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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Agreement Between The Open Barbell And Tendo Linear Position Transducers For Monitoring Barbell Velocity During Resistance Exercise, Adam M. Gonzalez, Gerald T. Mangine, Robert W. Spitz, Jamie J. Ghigiarelli May 2019

Agreement Between The Open Barbell And Tendo Linear Position Transducers For Monitoring Barbell Velocity During Resistance Exercise, Adam M. Gonzalez, Gerald T. Mangine, Robert W. Spitz, Jamie J. Ghigiarelli

Faculty Publications

To determine the agreement between the Open Barbell (OB) and Tendo weightlifting analyzer (TWA) for measuring barbell velocity, eleven men (19.4 ± 1.0 y) performed one set of 2–3 repetitions at four sub-maximal percentage loads, [i.e., 30, 50, 70, and 90% one-repetition maximum (1RM)] in the back (BS) and front squat (FS) exercises. During each repetition, peak and mean barbell velocity were recorded by OB and TWA devices, and the average of the 2–3 repetitions was used for analyses. Although the repeated measures analysis of variance revealed significantly (p ≤ 0.005) greater peak and mean velocity ...


Individual Differences Influence Exercise Behavior: How Personality, Motivation, And Behavioral Regulation Vary Among Exercise Mode Preferences, Allyson G. Box, Yuri Feito, Chris Brown, Steven J. Petruzzello Apr 2019

Individual Differences Influence Exercise Behavior: How Personality, Motivation, And Behavioral Regulation Vary Among Exercise Mode Preferences, Allyson G. Box, Yuri Feito, Chris Brown, Steven J. Petruzzello

Faculty Publications

Personality traits, participatory motives, and behavior regulation have been linked to physical activity engagement. It is possible that these dimensions are associated with the type of physical activity one chooses to engage. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine individual differences in those participating in various primary modes of physical activity (PMA) and determine which individual differences are predictive of exercise frequency. Methods 403 adults (36.3 ± 11.6 yrs, 35.5% male) completed an online survey. The survey included questions related to their PMA, items for the Big Five Inventory (BFI), Exercise Motivation Inventory (EMI-2), and the ...


Too Much Workplace Sitting: A Brief Historical Perspective, Raymond Jones, Daniel P. Credeur, Stephanie M. Mccoy Apr 2019

Too Much Workplace Sitting: A Brief Historical Perspective, Raymond Jones, Daniel P. Credeur, Stephanie M. Mccoy

Faculty Publications

Sedentary behavior is a risk factor for the development of chronic diseases, especially those of cardiovascular and metabolic origins. Prolonged sitting is one of the most common sedentary behaviors among adults. Individuals sit for hours every day for several reasons, including work and or physical limitations. Historical accounts regarding the negative health effects of prolonged sitting began with early epidemiological studies, which sparked a breakout of research examining this behavior in the workplace setting. Understanding the risks associated with prolonged workplace sitting is important when considering workplace interventions, such as sit-stand workstations. These interventions appear to be beneficial in reducing ...


High Intensity Functional Training (Hift) And Competitions: How Motives Differ By Length Of Participation, Allyson G. Box, Yuri Feito, Chris Brown, Katie M. Heinrich Mar 2019

High Intensity Functional Training (Hift) And Competitions: How Motives Differ By Length Of Participation, Allyson G. Box, Yuri Feito, Chris Brown, Katie M. Heinrich

Faculty Publications

High Intensity Functional Training (HIFT) is a unique fitness method that promotes an active lifestyle and has seen exponential and continual growth over the last two decades. Motivation to exercise is likely to change over time as individuals’ motives to initiate exercise may be different than those which motivate them to maintain an exercise program. The purpose of this study was to examine the motivational factors reported by individuals who actively engage in HIFT with varying length of participation and competition levels. 737 adults (32.4 ± 8.2 years) with more than three-months of HIFT experience completed an online version ...


Effects Of Eight Weeks Of High Intensity Functional Training On Glucose Control And Body Composition Among Overweight And Obese Adults, Yuri Feito, Pratik Patel, Andrea Sal Redondo, Katie M. Heinrich Feb 2019

Effects Of Eight Weeks Of High Intensity Functional Training On Glucose Control And Body Composition Among Overweight And Obese Adults, Yuri Feito, Pratik Patel, Andrea Sal Redondo, Katie M. Heinrich

Faculty Publications

High-intensity exercise has been found to positively influence glucose control, however, the effects of high-intensity functional training (HIFT) for overweight and obese sedentary adults without diabetes is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in body composition and glucose control from eight weeks of aerobic and resistance training (A-RT) compared to HIFT. Session time spent doing daily workouts was recorded for each group. Baseline and posttest measures included height, weight, waist circumference, dual X-ray absorptiometry (body fat percentage, fat mass, lean mass), and fasting blood glucose. Participants completing the intervention (78%, n = 9 per group) were 67 ...


Monitoring Training Load, Well-Being, Heart Rate Variability, And Competitive Performance Of A Functional-Fitness Female Athlete: A Case Study, Ramires Alsamir Tibana, Nuno Manuel Frade De Sousa, Jonato Prestes, Yuri Feito Feb 2019

Monitoring Training Load, Well-Being, Heart Rate Variability, And Competitive Performance Of A Functional-Fitness Female Athlete: A Case Study, Ramires Alsamir Tibana, Nuno Manuel Frade De Sousa, Jonato Prestes, Yuri Feito

Faculty Publications

The aim of this case study was to quantify the magnitude of internal load, acute/chronic workload ratio (ACWR), well-being perception, and heart rate variability (HRV) following 38 weeks of functional-fitness training in a female elite athlete. The internal load was obtained with session rating perceived exertion (session-RPE) while the ACWR was calculated by dividing the acute workload by the chronic workload (four-week average). Furthermore, HRV measurements were analyzed via a commercially available smartphone (HRV4training) each morning upon waking whilst in a supine position. The magnitude of internal load was: the weekly mean total during the 38 weeks was 2092 ...


Citrus Aurantium And Caffeine Complex Versus Placebo On Biomarkers Of Metabolism: A Double Blind Crossover Design, Brian Kliszczewicz, Emily Bechke, Cassie Williamson, Zackery Green Feb 2019

Citrus Aurantium And Caffeine Complex Versus Placebo On Biomarkers Of Metabolism: A Double Blind Crossover Design, Brian Kliszczewicz, Emily Bechke, Cassie Williamson, Zackery Green

Faculty Publications

BACKGROUOND: The purpose of this study was to examine resting the metabolic response to the ingestion of a complex containing Citrus Aurantium + Caffeine (CA + C) and if its consumption influences metabolic recovery following a high-intensity anaerobic exercise bout in habitual caffeine users. METHODS: Ten physically active males (25.1 ± 3.9 years; weight 78.71 ± 9.53 kg; height 177.2 ± 4.6 cm; body fat 15.5 ± 3.13%) participated in this study. This study was performed in a double-blind, randomized crossover fashion consisting of two exhaustive exercise protocols. On each visit the participants consumed either a CA + C ...