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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Investigating The Links Between Ozone And Organic Aerosol Chemistry In A Biomass Burning Plume From A Prescribed Fire In California Chaparral, M. J. Alvarado, C. R. Lonsdale, Robert Yokelson, S. K. Akagi, H. Coe, J. S. Craven, E. V. Fischer, G. R. Mcmeeking, J. H. Seinfeld, T. Soni, J. W. Taylor, D. R. Weise, C. E. Wold Dec 2014

Investigating The Links Between Ozone And Organic Aerosol Chemistry In A Biomass Burning Plume From A Prescribed Fire In California Chaparral, M. J. Alvarado, C. R. Lonsdale, Robert Yokelson, S. K. Akagi, H. Coe, J. S. Craven, E. V. Fischer, G. R. Mcmeeking, J. H. Seinfeld, T. Soni, J. W. Taylor, D. R. Weise, C. E. Wold

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Within minutes after emission, rapid, complex photochemistry within a biomass burning smoke plume can cause large changes in the concentrations of ozone (O3) and organic aerosol (OA). Being able to understand and simulate this rapid chemical evolution under a wide variety of conditions is a critical part of forecasting the impact of these fires on air quality, atmospheric composition, and climate. Here we use version 2.1 of the Aerosol Simulation Program (ASP) to simulate the evolution of O3 and secondary organic aerosol (SOA) within a young biomass burning smoke plume from the Williams prescribed burn in chaparral ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Polymer (Sulfonated Poly-Ether-Ether-Ketone) Based Nanocomposite (H-Boron Nitride) Membrane For Hydrogen Storage, Naresh Muthu, S. Rajashabala, R. Kannan Dec 2014

Synthesis And Characterization Of Polymer (Sulfonated Poly-Ether-Ether-Ketone) Based Nanocomposite (H-Boron Nitride) Membrane For Hydrogen Storage, Naresh Muthu, S. Rajashabala, R. Kannan

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The development of light weight and compact hydrogen storage materials is still prerequisite to fuel-cell technology to be fully competitive. The present experimental study reports the hydrogen storage capability of sulfonated poly-ether-ether-ketone (SPEEK)-hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) (SPEEK-h-BN) nanocomposite membranes. The nanocomposite membranes are prepared by considering various amount of h-BN (0, 1, 3 and 5 wt. %) by phase inversion technique. The degree of sulfonation of the PEEK (SPEEK) is found to be 65% by Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy. Hydrogen adsorption studies have been carried out using a Seiverts-like hydrogenation setup. The membranes are characterized by ...


Cold Magnetically Trapped 2DG Scandium Atoms. I. Interaction Potential, Tijs Karman, Xi Chu, Gerrit C. Groenenboom Nov 2014

Cold Magnetically Trapped 2DG Scandium Atoms. I. Interaction Potential, Tijs Karman, Xi Chu, Gerrit C. Groenenboom

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We present a first principles description of the interaction of two ground-state scandium atoms. Scandium has a 2Dg ground state. Thirty molecular states correlate to the lowest dissociation limit of the dimer. In the short range, potential energy curves are calculated using second-order n-electron valence state perturbation theory. The first-order long-range interaction is calculated at the complete active space self-consistent field level. We determine the second-order long-range dispersion interaction from atomic dynamic polarizabilities at imaginary frequencies. These polarizabilities are calculated using time-dependent density functional theory. We merge the short-range approach with the long-range model to obtain a physical ...


Aerosol Emissions From Prescribed Fires In The United States: A Synthesis Of Laboratory And Aircraft Measurements, A. A. May, G. R. Mcmeeking, T. Lee, J. W. Taylor, J. S. Craven, I. R. Burling, A. P. Sullivan, Sheryl Kashi Akagi, J. L. Collett Jr., M. Flynn, H. Coe, S. P. Urbanski, J. H. Seinfeld, Robert Yokelson, S. M. Kreidenweis Oct 2014

Aerosol Emissions From Prescribed Fires In The United States: A Synthesis Of Laboratory And Aircraft Measurements, A. A. May, G. R. Mcmeeking, T. Lee, J. W. Taylor, J. S. Craven, I. R. Burling, A. P. Sullivan, Sheryl Kashi Akagi, J. L. Collett Jr., M. Flynn, H. Coe, S. P. Urbanski, J. H. Seinfeld, Robert Yokelson, S. M. Kreidenweis

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Aerosol emissions from prescribed fires can affect air quality on regional scales. Accurate representation of these emissions in models requires information regarding the amount and composition of the emitted species.Wemeasured a suite of submicron particulatematter species in young plumes emitted from prescribed fires (chaparral and montane ecosystems in California; coastal plain ecosystem in South Carolina) and from open burning of over 15 individual plant species in the laboratory. We report emission ratios and emission factors for refractory black carbon (rBC) and submicron nonrefractory aerosol and compare field and laboratory measurements to assess the representativeness of our laboratory-measured emissions. Laboratory ...


Airborne Characterization Of Smoke Marker Ratios From Prescribed Burning, A. P. Sullivan, A. A. May, T. Lee, G. R. Mcmeeking, S. M. Kreidenweis, S. K. Akagi, Robert Yokelson, S. P. Urbanski, J. L. Collett Jr. Oct 2014

Airborne Characterization Of Smoke Marker Ratios From Prescribed Burning, A. P. Sullivan, A. A. May, T. Lee, G. R. Mcmeeking, S. M. Kreidenweis, S. K. Akagi, Robert Yokelson, S. P. Urbanski, J. L. Collett Jr.

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

A Particle-Into-Liquid Sampler – Total Organic Carbon (PILS-TOC) and fraction collector system was flown aboard a Twin Otter aircraft sampling prescribed burning emissions in South Carolina in November 2011 to obtain smoke marker measurements. The fraction collector provided 2 min time-integrated offline samples for carbohydrate (i.e., smoke markers levoglucosan, mannosan, and galactosan) analysis by high-performance anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection. Each fire location appeared to have a unique 1levoglucosan /1water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) ratio (RF01/RF02/RF03/RF05 = 0.163± 0.007 μg C μg−1 C, RF08 = 0.115 ± 0.011 μg C μg−1 C, RF09A = 0 ...


Identification And Quantification Of Gaseous Organic Compounds Emitted From Biomass Burning Using Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography/Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, L. E. Hatch, W. Luo, J. F. Pankow, Robert Yokelson, C. Stockwell, K. C. Barsanti Sep 2014

Identification And Quantification Of Gaseous Organic Compounds Emitted From Biomass Burning Using Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography/Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, L. E. Hatch, W. Luo, J. F. Pankow, Robert Yokelson, C. Stockwell, K. C. Barsanti

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The current understanding of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation within biomass burning (BB) plumes is limited by the incomplete identification and quantification of the non-methane organic compounds (NMOCs) emitted from such fires. Gaseous organic compounds were collected on sorbent cartridges during laboratory burns as part of the fourth Fire Lab at Missoula Experiment (FLAME-4), with analysis by two-dimensional gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC×GC/TOFMS). The sensitivity and resolving power of GC×GC/TOFMS allowed the acquisition of the most extensive data set of BB NMOCs to date, with measure ments for 722 positively or tentatively identified compounds. Estimated ...


Field Measurements Of Trace Gases Emitted By Prescribed Fires In Southeastern Us Pine Forests Using An Open-Path Ftir System, S. K. Akagi, I. R. Burling, A. Mendoza, T. J. Johnson, M. Cameron, David W. T. Griffith, C. Paton-Walsh, D. R. Weise, J. Reardon, Robert Yokelson Jan 2014

Field Measurements Of Trace Gases Emitted By Prescribed Fires In Southeastern Us Pine Forests Using An Open-Path Ftir System, S. K. Akagi, I. R. Burling, A. Mendoza, T. J. Johnson, M. Cameron, David W. T. Griffith, C. Paton-Walsh, D. R. Weise, J. Reardon, Robert Yokelson

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We report trace-gas emission factors from three pine-understory prescribed fires in South Carolina, US measured during the fall of 2011. The fires were more intense than many prescribed burns because the fuels included mature pine stands not subjected to prescribed fire in decades that were lit following an extended drought. Emission factors were measured with a fixed open-path Fourier transform infrared (OP-FTIR) system that was deployed on the fire control lines. We compare these emission factors to those measured with a roving, point sampling, land-based FTIR and an airborne FTIR deployed on the same fires. We also compare to emission ...


Aerosol Single Scattering Albedo Dependence On Biomass Combustion Efficiency: Laboratory And Field Studies, Shang Liu, Allison C. Aiken, Caleb Arata, Manvendra K. Dubey, C. Stockwell, Robert Yokelson, Elizabeth A. Stone, Thilina Jayarathne, Allen L. Robinson, Paul J. Demott, Sonia M. Kreidenweis Jan 2014

Aerosol Single Scattering Albedo Dependence On Biomass Combustion Efficiency: Laboratory And Field Studies, Shang Liu, Allison C. Aiken, Caleb Arata, Manvendra K. Dubey, C. Stockwell, Robert Yokelson, Elizabeth A. Stone, Thilina Jayarathne, Allen L. Robinson, Paul J. Demott, Sonia M. Kreidenweis

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Single scattering albedo (ω) of fresh biomass burning (BB) aerosols produced from 92 controlled laboratory combustion experiments of 20 different woods and grasses was analyzed to determine the factors that control the variability in ω. Results show that ω varies strongly with fire-integrated modified combustion efficiency (MCEFI)—higher MCEFI results in lower ω values and greater spectral dependence of ω. A parameterization of ω as a function of MCEFI for fresh BB aerosols is derived from the laboratory data and is evaluated by field observations from two wildfires. The parameterization suggests that MCEFI explains 60% of ...