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Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2014

Series

Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Florida International University

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

A 5', 8-Cyclo-2'-Deoxypurine Lesion Induces Trinucleotide Repeat Deletion Via A Unique Lesion Bypass By Dna Polymerase Β., Meng Xu, Yanhao Lai, Zhongliang Jiang, Michael A. Terzidis, Annalisa Masi, Chryssostomos Chatgilialoglu, Yuan Liu Nov 2014

A 5', 8-Cyclo-2'-Deoxypurine Lesion Induces Trinucleotide Repeat Deletion Via A Unique Lesion Bypass By Dna Polymerase Β., Meng Xu, Yanhao Lai, Zhongliang Jiang, Michael A. Terzidis, Annalisa Masi, Chryssostomos Chatgilialoglu, Yuan Liu

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry

5′,8-cyclo-2′-deoxypurines (cdPus) are common forms of oxidized DNA lesions resulting from endogenous and environmental oxidative stress such as ionizing radiation. The lesions can only be repaired by nucleotide excision repair with a low efficiency. This results in their accumulation in the genome that leads to stalling of the replication DNA polymerases and poor lesion bypass by translesion DNA polymerases. Trinucleotide repeats (TNRs) consist of tandem repeats of Gs and As and therefore are hotspots of cdPus. In this study, we provided the first evidence that both (5′R)- and (5′S)-5′,8-cyclo-2′-deoxyadenosine (cdA) in a CAG ...


Base Excision Repair Of Chemotherapeutically-Induced Alkylated Dna Damage Predominantly Causes Contractions Of Expanded Gaa Repeats Associated With Friedreich's Ataxia, Yanhao Lai, Jill M. Beaver, Karla Lorente, Jonathan Melo, Shyama Ramjagsingh, Irina U. Agoulnik, Zunzhen Zhang, Yuan Liu Apr 2014

Base Excision Repair Of Chemotherapeutically-Induced Alkylated Dna Damage Predominantly Causes Contractions Of Expanded Gaa Repeats Associated With Friedreich's Ataxia, Yanhao Lai, Jill M. Beaver, Karla Lorente, Jonathan Melo, Shyama Ramjagsingh, Irina U. Agoulnik, Zunzhen Zhang, Yuan Liu

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry

Expansion of GAA·TTC repeats within the first intron of the frataxin gene is the cause of Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA), an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder. However, no effective treatment for the disease has been developed as yet. In this study, we explored a possibility of shortening expanded GAA repeats associated with FRDA through chemotherapeutically-induced DNA base lesions and subsequent base excision repair (BER). We provide the first evidence that alkylated DNA damage induced by temozolomide, a chemotherapeutic DNA damaging agent can induce massive GAA repeat contractions/deletions, but only limited expansions in FRDA patient lymphoblasts. We showed that temozolomide-induced ...