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2019

University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Economics

Articles 1 - 16 of 16

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Nebraska Strong - Social Capital In Action, Marilyn Schlake Apr 2019

Nebraska Strong - Social Capital In Action, Marilyn Schlake

Cornhusker Economics

We have heard it and we have witnessed it in action. Nebraska Strong has been a unifying message that is bringing Nebraskans, friends and family together from across the nation. Signifying strength, determination, and a resolve to rebuild, Nebraska Strong has bolstered communities and individuals who have, in some cases, lost all semblance of what they had prior to the disastrous March blizzard and floods. Through this simple message, individuals have begun to utilize their social group networks or social capital to support recovery efforts.

Through the study of communities that have experienced major disasters, researchers found the existence of ...


The Impact Of Different Data Processing Methods On Site-Specific Management Recommendation, Taro Mieno, Joe D. Luck, Zhengzheng Gao Apr 2019

The Impact Of Different Data Processing Methods On Site-Specific Management Recommendation, Taro Mieno, Joe D. Luck, Zhengzheng Gao

Cornhusker Economics

Precision agriculture has the potential to enhance farming profitability substantially via site-specific management of fields. One of the promising ways of generating such profitability-enhancing input is to a use recommendation map is on-farm randomized trials. The process of generating an input (say nitrogen) using a recommendation map typically involves the following steps:

1. Design and implement randomized input use trial

2. Collect yield data along with other field characteristics (Slope, Electrical Conductivity, and Organic Matter)

3. Process the data for statistical analysis

4. Conduct regression analysis to estimate production function (how the input affect crop yield)

5. For each of ...


The Role Of Insured Bushels And Pre-Harvest Hedging For An Eastern Nebraska County Under Rain-Fed Growing Conditions, Cory Walters, Richard Preston Apr 2019

The Role Of Insured Bushels And Pre-Harvest Hedging For An Eastern Nebraska County Under Rain-Fed Growing Conditions, Cory Walters, Richard Preston

Cornhusker Economics

At the beginning of the crop year crop producers face unknown yields and prices resulting in a large range of end of season (fall) net income. Producers can chose to participate in risk management tools, resulting in a reshaping of the fall net income distribution. Two of the most common tools are crop insurance and pre-harvest hedging (hereafter referred to as hedging). The most common crop insurance policy sold today is Revenue Protection (RP) where both yield and prices are insured. RP policy represents an intriguing crop insurance contract since it not only insures against price declines between spring and ...


Nebraska Women In Agriculture “Take Charge Of Change”, Jessica J. Groskopf Mar 2019

Nebraska Women In Agriculture “Take Charge Of Change”, Jessica J. Groskopf

Cornhusker Economics

A crowd of almost 300 gathered together Feb. 21 and 22 in Kearney, Nebraska for the 34th Annual Nebraska Women in Agriculture Conference, with the theme “Take Charge of Change.”

The conference is one of the longest-running women's conferences of its kind in the country. The goal of the Nebraska Women in Agriculture Conference is for women to build relationships with each other while gaining valuable knowledge about managing risk on their farms and ranches. The event featured 4 general session speakers and over 30 workshop sessions.

The keynote speaker this year was Marji Guyler- Alaniz, President and Founder ...


Market Impacts Of A Meat Tax, Regan Gilmore, Azzeddine Azzam Mar 2019

Market Impacts Of A Meat Tax, Regan Gilmore, Azzeddine Azzam

Cornhusker Economics

Over time, animal activists and environmentalists have made calls to put a tax on meat. What effect would that have? To find out, we estimated the impacts that a retail-level greenhouse gas (GHG) tax on meat would have on livestock and grain markets.

The research used a multi-market economic model that integrates the beef, pork, and poultry markets with the corn, distillers' grain, soybean, soymeal, and ethanol markets. For GHG taxes, we used those provided by Springman et al. based on a emission price (social cost) of $52 per metric ton of carbon dioxide equivalent estimated by EPA. Emissions by ...


Nebraska Farm Real Estate Values Continue Gradual Declines In 2019, Jim Jansen, Jeff Stokes Mar 2019

Nebraska Farm Real Estate Values Continue Gradual Declines In 2019, Jim Jansen, Jeff Stokes

Cornhusker Economics

The market value of agricultural land in Nebraska declined by three percent over the prior year to an average of $2,650 per acre according to the 2019 Nebraska Farm Real Estate Market Survey (Figure 1 and Table 1). This marks the fifth consecutive year of downward pressure as market values have dropped approximately 20 percent since reaching a high of $3,315 in 2014.

The University of Nebraska-Lincoln Department of Agricultural Economics annually surveys Nebraska land professionals including appraisers, farm and ranch managers, and agricultural bankers. Results from the survey are divided by land class and summarized by the ...


Things To Consider Before Co-Signing A Loan, J. David Aiken Mar 2019

Things To Consider Before Co-Signing A Loan, J. David Aiken

Cornhusker Economics

Parents co-signing loans for their children is common in agriculture. This usually happens when the child needs a loan to purchase land, livestock, or farm equipment. Lenders are more willing to make the loan to a beginning producer if the parents co-sign. This means the parents promise to repay the loan if the younger producer cannot. Parents have been doing this as a way to help their kids get started in agriculture for decades. If the child turns out to be an effective producer, the risk of the parents being on the hook for the unpaid loan balance is pretty ...


2019 Nebraska Property Tax School Funding Issues, J. David Aiken Feb 2019

2019 Nebraska Property Tax School Funding Issues, J. David Aiken

Cornhusker Economics

Nebraska agricultural property taxes are among the highest in the United States. Over the last three years, Nebraska farmers and ranchers have paid nearly 31 percent of their net farm income as property taxes (47 percent in 2017). When state and federal taxes are factored in, this represents an effective tax rate of more than 50 percent (over 60 percent in 2017). While no one particularly enjoys paying property taxes (or any other tax), property taxes are especially burdensome for Nebraska farmers and ranchers.

The proposed 2020 constitutional amendment to provide property tax relief would require dramatic state spending cuts ...


Three Key Factors To Balance When Choosing A Calving Season Based On Profitability, Matt Stockton, Devin Broadhead Feb 2019

Three Key Factors To Balance When Choosing A Calving Season Based On Profitability, Matt Stockton, Devin Broadhead

Cornhusker Economics

Cow producers base major decisions such as calving season on expected economic outcomes which include productivity, input costs, personal capability, individual preferences, markets, and so on. Calving systems are generally categorized into three seasons, spring, summer and fall. Many producers select the spring calving season to maximize the weaned calf weight at the end of the summer grass season. Unfortunately this increases feeding costs since extra nutrition is needed in the spring, prior to pastures being opened. Also due to the widespread adoption of this early spring calving, the mass marketing in late fall often results in depressed calf prices ...


Three Key Factors To Balance When Choosing A Calving Season Based On Profitability, Matt Stockton, Devin Broadhead Feb 2019

Three Key Factors To Balance When Choosing A Calving Season Based On Profitability, Matt Stockton, Devin Broadhead

Cornhusker Economics

Cow producers base major decisions such as calving season on expected economic outcomes which include productivity, input costs, personal capability, individual preferences, markets, and so on. Calving systems are generally categorized into three seasons, spring, summer and fall. Many producers select the spring calving season to maximize the weaned calf weight at the end of the summer grass season. Unfortunately this increases feeding costs since extra nutrition is needed in the spring, prior to pastures being opened. Also due to the widespread adoption of this early spring calving, the mass marketing in late fall often results in depressed calf prices ...


Negotiating Cash Rent: What It Takes To Negotiate Like A Pro, Austin Duerfeldt Feb 2019

Negotiating Cash Rent: What It Takes To Negotiate Like A Pro, Austin Duerfeldt

Cornhusker Economics

The number one question I receive is about cash rent prices. Many landlords and tenants are working to find an equitable arrangement before February 28, 2019. Given the constraints on both sides, real estate taxes and the farm economy finding that arrangement is difficult. Becoming creative in how you analyze and value different cash rent options is necessary. Before sitting down face to face, here are some suggestions and preparations I recommend that can help maximize success.


Per-Ingredient Calorie Information Reduces Calories Ordered More In A Food-Away-From-Home Setting Than Information Provided Per, Christopher Gustafson, Eliana Zeballos Feb 2019

Per-Ingredient Calorie Information Reduces Calories Ordered More In A Food-Away-From-Home Setting Than Information Provided Per, Christopher Gustafson, Eliana Zeballos

Cornhusker Economics

Obesity rates in the United States have risen dramatically over the past five decades, reaching what many public health officials have referred to as epidemic proportions. A common policy response to this obesity epidemic—which is often attributed to overconsumption of highly caloric, unhealthy foods—has been to increase consumers’ access to nutrition information to help them to make healthier choices. Recently, the increasing frequency of food consumption at restaurants led to the development of nutrition labeling requirements for restaurants with 20 or more locations. The rule, requiring food retailers to post calorie amounts and to make available information about ...


Tax Strategies For Farmers And Cooperatives Under The New Section 199a, Greg Mckee Jan 2019

Tax Strategies For Farmers And Cooperatives Under The New Section 199a, Greg Mckee

Cornhusker Economics

This tax season will be the first time cooperatives and their patrons will consider the income tax consequences of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA). A key element of the TCJA, Section 199A, affects farm income tax liability. Not only is the Section 199A deduction a good tax break for farmers, it changes incentives for farmer patrons to market through cooperatives. It also changes incentives for how cooperatives distribute their income. Cooperative members, their boards of directors, and management teams will have many tax strategy options to consider in 2019.

The good news about Section 199A is ...


Trends In Nebraska Agricultural Land Ownership And Rental Patterns, Jim Jansen, Jay Parsons, Kate Brooks Jan 2019

Trends In Nebraska Agricultural Land Ownership And Rental Patterns, Jim Jansen, Jay Parsons, Kate Brooks

Cornhusker Economics

In Nebraska, different types of rental arrangements are used on agricultural land. These arrangements commonly include crop share, cash lease, and cash lease with flexible provisions.

Crop Share: landowner receives a percentage of actual crop yield as payment for leasing the agricultural land to the tenant. The landowner may share input and production costs of raising the crop.

Cash Leases: landowner receives an agreed upon cash payment amount for leasing the agricultural land to the tenant.

Cash lease with Flexible Provisions: land owner and tenant set a base cash rental rate which can flex upon actual crop yields, prices, or ...


Avoid Family Trouble When Planning Farm/Ranch Succession, Allan Vyhnalek Jan 2019

Avoid Family Trouble When Planning Farm/Ranch Succession, Allan Vyhnalek

Cornhusker Economics

The story goes like this: The family has one brother who stayed on the farm to work with Mom and Dad. Mom and Dad are now gone. The other brothers and sisters are now wanting to meet to determine an equitable way to split the assets. The on-farm brother has been there over 50 years. He has contributed sweat, management, and value to the operation for decades.

Then the reality sets in. There is a family conversation about the farm now that the parents are gone. It is fairly common to have a difference in perception about the on-farm brother ...


Examining Preferences For Rural Living And How To Save The Rural Economy, Rebecca J. Vogt Jan 2019

Examining Preferences For Rural Living And How To Save The Rural Economy, Rebecca J. Vogt

Cornhusker Economics

Recent articles in the New York Times and the Washington Post discuss preferences for rural living and if rural economies can be saved. Data from the Nebraska Rural Poll and other state surveys are used to further explore these topics.