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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Agricultural Classification Of Multi-Temporal Modis Imagery In Northwest Argentina Using Kansas Crop Phenologies, Jarrett Alexander Keifer Nov 2014

Agricultural Classification Of Multi-Temporal Modis Imagery In Northwest Argentina Using Kansas Crop Phenologies, Jarrett Alexander Keifer

Dissertations and Theses

Subtropical deforestation in Latin America is thought to be driven by demand for agricultural land, particularly to grow soybeans. However, existing remote sensing methods that can differentiate crop types to verify this hypothesis require high spatial or spectral resolution data, or extensive ground truth information to develop training sites, none of which are freely available for much of the world. I developed a new method of crop classification based on the phenological signatures of crops extracted from multi-temporal MODIS vegetation indices. I tested and refined this method using the USDA Cropland Data Layer from Kansas, USA as a reference. I ...


Comprehensive Characterization And Rna-Seq Profiling Of The Hd-Zip Transcription Factor Family In Soybean (Glycine Max) During Dehydration And Salt Stress, Vikas Belamkar, Nathan T. Weeks, Arvind K. Bharti, Andrew D. Farmer, Michelle A. Graham, Steven B. Cannon Nov 2014

Comprehensive Characterization And Rna-Seq Profiling Of The Hd-Zip Transcription Factor Family In Soybean (Glycine Max) During Dehydration And Salt Stress, Vikas Belamkar, Nathan T. Weeks, Arvind K. Bharti, Andrew D. Farmer, Michelle A. Graham, Steven B. Cannon

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

Background:

The homeodomain leucine zipper (HD-Zip) transcription factor family is one of the largest plant specific superfamilies, and includes genes with roles in modulation of plant growth and response to environmental stresses. Many HD-Zip genes are characterized in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), and members of the family are being investigated for abiotic stress responses in rice (Oryza sativa), maize (Zea mays), poplar (Populus trichocarpa) and cucumber (Cucmis sativus). Findings in these species suggest HD-Zip genes as high priority candidates for crop improvement.

Results:

In this study we have identified members of the HD-Zip gene family in soybean cv. ‘Williams 82’, and ...


Drivers Of Spatial And Temporal Variation In Soybean Yield And Irrigation Requirements In The Western Us Corn Belt, Patricio Grassini, Jessica A. Torrion, Kenneth Cassman, Haishun Yang, James Specht May 2014

Drivers Of Spatial And Temporal Variation In Soybean Yield And Irrigation Requirements In The Western Us Corn Belt, Patricio Grassini, Jessica A. Torrion, Kenneth Cassman, Haishun Yang, James Specht

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

Both rainfed and irrigated soybean production are important in Nebraska (western US Corn Belt), accounting for a respective 48 and 52% of the state’s soybean production of 7 Mt on a respective 55 and 45% share of the state soybean area of 1.9 Mha. To date, no assessment of factors that may account for regional and inter-annual variation in yield and irrigation amount has been performed. To accomplish that objective, we evaluated a database containing on-farm field yields and total irrigation amount used in those fields. These data have been collected annually from ca. 1000 soybean fields in ...


Response Of Soybean Yield And Yield Components To Phosphorus Fertilization In South Dakota, Adams Kusi Appiah, Rebecca Helget, Yi Xu, Jixiang Wu Apr 2014

Response Of Soybean Yield And Yield Components To Phosphorus Fertilization In South Dakota, Adams Kusi Appiah, Rebecca Helget, Yi Xu, Jixiang Wu

Conference on Applied Statistics in Agriculture

Increased demand for soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] production for industrial, human, and animal consumption has provided many incentives for farmers and producers to increase their production. In many soils used for soybean production, phosphorus (P) becomes a major limiting factor to soybean growth and grain production. A field experiment was conducted in five locations across Eastern South Dakota in 2013 to study the response of soybean yield and yield components to phosphorus fertilizer applications. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block (RCB) design with four replications. The treatments consisted of five P levels 0, 20, 40 ...


Soybean Nutrient Management In Kentucky, Edwin L. Ritchey, Chad Lee, Carrie Ann Knott, John H. Grove Apr 2014

Soybean Nutrient Management In Kentucky, Edwin L. Ritchey, Chad Lee, Carrie Ann Knott, John H. Grove

Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications

Soybean grows best on fertile soils. For decades, the University of Kentucky has conducted field studies to establish the relationship between soil nutrient supplies and soybean yield. Adequate soil fertility must be present so that yields are not limited. Soybean removes a large amount of nutrients in the seed relative to other annual crops. For each bushel of soybean produced, 3 lb N, 0.7 lb P2O5, and 1.1 lb K2O will be removed in the seed, but considerably more is required to supply the leaves, stems and pods that are not removed during ...


Soybean Variety Selection, Chad Lee, Carrie Ann Knott, Edwin L. Ritchey Mar 2014

Soybean Variety Selection, Chad Lee, Carrie Ann Knott, Edwin L. Ritchey

Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications

Soybean variety selection is one of the most important and most difficult management decisions a producer must make each year. It takes careful identification of the problems and needs of the production system. When done properly it increases the chance the variety will reach its full yield potential while eliminating costs for unnecessary traits, resulting in highly profitable returns.


Aboveground Feeding By Soybean Aphid, Aphis Glycines, Affects Soybean Cyst Nematode, Heterodera Glycines, Reproduction Belowground, Michael T. Mccarville, David H. Soh, Gregory L. Tylka, Matthew E. O'Neal Jan 2014

Aboveground Feeding By Soybean Aphid, Aphis Glycines, Affects Soybean Cyst Nematode, Heterodera Glycines, Reproduction Belowground, Michael T. Mccarville, David H. Soh, Gregory L. Tylka, Matthew E. O'Neal

Entomology Publications

Heterodera glycines is a cyst nematode that causes significant lost soybean yield in the U.S. Recent studies observed the aphid Aphis glycines and H. glycines interacting via their shared host, soybean, Glycine max. A greenhouse experiment was conducted to discern the effect ofA. glycines feeding on H. glycines reproduction. An H. glycines-susceptible cultivar, Kenwood 94, and a resistant cultivar, Dekalb 27–52, were grown in H. glycines-infested soil for 30 and 60 d. Ten days after planting, plants were infested with either zero, five, or ten aphids. At 30 and 60 d, the number of H ...


Effects Of Ilevo® On Soybean Sudden Death Syndrome And Soybean Cyst Nematode, Edward R. Zaworski Jan 2014

Effects Of Ilevo® On Soybean Sudden Death Syndrome And Soybean Cyst Nematode, Edward R. Zaworski

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Fusarium virguliforme, the causal agent of soybean sudden death syndrome (SDS), and Heterodera glycines, soybean cyst nematode (SCN), are two of the most important pathogens of soybean. Host resistance is currently the main management strategy for both pathogens, and there are few other options available for each pathogen. Seed treatments are now an option for farmers for use of pesticides in early plant development. Bayer CropScience recently registered a seed treatment, ILeVO® (fluopyram), with reported activity against both SDS and SCN. The research described in the following manuscript tested ILeVO® in different combinations with currently available seed treatment products for ...


Quantitative Trait Locus Analysis Of Unsaturated Fatty Acids In A Recombinant Inbred Population Of Soybean, Xianzhi Wang, Guo-Liang Jiang, Marci Green, Roy A. Scott, D. L. Hyten, P. B. Cregan Jan 2014

Quantitative Trait Locus Analysis Of Unsaturated Fatty Acids In A Recombinant Inbred Population Of Soybean, Xianzhi Wang, Guo-Liang Jiang, Marci Green, Roy A. Scott, D. L. Hyten, P. B. Cregan

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] is an important oilseed crop which produces about 30 %of the world’s edible vegetable oil. The quality of soybean oil is determined by its fatty acid composition. Soybean oil high in oleic and low in linolenic fatty acids is desirable for human consumption and other uses. The objectives of this study were to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for unsaturated fatty acids and to evaluate the genetic effects of single QTL and QTL combinations in soybean. A population of recombinant inbred lines derived from the cross of SD02-4-59 X A02-381100 was evaluated for fatty ...


Identification Of Candidate Genes Involved In Early Iron Deficiency Chlorosis Signaling In Soybean (Glycine Max) Roots And Leaves, Adrienne N. Moran-Lauter, Gregory Allan Peiffer, Tengfei Yin, Steven A. Whitham, Dianne Cook, Randy Shoemaker, Michelle Graham Jan 2014

Identification Of Candidate Genes Involved In Early Iron Deficiency Chlorosis Signaling In Soybean (Glycine Max) Roots And Leaves, Adrienne N. Moran-Lauter, Gregory Allan Peiffer, Tengfei Yin, Steven A. Whitham, Dianne Cook, Randy Shoemaker, Michelle Graham

Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications

Background

Iron is an essential micronutrient for all living things, required in plants for photosynthesis, respiration and metabolism. A lack of bioavailable iron in soil leads to iron deficiency chlorosis (IDC), causing a reduction in photosynthesis and interveinal yellowing of leaves. Soybeans (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) grown in high pH soils often suffer from IDC, resulting in substantial yield losses. Iron efficient soybean cultivars maintain photosynthesis and have higher yields under IDC-promoting conditions than inefficient cultivars.

Results

To capture signaling between roots and leaves and identify genes acting early in the iron efficient cultivar Clark, we conducted a RNA-Seq study ...


Quantitative Trait Loci (Qtl) That Underlie Scn Resistance In Soybean [Glycine Max (L.) Merr.] Pi438489b By ‘Hamilton’ Recombinant Inbred Line (Ril) Population, Kassem My Abdelmajid, Laura Ramos, D. L. Hyten, Jason Bond, Abdelhafid Bendahmane, Prakash R. Arelli, Victor N. Njiti, Silvia Cianzio, Stella K. Kantartzi, Khalid Meksem Jan 2014

Quantitative Trait Loci (Qtl) That Underlie Scn Resistance In Soybean [Glycine Max (L.) Merr.] Pi438489b By ‘Hamilton’ Recombinant Inbred Line (Ril) Population, Kassem My Abdelmajid, Laura Ramos, D. L. Hyten, Jason Bond, Abdelhafid Bendahmane, Prakash R. Arelli, Victor N. Njiti, Silvia Cianzio, Stella K. Kantartzi, Khalid Meksem

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

Soybean cyst nematode caused by Heterodera glycines Ichinohe is the most devastating pest in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]. Resistance to SCN is complex, polygenic, race and cultivar specific, and it is controlled by several quantitative trait loci (QTL). Our objective was to identify and map QTL for SCN resistance to races 3 (HG Type 0) and 5 (HG Type 2.5.7) using a high density SNP-based genetic linkage map based on the PI438489B by ‘Hamilton’ (PIxH, n=50) recombinant inbred line population. The PI438489B by Hamilton map contained 648 SNPs distributed on 31 LGs with coverage of 1 ...


Identification And Validation Of Quantitative Trait Loci For Seed Yield, Oil And Protein Contents In Two Recombinant Inbred Line Populations Of Soybean, Xianzhi Wang, Guo‑Liang Jiang, Marci Green, Roy A. Scott, Qijian Song, D. L. Hyten, P. B. Cregan Jan 2014

Identification And Validation Of Quantitative Trait Loci For Seed Yield, Oil And Protein Contents In Two Recombinant Inbred Line Populations Of Soybean, Xianzhi Wang, Guo‑Liang Jiang, Marci Green, Roy A. Scott, Qijian Song, D. L. Hyten, P. B. Cregan

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

Soybean seeds contain high levels of oil and protein, and are the important sources of vegetable oil and plant protein for human consumption and livestock feed. Increased seed yield, oil and protein contents are the main objectives of soybean breeding. The objectives of this study were to identify and validate quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with seed yield, oil and protein contents in two recombinant inbred line populations, and to evaluate the consistency of QTLs across different environments, studies and genetic backgrounds. Both the mapping population (SD02- 4-59 × A02-381100) and validation population (SD02- 911 × SD00-1501) were phenotyped for the three ...