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2019

Plant Biology

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Articles 1 - 30 of 134

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Canavalia And Dolichos Extracts For Sustainable Pest Biocontrol And Plant Nutrition Improvement In El Salvador, Carlos Martinez Oct 2019

Canavalia And Dolichos Extracts For Sustainable Pest Biocontrol And Plant Nutrition Improvement In El Salvador, Carlos Martinez

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Botanical repellents and pesticides are now being rediscovered as new tools for integrated pest management in order to reduce the use of toxic chemicals in crop production. Canavalia gladiata and Dolichos lablab are two Fabaceae very well adapted to farmlands of El Salvador, effective as living barriers and mostly as cover crops, however, they are not yet very well disseminated. This document describes the potential for using the liquid extracts and the dry flour of raw seeds of those plants for economic benefit and practical convenience for pest management in Salvadorian agriculture under field conditions. Seed extracts were useful when ...


Modeling And Analysis Of American Chestnut Blight In North America, Robert F. Allen, Anita D. Baines, Hope B. Anderson, John S. Mcalister, Tatum D. Rask, Maia Richards-Dinger Oct 2019

Modeling And Analysis Of American Chestnut Blight In North America, Robert F. Allen, Anita D. Baines, Hope B. Anderson, John S. Mcalister, Tatum D. Rask, Maia Richards-Dinger

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Quantifying Pollen Traits To Build A Mathematical Model Of Pollen Competition - A Mathematician's Perspective, Montana Ferita, Julie Fucarino, Alex Capaldi, Charlotte Beckford Oct 2019

Quantifying Pollen Traits To Build A Mathematical Model Of Pollen Competition - A Mathematician's Perspective, Montana Ferita, Julie Fucarino, Alex Capaldi, Charlotte Beckford

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Quantifying Pollen Traits To Build A Mathematical Model Of Pollen Competition - A Biologist's Perspective, Rob Swanson, Alex Capaldi Oct 2019

Quantifying Pollen Traits To Build A Mathematical Model Of Pollen Competition - A Biologist's Perspective, Rob Swanson, Alex Capaldi

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Non-Linear Behavior Of Protein And Tannin In Wine Produced By Cofermentation Of An Interspecific Hybrid (Vitis Spp.) And Vinifera Cultivar, Erin L. Norton, Gavin L. Sacks, Joey N. Talbert Sep 2019

Non-Linear Behavior Of Protein And Tannin In Wine Produced By Cofermentation Of An Interspecific Hybrid (Vitis Spp.) And Vinifera Cultivar, Erin L. Norton, Gavin L. Sacks, Joey N. Talbert

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Wines produced from red interspecific hybrid grape cultivars (Vitis spp.) typically have lower tannin than wines produced from vinifera cultivars, which can be attributed to the lower concentration of tannins and higher concentration of tannin binding proteins of interspecific cultivars. Tannin in wines produced from hybrid cultivars could potentially be increased by blending hybrids with vinifera. We hypothesized that blending of grapes prior to fermentation (cofermentation) should result in final wine tannin concentrations lower than wine tannin concentrations predicted from the individual components due to protein-tannin binding, but that this effect should be absent from monovarietal wines blended post-fermentation. To ...


Neonicotinoid Seed Treatments Of Soybean Provide Negligible Benefits To Us Farmers, Spyridon Mourtzinis, Christian H. Krupke, Paul D. Esker, Adam J. Varenhorst, Nicholas J. Arneson, Carl A. Bradley, Adam M. Byrne, Martin I. Chilvers, Loren Giesler, Ames Herbert, Yuba R. Kandel, Maciej J. Kazula, Catherine Hunt, Laura E. Lindsey, Sean Malone, Daren S. Mueller, Seth Naeve, Emerson Nafziger, Dominic D. Reisig, William J. Ross, Devon R. Rossman, Sally Taylor, Shawn P. Conley Sep 2019

Neonicotinoid Seed Treatments Of Soybean Provide Negligible Benefits To Us Farmers, Spyridon Mourtzinis, Christian H. Krupke, Paul D. Esker, Adam J. Varenhorst, Nicholas J. Arneson, Carl A. Bradley, Adam M. Byrne, Martin I. Chilvers, Loren Giesler, Ames Herbert, Yuba R. Kandel, Maciej J. Kazula, Catherine Hunt, Laura E. Lindsey, Sean Malone, Daren S. Mueller, Seth Naeve, Emerson Nafziger, Dominic D. Reisig, William J. Ross, Devon R. Rossman, Sally Taylor, Shawn P. Conley

Papers in Plant Pathology

Neonicotinoids are the most widely used insecticides worldwide and are typically deployed as seed treatments (hereafter NST) in many grain and oilseed crops, including soybeans. However, there is a surprising dearth of information regarding NST effectiveness in increasing soybean seed yield, and most published data suggest weak, or inconsistent yield benefit. The US is the key soybean-producing nation worldwide and this work includes soybean yield data from 194 randomized and replicated field studies conducted specifically to evaluate the effect of NSTs on soybean seed yield at sites within 14 states from 2006 through 2017. Here we show that across the ...


Responses Of Bouteloua Eriopoda And Soil Stability To Precipitation Extremes In Chihuahuan Desert Grassland, Laura Kay Sadorf Sep 2019

Responses Of Bouteloua Eriopoda And Soil Stability To Precipitation Extremes In Chihuahuan Desert Grassland, Laura Kay Sadorf

IdeaFest: Interdisciplinary Journal of Creative Works and Research from Humboldt State University

No abstract provided.


Arkansas Wheat Cultivar Performance Tests 2018-2019, R. E. Mason, R. G. Miller, D. E. Moon, J. P. Kelley Sep 2019

Arkansas Wheat Cultivar Performance Tests 2018-2019, R. E. Mason, R. G. Miller, D. E. Moon, J. P. Kelley

Research Series

Wheat cultivar performance tests are conducted each year in Ark- ansas by the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture’s Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station, Department of Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences. The tests provide information to companies developing cultivars and marketing seed within the state and aid the Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service in formulating cultivar recommendations for small-grain producers. The tests are conducted at the Northeast Research and Extension Center at Keiser, the Vegetable Substation near Kibler, the Lon Mann Cotton Research Station near Marianna, the Newport Extension Center near Newport, the Rohwer Research Station near Rohwer, the Pine ...


Expression Of Multi-Domain Lytic Peptide Genes In Transgenic Plants For Disease Resistance, George Biliarski Aug 2019

Expression Of Multi-Domain Lytic Peptide Genes In Transgenic Plants For Disease Resistance, George Biliarski

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Four non-plant multi-domain lytic peptide genes coding for antimicrobial peptides were expressed in Nicotiana benthamiana plants and tested against three fungal pathogens: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Rhizoctonia solani, and Pythium sp. Detached-leaf bioassay was performed for the transgenic plants carrying multi-domain lytic peptide constructs and compared with transgenic and wild type control plants. Symptom area of each leaf was measured with high precision using the Compu-Eye software and processed by SAS statistical package. The transgenic lines ORF13 and RSL1 showed substantial resistance to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum infection producing significantly smaller lesion areas compared to control plants. However, these lines were not ...


Seed And Seedling Data From Sugarcreek Metropark Restoration Experiment, Michaela J. Woods, Meredith Cobb, Ryan W. Mcewan Aug 2019

Seed And Seedling Data From Sugarcreek Metropark Restoration Experiment, Michaela J. Woods, Meredith Cobb, Ryan W. Mcewan

Five Rivers MetroParks Collaboration Data Archive

This dataset encompasses information following seed germination and seedling growth of three tree species: Quercus rubra, Juglans cinerea, and Carya laciniosa. Seed sizes were recorded prior to incubation in sand, vermiculite, or without media. Seeds were then germinated with time to germination recorded in this dataset. After germination, seedlings were planted in Sugarcreek Metropark in either fall 2011 or spring 2012. One-half of seedlings were planted in tree tubes and a half without. Seedling height and diameter was recorded in June 2014 and March 2019, and death of seedlings was noted.


The Database Of Identified Root-Specific Genes And Their Promoters In Maize, Sorghum, And Soybean, Gleb Moisseyev, Divith Rajagopal, Alix Cui, Kiyoul Park, Edgar B. Cahoon, Chi Zhang Aug 2019

The Database Of Identified Root-Specific Genes And Their Promoters In Maize, Sorghum, And Soybean, Gleb Moisseyev, Divith Rajagopal, Alix Cui, Kiyoul Park, Edgar B. Cahoon, Chi Zhang

Faculty Publications from the Center for Plant Science Innovation

Root genes are essential to plants as they dictate factors such as the strength of the plant, reproductivity success, etc. However, in status quo studies on roots genes are simply inefficient. To be more specific, currently there are very few online databases of roots genes and promoters, which essentially deters root gene studies from being successful. To fix this problem, our lab constructed and coded an online database that contains information about the roots of maize, soybean, and sorghum. We collected 1200 root genes and assessed the strength and success of a given gene. This online database of these crops ...


Rust And Viral Mosaic Diseases In Biofuel Switchgrass, Anthony A. Muhle Aug 2019

Rust And Viral Mosaic Diseases In Biofuel Switchgrass, Anthony A. Muhle

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a perennial warm-season monocot that is indigenous to locations in North America east of the Rocky Mountains, and is considered a model grass for biofuel feedstock production. As switchgrass production increases, diseases pose a potential threat to biomass production and ethanol extraction. The two predominant switchgrass diseases in Nebraska are rust caused by Puccinia spp. and a viral mosaic disease caused by Panicum mosaic virus (PMV) and its associated Satellite panicum mosaic virus (SPMV). In this thesis, one study determined how SPMV affects PMV infection and systemic spread in two populations of switchgrass at different ...


Investigating Parental Effects On End-Use Quality In Hard Winter Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) Hybrids, Anthony Delaney Aug 2019

Investigating Parental Effects On End-Use Quality In Hard Winter Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) Hybrids, Anthony Delaney

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

To optimize the performance and marketing of hybrid wheat, breeders need to understand the impact parents have on end-use quality. The goal of this study was to investigate the inheritance of end-use quality traits of hard winter wheat reciprocal hybrids produced by Easterly (2017). The 2016 analysis included 71 reciprocal hybrid combinations from 13 parents and the 2017 analysis included 79 reciprocal hybrid combinations from 14 parents. The reciprocals were composed of crosses between the top performing and bottom performing parents with respect to end-use quality as quantified by a Mixograph, a SDS sedimentation assay, and a SDS-SRC hybrid assay ...


An Integrated Genomics And Phenomics Approach To Study The Evolution Of C4 Photosynthesis, Daniel Santana De Carvalho Aug 2019

An Integrated Genomics And Phenomics Approach To Study The Evolution Of C4 Photosynthesis, Daniel Santana De Carvalho

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

The C4 photosynthetic pathway was first described over 50 years ago. Today, it is known that C4 evolved independently > 60 in plant lineages, which involves understanding not only the genetic, but also the metabolic features and differences involved in this process. Also, several adaptations are involved in the evolution of this type of photosynthesis, for example: changes in leaf anatomy and the evolution of kranz anatomy, physiology and metabolic pathways. In order to further investigate this pathway, different technologies and methods have been developed to unravel genes involved in C4 photosynthesis. With the advances in molecular biology and bioinformatics tools ...


Hormonal Signaling Induced In Soybean By Lysobacter Enzymogenes Strain C3, Jessica C. Walnut Aug 2019

Hormonal Signaling Induced In Soybean By Lysobacter Enzymogenes Strain C3, Jessica C. Walnut

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

The biological control bacterium Lysobacter enzymogenes strain C3 has been shown to suppress fungal diseases by producing a suite of lytic enzymes and antimicrobial secondary metabolites. Previous studies have found that C3, when applied to grass and cereal plants, also is capable of inducing local and systemic resistance against fungal pathogens. It is unknown, however, whether the bacterium has the ability to induce resistance in dicots and what signaling pathways are involved. This study assessed the ability of C3 to trigger local and systemic induced resistance responses in soybean (Glycine max ‘Williams82’) by analyzing relative expression of salicylic acid (SA ...


New Approaches To Use Genomics, Field Traits, And High-Throughput Phenotyping For Gene Discovery In Maize (Zea Mays), Zhikai Liang Aug 2019

New Approaches To Use Genomics, Field Traits, And High-Throughput Phenotyping For Gene Discovery In Maize (Zea Mays), Zhikai Liang

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Maize is one of major crop species over the world. With lots of genetic resources and genomic tools, maize also serves as a model species to understand genetic diversity, facilitate the development of trait extraction algorithms and map candidate functional genes. Since the first version of widely used B73 reference genome was released, independent research groups in the maize community propagated seeds themselves for further research purposes. However, unexpected or occasional contamination may happen during this process. The first study in this thesis used public RNA-seq data of B73 from 27 research groups across three countries for calling single nucleotide ...


Within-Stream Variability Data, Kevin W. Custer, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan Jul 2019

Within-Stream Variability Data, Kevin W. Custer, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan

Ryan McEwan

No abstract provided.


Wetted Width, Kevin W. Custer, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan Jul 2019

Wetted Width, Kevin W. Custer, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan

Ryan McEwan

No abstract provided.


Terrestrial Fine Woody Debris, Erin C. Rowekamp, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan Jul 2019

Terrestrial Fine Woody Debris, Erin C. Rowekamp, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan

Ryan McEwan

No abstract provided.


Water Toxicity Effects Test: Physicochemical Data, Kevin W. Custer, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan Jul 2019

Water Toxicity Effects Test: Physicochemical Data, Kevin W. Custer, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan

Ryan McEwan

No abstract provided.


Time To Colonization Trial Data, M. E. Maloney, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan Jul 2019

Time To Colonization Trial Data, M. E. Maloney, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan

Ryan McEwan

No abstract provided.


Twig And Fruit Litter Basket, Erin C. Rowekamp, Taylor M. Buskey, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan Jul 2019

Twig And Fruit Litter Basket, Erin C. Rowekamp, Taylor M. Buskey, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan

Ryan McEwan

No abstract provided.


Water Toxicity Effects Test: Survival And Growth (Dry Mass), Kevin W. Custer, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan Jul 2019

Water Toxicity Effects Test: Survival And Growth (Dry Mass), Kevin W. Custer, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan

Ryan McEwan

No abstract provided.


Terrestrial Coarse Woody Debris, Erin C. Rowekamp, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan Jul 2019

Terrestrial Coarse Woody Debris, Erin C. Rowekamp, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan

Ryan McEwan

No abstract provided.


Sediment % Solids And Total Organic Carbon, Kevin W. Custer, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan Jul 2019

Sediment % Solids And Total Organic Carbon, Kevin W. Custer, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan

Ryan McEwan

No abstract provided.


Site Characteristics, Kevin W. Custer, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan Jul 2019

Site Characteristics, Kevin W. Custer, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan

Ryan McEwan

Stream order, HHEI, Watershed size, Forest Cover, Maximum pool depth


Sediment Toxicity Effects Test, Kevin W. Custer, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan Jul 2019

Sediment Toxicity Effects Test, Kevin W. Custer, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan

Ryan McEwan

No abstract provided.


Seedling, Erin C. Rowekamp, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan Jul 2019

Seedling, Erin C. Rowekamp, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan

Ryan McEwan

No abstract provided.


Site Population Trial Data, M. E. Maloney, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan Jul 2019

Site Population Trial Data, M. E. Maloney, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan

Ryan McEwan

No abstract provided.


Prototype Data, M. E. Maloney, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan Jul 2019

Prototype Data, M. E. Maloney, Eric B. Borth, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan

Ryan McEwan

No abstract provided.