zhang, Yong Chen, Jinhai Yu, Guiming Liu, Zhigang Huang

Yong Chen

Next generation sequencing (NGS) has proven to be a powerful tool in delineating myriads of molecular subtypes of cancer, as well as in revealing accumulation of genomic mutations throughout cancer progression. Whole genome microRNA (miRNA) and mRNA expression profiles were obtained from patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) using deep sequencing technology, and were analyzed by utilizing integrative computational approaches. A large number of protein-coding and non-coding genes were detected to be differentially expressed, indicating a functional switch in LSCC cells. A total of 127 mutated genes were detected to be significantly associated with ectoderm and epidermis development. Eleven ...


Climp: Clustering Motifs Via Maximal Cliques With Parallel Computing Design., Shaoqiang Zhang, Yong Chen Sep 2019

Climp: Clustering Motifs Via Maximal Cliques With Parallel Computing Design., Shaoqiang Zhang, Yong Chen

Yong Chen

A set of conserved binding sites recognized by a transcription factor is called a motif, which can be found by many applications of comparative genomics for identifying over-represented segments. Moreover, when numerous putative motifs are predicted from a collection of genome-wide data, their similarity data can be represented as a large graph, where these motifs are connected to one another. However, an efficient clustering algorithm is desired for clustering the motifs that belong to the same groups and separating the motifs that belong to different groups, or even deleting an amount of spurious ones. In this work, a new motif ...


Fishermp: Fully Parallel Algorithm For Detecting Combinatorial Motifs From Large Chip-Seq Datasets., Shaoqiang Zhang, Ying Liang, Xiangyun Wang, Zhengchang Su, Yong Chen Sep 2019

Fishermp: Fully Parallel Algorithm For Detecting Combinatorial Motifs From Large Chip-Seq Datasets., Shaoqiang Zhang, Ying Liang, Xiangyun Wang, Zhengchang Su, Yong Chen

Yong Chen

Detecting binding motifs of combinatorial transcription factors (TFs) from chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) experiments is an important and challenging computational problem for understanding gene regulations. Although a number of motif-finding algorithms have been presented, most are either time consuming or have sub-optimal accuracy for processing large-scale datasets. In this article, we present a fully parallelized algorithm for detecting combinatorial motifs from ChIP-seq datasets by using Fisher combined method and OpenMP parallel design. Large scale validations on both synthetic data and 350 ChIP-seq datasets from the ENCODE database showed that FisherMP has not only super speeds on large datasets, but also ...


Co-Option Of The Gibbon-Specific Lava Retrotransposon In Dna Repair Pathways, Mariam Okhovat, Kimberly A. Nevonen, Brett Davis, Pryce S. Michener, Samantha Ward, Mark Milhaven, Lana Harshman, Ajuni Sohota, Rachel J. O’Neill, Nadav Ahituv, Krishna R. Veeramah, Lucia Carbone Sep 2019

Co-Option Of The Gibbon-Specific Lava Retrotransposon In Dna Repair Pathways, Mariam Okhovat, Kimberly A. Nevonen, Brett Davis, Pryce S. Michener, Samantha Ward, Mark Milhaven, Lana Harshman, Ajuni Sohota, Rachel J. O’Neill, Nadav Ahituv, Krishna R. Veeramah, Lucia Carbone

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Transposable elements (TEs) can shape gene regulation networks by being co-opted as enhancers. However, the contribution of lineage-specific TE insertions to recent adaptations remains poorly understood. Gibbons present a suitable model to study these contributions, as they have evolved many distinct traits, including heavily rearranged genomes and a novel TE called LAVA. The LAVA retrotransposon is still active in the gibbon genome and is thought to have contributed to evolution of gibbon-specific traits. In this study, we characterized fixed and polymorphic LAVA insertions across multiple gibbon genomes and found that 10% of all LAVA elements overlap chromatin states associated with ...


The Signature Of God In Medicine And Microbiology An Apologetic Argument For Declarative Design In The Discoveries Of Alexander Fleming, Alan L. Gillen, Michael Cargill Jun 2019

The Signature Of God In Medicine And Microbiology An Apologetic Argument For Declarative Design In The Discoveries Of Alexander Fleming, Alan L. Gillen, Michael Cargill

Alan L. Gillen

In logic and reasoning, a signature indicates the presence of an author; likewise, the characteristics of staphylococci indicate the presence of a Creator. Staphylococci and its “kind” are common bacteria, particularly in colonized people.1 Staphylococcus aureus has a complex molecular mechanism of assembling its golden pigment, staphyloxanthin. The biosynthesis of staphyloxanthin is a stellar example of irreducible complexity. Similar to staphylococci, the life and works of Alexander Fleming show the fingerprints of Providence. The so-called “serendipitous” achievements of Fleming have contributed to modern medicine, convincing Fleming and others that God was at work in his life. Fleming recognized that ...


Fishermp: Fully Parallel Algorithm For Detecting Combinatorial Motifs From Large Chip-Seq Datasets., Shaoqiang Zhang, Ying Liang, Xiangyun Wang, Zhengchang Su, Yong Chen Jun 2019

Fishermp: Fully Parallel Algorithm For Detecting Combinatorial Motifs From Large Chip-Seq Datasets., Shaoqiang Zhang, Ying Liang, Xiangyun Wang, Zhengchang Su, Yong Chen

Faculty Scholarship for the College of Science & Mathematics

Detecting binding motifs of combinatorial transcription factors (TFs) from chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) experiments is an important and challenging computational problem for understanding gene regulations. Although a number of motif-finding algorithms have been presented, most are either time consuming or have sub-optimal accuracy for processing large-scale datasets. In this article, we present a fully parallelized algorithm for detecting combinatorial motifs from ChIP-seq datasets by using Fisher combined method and OpenMP parallel design. Large scale validations on both synthetic data and 350 ChIP-seq datasets from the ENCODE database showed that FisherMP has not only super speeds on large datasets, but also ...


Experimental Evidence Supportive Of The Quantum Dna Model, F. Matthew Mihelic May 2019

Experimental Evidence Supportive Of The Quantum Dna Model, F. Matthew Mihelic

Faculty Publications

The DNA molecule can be modeled as a quantum logic processor in which electron spin qubits are held coherently in each nucleotide in a logically and thermodynamically reversible enantiomeric symmetry, and can be coherently conducted along the pi-stacking interactions of aromatic nucleotide bases, while simultaneously being spin-filtered via the helicity of the DNA molecule. Entangled electron pairs can be separated by that spin-filtering, held coherently at biological temperatures in the topologically insulated nucleotide quantum gates, and incorporated into separate DNA strands during DNA replication. Two separate DNA strands that share quantum entangled electrons can be mitotically divided into individual cells ...


Pcr Cloning: New Parameters For Managing Alzheimer’S Dementia, Asra Khan, Rehana Rehman, Saara Ahmad May 2019

Pcr Cloning: New Parameters For Managing Alzheimer’S Dementia, Asra Khan, Rehana Rehman, Saara Ahmad

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

No abstract provided.


Methylation-Specific Differentiation Of Vaginal Epithelial Cells For Forensic Tissue Typing By Bisulfite Conversion And Pyrosequencing, Elise Pood Apr 2019

Methylation-Specific Differentiation Of Vaginal Epithelial Cells For Forensic Tissue Typing By Bisulfite Conversion And Pyrosequencing, Elise Pood

Master's Theses

The identification of bodily fluids and tissues is often applied to criminal investigations to clarify events that may or may not have taken place. Current forensic techniques can identify blood, saliva, seminal fluid, and spermatozoa, but there is a clear absence of reliable testing to identify vaginal epithelial tissue. Though there are serological tests available for this purpose, tissue-specific methylation markers have recently been investigated as a candidate for the identification of blood, saliva, and spermatozoa.

In this study, tissue-specific methylation markers were analyzed to identify a set of markers for the differentiation of vaginal fluid from blood, saliva, and ...


X-Inactivation And Epigenetics, Serena Weston Apr 2019

X-Inactivation And Epigenetics, Serena Weston

Thinking Matters Symposium

To prevent abnormal development caused by expressing both X chromosomes, female mammals inactivate one of their X chromosomes using an epigenetic process called dosage compensation. This literature review examines how X chromosome inactivation (XCI) occurs during the formation and development of an embryo. This condensation of DNA is marked by histone tail modifications, DNA methylation, and the arrival of structural proteins resulting in extraordinarily stable heterochromatin. X-inactivation is regulated in cis by the X-inactivation center (Xic) that contains the Xist gene and its antisense gene, Tsix. On one X chromosome, Xist RNA is expressed and coats the center of the ...


Investigating The Effects Of Cancer Mutations On The Mrn Complex Using Yeast, Caitlin Harris Apr 2019

Investigating The Effects Of Cancer Mutations On The Mrn Complex Using Yeast, Caitlin Harris

Spring Showcase for Research and Creative Inquiry

A screening method using yeast to determine which cancer mutations disrupt the function of Mre11 after exposure to DNA damaging agents.


Toward A Rhetoric Of Dna: The Advent Of Crispr, Michael J. Zerbe Feb 2019

Toward A Rhetoric Of Dna: The Advent Of Crispr, Michael J. Zerbe

Poroi

The nucleic acid DNA, which contains an organism’s genetic information, consists of a four-letter alphabet that has until recently been characterized as a read-only text. The development of a quick, inexpensive DNA targeting and manipulation technique called CRISPR, pronounced “crisper,” though, has changed DNA from this arhetorical, read-only data set, as it has been characterized in the rhetoric literature to date, to a fully rhetorical text—one that can be not only read but created, interpreted, copied, altered, and stored as well. The Book of Nature, an idea with roots in antiquity but popularized during the nineteenth century, provides ...


Student Understanding Of Dna Structure–Function Relationships Improves From Using 3d Learning Modules With Dynamic 3d Printed Models, Michelle E. Howell, Christine S. Booth, Sharmin M. Sikich, Tomáš Helikar, Rebecca Roston, Brain A. Couch, Karin Van Dijk Jan 2019

Student Understanding Of Dna Structure–Function Relationships Improves From Using 3d Learning Modules With Dynamic 3d Printed Models, Michelle E. Howell, Christine S. Booth, Sharmin M. Sikich, Tomáš Helikar, Rebecca Roston, Brain A. Couch, Karin Van Dijk

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Understanding the relationship between molecular structure and function represents an important goal of undergraduate life sciences. Although evidence suggests that handling physical models supports gains in student understanding of structure–function relationships, such models have not been widely implemented in biochemistry classrooms. Three-dimensional (3D) printing represents an emerging cost-effective means of producing molecular models to help students investigate structure–function concepts. We developed three interactive learning modules with dynamic 3D printed models to help biochemistry students visualize biomolecular structures and address particular misconceptions. These modules targeted specific learning objectives related to DNA and RNA structure, transcription factor-DNA interactions, and DNA ...


Unintended Consequences Of Dna Analysis Delays In North Carolina, Pamela Cook Woodard Jan 2019

Unintended Consequences Of Dna Analysis Delays In North Carolina, Pamela Cook Woodard

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The processing of DNA recovered from felony crime scenes often causes delays in trials of up to 3 years, calling into question defendants' rights to a speedy trial. Using Lewin's force field analysis as the theoretical framework, the purpose of this quantitative, comparative study was to compare the processing and reporting of results related to DNA testing in 4 states. Survey data were collected from state bar members (n=137), members of a professional law organization (n=149), and members of a state DNA laboratory (n=20). The purpose of this quantitative, comparative study was to determine whether these ...


Comparison Of Methods For Extracting Lactobacillus Wasatchensis Dna From Broth Media, Milk, And Cheese For Subsequent Pcr-Based Analyses, Tyler Allen Dec 2018

Comparison Of Methods For Extracting Lactobacillus Wasatchensis Dna From Broth Media, Milk, And Cheese For Subsequent Pcr-Based Analyses, Tyler Allen

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Western Dairy Center at Utah State University funded this project as part of its BUILD Dairy program with support from the dairy farmers of Idaho, to investigate the problem of splits that form in cheese during storage. The bacteria, Lactobacillus wasatchensis had previously been identified as a cause of unwanted gas production in cheese and the defects then make the cheese unsuitable for cutting into slices.

The project team proposed a two-year, $150,912 project to investigate methods for determining the presence of this bacterium in cheese by extracting DNA from the cheese and looking for DNA that was ...


Embryonic Origin And Genetic Basis Of Cave Associated Phenotypes In The Isopod Crustacean Asellus Aquaticus., Hafasa Mojaddidi, Franco E Fernandez, Priscilla A Erickson, Meredith E. Protas Nov 2018

Embryonic Origin And Genetic Basis Of Cave Associated Phenotypes In The Isopod Crustacean Asellus Aquaticus., Hafasa Mojaddidi, Franco E Fernandez, Priscilla A Erickson, Meredith E. Protas

Natural Sciences and Mathematics | Faculty Scholarship

Characteristics common to animals living in subterranean environments include the reduction or absence of eyes, lessened pigmentation and enhanced sensory systems. How these characteristics have evolved is poorly understood for the majority of cave dwelling species. In order to understand the evolution of these changes, this study uses an invertebrate model system, the freshwater isopod crustacean, Asellus aquaticus, to examine whether adult differences between cave and surface dwelling individuals first appear during embryonic development. We hypothesized that antennal elaboration, as well as eye reduction and pigment loss, would be apparent during embryonic development. We found that differences in pigmentation, eye ...


Data For Gaw20: Genome-Wide Dna Sequence Variation And Epigenome-Wide Dna Methylation Before And After Fenofibrate Treatment In A Family Study Of Metabolic Phenotypes, Stella Aslibekyan, Laura Almasy, Michael A. Province, Devin M. Absher, Donna K. Arnett Sep 2018

Data For Gaw20: Genome-Wide Dna Sequence Variation And Epigenome-Wide Dna Methylation Before And After Fenofibrate Treatment In A Family Study Of Metabolic Phenotypes, Stella Aslibekyan, Laura Almasy, Michael A. Province, Devin M. Absher, Donna K. Arnett

Epidemiology Faculty Publications

GAW20 provided participants with an opportunity to comprehensively examine genetic and epigenetic variation among related individuals in the context of drug treatment response. GAW20 used data from 188 families (N = 1105) participating in the Genetics of Lipid Lowering Drugs and Diet Network (GOLDN) study (clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT00083369), which included CD4+ T-cell DNA methylation at 463,995 cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) sites measured before and after a 3-week treatment with fenofibrate, single-nucleotide variation at 906,600 loci, metabolic syndrome components ascertained before and after the drug intervention, and relevant covariates. All GOLDN participants were of European descent, with an average age of ...


The Hero Organism And Heroism Science: A New Frontier Of Human Consciousness, Olivia Efthimiou Jul 2018

The Hero Organism And Heroism Science: A New Frontier Of Human Consciousness, Olivia Efthimiou

Heroism Science

In the context of a new science of heroism this article presents a brief history of the presence and study of heroism, and an outline of the key characteristics of the modern-day movement of heroism. The potentially wide-reaching impacts of the science of heroism are briefly discussed. The hypothesis of human beings as “hero organisms” is presented, before embarking on a discussion on what it means for each of us to be on our own hero’s journey.


Molecular Gut Content Analysis Of Different Spider Body Parts, Nuria Macías-Hernández, Kacie J. Athey, Vanina Tonzo, Owen S. Wangensteen, Miquel Arnedo, James D Harwood May 2018

Molecular Gut Content Analysis Of Different Spider Body Parts, Nuria Macías-Hernández, Kacie J. Athey, Vanina Tonzo, Owen S. Wangensteen, Miquel Arnedo, James D Harwood

Entomology Faculty Publications

Molecular gut-content analysis has revolutionized the study of food webs and feeding interactions, allowing the detection of prey DNA within the gut of many organisms. However, successful prey detection is a challenging procedure in which many factors affect every step, starting from the DNA extraction process. Spiders are liquid feeders with branched gut diverticula extending into their legs and throughout the prosoma, thus digestion takes places in different parts of the body and simple gut dissection is not possible. In this study, we investigated differences in prey detectability in DNA extracts from different parts of the spider´s body: legs ...


The Evolution Of Molecular Compatibility Between Bacteriophage Φx174 And Its Host, Alexander Kula, Joseph Saelens, Alyxandria M. Schubert, Michael Travisano, Catherine Putonti May 2018

The Evolution Of Molecular Compatibility Between Bacteriophage Φx174 And Its Host, Alexander Kula, Joseph Saelens, Alyxandria M. Schubert, Michael Travisano, Catherine Putonti

Bioinformatics Faculty Publications

Viruses rely upon their hosts for biosynthesis of viral RNA, DNA and protein. This dependency frequently engenders strong selection for virus genome compatibility with potential hosts, appropriate gene regulation and expression necessary for a successful infection. While bioinformatic studies have shown strong correlations between codon usage in viral and host genomes, the selective factors by which this compatibility evolves remain a matter of conjecture. Engineered to include codons with a lesser usage and/or tRNA abundance within the host, three different attenuated strains of the bacterial virus ФX174 were created and propagated via serial transfers. Molecular sequence data indicate that ...


The Evolution Of Molecular Compatibility Between Bacteriophage Φx174 And Its Host, Alexander Kula, Joseph Saelens, Jennifer Cox, Alyxandria M. Schubert, Michael Travisano, Catherine Putonti May 2018

The Evolution Of Molecular Compatibility Between Bacteriophage Φx174 And Its Host, Alexander Kula, Joseph Saelens, Jennifer Cox, Alyxandria M. Schubert, Michael Travisano, Catherine Putonti

Biology: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Viruses rely upon their hosts for biosynthesis of viral RNA, DNA and protein. This dependency frequently engenders strong selection for virus genome compatibility with potential hosts, appropriate gene regulation and expression necessary for a successful infection. While bioinformatic studies have shown strong correlations between codon usage in viral and host genomes, the selective factors by which this compatibility evolves remain a matter of conjecture. Engineered to include codons with a lesser usage and/or tRNA abundance within the host, three different attenuated strains of the bacterial virus ФX174 were created and propagated via serial transfers. Molecular sequence data indicate that ...


Development And Validation Of Rapid Edna Detection Methods For Bog Turtle (Glyptemys Muhlenbergii), Anish Kirtane May 2018

Development And Validation Of Rapid Edna Detection Methods For Bog Turtle (Glyptemys Muhlenbergii), Anish Kirtane

Honors Theses

Bog turtles (Glyptemys muhlenbergii) are listed endangered species in the United States. Multi-state efforts are underway to better characterize extant populations of the species and prioritize restoration efforts. Traditional sampling methods for bog turtles can be ineffective due to their wetland habitat, small size, and burrowing nature. New molecular methods, such as qPCR, provide the ability to overcome this challenge by effectively quantifying minute amounts of turtle DNA left behind in its environment (eDNA). Developing such methods for bog turtles has proved difficult partly because of the high sequence similarity between bog turtles and closely-related, cohabitating species, such as wood ...


Identification And Utility Of Dna In Exosomes, Paul Kurywchak May 2018

Identification And Utility Of Dna In Exosomes, Paul Kurywchak

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Cancer-associated mortality has been declining for two decades but remains a significant public health problem, especially when patients initially present with advanced disease. Early detection methods have improved survival rates but remain unavailable for a majority of cancers due to a lack of sensitive biomarkers or numerous limitations associated with current diagnosis strategies. Approaches to develop “liquid biopsies” by detecting tumor cells or DNA in the blood have led to several breakthroughs and create the potential for non-invasive, routine assessment of diseases status. However, these biomarkers are rare and currently difficult to isolate, especially in the early stages of disease ...


One-Step Cellular Micro-Rna Detection With Programmable Dna Nanoswitches, Molly F. Macisaac May 2018

One-Step Cellular Micro-Rna Detection With Programmable Dna Nanoswitches, Molly F. Macisaac

Biological Sciences

MicroRNAs play important roles in gene regulation. Additionally, differential expression of specific microRNAs have been correlated with a wide range of diseases. Sensitive and selective detection of microRNAs is thus important for enabling their use as biomarkers, drugs, or drug targets. Current detection techniques such as northern blotting and quantitative real-time PCR require skilled personnel and expensive equipment to execute complex and time consuming assays. Here we develop and validate a one-step, non-enzymatic microRNA detection assay using DNA nanoswitches programmed to recognize and bind a specific microRNA. Binding induces a loop in the structure, allowing the target microRNA to be ...


Newall Glacier Nucleic Acid Analysis, Shannon Turner Apr 2018

Newall Glacier Nucleic Acid Analysis, Shannon Turner

Honors Projects

The Newall Glacier is located in Antarctica between Mount Newall and Mount Weyant, at approximately 77°30′S, 162°50′E. Having existed for millions of years, and being rarely touched by human populations, glaciers are a major source of information on climate and life in the past. During the past 5 decades, a multi-country team of scientists have collaborated to drill into many of Antarctica’s glaciers and ice fields, removing ice cores for scientific investigation. The ice core section chosen for this project was drilled from the Newall Glacier in 1988 and its depth was from 100.670 ...


A Unified Encyclopedia Of Human Functional Dna Elements Through Fully Automated Annotation Of 164 Human Cell Types, Maxwell Wing Libbrecht, Oscar Rodriguez, Zhiping Weng, Michael Hoffman, Jeffrey A. Bilmes, William Stafford Noble Apr 2018

A Unified Encyclopedia Of Human Functional Dna Elements Through Fully Automated Annotation Of 164 Human Cell Types, Maxwell Wing Libbrecht, Oscar Rodriguez, Zhiping Weng, Michael Hoffman, Jeffrey A. Bilmes, William Stafford Noble

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Semi-automated genome annotation methods such as Segway enable understanding of chromatin activity. Here we present chromatin state annotations of 164 human cell types using 1,615 genomics data sets. To produce these annotations, we developed a fully-automated annotation strategy in which we train separate unsupervised annotation models on each cell type and use a machine learning classifier to automate the state interpretation step. Using these annotations, we developed a measure of the functional importance of each genomic position called the "functionality score," which allows us to aggregate information across cell types into a multi-cell type view. This score provides a ...


An Automated Bayesian Pipeline For Rapid Analysis Of Single-Molecule Binding Data, Carlas Smith, Karina Jouravleva, Maximiliaan Huisman, Samson M. Jolly, Phillip D. Zamore, David Grünwald Apr 2018

An Automated Bayesian Pipeline For Rapid Analysis Of Single-Molecule Binding Data, Carlas Smith, Karina Jouravleva, Maximiliaan Huisman, Samson M. Jolly, Phillip D. Zamore, David Grünwald

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Single-molecule binding assays enable the study of how molecular machines assemble and function. Current algorithms can identify and locate individual molecules, but require tedious manual validation of each spot. Moreover, no solution for high-throughput analysis of single-molecule binding data exists. Here, we describe an automated pipeline to analyze single-molecule data over a wide range of experimental conditions. We benchmarked the pipeline by measuring the binding properties of the well-studied, DNA-guided DNA endonuclease, TtAgo, an Argonaute protein from the Eubacterium Thermus thermophilus. We also used the pipeline to extend our understanding of TtAgo by measuring the protein's binding kinetics at ...


Thermodynamics In Large Hairpin Polyamide-Dna Interactions, Yang Song Mar 2018

Thermodynamics In Large Hairpin Polyamide-Dna Interactions, Yang Song

Dissertations

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted virus responsible for cervical cancers, and its infection is currently incurable. Only a few vaccines against high-risk HPV strains are available. Hairpin polyamides (PAs) in different sizes (8-20 units long) bind DNA in different lengths. They have been shown to have different anti-HPV activities in cell culture.

The interaction between PA and DNA is stabilized by two types of molecular forces: attractive and repulsive forces. Attractive forces include hydrogen bonds, van der Waals contacts and electrostatic forces between PA and DNA. Repulsive forces include the hydrophobic effect, which forces the PA out ...


Dna Sequences Of The Mitochondrial Cytochrome C Oxidase I (Coi) Genes From Deep Sea Fishes, Cruises Dp03 And Dp04 From May 2016 - August 2016, Max Weber, Kimberly A. Finnegan, Andrea Bernard, Ron Eytan, Mahmood S. Shivji Feb 2018

Dna Sequences Of The Mitochondrial Cytochrome C Oxidase I (Coi) Genes From Deep Sea Fishes, Cruises Dp03 And Dp04 From May 2016 - August 2016, Max Weber, Kimberly A. Finnegan, Andrea Bernard, Ron Eytan, Mahmood S. Shivji

DEEPEND Datasets

The deep sea ecosystem is believed to contain the highest biomass of fish in the oceans. However, the taxonomic diversity in this ecosystem is incompletely described and likely to be vastly underestimated. DNA sequence data (barcodes) have become a key tool to discover hidden biodiversity. We generated mitochondrial DNA barcode datasets based on the Cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) gene from deep sea fishes. These data were analyzed using phylogenetic and statistical methods to reveal cryptic species and make taxonomic linkages between adult fishes and their early life stages. These datasets were generated from fishes collected in the northern Gulf ...