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Case Study: Minimizing Food Wastage From Farm To Consumer Products – A Systems Approach, David Masser Dec 2014

Case Study: Minimizing Food Wastage From Farm To Consumer Products – A Systems Approach, David Masser

The Last Food Mile Conference

Sterman Masser, Inc. is committed to minimizing food loss throughout the process of growing, harvesting, and packaging a consumer ready product through the use of cutting edge technology industry leading techniques. Combining Integrated Pest Management with crop rotations and more resistant potato varieties, SMI has minimized the potential for crop destroying fungi and insects to propagate. In response to hazards from rocks in the soil and the stresses from harvesting we have acquired rock crushers capable of pulverizing everything down to a powder and new harvesters designed to reduce the stresses of harvesting. Potatoes, coming from the fields, enter our ...


Panel I: Food Industry - Overview, David Galligan Dec 2014

Panel I: Food Industry - Overview, David Galligan

The Last Food Mile Conference

No abstract provided.


Overview Of Food Loss In The United States, Jean Buzby Dec 2014

Overview Of Food Loss In The United States, Jean Buzby

The Last Food Mile Conference

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Economic Research Service (ERS) estimates the amount, value, and calories of food loss at the retail and consumer levels in the United States. Food loss represents the edible amount of food, postharvest, that is available for human consumption but is not consumed for any reason. It includes cooking loss and natural shrinkage (e.g., moisture loss); loss from mold, pests, or inadequate climate control; and food waste. While ERS developed the Loss-Adjusted Food Availability (LAFA) data series to monitor food intake and diet quality, the food loss estimates have been used to inform ...


Global Food Loss And Food Waste And The Environmental Footprint, Barbara Ekwall Dec 2014

Global Food Loss And Food Waste And The Environmental Footprint, Barbara Ekwall

The Last Food Mile Conference

Looking at the global context, the key-note speech will start by examining major trends in food security and nutrition and challenges ahead to feed a world of 9.2 billion people by 2050, 2.3 billion people more than today. It will look at urbanization, changing diets, rising middle class, natural resources and climate change. This is the context in which FAO is fulfilling its mandate to promote food security and nutrition for all, to preserve natural resources, and to promote economic development.

Reducing food loss and waste is an integral part of efforts in view of achieving a zero ...


Sustainably Feeding Nine Billion: Challenges And Opportunities, Kenneth Cassman Dec 2014

Sustainably Feeding Nine Billion: Challenges And Opportunities, Kenneth Cassman

The Last Food Mile Conference

No abstract provided.


Nutrient Reduction Strategy Update And Opportunities For Agribusinesses, Jamie Benning Dec 2014

Nutrient Reduction Strategy Update And Opportunities For Agribusinesses, Jamie Benning

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

The Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy is a science-based framework that identifies in-field, edge of field, and land use practices that minimize loss of nitrogen and phosphorus to surface water. In addition to reductions in agricultural non-point sources of nutrients, the strategy also identifies reductions for non-agricultural point sources such as municipal wastewater treatment plants. The Hypoxia Task Force identified a goal of reducing the total nitrogen and total phosphorus load by 45%. The Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy outlines the effectiveness of the identified agricultural practices to assist farmers in selecting practices individually or in combination to meet their nutrient reduction ...


Importance Of Protecting Pollinators For Our Food Supply, Gary S. Reuter Dec 2014

Importance Of Protecting Pollinators For Our Food Supply, Gary S. Reuter

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Crops in the United States valued at over $18.9 billion dollars per year require pollination. Worldwide the figure is over $217 billion. Without bees to pollinate our grocery shelves would contain some boring food. I like pasta but some flavorful sauce to put on it sure is nice.


Strip-Tillage Successes, Watch-Outs Based On Soil Type, Soil Drainage, And Climate, Mahdi Al-Kaisi Dec 2014

Strip-Tillage Successes, Watch-Outs Based On Soil Type, Soil Drainage, And Climate, Mahdi Al-Kaisi

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

The perceived effect of no-tillage on soil temperature, soil moisture conditions, soil compaction, soil productivity, and nitrogen movement and availability has become a major concern among producers considering adopting this tillage system. No-tillage presents a unique challenge in poorly drained soils, in which certain surface soil properties are affected due to the absence of tillage as a corrective measure. Effective tillage systems create an ideal seedbed condition (i.e., soil moisture, temperature, and penetration resistance) for plant emergence, plant development, and unimpeded root growth.


Incorporating Risk Into 4r Nutrient Management Decisions, Peter Kyveryga, Pat Reeg, Tristan Mueller, Chris Anderson Dec 2014

Incorporating Risk Into 4r Nutrient Management Decisions, Peter Kyveryga, Pat Reeg, Tristan Mueller, Chris Anderson

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

A substantial amount of the uncertainty and unpredictability related to corn nitrogen (N) management across the Midwest can be attributed primarily to several common risk factors: (1) environmental losses of N to water or air, (2) economic penalties from over or under applications of N, and (3) difficulties of quantifying the supply of nitrogen available from the soil, and therefore, making adjustments for in-season weather. Rainfall plays a crucial role in controlling all of these risk factors, but its effects on N management are difficult to quantify when making management decisions for unobserved or future situations.


Fertilizer Situation And Outlook, David Asbridge Dec 2014

Fertilizer Situation And Outlook, David Asbridge

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

No abstract provided.


Nutrient Management Plus With Perennial Grass Strips, Matt Liebman, Tim Youngquist, Ken Moore, Jill Euken Dec 2014

Nutrient Management Plus With Perennial Grass Strips, Matt Liebman, Tim Youngquist, Ken Moore, Jill Euken

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

This session will share learnings from two applied research projects conducted in Iowa that are designed to 1) decrease soil erosion; 2) improve water quality; 3) provide feedstocks for bioprocessors; and, 4) improve farm profitability.


Weather-Based Decision Tools, Chad Hart Dec 2014

Weather-Based Decision Tools, Chad Hart

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Useful to Usable (U2U): Transforming Climate Variability and Change Information for Cereal Crop Producers, is a USDA-funded research and extension project designed to improve the resilience and profitability of U.S. farms in the Corn Belt amid a changing climate. The team of over 50 faculty, staff, and students from nine Midwestern universities are experts in applied climatology, crop modeling, agronomy, cyber-technology, agricultural economics, and other social sciences. We are working together, and with members of the agricultural community, to develop decision support tools, resource materials, and training methods that lead to more effective decision making and the adoption of ...


Fungicide Resistance In Field Crops, Daren Mueller Dec 2014

Fungicide Resistance In Field Crops, Daren Mueller

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Herbicide resistant weeds have been in the news quite frequently lately, and rightfully so. Their existence is changing how farmers currently manage weeds in corn and soybean fields. But resistance to pesticides is not limited to weeds. Fungi that cause crop disease can also develop resistance to fungicides. This presentation will cover the basics of fungicide resistance and outline ways to avoid or delay fungicide resistance from occurring. Some of this research is funded through the soybean check off from Iowa Soybean Association and the United Soybean Board. We thank our sponsors for this support.


Crop Weather Outlook 2015, Elwynn Taylor Dec 2014

Crop Weather Outlook 2015, Elwynn Taylor

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

The Midwest suffered the first drought since 1988 during 2012. Chances are that event opened a period of crop weather that will have greater variability (a mixture of very good and of very bad crop years) than we have seen since before 1996.


New Farm Bill, New Safety Net, Alejandro Plastina Dec 2014

New Farm Bill, New Safety Net, Alejandro Plastina

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

The 2014 Farm Bill introduced several changes to the commodity programs available through the Farm Service Administration (FSA) and created a new insurance program to complement one commodity program through the Risk Management Agency (RMA).This article provides an overview of the new safety net available to Iowa crop farmers from 2014 to 2018, explains the timing of the decisions involved in selecting a farm program, and highlights the factors that affect program election through three numerical examples.


Corn And Soybean Yield Responses To Micronutrients Fertilization, Antonio P. Mallarino, Joshua T. Enderson, Mazhar U. Haq Dec 2014

Corn And Soybean Yield Responses To Micronutrients Fertilization, Antonio P. Mallarino, Joshua T. Enderson, Mazhar U. Haq

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Micronutrients such as boron (B), chloride (Cl), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), and zinc (Zn) are essential plant nutrients taken up by crops in very small amounts, but a deficiency can have profound effects on yield because they perform important physiological functions. Deficiencies seldom are observed or are widespread in Iowa and neighboring states. Farmers and crop consultants have been asking questions, however, concerning possible yield loss due to deficiency of micronutrients in corn and soybean.


Federal Pesticide Regulatory Update: Moving To A National Framework With Local Adaptations?, Steven P. Bradbury Dec 2014

Federal Pesticide Regulatory Update: Moving To A National Framework With Local Adaptations?, Steven P. Bradbury

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Recent US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) pesticide regulations are establishing national performance expectations with varying degrees of flexibility for implementation at the state and local level. For example, EPA decisions concerning pesticide resistance management and pollinator, endangered species and water quality protection create opportunities for designing and specifying regional, state and/or local pesticide use requirements and practices consistent with conditions specified in Federal pesticide registrations. The regulations are highlighting the role Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and site-specific pest management decisions could play in this evolving paradigm.


Biology, Distribution And Management Of Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Erin W. Hodgson, Tracy C. Leskey Dec 2014

Biology, Distribution And Management Of Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Erin W. Hodgson, Tracy C. Leskey

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), is an invasive pest from eastern Asia. This species was first confirmed in the United States in 1998 near Allentown, Pennsylvania. It is believed individuals were accidentally introduced with packing crates from China or Japan. Since 1998, BMSB has rapidly spread to 41 states and the District of Columbia (Leskey et al. 2014). Live adults were first detected in Scott County, Iowa in 2012 and have now been confirmed in eight counties as of 2014.


Using Precision Agriculture Technologies For Phosphorus, Potassium, And Lime Management With Lower Grain Prices And To Improve Water Quality, Antonio P. Mallarino Dec 2014

Using Precision Agriculture Technologies For Phosphorus, Potassium, And Lime Management With Lower Grain Prices And To Improve Water Quality, Antonio P. Mallarino

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Crop prices are decreasing after several years of good prices and public concerns about nutrient application impacts on water quality are increasing. The profitability of nutrient management can be increased and impacts on water quality can be decreased by using a variety of precision agriculture technologies.


Using Pesticide Stewardship To Minimize Off-Target Exposures, Gretchen Paluch Dec 2014

Using Pesticide Stewardship To Minimize Off-Target Exposures, Gretchen Paluch

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Fundamental concepts of pesticide stewardship are of increasing importance to support the future of Iowa agriculture. Pesticide applicators are depended upon to integrate these concepts into current crop production practices that face numerous challenges including resistance in pest populations, changes in technology, shifting land use management practices, and the rising costs of production. The complexity of agricultural production and instant access to information empowered by modern technologies are placing increasing importance on efficiency of decision-making practices and communication of on-site assessment.


Corn Nitrogen Rate Management: Facts, Concepts, And Mother Nature, John E. Sawyer Dec 2014

Corn Nitrogen Rate Management: Facts, Concepts, And Mother Nature, John E. Sawyer

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Yearly nitrogen (N) input is typically required for optimal corn yields in the majority of Iowa crop rotations. The exception would be first-year corn following established alfalfa where none to only a small N input is typically needed. If not fertilized with N over time, corn yield will be very limited as the soils ability to supply plantavailable N becomes depleted.


Increasing Profitability In Soybean Production By Optimizing Planting Rates, Tristan Mueller, Patrick Reeg, Peter Kyveryga Dec 2014

Increasing Profitability In Soybean Production By Optimizing Planting Rates, Tristan Mueller, Patrick Reeg, Peter Kyveryga

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Farmers are interested in better management of seeding rates within soybean fields to increase productivity andeconomic returns. With seed prices trending higher and soybean commodity prices trending lower during the lasttwo years, there are many questions about optimal seeding rates and factors that influence these rates under specificfield conditions.


Cover Crops, Bioreactors, And Wetlands For Nitrate Reduction, Matthew J. Helmers Dec 2014

Cover Crops, Bioreactors, And Wetlands For Nitrate Reduction, Matthew J. Helmers

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

With the release of the Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy in early 2013 there has been increased interest in what practices can be utilized by farmers to reduce nutrient export to downstream water bodies. As highlighted by the ISU Extension and Outreach Special Publication 235 (2013) there are many in-field, land use, and edge-of-field practices that have potential to reduce nutrient export. Three practices that have garnered a substantial amount of interest are cover crops, bioreactors, and wetlands. These three practices span the scale from in-field (cover crops) to edge-of-field (bioreactors) to watershed scale (wetlands).


Energy Costs For Grain Drying And Field Operations, H. Mark Hanna, Dana D. Schweitzer, Shawn Shouse, Jay D. Harmon Dec 2014

Energy Costs For Grain Drying And Field Operations, H. Mark Hanna, Dana D. Schweitzer, Shawn Shouse, Jay D. Harmon

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Iowa spends about one billion dollars annually on the purchase of diesel fuel, electricity, propane, gasoline, and natural gas. Specifically, Iowa spent more than one billion dollars on energy in 2012 including $866,990,000 for gasoline, fuels, and oils (primarily diesel fuel and LP) and $329,138,000 for utilities (primarily electricity) according to the USDA Agricultural Census (USDA, 2014). Correspondingly, farm enterprises nationwide spent $16,573,188,000 for gasoline, fuels, and oils and $8,261,978,000 for utilities in 2012. Purchases of diesel fuel, liquid propane (LP), and natural gas are included in gasoline, fuels, and ...


The Highs And Lows Of Crop Marketing, Chad Hart Dec 2014

The Highs And Lows Of Crop Marketing, Chad Hart

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

The month of October provided a bounce back for the 2014 crop outlook. While supplies are still more than ample, the trade has shifted its focus to demand. And that shift has put prices on an upward march. The price recovery has come just as the bulk of the Iowa crop production exits the field.


Sudden Death Syndrome Management Update, Daren Mueller, Yuba Kandel, Leonor Leandro Dec 2014

Sudden Death Syndrome Management Update, Daren Mueller, Yuba Kandel, Leonor Leandro

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Sudden death syndrome (SDS) was severe in many fields across Iowa in 2014, resulting in yield loss and frustration for farmers. There are a few positive things that we can learn in a year like this, though. For one, many soybean varieties were pushed to their limits, allowing farmers to get a really good evaluation of the genetic resistance for SDS in a variety. Additionally, other beneficial management strategies can be identified that complement variety resistance.


Corn Diseases Of 2014: Northern Corn Leaf Blight, Physoderma Brown Spot, Ear And Stalk Rots, Alison Robertson Dec 2014

Corn Diseases Of 2014: Northern Corn Leaf Blight, Physoderma Brown Spot, Ear And Stalk Rots, Alison Robertson

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

The 2014 growing season started with good conditions at planting. Above normal precipitation in June however was prevalent across most of the state and likely played a role in infection and development of Northern corn leaf blight (NCLB), Physoderma brown spot and stalk rot, and stalk rot. A dry July brought NCLB to a stand still but frequent precipitation events in August and September enabled further development of the disease. Goss’s wilt was also prevalent on hybrids rated susceptible to moderately susceptible to this disease. Although southern rust was reported, the cooler than normal temperatures in August and September ...


Insights Into The Diaporthe/Phomopsis Complex Infecting Soybeans In The United States, Febina M. Mathew, Samuel G. Markell Dec 2014

Insights Into The Diaporthe/Phomopsis Complex Infecting Soybeans In The United States, Febina M. Mathew, Samuel G. Markell

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Diaporthe/Phomopsis species are pathogens on a wide range of hosts including soybeans (Glycine max L.), and responsible for several diseases, some of which are of economic importance. Under favorable environmental conditions, these diseases can result in in significant yield losses (Backman et al. 1985). For example, yield losses from Stem canker in the Midwest have ranged from minor to in excess of 50% (Hartman et al. 1999). Four Diaporthe species have been reported pathogenic on soybean – Diaporthe sojae, the causal agent of pod and stem blight; Diaporthe caulivora and Diaporthe aspalathi, causal agents of Northern and Southern stem cankers ...


Big Data—The Catalyst For A Transformation To Digital Agriculture, Matt Darr Dec 2014

Big Data—The Catalyst For A Transformation To Digital Agriculture, Matt Darr

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

The digital transformation of row crop agriculture has been a work in progress for over 20 years. It started with the development of combine yield monitoring equipment in 1992, gained additional traction with the adoption of GPS targeted soil sampling in the mid 1990’s, and developed into a major ag industry by the mid 2000’s as documented by widespread adoption of autosteering and section control technology. Precision agriculture initiatives focused on right time, right place, and right rate input management as well as waste reduction associated with automated machine controls has played a key role in improving on-farm ...


Cover Crops, Weeds And Herbicides, Bob Hartzler, Meaghan Anderson Dec 2014

Cover Crops, Weeds And Herbicides, Bob Hartzler, Meaghan Anderson

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

The Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy and other factors have increased interest in fitting cover crops into Iowa’s cropping systems. The benefits of cover crops are well documented, and include reducing erosion, nutrient losses, and soil compaction. Legume cover crops such as hairy vetch may contribute nitrogen via biological fixation. The extended period of plant growth during times when soil is often left bare also is beneficial for overall soil health. Finally, cover crops can complement weed management programs by suppressing the establishment of weeds. This paper will focus on the interactions between cover crops, weeds and current weed management ...