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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Ecosystem Regime Change Inferred From The Distribution Of Trace Metals In Lake Erie Sediments, Fasong Yuan, Richard Depew, Cheryl Soltis-Muth Dec 2014

Ecosystem Regime Change Inferred From The Distribution Of Trace Metals In Lake Erie Sediments, Fasong Yuan, Richard Depew, Cheryl Soltis-Muth

Biological, Geological, and Environmental Faculty Publications

Many freshwater and coastal marine ecosystems across the world may have undergone an ecosystem regime change due to a combination of rising anthropogenic disturbances and regional climate change. Such a change in aquatic ecosystems is commonly seen as shifts in algal species. But considerably less detail is known about the eutrophication history in terms of changes in algal productivity, particularly for a large lake with a great deal of spatial variability. Here we present an analysis of trace metals (Cu, Ni, Cd, and Pb) on a sediment core recovered from Lake Erie, off the Vermilion coast of northern Ohio, USA ...


Rnase L Interacts With Filamin A To Regulate Actin Dynamics And Barrier Function For Viral Entry, Krishnamurthy Malathi, Mohammad Adnan Siddiqui, Shubham Dayal, Merna Naji, Heather J, Ezelle, Chun Zeng, Aimin Zhou, Bret A. Hassel Nov 2014

Rnase L Interacts With Filamin A To Regulate Actin Dynamics And Barrier Function For Viral Entry, Krishnamurthy Malathi, Mohammad Adnan Siddiqui, Shubham Dayal, Merna Naji, Heather J, Ezelle, Chun Zeng, Aimin Zhou, Bret A. Hassel

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The actin cytoskeleton and its network of associated proteins constitute a physical barrier that viruses must circumvent to gain entry into cells for productive infection. The mechanisms by which the physical signals of infection are sensed by the host to activate an innate immune response are not well understood. The antiviral endoribonuclease RNase L is ubiquitously expressed in a latent form and activated upon binding 2-5A, a unique oligoadenylate produced during viral infections. We provide evidence that RNase L in its inactive form interacts with the actin-binding protein Filamin A to modulate the actin cytoskeleton and inhibit virus entry. Cells ...


Reclaiming The Efficacy Of Β-Lactam–Β-Lactamase Inhibitor Combinations: Avibactam Restores The Susceptibility Of Cmy-2-Producing Escherichia Coli To Ceftazidime, Krisztina M. Papp-Wallace, Marisa L. Winkler, Julian A. Gatta, Magdalena A. Taracila, Sujatha Chilakala, Yan Xu, J. Kristie Johnson, Robert A. Bonomo May 2014

Reclaiming The Efficacy Of Β-Lactam–Β-Lactamase Inhibitor Combinations: Avibactam Restores The Susceptibility Of Cmy-2-Producing Escherichia Coli To Ceftazidime, Krisztina M. Papp-Wallace, Marisa L. Winkler, Julian A. Gatta, Magdalena A. Taracila, Sujatha Chilakala, Yan Xu, J. Kristie Johnson, Robert A. Bonomo

Chemistry Faculty Publications

CMY-2 is a plasmid-encoded Ambler class C cephalosporinase that is widely disseminated in Enterobacteriaceae and is responsible for expanded-spectrum cephalosporin resistance. As a result of resistance to both ceftazidime and β-lactamase inhibitors in strains carrying blaCMY, novel β-lactam–β-lactamase inhibitor combinations are sought to combat this significant threat to β-lactam therapy. Avibactam is a bridged diazabicyclo [3.2.1]octanone non-β-lactam β-lactamase inhibitor in clinical development that reversibly inactivates serine β-lactamases. To define the spectrum of activity of ceftazidime-avibactam, we tested the susceptibilities of Escherichia coli clinical isolates that carry blaCMY-2 or blaCMY-69 and investigated the inactivation kinetics of CMY-2 ...


Bsa–Boronic Acid Conjugate As Lectin Mimetics, Satya Nandana Narla, Poornima Pinnamaneni, Huan Nie, Yu Li, Xue-Long Sun Jan 2014

Bsa–Boronic Acid Conjugate As Lectin Mimetics, Satya Nandana Narla, Poornima Pinnamaneni, Huan Nie, Yu Li, Xue-Long Sun

Chemistry Faculty Publications

We report bovine serum albumin (BSA)–boronic acid (BA) conjugates as lectin mimetics and their glyco-capturing capacity. The BSA–BA conjugates were synthesized by amidation of carboxylic acid groups in BSA with aminophenyl boronic acid in the presence of EDC, and were characterized by Alizarin Red S (ARS) assay and SDS–PAGE gel. The BSA–BA conjugates were immobilized onto maleimide-functionalized silica beads and their sugar capturing capacity and specificity were confirmed by ARS displacement assay. Further, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis of the glyco-capturing activity of the BSA–BA conjugates was conducted by immobilizing BSA–BA onto SPR gold ...


Quantification Of Free Sialic Acid In Human Plasma Through A Robust Quinoxalinone Derivatization And Lc–Ms/Ms Using Isotope-Labeled Standard Calibration, Dan Wang, Xiang Zhou, Lin Wang, Sihe Wang, Xue-Long Sun Jan 2014

Quantification Of Free Sialic Acid In Human Plasma Through A Robust Quinoxalinone Derivatization And Lc–Ms/Ms Using Isotope-Labeled Standard Calibration, Dan Wang, Xiang Zhou, Lin Wang, Sihe Wang, Xue-Long Sun

Chemistry Faculty Publications

We report an accurate quantification of free sialic acid (SA) in human plasma using LC–MS/MS method with isotope-labeled standard calibration (ILSC) and robust derivatization. Specifically, derivatization of SA with a stable and inexpensive 3,4-diaminotoluene (DAT) provides a stable product of SA with high MS response, proving a convenient and cost-effective LC–MS/MS analysis of free SA. In addition, the use of 13C3-SA as calibration standard ensured the accuracy for the measurement. This assay used ultra high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) for separation of native/labeled SA and IS from matrix interference, and employed ...