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2014

Agriculture

Agriculture

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Articles 1 - 30 of 46

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Ag In Motion, Kerri Bermudez, Annelise Jensch, Michaela Stone Dec 2014

Ag In Motion, Kerri Bermudez, Annelise Jensch, Michaela Stone

Agricultural Education and Communication

The purpose of this project was to gauge the interest levels of Ag in Motion for the Central Coast. Positive feedback would allow the project to continue on after this project is finished. Ag in Motion is an important asset to middle school aged children because they have the opportunity to learn about agriculture and it’s value. This is especially important considering California is number one producer of agricultural commodities in the United States.

The Central Coast is defined as these three counties: Monterey County, San Luis Obispo County, and Santa Barbara County. An online survey was developed and ...


Strategic Management In Agriculture (Recording), Steven Slezak Nov 2014

Strategic Management In Agriculture (Recording), Steven Slezak

Steven Slezak

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Food Aid Delivery Mode On Food Production In Recipient Nation, Steven Marc Wolf Oct 2014

Effect Of Food Aid Delivery Mode On Food Production In Recipient Nation, Steven Marc Wolf

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to provide quantitative evidence linking food aid delivery mode and its correlation with food production in the recipient nation. Debate over the best way to provide food aid to developing countries inspired this study. The three delivery modes used for this study were direct transfer, locally purchase, and triangular purchase. Food aid data was available from The World Food Programme and food production indices were available from The World Bank. Correlations between the independent variable (food aid quantity by delivery mode) and dependent variable (food production index) were examined using the coefficient of determination ...


Citrus Notes-Agricultural Advantages Of So. California, Charles C. Chapman Oct 2014

Citrus Notes-Agricultural Advantages Of So. California, Charles C. Chapman

Charles C. Chapman Citrus Speeches

These are notes from a speech given by Mr. Chapman at a banquet at the Pomona Farmer's Club Institute. He details the environmental advantages that Southern California has in relation to the rest of the world.


Citrus Talks-The Orange, Charles C. Chapman Oct 2014

Citrus Talks-The Orange, Charles C. Chapman

Charles C. Chapman Citrus Speeches

This talk examines the citrus industry, delves into various types of citrus such as Valencia Lates, and several varieties of the navel orange. It also covers the nuances of fumigation and dealing with pests such as Fuller's Rose Beetle and the red spider. Production, costs, and marketing are also discussed.


Small Acreage Site Inventory, Factors To Consider In Planning A Small Scale Agricultural Enterprise, Tiffany Maughan, Brent Black Oct 2014

Small Acreage Site Inventory, Factors To Consider In Planning A Small Scale Agricultural Enterprise, Tiffany Maughan, Brent Black

All Current Publications

This publication is intended to provide a step-by-step guide for taking an inventory of the factors that should guide the decision in what type of small acreage enterprise to pursue. careful planning before deciding on a cop will help ensure a successful venture.


A Case Study Of Changing Cropping Diversity And Agricultural Risk In The Doulthabad Mandal Of Telangana State In India, Srikanth Kondabolu Aug 2014

A Case Study Of Changing Cropping Diversity And Agricultural Risk In The Doulthabad Mandal Of Telangana State In India, Srikanth Kondabolu

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

The Doulthabad[1] Mandal is a hot semi-arid agro-ecological sub-region (Rao et al. 2006) located in Mahbubnagar District on the North Telangana Plateau in the state of Telangana. Agriculture is the main occupation in this region, which is populated mostly with small and marginal farmers. This study uses the time period from 1971 to 2004 to study the variation in cropping pattern diversity and distribution of rainfall during the monsoons and understand the implications on production risk in agriculture. Quantitative methods were used in determining the changes in rainfall while qualitative methods were used to study cropping system changes. The ...


Development Of A Public Education Website: Building Bridges Over Water, Angelina Mckee Jul 2014

Development Of A Public Education Website: Building Bridges Over Water, Angelina Mckee

Agricultural Education and Communication

Website created by Angelina McKee to educate the public about water resource issues. Water is the basic unit of life, water resources are the basis for what societies and ecosystems are founded upon. Water shortages and droughts are more prevalent in our ever-changing world. It is no shock that there are discrepancies between various stockholders on either sides of the dry riverbed. This senior project resulted in the development of a website that addresses global water resources, water use in California, water conservation, and water allocation. The website informs the public on water resources and related issues and will hopefully ...


University Of Wyoming Wool Laboratory, 1907-2012, David Kruger Jun 2014

University Of Wyoming Wool Laboratory, 1907-2012, David Kruger

David Delbert Kruger

The University of Wyoming Wool Laboratory operated on campus from 1907-2012, in which time the sheep and wool industry experienced great change. For over a century, the faculty of the Wool Lab carefully cataloged research associated with sheep and wool, accumulating a collection of over 1,000 individual titles, 10,000 bound journal articles, correspondence, equipment manuals, and data notebooks, and a set of 872 preserved wool samples dating from 1837. This collection, now housed at the Emmett D. Chisum Special Collections Library at the University of Wyoming, is thought to be one of the most unique and complete collections ...


Commercial Land Grabs Threaten Global Food Ecosystem, Lauren Carasik Jun 2014

Commercial Land Grabs Threaten Global Food Ecosystem, Lauren Carasik

Media Presence

No abstract provided.


Your Organic Farm: Community Supported Agriculture, Usu Student Organic Farm Jun 2014

Your Organic Farm: Community Supported Agriculture, Usu Student Organic Farm

USU Student Organic Farm Newsletter

As you know gardens can come with challenges, however being prepared with knowledge and tools can help prevent a challenge from becoming a serious problem. This spring some of our challenges have been pests. It is important to be aware of the their signs and then take the proper active action to apply barriers that prevent problematic pests from causing too much damage.


Benefits Of Exposing Animals To Poor-Quality Foods Early In Life, Beth Burritt Jun 2014

Benefits Of Exposing Animals To Poor-Quality Foods Early In Life, Beth Burritt

All Current Publications

This fact sheet provides research examples of how exposure early in life to poor-quality or high-toxin forages can increase intake and preference for certain forages and improve the productivity of livestock.


Your Organic Farm: Community Supported Agriculture, Usu Student Organic Farm Jun 2014

Your Organic Farm: Community Supported Agriculture, Usu Student Organic Farm

USU Student Organic Farm Newsletter

First off, we want to thank you for your support this season. Without it this farm and our internships would not be possible. As students, we are just beginning to break the surface of our passions and with your support we have opportunity to grow. We would like you to know that we appreciate and feel fortunate for what we have here at the farm. This season you will see all five of your student farmers have a true passion for buying local, growing organic produce, and connecting the community. We pledge to give our best this season and provide ...


The Public Health Impacts Of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations On Local Communities, Michael Greger, Gowri Koneswaran May 2014

The Public Health Impacts Of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations On Local Communities, Michael Greger, Gowri Koneswaran

Michael Greger, MD, FACLM

Large-scale farm animal production facilities, also known as concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs), release a significant amount of contaminants into the air and water. Adverse health effects related to exposure to these contaminants among CAFO workers have been welldocumented; however, less is known about their impact on the health of residents in nearby communities. Epidemiological research in this area suggests that neighboring residents are at increased risk of developing neurobehavioral symptoms and respiratory illnesses, including asthma. Additional research is needed to better understand community-scale exposures and health outcomes related to the management practices and emissions of CAFOs.


The Human/Animal Interface: Emergence And Resurgence Of Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Michael Greger May 2014

The Human/Animal Interface: Emergence And Resurgence Of Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Michael Greger

Michael Greger, MD, FACLM

Emerging infectious diseases, most of which are considered zoonotic in origin, continue to exact a significant toll on society. The origins of major human infectious diseases are reviewed and the factors underlying disease emergence explored. Anthropogenic changes, largely in land use and agriculture, are implicated in the apparent increased frequency of emergence and reemergence of zoonoses in recent decades. Special emphasis is placed on the pathogen with likely the greatest zoonotic potential, influenzavirus A.


Farming: It's Not Just For Farmers Anymore, Jennifer Schmidt May 2014

Farming: It's Not Just For Farmers Anymore, Jennifer Schmidt

Pomona Senior Theses

Agricultural education, originally the province of land grant institutions, has recently entered the liberal arts curriculum. This represents a profound shift from the origins of agricultural education, when it was intended primarily as vocational training for future farmers, and has important implications for the future of the American food system. The first chapter of this thesis addresses the history of agricultural education: what was it originally like, and why did it come to be heavily criticized in the late twentieth century? Formal agricultural education changed significantly in response to these criticisms, making it more environmentally sustainable and bringing it into ...


Biodynamic Agriculture: A Valuable Alternative To The Industrial Farming System, Eden K. Olsen May 2014

Biodynamic Agriculture: A Valuable Alternative To The Industrial Farming System, Eden K. Olsen

Scripps Senior Theses

Since the Scientific and Industrial revolutions, advancing technologies and cutting-edge science have enabled our society to continually promote a growing global economy. Industrial growth has increasingly become a top priority for most governments, notably in the agricultural realm. The advances towards agricultural industrialization began in the 17th century and escalated during the Green Revolution, which examined the possibility of using synthetic fertilizers and mechanization in farming to decrease labor and improve yields. Although seen as economically beneficial, the shift from an agrarian lifestyle to industrial farming has created an ecological, economic, and ideological crisis to our modern world. This ...


Post-Secondary Student's Perception Of College Readiness Skills Developed During Secondary Education Careers, Loren Gross May 2014

Post-Secondary Student's Perception Of College Readiness Skills Developed During Secondary Education Careers, Loren Gross

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

This study is designed to collect information from participants in the AGRI 175 University Experience Agriculture course. The data collected will be focused on the college readiness and career preparedness of students coming from a secondary school system by being broken into the subcategories of: FFA/ 4-H/ Extracurricular, Classroom, Outside of Classroom Educational Obligations, and Miscellaneous. The study will use these four sections as primers for responses for the participants. The four areas will utilize questions to attain attributes in knowledge, skill, and abilities from the subjects with their experiences in secondary education. The goal of this study is to ...


Maine Farmers' Perspectives: Barriers And Optimism To Providing Food To Feed Maine People, A Qualitative Study Using Focus Groups, Kelly Ann Ilseman May 2014

Maine Farmers' Perspectives: Barriers And Optimism To Providing Food To Feed Maine People, A Qualitative Study Using Focus Groups, Kelly Ann Ilseman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Maine has a history and tradition of agriculture in the state. Some growth in the number of farms in recent years has been due to youth entering agriculture, and in the development of small, diverse farms. There is also public interest in purchasing fresh, local foods. This study was done in conjunction with a University of Maine Cooperative Extension study that assessed Maine farmer’s views of the future of farming in Maine. The farmers (n=189) participated in one of twelve focus groups held across the state and represented a broad sector of Maine agriculture, including vegetable and fruit ...


Bridging Gaps And Building Solidarity, Shannon Brenner May 2014

Bridging Gaps And Building Solidarity, Shannon Brenner

Honors College

Real innovation for a more sustainable and inclusive food system requires collaboration based on resilient relationships between a diverse range of community partners and across socio-economic boundaries. SNAP incentive programs at farmer’s markets are bridging gaps in food access and sovereignty for thousands of individuals across the country, but what are the far reaching implications of these programs in terms of a sustainable food system, especially in an uncertain economic landscape? Using the findings of a quantitative, interdisciplinary and community inclusive research project of the Community Supported Farmers’ Markets (CSFM), a SNAP incentive program organized by Food and Medicine ...


Economic And Soil Quality Impacts From Crop/Rangeland Residue Burning, Lyle Holmgren, Grant Cardon, Clint Hill May 2014

Economic And Soil Quality Impacts From Crop/Rangeland Residue Burning, Lyle Holmgren, Grant Cardon, Clint Hill

All Current Publications

This fact sheet describes the practice of burning crop residues and the impacts of it on economics and soil quality.


Should Ranchers Value Sagebrush? Why We Need Sagebrush, Beth Burritt, Thomas Monaco, Eric Thacker May 2014

Should Ranchers Value Sagebrush? Why We Need Sagebrush, Beth Burritt, Thomas Monaco, Eric Thacker

All Current Publications

This fact sheet describes the value of sagebrush to ranchers. Big sagebrush is beneficial to grasses and forbs growing under its canopy by supplying them water, nutrients,organic matter and protection from overgrazing. It provides food and cover for a number of birds, reptiles, small mammals and beneficial insects. It can provide winter forage for both wildlife and livestock. Lastly, it is an important plant for revegetation efforts in the West.


Nutritional Value And Toxins In Various Noxious Weeds, Beth Burritt, Rae Ann Hart May 2014

Nutritional Value And Toxins In Various Noxious Weeds, Beth Burritt, Rae Ann Hart

All Current Publications

Teaching animals to eat noxious weeds may be a solution to reducing noxious weeds. Grazing animals often avoid eating weeds due to novelty even though weeds are often as nutritious as many of our planted pasture and rangelands species. This fact sheet provides livestock producers with the nutritive values of many common weeds. These values were summarized from a variety of peer-reviewed journal articles.


Nitrogen And Carbon Dynamics In Prairie Vegetation Strips Across Topographical Gradients In Mixed Central Iowa Agroecosystems, Marlín Pérez-Suárez, Michael J. Castellano, Randall K. Kolka, Heidi Asbjornsen, Matthew J. Helmers Apr 2014

Nitrogen And Carbon Dynamics In Prairie Vegetation Strips Across Topographical Gradients In Mixed Central Iowa Agroecosystems, Marlín Pérez-Suárez, Michael J. Castellano, Randall K. Kolka, Heidi Asbjornsen, Matthew J. Helmers

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Reductions of nitrogen (N) export from agricultural lands because of changes in specific N stocks and fluxes by incorporation of small amounts of prairie vegetation strips (PVS) are poorly understood. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the presence and topographical position of PVS on soil and plant carbon (C) and N stocks relative to annual crop and native prairie vegetation. The study was implemented within three small adjacent watersheds, treated with one of the following cover types: (1) 100% row-crop agriculture (CROP); (2) 20% prairie vegetation (PVS) distributed along the contour across three topographical ...


Unpermitted Urban Agriculture: Transgressive Actions, Changing Norms And The Local Food Movement, Sarah B. Schindler Apr 2014

Unpermitted Urban Agriculture: Transgressive Actions, Changing Norms And The Local Food Movement, Sarah B. Schindler

Faculty Publications

Roberta keeps four chickens in her backyard. Bob snuck onto the vacant lot next door, which the bank foreclosed upon and now owns, and planted a vegetable garden. Vien operates an occasional underground restaurant from his friends’ microbrewery after beer-making operations cease for the day. The common thread tying these actions together is that they are unauthorized; they are being undertaken in violation of existing laws and often norms. In this Article, I explore ideas surrounding the overlap between food policy and land use law, specifically the transgressive1 actions that people living in urban and suburban communities are undertaking to ...


Csa Shares, Usu Student Organic Farm Mar 2014

Csa Shares, Usu Student Organic Farm

USU Student Organic Farm Newsletter

Your student farm is super excited for the 2014 CSA season and with this excitement comes our commitment to produce and ensure an amazingly bountiful year. So far we are well on our way to achieve this goal. We have put in a lot of work planning our season’s produce through farm maps and efficient seed purchases. Our planning has been extensive and Nathan Staker, your new farm manager, has done a spectacular job preparing and organizing everything and everyone. Spring seeding and planting has also begun. Our cool season hoop house is nearly full and our greenhouse is ...


Agriculture, Environmental Restoration And Ecosystem Services: Assessing The Costs Of Water Storage On Agricultural Lands In South Florida, Kayla Ouellette Mar 2014

Agriculture, Environmental Restoration And Ecosystem Services: Assessing The Costs Of Water Storage On Agricultural Lands In South Florida, Kayla Ouellette

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A large part of the environmental restoration required by the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan calls for more water-storage on lands south of Lake Okeechobee in order to restore the natural water flows of the Everglades watershed. The Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) can be used for increased water storage in order to relieve coastal estuaries of excess water in the rainy season. This water storage can deliver additional ecosystem services of soil retention and reduced CO2 emissions that could compensate farmers for the cost of water storage by increasing long term farm profitability. The goals of this study were 1) to ...


Valuing Smallholder Food Production - A Call For New Theories, Carol B. Thompson Feb 2014

Valuing Smallholder Food Production - A Call For New Theories, Carol B. Thompson

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

The idea that industrial agriculture is successful in providing food security during this time of climate change and increasing world hunger is grounded in the ontology and episteme of neoliberal economics. Therefore, the goal of this article is to extend the debates about the transformation of economic theories—from assumptions to concepts to measures—in order to recognize smallholder, food-producing techniques, ones that acknowledge the bio-physical limits of planet earth and demonstrate “evidence-based” resilience. The first proposed alternative set of theories, ecological economics, challenges neoliberal economics by redefining the planet as a closed system in which externalities cannot exist and ...


The Ten Most Common Mistakes In Using No-Till, Earl Creech, Phil Rasmussen, Robert Newhall Feb 2014

The Ten Most Common Mistakes In Using No-Till, Earl Creech, Phil Rasmussen, Robert Newhall

All Current Publications

Interest in no-till (NT) crop production practices has increased greatly among Utah farmers and ranchers in recent years. This publication highlights 10 common mistakes that are often made by producers that are new to NT.


2014–2015 Agricultural Situation And Outlook, Kevin Heidemann, William M. Snell Jan 2014

2014–2015 Agricultural Situation And Outlook, Kevin Heidemann, William M. Snell

Agricultural Situation and Outlook

No abstract provided.