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2019

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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Máy Lọc Nước Điện Giải Kangen Leveluk K8 Nhật Bản Chính Hãng, Nhung Seven Dec 2019

Máy Lọc Nước Điện Giải Kangen Leveluk K8 Nhật Bản Chính Hãng, Nhung Seven

Nhung Seven

Giới thiệu sản phẩm máy lọc nước điện giải kangen leveluk k8 Nhật Bản chính hãng đến từ thương hiệu kangen water (Enagic). Máy điện giải leveluk k8 (Kangen 8) là loại máy chống oxy hóa mạnh mẽ nhất của Enagic – có 8 tấm titan platin nhúng để cải thiện ion hóa nước và tăng khả năng sản xuất chất chống oxy hoá.

Máy kangen k8 là sản phẩm được nhiều người quan tâm nhất trong thời gian hiện tại với khả năng điện phân cao nhất mang lại nguồn nước sạch dinh dưỡng đảm bảo sức khỏe người dùng ...


Jual Obat Aborsi Malang 082242266717 Toko Obat Aborsi Di Malang, Acep Shop Nov 2019

Jual Obat Aborsi Malang 082242266717 Toko Obat Aborsi Di Malang, Acep Shop

acep shop

Obat Aborsi Malang, Obat Aborsi Di Malang, Jual Obat Aborsi Di Malang, Jual Obat Aborsi Malang, Jual Obat Penggugur Kandungan Malang, Jual Obat Cytotec Malang, Jual Obat Aborsi Malang, Jual Obat Abirsi Malang Yang Aman Dan Terpercaya, Obat Aborsi Di Malang, Obat Aborsi Asli Malang.

KENALI TANDA - TANDA HAMIL MUDA
Telatnya haid atau datang bulan memang adalah salah satu tanda-tanda kehamilan yang utama. Namun, ada juga lho beberapa gejala atau tanda-tanda kehamilan lainnya yang muncul sebelum kamu telat haid. Berikut penjelasannya:

dokter / apotik / bidan yang jual obat aborsi malang mengatakan Mudah lelah
Rasa mudah lelah tanpa sebab seringkali muncul di ...


Testimoni Manfaat Minyak Bulus Untuk Wajah Memutihkan Dengan Harga Yang Murah, Ripan Maki Oct 2019

Testimoni Manfaat Minyak Bulus Untuk Wajah Memutihkan Dengan Harga Yang Murah, Ripan Maki

ripan maki

Testimoni manfaat minyak bulus untuk wajah memutihkan dengan harga yang murah.

Minyak bulus adalah ramuan atau obat tradisional ini terbuat dari hewan bulus khusus di kalimantan yang sudah di olah sedemikian rupa hingga menghasilkan berbentuk minyak. Kandungan yang ada berupa vitamin E yang sangat banyak khasiat manfaatnya bisa untuk perawatan kulit.

Pembuatan minyak bulus sendiri ada bermacam-macam cara namun yang terbaik adalah di oleh dengan cara di keringkan atau di jemur dibawah cahaya matahari. Lemak lemak akan meleleh karena panas hingga cair.
Karena sangat terkenal nya minyak bulus sering di cari untuk merawat kesehatan kulit. Harganya yang terjangkau dan aman ...


Https://healthandbeautydoctor.com/Rapid-Tone-Diet, Expo Nal Aug 2019

Https://healthandbeautydoctor.com/Rapid-Tone-Diet, Expo Nal

Expo nal

This enhancement will give you results always and this will assist you with reaching on your wellbeing state and the way of life objectives. It will assist you with burning keto and you will appreciate the total attractive lift in your wellbeing. Exogenous ketones equation can improve the general vitality and give your awesome change it gives you clear data of being sound and give their Rapid Tone Diet potential assets the enhancement will work astounding and give you most sultry yield of better your future objectives and prosperity. This with the enhancement is constrained to appreciate the most sultry ...


Ưu Điểm Của Lắp Điện Mặt Trời Hòa Lưới Áp Mái Tại Võ Gia Solar, Võ Gia Solar Jul 2019

Ưu Điểm Của Lắp Điện Mặt Trời Hòa Lưới Áp Mái Tại Võ Gia Solar, Võ Gia Solar

Võ Gia Solar


Demographics Regarding Belief In Non-Human Animal Sentience And Emotional Empathy With Animals: A Pilot Study Among Attendees Of An Animal Welfare Symposium, Amelia Cornish, Bethany Wilson, David Raubenheimer, Paul Mcgreevy Jul 2019

Demographics Regarding Belief In Non-Human Animal Sentience And Emotional Empathy With Animals: A Pilot Study Among Attendees Of An Animal Welfare Symposium, Amelia Cornish, Bethany Wilson, David Raubenheimer, Paul Mcgreevy

Paul McGreevy, Ph.D.

Attitudes to animals are linked to beliefs about their ability to experience pain and suffering, their cognition, and their sentience. Education and awareness-raising play a pivotal role in increasing society’s consideration of non-human animal welfare. The current pilot study explores the attitudes towards animal welfare among a unique population of people who attended an animal welfare symposium at the University of Sydney. It involved administration of a validated questionnaire that assessed attitudes to animals; specifically exploring participants’ (n = 41) beliefs about the sentience of animals and their emotional empathy with animals. The resultant data revealed significant associations between participants ...


Apospory And Diplospory In Diploid Boechera (Brassicaceae) May Facilitate Speciation By Recombination-Driven Apomixis-To-Sex Reversals, John G. Carman, Mayelyn Mateo De Arias, Lei Gao, Xinghua Zhao, Becky M. Kowallis, David A. Sherwood, Manoj K. Srivastava, Krishna K. Dwivedi, Bo J. Price, Landon Watts, Michael D. Windham Jul 2019

Apospory And Diplospory In Diploid Boechera (Brassicaceae) May Facilitate Speciation By Recombination-Driven Apomixis-To-Sex Reversals, John G. Carman, Mayelyn Mateo De Arias, Lei Gao, Xinghua Zhao, Becky M. Kowallis, David A. Sherwood, Manoj K. Srivastava, Krishna K. Dwivedi, Bo J. Price, Landon Watts, Michael D. Windham

John Carman

Apomixis (asexual seed formation) in angiosperms occurs either sporophytically, through adventitious embryony, or gametophytically, where an unreduced female gametophyte (embryo sac) forms and produces an unreduced egg that develops into an embryo parthenogenetically. Multiple types of gametophytic apomixis occur, and these are differentiated based on where and when the unreduced gametophyte forms, a process referred to as apomeiosis. Apomeiotic gametophytes form directly from ameiotic megasporocytes, as in Antennaria-type diplospory, from unreduced spores derived from 1st division meiotic restitutions, as in Taraxacum-type diplospory, or from cells of the ovule wall, as in Hieracium-type apospory. Multiple types of apomeiosis occasionally occur in ...


Light-Dependent Changes In The Spatial Localization Of Metabolites In Solenostemon Scutellarioides (Coleus Henna) Visualized By Matrix-Free Atmospheric Pressure Electrospray Laser Desorption Ionization Mass Spectrometry Imaging, Patrick A. Mcvey, Liza E. Alexander, Xinyu Fu, Bo Xie, Katherine-Jo Galayda, Basil J. Nikolau, Robert S. Houk Jul 2019

Light-Dependent Changes In The Spatial Localization Of Metabolites In Solenostemon Scutellarioides (Coleus Henna) Visualized By Matrix-Free Atmospheric Pressure Electrospray Laser Desorption Ionization Mass Spectrometry Imaging, Patrick A. Mcvey, Liza E. Alexander, Xinyu Fu, Bo Xie, Katherine-Jo Galayda, Basil J. Nikolau, Robert S. Houk

Robert S. Houk

The visualization of foliage color in plants provides immediate insight into some of the compounds that exist in the leaf. However, many non-colored compounds are also present; their cellular distributions are not readily identifiable optically. In this study we evaluate the applicability of mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) via electrospray laser desorption ionization (ELDI) to reveal the spatial distribution of metabolites. ELDI-MSI is a matrix free, atmospheric pressure ionization method that utilizes a UV laser coupled with supplemental ionization by electrospray. We specifically applied ELDI-MSI to determine the spatial distribution of metabolites in Coleus Henna half leaves that were grown with ...


Attendance Trends Threaten Future Operations Of America’S State Park Systems, Jordan W. Smith, Emily J. Wilkins, Yu-Fai Leung Jul 2019

Attendance Trends Threaten Future Operations Of America’S State Park Systems, Jordan W. Smith, Emily J. Wilkins, Yu-Fai Leung

Jordan Smith

This research examines how the operating expenditures of America’s state park systems will be affected by a continued growth in attendance consistent with observed trends as well as potential climate futures. We construct a longitudinal panel dataset (1984–2017) describing the operations and characteristics of all 50 state park systems. These data are analyzed with a time-varying stochastic frontier model. Estimates from the model are used to forecast operating expenditures to midcentury under four different scenarios. The first scenario assumes annual attendance within each state park system will continue to grow (or decline) at the same average annual rate ...


The Developmental And Behavioral Effects Of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol On A Spastic Mutant, Victoria Mendiola Jul 2019

The Developmental And Behavioral Effects Of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol On A Spastic Mutant, Victoria Mendiola

Victoria Mendiola

Hyperekplexia is a neurological disorder affecting infants and can be characterized by excessive startle reactions in response to unexpected stimuli. This disease can be modeled in zebrafish in the bandoneon (beo) mutant, where the glrbbmutation results in glycine receptor (GLYR) loss of function glycine receptors and ultimately, improper inhibitory signaling. Though hyperekplexia is a glycinergic-based signaling disorder, disease symptoms are often alleviated with GABA-agonistic benzodiazepines. Exogenous cannabinoids also modulate GABAergic signaling, and THC, one of the natural compounds that prompted the discovery of the endocannabinoid system mimics the effects of endogenous cannabinoids at endocannabinoid and non-cannabinoid sites in the ...


Phylogeny Of The Ciliate Family Psilotrichidae (Protista, Ciliophora), A Curious And Poorly-Known Taxon, With Notes On Two Algae-Bearing Psilotrichids From Guam, Usa, Xiaotian Luo, Jie A. Huang, Lifang Li, Weibo Song, William A. Bourland Jul 2019

Phylogeny Of The Ciliate Family Psilotrichidae (Protista, Ciliophora), A Curious And Poorly-Known Taxon, With Notes On Two Algae-Bearing Psilotrichids From Guam, Usa, Xiaotian Luo, Jie A. Huang, Lifang Li, Weibo Song, William A. Bourland

William Bourland

Background: The classification of the family Psilotrichidae, a curious group of ciliated protists with unique morphological and ontogenetic features, is ambiguous and poorly understood particularly due to the lack of molecular data. Hence, the systematic relationship between this group and other taxa in the subclass Hypotrichia remains unresolved. In this paper the morphology and phylogenetics of species from two genera of Psilotrichida are studied to shed new light on the phylogeny and species diversity of this group of ciliates.

Results: The 18S rRNA gene sequences of species from two psilotrichid genera were obtained. In the phylogenetic trees, the available psilotrichid ...


Genotype Network Intersections Promote Evolutionary Innovation, Devin P. Bendixsen, James Collet, Bjørn Østman, Eric J. Hayden Jul 2019

Genotype Network Intersections Promote Evolutionary Innovation, Devin P. Bendixsen, James Collet, Bjørn Østman, Eric J. Hayden

Eric J. Hayden

Evolutionary innovations are qualitatively novel traits that emerge through evolution and increase biodiversity. The genetic mechanisms of innovation remain poorly understood. A systems view of innovation requires the analysis of genotype networks—the vast networks of genetic variants that produce the same phenotype. Innovations can occur at the intersection of two different genotype networks. However, the experimental characterization of genotype networks has been hindered by the vast number of genetic variants that need to be functionally analyzed. Here, we use high-throughput sequencing to study the fitness landscape at the intersection of the genotype networks of two catalytic RNA molecules (ribozymes ...


Skeletal Muscle Fiber Adaptations Following Resistance Training Using Repetition Maximums Or Relative Intensity, Kevin M. Carroll, Caleb D. Bazyler, Jake R. Bernards, Christopher Taber, Charles A. Stuart, Brad H. Deweese, Kimitake Sato, Michael H. Stone Jul 2019

Skeletal Muscle Fiber Adaptations Following Resistance Training Using Repetition Maximums Or Relative Intensity, Kevin M. Carroll, Caleb D. Bazyler, Jake R. Bernards, Christopher Taber, Charles A. Stuart, Brad H. Deweese, Kimitake Sato, Michael H. Stone

Christopher Taber

The purpose of the study was to compare the physiological responses of skeletal muscle to a resistance training (RT) program using repetition maximum (RM) or relative intensity (RISR). Fifteen well-trained males underwent RT 3 d·wk−1 for 10 weeks in either an RM group (n = 8) or RISR group (n = 7). The RM group achieved a relative maximum each day, while the RISR group trained based on percentages. The RM group exercised until muscular failure on each exercise, while the RISR group did not reach muscular failure throughout the intervention. Percutaneous needle biopsies of the vastus lateralis were obtained ...


The Genesis Of Malaria: The Origin Of Mosquitoes And Their Protistan Cargo, Plasmodium Falciparum, Alan L. Gillen, Frank Sherwin Jul 2019

The Genesis Of Malaria: The Origin Of Mosquitoes And Their Protistan Cargo, Plasmodium Falciparum, Alan L. Gillen, Frank Sherwin

Alan L. Gillen

Malaria is caused by the parasite belonging to the genus Plasmodium; however, creation biologists maintain this organism was not always parasitic. Plasmodium is probably a degenerate form of algae. Mosquitoes, the vector of Plasmodium, were probably designed to be pollinators, not parasite vectors. In this article, we present both the evolutionary and creation explanation for the origin of malaria with a mention to its vector, the mosquito.

The purpose of this article is to provide a reasonable explanation for the genesis of malaria. Microbiology and parasitology research based on the creation paradigm appears to provide some answers to these puzzling ...


Serratia Marcescens: The Miracle Bacillus, Alan L. Gillen, Rebekah Gibbs Jul 2019

Serratia Marcescens: The Miracle Bacillus, Alan L. Gillen, Rebekah Gibbs

Alan L. Gillen

The objectives of this article are to explain the mysterious appearance of crimson-colored bacteria on food and communion bread/wafers, over the centuries, as well as to describe the biological basis


The Genesis Of Pathogenic E. Coli, Alan L. Gillen, Douglas Oliver Jul 2019

The Genesis Of Pathogenic E. Coli, Alan L. Gillen, Douglas Oliver

Alan L. Gillen

Even though some strains are pathogenic, most E. coli strains still show evidence of being one of God’s “very good” creations.

Fig. 1. E. coli Gram stain (Wiki commons image). E. coli are Gram-negative bacteria, thus red or pink colored. The red color is due to a counterstain, called safranin.

Escherichia coli is frequently in the news (Fig. 1). E. coli often gets “bad press” for contaminating drinking water or causing a food-borne infection (via hamburgers, apple juice, spinach, or other foods). Recently a new strain (E. coli O145) has been implicated in contaminating lettuce in the U.S ...


Robert Koch, Creation, And The Specificity Of Germs, Alan L. Gillen, Douglas Oliver, Frank Sherwin Jul 2019

Robert Koch, Creation, And The Specificity Of Germs, Alan L. Gillen, Douglas Oliver, Frank Sherwin

Alan L. Gillen

Microbiology is dominated by evolution today. Just look at any text, journal article, or the topics presented at professional scientific meetings. Darwin is dominant.

Microbiology is dominated by evolution today. Just look at any text, journal article, or the topics presented at professional scientific meetings. Darwin is dominant. Many argue that “nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution” (Dobzhansky 1973). But it was not always this way. In fact, a review of the major founders of microbiology has shown that they were creationists.1 We would argue that a better idea thanevolution and one of much ...


Antony Van Leeuwenhoek: Creation “Magnified” Through His Magnificent Microscopes, Alan L. Gillen, Douglas Oliver Jul 2019

Antony Van Leeuwenhoek: Creation “Magnified” Through His Magnificent Microscopes, Alan L. Gillen, Douglas Oliver

Alan L. Gillen

Although van Leeuwenhoek was not the inventor of the microscope, he advanced it more than anyone else for seeing living things.

Antony van Leeuwenhoek1 (Fig. 1) found great joy in God’s smallest creatures. He first discovered protozoans in his youth. The Dutch haberdasher retained a child-like joy of discovery from his youth until his death at age 90. He lived to see tiny microbes though his homemade microscopes. He loved to grind and focus a new lens in order to see the unseen world. Leeuwenhoek spent countless hours grinding tiny lenses and looking through them. This Christian lay ...


Biblical Leprosy: Shedding Light On The Disease That Shuns, Alan L. Gillen Jul 2019

Biblical Leprosy: Shedding Light On The Disease That Shuns, Alan L. Gillen

Alan L. Gillen

Leprosy has terrified humanity since ancient times and was reported as early as 600 BC in India, China, and Egypt. Hansen’s disease is still a major health problem.

Disease is a constant reminder of just how much things have changed since God pronounced a curse on the earth. At first, everything was “very good,” but Adam’s sin brought death and decay into the world.


Microbes And The Days Of Creation, Alan L. Gillen Jul 2019

Microbes And The Days Of Creation, Alan L. Gillen

Alan L. Gillen

The world of germs and microbes has received much attention in recent years. But where do microbes fit into the creation account? Were they created along with the rest of the plants and animals in the first week of creation, or were they created later, after the Fall? These are some questions that creation microbiologists have been asking in recent years. Ongoing research, based on the creation paradigm, appears to provide some answers to these puzzling questions. The answers to these questions are not explicit in Scripture, so the answers cannot be dogmatic. However, a reasonable extrapolation from biological data ...


Louis Pasteur’S Views On Creation, Evolution, And The Genesis Of Germs, Alan L. Gillen, Frank Sherwin Jul 2019

Louis Pasteur’S Views On Creation, Evolution, And The Genesis Of Germs, Alan L. Gillen, Frank Sherwin

Alan L. Gillen

“There is no remembrance of men of old, and even those who are yet to come will not be remembered by those who follow.” Ecclesiastes 1:11 (NIV)

In past years revisionist historians have been rewriting the worldview of Christians who have made some of the major discoveries in biology and medicine. It appears that postmodern revisionists are rewriting history to support their agenda of a more “secular” explanation to science. The Judeo-Christian worldview is not politically correct in most universities. This is true in regard to past scientists such as Louis Pasteur who believed in creation. According to reliable ...


Darwin At The Drugstore? Testing The Biological Fitness Of Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria, Alan L. Gillen, Sarah Anderson Jul 2019

Darwin At The Drugstore? Testing The Biological Fitness Of Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria, Alan L. Gillen, Sarah Anderson

Alan L. Gillen

The issue of antibiotic resistance in bacteria is growing. For example, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a leading human pathogen. New strains of MRSA are resistant to methicillin and numerous other antibiotics, placing the patient in significant danger. Indeed, the Centers for Disease Control revealed in 2007 that the number of deaths due to MRSA exceeded that of AIDS in the United States. It is no wonder that antibiotic resistance is one of the most significant and important health care issues. The ability of bacterial pathogens to evade traditional antibiotics is faster than the drug makers’ ability to make new ...


Welfare-Adjusted Life Years (Waly): A Novel Metric Of Animal Welfare That Combines The Impacts Of Impaired Welfare And Abbreviated Lifespan, Kendy Tzu-Yun Teng, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Charline Maerten De Noordhout, Peter Bennett, Paul Mcgreevy, Po-Yu Chiu, Jenny-Ann L.M.L. Toribio, Navneet Dhand Jul 2019

Welfare-Adjusted Life Years (Waly): A Novel Metric Of Animal Welfare That Combines The Impacts Of Impaired Welfare And Abbreviated Lifespan, Kendy Tzu-Yun Teng, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Charline Maerten De Noordhout, Peter Bennett, Paul Mcgreevy, Po-Yu Chiu, Jenny-Ann L.M.L. Toribio, Navneet Dhand

Paul McGreevy, Ph.D.

Currently, separate measures are used to estimate the impact of animal diseases on mortality and animal welfare. This article introduces a novel metric, the Welfare-Adjusted Life Year (WALY), to estimate disease impact by combining welfare compromise and premature death components. Adapting the Disability-Adjusted Life Year approach used in human health audits, we propose WALY as the sum of a) the years lived with impaired welfare due to a particular cause and b) the years of life lost due to the premature death from the same cause. The years lived with impaired welfare are the product of the average duration of ...


Work-Type Influences Perceived Livestock Herding Success In Australian Working Kelpies, Jonathan B. Early, Elizabeth R. Arnott, Lisa J. Mascord, Diane Van Rooy, Paul Mcgreevy, Claire M. Wade Jul 2019

Work-Type Influences Perceived Livestock Herding Success In Australian Working Kelpies, Jonathan B. Early, Elizabeth R. Arnott, Lisa J. Mascord, Diane Van Rooy, Paul Mcgreevy, Claire M. Wade

Paul McGreevy, Ph.D.

Background

Working dog handlers and breeders have very different behavioural requirements in the animals that they employ for managing livestock. The Australian Working Kelpie breed may be used in several working contexts, notably yards, paddocks and a combination of both. The working context influences the skillsets required and gives rise to three corresponding work-types: Yard, Paddock and Utility Kelpies. In particular, dogs used for working stock in the confines of yards and trucks interact with stock more forcefully than those mustering in larger areas (paddocks) where they can herd stock effectively from a greater distance. This article explores owner assessments ...


Hunting And Mountain Sheep: Do Current Harvest Practices Affect Horn Growth?, Tayler N. Lasharr, Ryan A. Long, James R. Heffelfinger, Vernon C. Bleich, Paul R. Krausman, R. Terry Bowyer, Justin M. Shannon, Robert W. Klaver, Clay E. Brewer, Mike Cox, A. Andrew Holland, Anne Hubbs, Chadwick P. Lehman, Jonathatn D. Muir, Bruce Sterling, Kevin L. Monteith Jul 2019

Hunting And Mountain Sheep: Do Current Harvest Practices Affect Horn Growth?, Tayler N. Lasharr, Ryan A. Long, James R. Heffelfinger, Vernon C. Bleich, Paul R. Krausman, R. Terry Bowyer, Justin M. Shannon, Robert W. Klaver, Clay E. Brewer, Mike Cox, A. Andrew Holland, Anne Hubbs, Chadwick P. Lehman, Jonathatn D. Muir, Bruce Sterling, Kevin L. Monteith

Robert Klaver

The influence of human harvest on evolution of secondary sexual characteristics has implications for sustainable management of wildlife populations. The phenotypic consequences of selectively removing males with large horns or antlers from ungulate populations has been a topic of heightened concern in recent years. Harvest can affect size of horn‐like structures in two ways: 1) shifting age structure toward younger age classes, which can reduce the mean size of horn‐like structures; or 2) selecting against genes that produce large, fast‐growing males. We evaluated effects of age, climatic and forage conditions, and metrics of harvest on horn size ...


Differences In Physical Activity And Diet Patterns Between Non-Rural And Rural Adults., Lacey Mccormack, Howard Wey, Jessica Meendering, Bonny Specker Jul 2019

Differences In Physical Activity And Diet Patterns Between Non-Rural And Rural Adults., Lacey Mccormack, Howard Wey, Jessica Meendering, Bonny Specker

Jessica Meendering

BACKGROUND: It is unclear how rural occupations and lifestyles may play a role in shaping physical activity and diet behaviors that contribute to the rural⁻urban obesity disparity.

METHODS: Data come from the prospective and observational South Dakota Rural Bone Health Study, which included adults aged 20⁻66 years in three groups: (1) non-rural non-Hutterite, (2) rural non-Hutterite, and (3) rural Hutterite. Physical activity data were collected using 7-day physical activity questionnaires, and hours per day in physical activity categories are reported. Diet data were collected using food frequency questionnaires, and food group servings per day (svg/day) are reported ...


Cooking And Meal Planning As Predictors Of Fruit And Vegetable Intake And Bmi In First-Year College Students, Andrea Hanson, Kendra K. Kattelmann, Lacey A. Mccormack, Wenjun Zhou, Onika N. Brown, Tanya M. Horacek, Karla P. Shelnutt, Tandalayo Kidd, Audrey Opoku-Acheampong, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Melissa D. Olfert, Sarah E. Colby Jul 2019

Cooking And Meal Planning As Predictors Of Fruit And Vegetable Intake And Bmi In First-Year College Students, Andrea Hanson, Kendra K. Kattelmann, Lacey A. Mccormack, Wenjun Zhou, Onika N. Brown, Tanya M. Horacek, Karla P. Shelnutt, Tandalayo Kidd, Audrey Opoku-Acheampong, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Melissa D. Olfert, Sarah E. Colby

Lacey Arneson McCormack

The objective was to determine if cooking skills and meal planning behaviors are associated with greater fruit and vegetable intake and lower body mass index (BMI) in first-year college students who are at risk for excessive weight gain. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted using baseline data from a multi-state research project aimed at preventing weight gain in first-year college students. Cooking type, frequency and confidence, self-instruction for healthful mealtime behavior intention, self-regulation of healthful mealtime behavior, and cup equivalents of fruits and vegetables (FV) were measured using validated surveys. BMI was calculated from measured height and weight. First-year students (n ...


Qualitative Analysis Of Grocery Store And Farmers Market Manager Perceptions Regarding Use Of Fruit And Vegetable Educational Materials, Lacey Mccormack, Shelly Brandenburger, Karlys Wells, Suzanne Stluka Jul 2019

Qualitative Analysis Of Grocery Store And Farmers Market Manager Perceptions Regarding Use Of Fruit And Vegetable Educational Materials, Lacey Mccormack, Shelly Brandenburger, Karlys Wells, Suzanne Stluka

Lacey Arneson McCormack

The Pick it! Try it! Like it! (PTL) educational resource set, developed to display in grocery stores and farmers markets, teaches individuals how to shop for and prepare healthy fruit and vegetable dishes. Because program buy-in must be obtained from location managers before implementation occurs, the purpose of this study was to qualitatively examine the perceptions that grocery store and farmers market managers have regarding PTL implementation. Locations that requested PTL materials during 2013-14 were contacted and asked to answer 13 questions. Responses were analyzed using the content analysis method with themes generated and frequencies reported. Analyses examined manager perceptions ...


Differences In Physical Activity And Diet Patterns Between Non-Rural And Rural Adults., Lacey Mccormack, Howard Wey, Jessica Meendering, Bonny Specker Jul 2019

Differences In Physical Activity And Diet Patterns Between Non-Rural And Rural Adults., Lacey Mccormack, Howard Wey, Jessica Meendering, Bonny Specker

Lacey Arneson McCormack

BACKGROUND: It is unclear how rural occupations and lifestyles may play a role in shaping physical activity and diet behaviors that contribute to the rural⁻urban obesity disparity.

METHODS: Data come from the prospective and observational South Dakota Rural Bone Health Study, which included adults aged 20⁻66 years in three groups: (1) non-rural non-Hutterite, (2) rural non-Hutterite, and (3) rural Hutterite. Physical activity data were collected using 7-day physical activity questionnaires, and hours per day in physical activity categories are reported. Diet data were collected using food frequency questionnaires, and food group servings per day (svg/day) are reported ...


Redesign, Field-Testing, And Validation Of The Physical Activity Campus Environmental Supports (Paces) Audit., Tanya M. Horacek, Elif Dede Yildirim, Dean Seidman, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Sarah E. Colby, Adrienne A. White, Karla P. Shelnutt, Melissa D. Olfert, Anne E. Matthews, Kristin Riggsbee, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Jesse Stabile Morrell, Kendra Kattelmann Jul 2019

Redesign, Field-Testing, And Validation Of The Physical Activity Campus Environmental Supports (Paces) Audit., Tanya M. Horacek, Elif Dede Yildirim, Dean Seidman, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Sarah E. Colby, Adrienne A. White, Karla P. Shelnutt, Melissa D. Olfert, Anne E. Matthews, Kristin Riggsbee, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Jesse Stabile Morrell, Kendra Kattelmann

Kendra Kattelmann

This paper describes the redesign, field-testing, and convergent validity of a practical tool-Physical Activity Campus Environmental Supports (PACES) audit. Methods. The audit includes two parts: (1) PACES-Programs, which is comprised of questions regarding populations served, fees, programs (recreation/fitness classes and intramurals), proximity, adequacy of facilities, and marketing, and (2) PACES-Facilities, which is comprised of questions regarding built environment (aesthetics, bike racks, stairs, and universal design), recreation equipment, staff, amenities, and access. Each item criterion is specifically scored using a five-point, semantic-differential scale ranging from limited to extensive environmental support. A few questions utilize select all that apply for a ...