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Life Sciences Commons

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2019

Utah State University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 219

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Eared Grebe Nesting Ecology And Chronology Along The Great Salt Lake, Utah, Leah M. Delahoussaye Aug 2019

Eared Grebe Nesting Ecology And Chronology Along The Great Salt Lake, Utah, Leah M. Delahoussaye

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Eared Grebes (Podiceps nigricollis) are migratory birds that build their nests over water and in large groups called colonies. Their typical breeding range is in central southern Canada and northern United States; however, a previously uncertain number of Eared Grebes (grebes) also nest around the Great Salt Lake (GSL), Utah, at the southern edge of their breeding range. Little is known about the habitat requirements for grebe nesting colonies at such low latitudes and if they are different from colonies found elsewhere. My objectives for this research were to determine the status of the grebe nesting population as well as ...


Electronic Transmutation: An Aid For The Rational Design Of New Chemical Materials Using The Knowledge Of Bonding And Structure Of Neighboring Elements, Katie A. Lundell Aug 2019

Electronic Transmutation: An Aid For The Rational Design Of New Chemical Materials Using The Knowledge Of Bonding And Structure Of Neighboring Elements, Katie A. Lundell

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Everything in the universe is made up of elements from the periodic table. Each element has its own role that it plays in the formation of things it makes up. For instance, pencil lead is graphite. A series of honeycomb-like structures made up of carbon stacked on top of one another. Carbon’s neighbor to the left, boron doesn’t like to form such stacked honeycomb-like structures. But, what if there was a way to make boron act like carbon so it did like to form such structures? That question is the basis of the electronic transmutation concept presented in ...


Quantifying The Predictability Of Evolution At The Genomic Level In Lycaeides Butterflies, Samridhi Chaturvedi Aug 2019

Quantifying The Predictability Of Evolution At The Genomic Level In Lycaeides Butterflies, Samridhi Chaturvedi

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Stephen Jay Gould, a great scientist and evolutionary biologists, suggested that if we could replay the tape of life, we would not have observed similar course of events because evolution is stochastic and if affected by several events. Since then, the possibility that evolution is repeatable or predictable has been debated. Studies using large-scale evolution experiments, long-term data for individual populations, and controlled experiments in nature, have demonstrated phenotypic and genetic convergence in several taxa. These studies suggest that despite some randomness, predictable evolutionary patterns can emerge on a large temporal and spatial scale. However, a few cases also exist ...


Using Tree-Ring Growth And Stable Isotopes To Explore Ponderosa Pine Ecophysiological Responses To Climate Variability And The 2012-2015 California Drought, Rachel M. Keen Aug 2019

Using Tree-Ring Growth And Stable Isotopes To Explore Ponderosa Pine Ecophysiological Responses To Climate Variability And The 2012-2015 California Drought, Rachel M. Keen

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Climate warming in recent decades has resulted in more frequent and severe drought events in the western United States. These changes are projected to continue, making it exceedingly important to understand how forests respond to severe drought stress, and how we can manage these forests to reduce mortality during future events. The 2012-2015 California drought is a recent example of a severe, multi-year drought that was coupled with an epidemic-scale outbreak of western pine beetle, killing nearly 90% of ponderosa pines in the central and southern Sierra Nevadas. In the first portion of this study, we compared pairs of surviving ...


Linkage Of Climate Diagnostics In Predictions For Crop Production: Cold Impacts In Taiwan And Thailand, Parichart Promchote Aug 2019

Linkage Of Climate Diagnostics In Predictions For Crop Production: Cold Impacts In Taiwan And Thailand, Parichart Promchote

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research presents three case studies of low temperature anomalies that occurred during the winter–spring seasons and their influence on extreme events and crop production. We investigate causes and effects of each climate event and developed prediction methods for crops based on the climate diagnostic information. The first study diagnosed the driven environmental-factors, including climate pattern, climate change, soils moisture, and sea level height, associated with the 2011 great flood in Thailand and resulting total crop loss. The second study investigated climate circulation and indices that contributed to wet-and-cold (WC) events leading to significant crop damage in Taiwan. We ...


Barriers, Roles, And Information Source Preferences For Utilizing Agricultural Science Projects Among Utah 4-H Extension Professionals, Aleigh Aurin Aug 2019

Barriers, Roles, And Information Source Preferences For Utilizing Agricultural Science Projects Among Utah 4-H Extension Professionals, Aleigh Aurin

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Agriscience is the growing study of biotechnology, business, and economics within the agriculture industry. Through 4-H, youth can experience hands on learning through different program areas. The purpose of this study was to identify the barriers, roles, and how Utah 4-H personnel preferred to learn about new programs. The study showed time and available volunteers were a barrier for 4-H Extension personnel to implement Agriscience projects. Other results included internet and workshops as the top choices for training programs. The Extension personnel agreed it was their job to involve and educate youth. Yet, need training in how to integrate Robotics ...


Genetic Mapping Of Grass Monoculture And Grass-Legume Mixture Compatibility Qtls In Intermediate Wheatgrass, John Mortenson Aug 2019

Genetic Mapping Of Grass Monoculture And Grass-Legume Mixture Compatibility Qtls In Intermediate Wheatgrass, John Mortenson

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Due to increased environmental stewardship and fertilizer prices, there is increased interest in using legume mixes in perennial croplands. The objective of this study was to compare quantitative genetic parameters and quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with intermediate wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium) when grown in 1) a non-competitive spaced environment, 2) a polyculture with alfalfa (Medicago sativa), and 3) a monoculture with crested wheatgrass (Agropyron desertorum). Traits evaluated include plant growth characteristics (Zadok’s maturity, height, and tiller count), biomass, and forage nutritive value (CP, NDF, ADF, ADL, IVTD, NDFD, NFC, ME, RFQ). A linkage map comprised of 3568 single nucleotide ...


Twenty-First Century Skills: A Needs Assessment Of School-Based Agricultural Education Teachers, Kisia J. Weeks Aug 2019

Twenty-First Century Skills: A Needs Assessment Of School-Based Agricultural Education Teachers, Kisia J. Weeks

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Preparing students to be career and work ready is a concern of educators and schools nationwide. Twenty-first century skills prepare students to enter the workforce or higher education with the ability to think critically and creatively, collaborate with others, take the initiative when approached with a task, and use technology to its fullest potential. If students are not learning the skills needed for success, it is because educators and schools are not teaching them. When students possess these skills, they are prepared to work in teams, think critically and creatively about a problem, display leadership and social skills, and communicate ...


Effect Of Supplemental Prebiotics, Probiotics And Bioactive Proteins On The Microbiome Composition And Gut Physiology In C57bl6/J Mice, Ye Li Aug 2019

Effect Of Supplemental Prebiotics, Probiotics And Bioactive Proteins On The Microbiome Composition And Gut Physiology In C57bl6/J Mice, Ye Li

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The composition and metabolic activity of the microbiome affect many aspects of health, and there is current interest in dietary constituents that may affect this system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a mix of probiotics, a mix of prebiotics and a bioactive protein fraction on the microbiome, when fed to mice individually and in combination. Mice were fed the total western diet (TWD) supplemented with prebiotics, probiotics, and Tri-Factor (bioactive proteins) individually and in combination for four weeks. Subsequently, effects on the composition of gut microbiome, gut short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) concentration, gut ...


Oystershell (Mussel) Scale (Lepidosaphes Ulmi), Jay B. Karren, Alan H. Roe, Ryan Davis Jul 2019

Oystershell (Mussel) Scale (Lepidosaphes Ulmi), Jay B. Karren, Alan H. Roe, Ryan Davis

All Current Publications

The oystershell scale belongs to a group of insects called the armored scales. The adult insect is enclosed in a shell made up of its own shed skins and waxy secretions. Under this covering is a sac-like animal that is quite different in appearance from most insects. It has no legs, eyes, or antennae.


Sandia En El Huerto, Rick Heflebower, Dan Drost Jul 2019

Sandia En El Huerto, Rick Heflebower, Dan Drost

All Current Publications

No abstract provided.


Integrating Arthropod And Weed Management In A Water-Stressed Agro-Ecosystem, Ricardo Ramirez Jun 2019

Integrating Arthropod And Weed Management In A Water-Stressed Agro-Ecosystem, Ricardo Ramirez

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Mitochondria Modulation Of Postmortem Proteolysis And Tenderization, Sulaiman K. Matarneh Jun 2019

Mitochondria Modulation Of Postmortem Proteolysis And Tenderization, Sulaiman K. Matarneh

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Mind The Gap: Experimental Tests To Improve Efficacy Of Fladry For Nonlethal Management Of Coyotes, Julie K. Young, John P. Draper, Stewart Breck Jun 2019

Mind The Gap: Experimental Tests To Improve Efficacy Of Fladry For Nonlethal Management Of Coyotes, Julie K. Young, John P. Draper, Stewart Breck

Ecology Center Publications

Coyotes (Canis latrans) are the top predator of livestock in the contiguous United States. Developing more effective nonlethal tools to prevent coyote depredation will facilitate coexistence between livestock producers and coyotes. Fladry is a nonlethal deterrent designed to defend livestock by creating a visual barrier to wolves (C. lupus). Fladry may also be effective with coyotes, but large gap spacing between flags may reduce its efficacy. To address this issue, we performed 2 experiments on captive coyotes using fladry modified to reduce gap spacing at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Predator Research Facility in Millville, Utah, USA, during 2015 ...


Twentieth Century Geomorphic Changes Of The Lower Green River In Canyonlands National Park, Utah: An Investigation Of Timing, Magnitude And Process, Alexander E. Walker, John C. Schmidt, Paul E. Grams Jun 2019

Twentieth Century Geomorphic Changes Of The Lower Green River In Canyonlands National Park, Utah: An Investigation Of Timing, Magnitude And Process, Alexander E. Walker, John C. Schmidt, Paul E. Grams

Watershed Sciences Faculty Publications

Since the early 20th century, the Green River, the longest tributary of the Colorado River, has narrowed, decreasing available riparian and aquatic habitat.

Initially, the widespread establishment of non-native tamarisk was considered to be the primary driver of channel narrowing. An alternative hypothesis postulated that changes in hydrology drove narrowing. Reductions in total streamflow and changes to flow regime occurred due to wide-spread water development, decreased snowmelt flood magnitude, and the increased cyclicity of wet and dry years. The two hypotheses agree on channel narrowing, but each influences modern river management differently. A tamarisk-driven model of narrowing implies that ...


Zika Virus Associated Pathology And Antigen Presence In The Testicle In The Absence Of Sexual Transmission During Subacute To Chronic Infection In A Mouse Model, Chad S. Clancy, Arnaud J. Van Wettere, John D. Morrey, Justin G. Julander Jun 2019

Zika Virus Associated Pathology And Antigen Presence In The Testicle In The Absence Of Sexual Transmission During Subacute To Chronic Infection In A Mouse Model, Chad S. Clancy, Arnaud J. Van Wettere, John D. Morrey, Justin G. Julander

Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Science Faculty Publications

Zika virus (ZIKV) is an arboviral infection that has been shown to be sexually transmitted. The study outlined herein aims to determine if accessory sex glands and epididymal epithelial cells are sources of viral persistence in subacute and chronic ZIKV infection, and if infection of these organs is important in sexual transmission during long-term (chronic) infection. Male interferon type I receptor knockout (Ifnar−/−) mice were challenged with ZIKV and reproductive tissues were harvested 14 and 35 days post infection (DPI) for inoculation studies and 14, 35 and 70 DPI for histopathology. Artificial insemination fluid derived from epididymal flush and seminal ...


First Detector Guide To Invasive Insects, Lori R. Spears, Diane G. Alston, Erin Brennan, Cami Cannon, Joey Caputo, Ryan Davis, Liz Herbertson, Colleen Keyes, Danielle Malesky, Darren Mcavoy, Ann M. Mull, Ricardo A. Ramirez, Taryn M. Rodman, Kristopher Watson Jun 2019

First Detector Guide To Invasive Insects, Lori R. Spears, Diane G. Alston, Erin Brennan, Cami Cannon, Joey Caputo, Ryan Davis, Liz Herbertson, Colleen Keyes, Danielle Malesky, Darren Mcavoy, Ann M. Mull, Ricardo A. Ramirez, Taryn M. Rodman, Kristopher Watson

All Current Publications

This is a guide to help first detectors identify invasive insects, including biology, identification, and monitoring.


Common Stink Bugs Of Utah, Mark Cody Holthouse, Zachary R. Schumm, Diane G. Alston, Lori R. Spears Jun 2019

Common Stink Bugs Of Utah, Mark Cody Holthouse, Zachary R. Schumm, Diane G. Alston, Lori R. Spears

All Current Publications

This fact sheet provides information of some of Utah's commonly encountered stink bugs, including what they look like, where to find them, and other key identifying characteristics.


The Dieting Dilemma, Cindy Nelson, Kierstin Harris Jun 2019

The Dieting Dilemma, Cindy Nelson, Kierstin Harris

All Current Publications

This fact sheet discusses dieting and why some diets don't work. People who want to lose weight, and keep it off, will need to make permanent life changes. Losing weight is not just something that you can do for a couple weeks, it is a lifestyle that you must be willing and able to keep and work hard at to be successful.


Setting Up Your Hive And Installing Bees, Andree Walker-Bravo, Sheriden M. Hansen, Jaydee Gunnell Jun 2019

Setting Up Your Hive And Installing Bees, Andree Walker-Bravo, Sheriden M. Hansen, Jaydee Gunnell

All Current Publications

Getting your hive set up and your bees installed is an exciting first step for a beekeeper. However, it can also be a confusing and anxious time if it is your first experience. As there are many different methods for installing bees, this fact sheet provides a guide for the first time beekeeper. As you become more comfortable and experienced with your bees, you may modify these recommendations and methods to you own preferences.


Mindfulness For Chronic Pain Management, Maren Wright Voss, Kandice Atisme, Ashley Yaugher, Sandra H. Sulzer Jun 2019

Mindfulness For Chronic Pain Management, Maren Wright Voss, Kandice Atisme, Ashley Yaugher, Sandra H. Sulzer

All Current Publications

Chronic pain often occurs even after healing in the injury site because of changes in the way the brain perceives pain. Mindfulness is a simple mental activity, proven to reduce pain and the need for pain medication. Mindfulness increases the ability to mentally regulate pain, emotion, and behavior, alters the way the brain processes rewards, and restores positive feelings. Mindfulness can be learned in a class or at home and is an accessible alternative for managing pain.


Mobile Drip Irrigation For Pivots And Laterals, Matt Yost, Jonno Holt, Chad Reid, Dean Winward, Niel Allen, Earl Creech Jun 2019

Mobile Drip Irrigation For Pivots And Laterals, Matt Yost, Jonno Holt, Chad Reid, Dean Winward, Niel Allen, Earl Creech

All Current Publications

This fact sheet is base on four irrigation demonstration/research trials conducted during 2018. It is part of ongoing research.


Collecting Plants On Public Lands For Utah Landscaping, Larry Rupp, Mark Williams, Candace Schaible Jun 2019

Collecting Plants On Public Lands For Utah Landscaping, Larry Rupp, Mark Williams, Candace Schaible

All Current Publications

This fact sheet provides information of collecting, transplanting, and establishing native plants in a landscape. It includes the rules and regulations for collecting plants from Utah wildlands.


Four Key Considerations When Choosing A Financial Professional, Amanda H. Christensen Jun 2019

Four Key Considerations When Choosing A Financial Professional, Amanda H. Christensen

All Current Publications

This fact sheet covers four important aspects to understand when choosing a financial professional; standards of practice, how financial professionals are compensated, financial professional certifications, and questions to ask a financial professional before giving them your business.


Assessing The Utility Of Conserving Evolutionary History, Caroline M. Tucker, Tracy Aze, Marc W. Cadotte, Juan L. Cantalapiedra, Chelsea Chisholm, Sandra Díaz, Richard Grenyer, Danwei Huang, Florent Mazel, William D. Pearse, Matthew W. Pennell, Marten Winter, Arne O. Mooers May 2019

Assessing The Utility Of Conserving Evolutionary History, Caroline M. Tucker, Tracy Aze, Marc W. Cadotte, Juan L. Cantalapiedra, Chelsea Chisholm, Sandra Díaz, Richard Grenyer, Danwei Huang, Florent Mazel, William D. Pearse, Matthew W. Pennell, Marten Winter, Arne O. Mooers

Ecology Center Publications

It is often claimed that conserving evolutionary history is more efficient than species‐based approaches for capturing the attributes of biodiversity that benefit people. This claim underpins academic analyses and recommendations about the distribution and prioritization of species and areas for conservation, but evolutionary history is rarely considered in practical conservation activities. One impediment to implementation is that arguments related to the human‐centric benefits of evolutionary history are often vague and the underlying mechanisms poorly explored. Herein we identify the arguments linking the prioritization of evolutionary history with benefits to people, and for each we explicate the purported mechanism ...


Incomplete Urethral Duplication Associated With A Dermoid Cyst Within A Vascular Hamartoma In A Female Dog, Chad S. Clancy, Gordon A. Hullinger, Arnaud J. Van Wettere May 2019

Incomplete Urethral Duplication Associated With A Dermoid Cyst Within A Vascular Hamartoma In A Female Dog, Chad S. Clancy, Gordon A. Hullinger, Arnaud J. Van Wettere

Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Science Faculty Publications

A seven-year-old spayed female Labrador retriever presented for necropsy following an acute history of thrombocytopenia, anemia, leukocytosis and abdominal effusion. A 2 × 3 × 10 cm, cylindrical to tubular, mottled red-to-tan mass extended from the caudal pelvic cavity caudally and ventrally under the dermis along the caudal aspect of the left pelvic limb adjacent to the semimembranosus and semitendinosus musculature. Histologic examination of the mass revealed a singular central lumen lined by urothelium that multifocally transitioned into non-keratinizing, stratified squamous epithelium associated with few hair follicles and sweat glands. The lumen was surrounded by a dense collagenous stroma containing numerous, variably ...


Carbon Control On Terrestrial Ecosystem Function Across Contrasting Site Productivities: The Carbon Connection Revisited, Nicholas C. Dove, John M. Stark, Gregory S. Newman, Stephen C. Hart May 2019

Carbon Control On Terrestrial Ecosystem Function Across Contrasting Site Productivities: The Carbon Connection Revisited, Nicholas C. Dove, John M. Stark, Gregory S. Newman, Stephen C. Hart

Ecology Center Publications

Understanding how altered soil organic carbon (SOC) availability affects microbial communities and their function is imperative in predicting impacts of global change on soil carbon (C) storage and ecosystem function. However, the response of soil microbial communities and their function to depleted C availability in situ is unclear. We evaluated the role of soil C inputs in controlling microbial biomass, community composition, physiology, and function by (1) experimentally excluding plant C inputs in situ for 9 yr in four temperate forest ecosystems along a productivity gradient in Oregon, USA; and (2) integrating these findings with published data from similar C ...


Ectoparasite Burden Influences The Denning Behavior Of A Small Desert Carnivore, Bryan M. Kluever, David T. Iles, Eric M. Gese May 2019

Ectoparasite Burden Influences The Denning Behavior Of A Small Desert Carnivore, Bryan M. Kluever, David T. Iles, Eric M. Gese

Wildland Resources Faculty Publications

Quantifying the impacts of parasitism on a host can be arduous and is generally understudied for ectoparasites, with known works being either laboratory‐focused, correlational‐based, or only focusing on a few species and spatial extents. Many mammalian species have evolved the modality of denning behavior, a lifestyle that can lead to higher ectoparasite burden, and it has been posited that animals may alter their denning behavior in an attempt to reduce exposure to ectoparasites. We conducted a test of the ectoparasite release hypothesis for kit foxes (Vulpes macrotis) and fleas in the Great Basin Desert of the western United ...


Cover, Editorial Staff, Journal Information May 2019

Cover, Editorial Staff, Journal Information

Human–Wildlife Interactions

This includes the cover, editorial staff, and journal information.


Table Of Contents May 2019

Table Of Contents

Human–Wildlife Interactions

This is the table of contents.