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1908 - The Missions And Missionaries Of California, Vol. I, Lower California, Zephyrin Engelhardt Feb 2019

1908 - The Missions And Missionaries Of California, Vol. I, Lower California, Zephyrin Engelhardt

Franciscan Publications

Volume I of the Missions and Missionaries in California was compiled from original sources and was intended to serve as an introduction to the history of what was referred to as Upper or Alta California. This volume addresses the origin of the missions in Lower California, it's discovery, efforts to colonize the lower peninsula, the endeavors to establish a government, learn the language, introduction of agriculture, failure of the Spanish government to adequately fund the missions, establishment of various missions, the Jesuits decline, the Franciscan period; efforts to establish missions in Upper California by Fr. Junipero Serra, Fr. Palóu ...


1897 - The Franciscans In California, Zephyrin Engelhardt Feb 2019

1897 - The Franciscans In California, Zephyrin Engelhardt

Franciscan Publications

Engelhardt noted that much had bee written about those who first introduced Christianity and civilization in California but little was reliable due to ignorance, malice, exaggeration and misstatements. Up to 1785, Engelhardt consulted original Spanish documents and compared those with statements of H. H. Bancroft. According to the author, with regard to the missions from 1831 through 1850, Bancroft was almost the only authority offering any accurate information. He believed as to historic facts, that Bancroft's work was reliable and all the more valuable because it came from a non-Catholic source.