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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Misalignments: Challenges In Cultivating Science Faculty With Education Specialties In Your Department, Seth D. Bush, Nancy Pelaez, James A. Rudd Ii, Michael T. Stevens, Kimberly D. Tanner, Kathy S. Williams Dec 2014

Misalignments: Challenges In Cultivating Science Faculty With Education Specialties In Your Department, Seth D. Bush, Nancy Pelaez, James A. Rudd Ii, Michael T. Stevens, Kimberly D. Tanner, Kathy S. Williams

PIBERG Publications

Science Faculty with Education Specialties (SFES) are increasingly being hired across the United States. However, little is known about the motivations for SFES hiring or the potential or actual impact of SFES. In the context of a recent national survey of US SFES, we investigated SFES perceptions about these issues. Strikingly, perceptions about reasons for hiring SFES were poorly aligned with perceptions about potential and actual contributions reported by SFES themselves, and the advice they extended to beginning SFES was varied. While preparation of future teachers and departmental teaching needs were common reasons offered for SFES hiring, the potential and ...


Pathscan Enabler At Md Anderson Cancer Center, George Mcnamara Jul 2014

Pathscan Enabler At Md Anderson Cancer Center, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

McNamara 20140703 - Additional Pathscan and Tiki_Goddess related resources

http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/52

http://home.earthlink.net/~tiki_goddess/

http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/1/

http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/11/

https://www.linkedin.com/in/georgemcnamara

Our Pathscan Enabler IV, delivered July 2014, uses the QuickScan software to scan a histology slide in "two clicks" (after loading the

slide):

1. Push the QuickScan button on the front of the Pathscan Enabler.

2. Click the Scan button in the QuickScan pop-up application (optional: change scan area in the Prescan image window).

The image gets saved as a TIFF file to ...


Epidemic Surveillance Using An Electronic Medical Record: An Empiric Approach To Performance Improvement, Hongzhang Zheng, Holly Gaff, Gary Smith, Sylvain Delisle Jul 2014

Epidemic Surveillance Using An Electronic Medical Record: An Empiric Approach To Performance Improvement, Hongzhang Zheng, Holly Gaff, Gary Smith, Sylvain Delisle

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

BACKGROUNDS: Electronic medical records (EMR) form a rich repository of information that could benefit public health. We asked how structured and free-text narrative EMR data should be combined to improve epidemic surveillance for acute respiratory infections (ARI).

METHODS: Eight previously characterized ARI case detection algorithms (CDA) were applied to historical EMR entries to create authentic time series of daily ARI case counts (background). An epidemic model simulated influenza cases (injection). From the time of the injection, cluster-detection statistics were applied daily on paired background+injection (combined) and background-only time series. This cycle was then repeated with the injection shifted to ...


Medical Training Using Simulation: Toward Fewer Animals And Safer Patients, Jonathan Balcombe May 2014

Medical Training Using Simulation: Toward Fewer Animals And Safer Patients, Jonathan Balcombe

Jonathan Balcombe, PhD

This paper presents the current status of computer-based simulation in medicine. Recent technological advances have enabled this field to emerge from esoteric explorations in academic laboratories to commercially available simulators designed to train users to perform medical procedures from start to finish. Today, more than a dozen companies are producing virtual reality simulators and interactive manikins for training in endoscopy, laparoscopy, anaesthesia, trauma management, angiography, and needle insertion. For many of these procedures, thousands of animals are still being used in training. Yet simulation has many advantages that can transcend scientific, ethical, economic and logistical problems that arise when using ...


The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative, Kathryn E. Brackett Apr 2014

The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative, Kathryn E. Brackett

Senior Honors Theses

Abstract

The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) is a worldwide movement started by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) that is aimed at providing hospitals with a certification that guarantees the best possible patient-centered care for mothers and infants. It focuses on breastfeeding as optimal infant nutrition, and implements strategies to encourage and support mothers to breastfeed their infants exclusively for six months after birth. The Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding are a set of 10 simple, easy to understand guidelines developed by WHO and UNICEF for implementing this initiative in the hospital setting ...


An Exploratory Analysis Of Fruit And Vegetable Consumption In Black Men, Jacqueline Reiter Apr 2014

An Exploratory Analysis Of Fruit And Vegetable Consumption In Black Men, Jacqueline Reiter

Open Access Theses

Objective: Multiple peer-reviewed studies have found an association between fruit and vegetable consumption and lower risk for diseases such as hypertension, stroke and cancer. In other related studies, education level, retail food environment, and fruit and vegetable consumption were also examined together to discover patterns and associations. Currently, Black males have a higher risk for poor health outcomes. Limited research has focused specifically on Black men's fruit and vegetable consumption. This study explored the association between education level, food store access (measured by proximity) and fruit and vegetable consumption in black African American men.

Design: The data for this ...


Arizona Clinical Research Workforce Survey, Cris E. Wells, Julie A. Robbins, Gaye Luna Jan 2014

Arizona Clinical Research Workforce Survey, Cris E. Wells, Julie A. Robbins, Gaye Luna

Online Journal for Workforce Education and Development

Objective: We characterize the current clinical research workforce in Arizona with the goal of identifying possible educational training gaps for the future workforce. Background: The science community, government entities, educational institutions, and community programs continue to advocate for additional funding and resources to educate the bioscience workforce, of which clinical research is a part. However, there is little evidence that additional training and/or education is needed within the clinical research profession. Method: We utilized an electronic survey tool that was designed to solicit workforce data from clinical research professionals actively working or seeking employment in the field of clinical ...


Adolescent And Adult Perceptions Of Adolescent Diet, Physical Activity, Body Size, And Obesity Prevention In Botswana, Corbett D. Brown Jan 2014

Adolescent And Adult Perceptions Of Adolescent Diet, Physical Activity, Body Size, And Obesity Prevention In Botswana, Corbett D. Brown

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Obesity is a worldwide health problem affecting developed and developing nations. Botswana is an upper-middle income nation experiencing rapid urbanization, economic, and nutritional change. The combined prevalence of adolescent overweight and obesity has now surpassed underweight. Little is known regarding the adolescent and adult perceptions of adolescent diet, physical activity, body size, the meaning of obesity, and obesity prevention interventions. This qualitative-descriptive study uses Ecological Systems Theory to analyze and interpret data from 15 focus groups (12 adolescent and 3 parent focus groups of unrelated participants) conducted in Gaborone, Botswana. The purpose of this study is to describe the factors ...


A Proposed Model For Designing Children's Health-Focused Serious Games, Whitley R. Kemble Jan 2014

A Proposed Model For Designing Children's Health-Focused Serious Games, Whitley R. Kemble

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Rising incidence of chronic health problems among children demands greater consideration of children as primary users of health learning materials. Current formats of this information may not be suitable format for their needs. Video games present a more viable option for understanding complex health concepts underlying such conditions. Serious games in particular may fill this need, however there are few resources specific to the design of health-focused serious games. Learning, gameplay, and usability are all important components of serious gaming. A thorough analysis of 12 models used in each of these disciplines guided development of a new 15-point model, which ...