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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Keeping And Using Flock Performance Records, Debra K. Aaron Dec 2014

Keeping And Using Flock Performance Records, Debra K. Aaron

Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications

Performance records serve as the cornerstone of any good livestock management program. Unfortunately, the task of collecting, maintaining and using performance records is the one area of livestock production in general that gets the least attention. This fact sheet provides ten reasons why all sheep producers need to keep performance records on their flocks. Then, some ways of maintaining and using those records are discussed.


Producer Perceptions Of Their Use Of Time And Various Areas Of Risk In Their Business, Kendra Marie Hedge Oct 2014

Producer Perceptions Of Their Use Of Time And Various Areas Of Risk In Their Business, Kendra Marie Hedge

Open Access Theses

Agribusinesses rely on producers choosing their products and services for the success of their business. Agribusinesses can use information regarding how producers rate the importance of certain areas of risk and what takes most of the producers' time to offer specific services to different segments of producers to better meet their needs. An ordered logit model and a multinomial logit model are used to determine factors significant to producers' use of time and importance of various areas of risk. The producers are then segmented into groups based on their risk perceptions. From this research, agribusinesses can recognize that different types ...


Understanding Soilless Media Test Results And Their Implications On Nursery And Greenhouse Crop Management, Dewayne L. Ingram Jul 2014

Understanding Soilless Media Test Results And Their Implications On Nursery And Greenhouse Crop Management, Dewayne L. Ingram

Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications

Soilless media, sometimes called growth media or substrates, are one of the most important components of crop production in containers or raised beds with restricted volume. The word media is the plural of medium. The physical and chemical properties of media greatly influence optimal management protocols. Primary components of these media may be peat, pine bark, perlite, vermiculite, compost and/or perhaps coarse sand. Understanding the chemical and physical properties of optimal media, or the chosen medium for a production system, allows more effective system management. Although choosing or formulating media with optimum physical properties (such as pore air space ...


Increasing Dry Cow And Bred Heifer Performance With Environmental Management, Stephen F. Higgins, Kylie Schmidt Apr 2014

Increasing Dry Cow And Bred Heifer Performance With Environmental Management, Stephen F. Higgins, Kylie Schmidt

Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications

Producing high-quality milk is a primary concern of dairy farmers, which is why the production herd often receives more attention than the dry cows and bred heifers. However, it is important that dairy producers not lose sight of the great value that their dry cows and bred heifers hold: the future of the milking herd. Environmental management practices such as rotational grazing, heavy-use area pads for feeding and watering, and shelter can be used to increase close-up cows’ future performance by preventing mastitis and other health disorders such as lameness.


Soybean Nutrient Management In Kentucky, Edwin L. Ritchey, Chad Lee, Carrie Ann Knott, John H. Grove Apr 2014

Soybean Nutrient Management In Kentucky, Edwin L. Ritchey, Chad Lee, Carrie Ann Knott, John H. Grove

Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications

Soybean grows best on fertile soils. For decades, the University of Kentucky has conducted field studies to establish the relationship between soil nutrient supplies and soybean yield. Adequate soil fertility must be present so that yields are not limited. Soybean removes a large amount of nutrients in the seed relative to other annual crops. For each bushel of soybean produced, 3 lb N, 0.7 lb P2O5, and 1.1 lb K2O will be removed in the seed, but considerably more is required to supply the leaves, stems and pods that are not removed during ...


Key Resources Of Ranch Management, Cody Butler, D. R. Zobell Apr 2014

Key Resources Of Ranch Management, Cody Butler, D. R. Zobell

All Current Publications

There are five essentials for successful ranch management. These essentials consist of: 1) A lifelong approach to management needs, both integrative and holistic. 2) Strive for continuous improvement of key resources. 3) Assemble and use good analysis and decision-making tools. 4) Wage war on cost. 5) Place an emphasis on marketing.


Kentucky Nutrient Management Planning Guidelines (Kynmp), Stephen F. Higgins, Kylie Schmidt, Amanda A. Gumbert Feb 2014

Kentucky Nutrient Management Planning Guidelines (Kynmp), Stephen F. Higgins, Kylie Schmidt, Amanda A. Gumbert

Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications

Nutrients are constantly cycling through farms. Nutrients come onto a farm in the form of feed, commercial fertilizers, manure, or compost, and they leave the farm with harvested crops, sold livestock, and off-site disposal of manure and other waste. Sometimes nutrients are even lost to the air, soil, or water. Nutrient management allows farmers to use nutrients (specifically nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) wisely for optimal economic benefit with minimal impact on the environment.

Approximately 80 percent of nutrients fed to an animal passes through the gut and into its manure. If managed correctly, the nutrients and organic matter in this ...


Understanding Irrigation Water Test Results And Their Implications On Nursery And Greenhouse Crop Management, Dewayne L. Ingram Feb 2014

Understanding Irrigation Water Test Results And Their Implications On Nursery And Greenhouse Crop Management, Dewayne L. Ingram

Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications

Water quality can have a huge impact on plant growth, especially in soilless plant production systems. Water is certainly one of the most critical inputs in nursery and greenhouse crop production. Such production systems are extremely diverse but are most commonly characterized as container production, raised-bed production or hydroponics. Soilless systems require intensive management of water and nutrients for optimal plant growth and production. Irrigation water quality impacts nutrient levels and availability as well as other chemical characteristics of the soilless growth substrate; therefore it is critical to characterize the irrigation water source before starting a crop and possibly even ...


Compost Bedded Pack Barns For Dairy Cattle: Bedding Performance And Mastitis As Compared To Sand Freestalls, Elizabeth A. Eckelkamp Jan 2014

Compost Bedded Pack Barns For Dairy Cattle: Bedding Performance And Mastitis As Compared To Sand Freestalls, Elizabeth A. Eckelkamp

Theses and Dissertations--Animal and Food Sciences

Lameness and mastitis are the two most costly diseases in the dairy industry. Reduction of these diseases through housing and management is beneficial. Compost bedded pack (CBP) and sand freestall barns were compared in a long-term, on-farm study to assess the effect of housing on each disease. Another research objective was to evaluate the effects of ambient weather conditions on moisture and 20 cm internal temperature of CBP. Compost bedded pack moisture, C:N ratio, and internal temperature effects on cleanliness, mastitis, and bedding bacterial counts were also considered. The last research objective was to evaluate the economics of bedding ...


Automated Logistic Processing And Downtime Analysis Of Commercial Level Multi-Pass Corn Stover Harvesting Systems, Jeff C. Askey Jan 2014

Automated Logistic Processing And Downtime Analysis Of Commercial Level Multi-Pass Corn Stover Harvesting Systems, Jeff C. Askey

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As cellulosic ethanol production reaches commercial scale, it is important to maximize efficiencies throughout the supply chain in order to keep an economically feasible feedstock. One important sub-process is the harvesting of feedstock that will be converted into ethanol. The cost to harvest and transport corn stover is a large component of the total cost and is estimated at $82/std. ton; however, this can be reduced to $47/std. ton with improvements to the supply chain (Shah, 2013).

For a large scale facility, capable of producing 30 million gallons of ethanol, 375,000 tons of dry material per year ...


Development Of A Safety Decision-Making Scenario To Measure Worker Safety In Agriculture, Gretchen A. Mosher, Nir Keren, Steven A. Freeman, Charles R. Hurburgh Jr. Jan 2014

Development Of A Safety Decision-Making Scenario To Measure Worker Safety In Agriculture, Gretchen A. Mosher, Nir Keren, Steven A. Freeman, Charles R. Hurburgh Jr.

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Human factors play an important role in the management of occupational safety, especially in high-hazard workplaces such as commercial grain-handling facilities. Employee decision-making patterns represent an essential component of the safety system within a work environment. This research describes the process used to create a safety decision-making scenario to measure the process that grain-handling employees used to make choices in a safety-related work task. A sample of 160 employees completed safety decision-making simulations based on a hypothetical but realistic scenario in a grain-handling environment. Their choices and the information they used to make their choices were recorded. Although the employees ...