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2014

Agriculture

University of Nebraska - Lincoln

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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

U.S. Drought Monitor, December 30, 2014, Brad Rippey Dec 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, December 30, 2014, Brad Rippey

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for December 30, 2014 (12/30/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


Broadband In Nebraska: Current Landscape And Recommendations, Nebraska Information Technology Commission, Nebraska Broadband Initiative, Nebraska Public Service Commission, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln, Nitc Community Council, Nebraska Department Of Economic Development, Aim Dec 2014

Broadband In Nebraska: Current Landscape And Recommendations, Nebraska Information Technology Commission, Nebraska Broadband Initiative, Nebraska Public Service Commission, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln, Nitc Community Council, Nebraska Department Of Economic Development, Aim

Publications of the Rural Futures Institute

N ebraska’s broadband vision is that residents, businesses, government entities, commu-nity partners, and visitors have access to affordable broadband service and have the necessary skills to effectively utilize broadband technologies.

Objectives

To increase economic development opportunities, create good-paying jobs, at-tract and retain population, overcome the barriers of distance, and enhance qual-ity of life in Nebraska by stimulating the continuing deployment of broadband technologies which meet the need for increasing connection speeds.

To increase digital literacy and the widespread adoption of broadband technolo-gies in business, agriculture, health care, education, government and by individu-al Nebraskans.

Goals

The following goals and targets ...


U.S. Drought Monitor, December 16, 2014, David Miskus Dec 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, December 16, 2014, David Miskus

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for December 16, 2014 (12/16/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


U.S. Drought Monitor, December 9, 2014, Anthony Artusa Dec 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, December 9, 2014, Anthony Artusa

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for December 9, 2014 (12/9/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


U.S. Drought Monitor, December 2, 2014, Anthony Artusa Dec 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, December 2, 2014, Anthony Artusa

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for December 2, 2014 (12/2/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


Student Mindset Compared To Performance On The Nebraska State Accountability Test, Ann E. Dvorak Dec 2014

Student Mindset Compared To Performance On The Nebraska State Accountability Test, Ann E. Dvorak

Theses, Dissertations, & Student Scholarship: Agricultural Leadership, Education & Communication Department

Carol Dweck’s research on fixed vs. growth mindset has led to many opportunities for educational research. According to Dweck, a person with a fixed mindset believes that his or her qualities related to a certain task are unchangeable while an individual with a growth mindset believes that his or her qualities related to a certain task can be changed and improved (Dweck, 2006). A correlative study was conducted to identify relationships that exist between student mindset and scores from the Nebraska State Accountability Test (NeSA). For this study, students in the 7th, 8th, and 11th grade ...


Effects Of Stocking Rate On Forage Nutrient Composition Of Nebraska Sandhills Upland Range When Grazed In Early Summer And The Effects Of Grazing On Nebraska Sandhills Meadow Forage Nutrient Compostion, Jared V. Judy Dec 2014

Effects Of Stocking Rate On Forage Nutrient Composition Of Nebraska Sandhills Upland Range When Grazed In Early Summer And The Effects Of Grazing On Nebraska Sandhills Meadow Forage Nutrient Compostion, Jared V. Judy

Theses and Dissertations in Animal Science

The objectives of this research were to 1) evaluate the effects of stocking rate on forage nutrient quality 2) quantify the relative proportions of current vs. previous year growth being consumed in early summer upland range pastures and 3) determine how grazing effects forage nutrient quality in subirrigated meadows in the Nebraska Sandhills. Experiment 1 was a two year study conducted on the experimental upland range paddocks at Gudmundsen Sandhills Laboratory. Twelve 2-hectare paddocks were assigned one of three treatments stocked at 0 (control), 0.57 (light), and 0.85 (heavy) AUM/ha. Ten 0.25 m2 quadrats were ...


Energy Value Of De-Oiled Distillers Grains Plus Solubles In Beef Cattle Diets, Meredith L. Bremer Dec 2014

Energy Value Of De-Oiled Distillers Grains Plus Solubles In Beef Cattle Diets, Meredith L. Bremer

Theses and Dissertations in Animal Science

Ethanol plants are centrifuging off oil from the thin stillage stream as it has added market value currently. The impact of oil removal on cattle performance has been minimally researched. Thus four trials, one growing, one digestion, and two feedlot, were designed to determine the energy and feeding value of de-oiled distillers grains in beef cattle diets.

In growing cattle diets, diet concentration of modified distillers grains plus solubles (MDGS) impacted cattle performance more than oil content. Ending BW, ADG, and G:F did not differ between cattle fed de-oiled or full fat MDGS, however cattle fed de-oiled MDGS had ...


Litter Decomposition And Root Production In Response To Grazing On Sandhills Subirrigated Meadow, Ben W. Beckman Dec 2014

Litter Decomposition And Root Production In Response To Grazing On Sandhills Subirrigated Meadow, Ben W. Beckman

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Stocking density can be manipulated by management factors including herd size, pasture size, and grazing period length. Ultrahigh stocking density (mob grazing) is commonly characterized at 200,000 kg animal live weight ha-1 or higher with multiple movements of livestock per day. Practitioners claim increased plant production, soil development, and nutrient cycling rates because of high trampling percentages resulting from ultrahigh socking densities. This study was conducted on subirrigated meadow in the Nebraska Sandhills in 2012 and 2013 to determine grazing method effect on annual root production and litter decomposition. Stocking rates were held constant while stocking densities varied ...


2015 Spring Seed Guide, Teshome Regassa, Charles A. Shapiro Dec 2014

2015 Spring Seed Guide, Teshome Regassa, Charles A. Shapiro

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

NEBRASKA CORN HYBRID TESTS CROP PRODUCTION SUMMARY: According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, there were 8.75 million acres of corn harvested in Nebraska in 2014 producing approximately 1.58 billion bushels of grain. The total average corn yield for Nebraska in 2014 was a record 181 bushels per acre (bu/a). Total corn yields from the previous 10 years are reported below.

NEBRASKA SOYBEAN VARIETY TESTS - 2014 - CROP PRODUCTION SUMMARY: According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, there were 5.4 million acres of soybeans planted in Nebraska in 2014. 5.35 million acres were harvested producing around ...


Functional Genomics And Microbiome Profiling Of The Asian Longhorned Beetle (Anoplophora Glabripennis) Reveal Insights Into The Digestive Physiology And Nutritional Ecology Of Wood Feeding Beetles, Erin D. Scully, Scott M. Geib, John E. Carlson, Ming Tien, Duane Mckenna, Kelli Hoover Dec 2014

Functional Genomics And Microbiome Profiling Of The Asian Longhorned Beetle (Anoplophora Glabripennis) Reveal Insights Into The Digestive Physiology And Nutritional Ecology Of Wood Feeding Beetles, Erin D. Scully, Scott M. Geib, John E. Carlson, Ming Tien, Duane Mckenna, Kelli Hoover

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

Background: Wood-feeding beetles harbor an ecologically rich and taxonomically diverse assemblage of gut microbes that appear to promote survival in woody tissue, which is devoid of nitrogen and essential nutrients. Nevertheless, the contributions of these apparent symbionts to digestive physiology and nutritional ecology remain uncharacterized in most beetle lineages.

Results: Through parallel transcriptome profiling of beetle- and microbial- derived mRNAs, we demonstrate that the midgut microbiome of the Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis), a member of the beetle family Cerambycidae, is enriched in biosynthetic pathways for the synthesis of essential amino acids, vitamins, and sterols. Consequently, the midgut microbiome of ...


U.S. Drought Monitor, November 25, 2014, Eric Luebehusen Nov 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, November 25, 2014, Eric Luebehusen

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for November 25, 2014 (11/25/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


U.S. Drought Monitor, November 18, 2014, Eric Luebehusen Nov 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, November 18, 2014, Eric Luebehusen

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for November 18, 2014 (11/18/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


U.S. Drought Monitor, November 11, 2014, Matthew Rosencrans Nov 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, November 11, 2014, Matthew Rosencrans

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for November 11, 2014 (11/11/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


U.S. Drought Monitor, November 4, 2014, Matthew Rosencrans Nov 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, November 4, 2014, Matthew Rosencrans

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for November 4, 2014 (11/4/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


Comprehensive Characterization And Rna-Seq Profiling Of The Hd-Zip Transcription Factor Family In Soybean (Glycine Max) During Dehydration And Salt Stress, Vikas Belamkar, Nathan T. Weeks, Arvind K. Bharti, Andrew D. Farmer, Michelle A. Graham, Steven B. Cannon Nov 2014

Comprehensive Characterization And Rna-Seq Profiling Of The Hd-Zip Transcription Factor Family In Soybean (Glycine Max) During Dehydration And Salt Stress, Vikas Belamkar, Nathan T. Weeks, Arvind K. Bharti, Andrew D. Farmer, Michelle A. Graham, Steven B. Cannon

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

Background:

The homeodomain leucine zipper (HD-Zip) transcription factor family is one of the largest plant specific superfamilies, and includes genes with roles in modulation of plant growth and response to environmental stresses. Many HD-Zip genes are characterized in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), and members of the family are being investigated for abiotic stress responses in rice (Oryza sativa), maize (Zea mays), poplar (Populus trichocarpa) and cucumber (Cucmis sativus). Findings in these species suggest HD-Zip genes as high priority candidates for crop improvement.

Results:

In this study we have identified members of the HD-Zip gene family in soybean cv. ‘Williams 82’, and ...


Control Of Herbicide-Resistant Volunteer Corn In Herbicide-Resistant Soybean, Parminder Chahal Nov 2014

Control Of Herbicide-Resistant Volunteer Corn In Herbicide-Resistant Soybean, Parminder Chahal

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Volunteer corn is a problem weed in soybean fields because it reduces yield and seed quality, and potentially harbors insects, pests, and diseases. Several pre-packaged herbicides have been registered in soybean in recent years, but response of volunteer corn to these herbicides has not yet been documented. Therefore, the first objective of this study was to evaluate the response of glufosinate-, glyphosate-, and imidazolinone-resistant volunteer corn to 20 pre-emergence (PRE) and 17 post-emergence (POST) soybean herbicides. The results indicated that PRE soybean herbicides partially controlled (< 80%) volunteer corn except clomazone, while acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACCase) inhibiting herbicides provided ≥ 85% control. Germination and emergence are critical stages in weed seed establishment and persistence. Scientific literature is not available about the factors affecting germination and emergence of volunteer corn. The second objective was to determine the effects of different environmental and agronomic factors on the germination and emergence of glyphosate-resistant hybrid and volunteer corn. The results indicated that response of hybrid and volunteer corn to majority of the variables tested was similar, suggesting that volunteer corn can germinate and emerge in a wide range of climatic conditions. Majority of growers control volunteer corn when it is visible above the soybean canopy, but this can results in early season competition with soybean. The third objective was to evaluate the impact of different densities of glyphosate-resistant volunteer corn at different control timings, and late season volunteer corn emergence on soybean yields. Late season volunteer corn emergence had no significant effect on soybean yield. Yield did not decrease with all volunteer corn densities, except with the highest density (10,000 plants and 500 clumps ha-1) at all control timings. Soybean growers are looking for alternative herbicides, such as glufosinate ...


The Impact Of An Eu-Us Transatlantic Trade And Investment Partnership Agreement On Biofuel And Feedstock Markets, John C. Beghin, Jean-Christophe Bureau, Alexandre Gohin Nov 2014

The Impact Of An Eu-Us Transatlantic Trade And Investment Partnership Agreement On Biofuel And Feedstock Markets, John C. Beghin, Jean-Christophe Bureau, Alexandre Gohin

Faculty Publications: Agricultural Economics

We assess the impact of a potential TTIP bilateral free trade agreement on the EU and US bio-economies (feedstock, biofuels, by-products, and related competing crops) and major trade partners in these markets. The analysis develops a multi-market model that incorporates bilateral trade flows (US to EU, EU to US, and similarly with third countries) and is calibrated to OECD-FAO baseline for 2013–2022 to account for recent policy decisions. The major policy reforms from a TTIP involve tariff and TRQ liberalization and their direct contractionary impact on US sugar supply, EU biofuel production, and indirect negative effect on US HFCS ...


U.S. Drought Monitor, October 28, 2014, Brian Fuchs Oct 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, October 28, 2014, Brian Fuchs

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for October 28, 2014 (10/28/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


U.S. Drought Monitor, October 21, 2014, Michael J. Brewer Oct 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, October 21, 2014, Michael J. Brewer

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for October 21, 2014 (10/21/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


U.S. Drought Monitor, October 14, 2014, Mark D. Svoboda Oct 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, October 14, 2014, Mark D. Svoboda

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for October 14, 2014 (10/14/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


U.S. Drought Monitor, October 7, 2014, Mark D. Svoboda Oct 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, October 7, 2014, Mark D. Svoboda

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for October 7, 2014 (10/7/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


Biosafety: Evaluation And Regulation Of Genetically Modified (Gm) Crops In The United States, Richard E. Goodman Oct 2014

Biosafety: Evaluation And Regulation Of Genetically Modified (Gm) Crops In The United States, Richard E. Goodman

Faculty Publications in Food Science and Technology

This review of the safety assessment of genetically modified (GM) crops is focused primarily on the process and progress in the United States (US). It reviews the development of the safety evaluation process from the Asilomar conference in 1975 considering issues relevant to recombinant DNA technology, to discussions between the US government, academic and industrial scientists between 1984 and 1994 when the first GM crops were being field tested and evaluated commercial release for food and feed production. International guidelines were also reviewed for consistency with the US system. The overall process includes consideration of information relating to history of ...


2014 Nebraska Beef Cattle Report Sep 2014

2014 Nebraska Beef Cattle Report

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Contents:

Cow/Calf

Effect of Pubertal Status and Number of Estrous Cycles Prior to the Breeding Season on Pregnancy Rate in Beef Heifers .5

Comparison of Long-term Progestin-based Synchronization Protocols on Fixed-time AI pregnancy Rate in Beef Heifers . 8

Androgen Excess in Beef Cows Results in Altered Theca Cell Gene Expression and Fertility 11

Follicular Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A Expression Before and After the LH Surge . 14

Evaluation of Genomic Predictors for Red Angus Cattle . 17

Preconception Distillers Grains Supplementation Improves Mature Beef Cow Return to Estrous . 19

Impact of Supplemental Protein Source on Pregnant Heifers 21

Effects of ...


U.S. Drought Monitor, September 30, 2014, Richard R. Heim Jr. Sep 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, September 30, 2014, Richard R. Heim Jr.

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for September 30, 2014 (9/30/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


U.S. Drought Monitor, September 23, 2014, Richard R. Heim Jr. Sep 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, September 23, 2014, Richard R. Heim Jr.

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for September 23, 2014 (9/23/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


U.S. Drought Monitor, September 16, 2014, Michael J. Brewer Sep 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, September 16, 2014, Michael J. Brewer

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for September 16, 2014 (9/16/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


U.S. Drought Monitor, September 9, 2014, Brian Fuchs Sep 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, September 9, 2014, Brian Fuchs

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for September 9, 2014 (9/9/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


U.S. Drought Monitor, September 2, 2014, David Simeral Sep 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, September 2, 2014, David Simeral

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for September 2, 2014 (9/2/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


Msh1-Induced Non-Genetic Variation Provides A Source Of Phenotypic Diversity In Sorghum Bicolor, Roberto De La Rosa Santamaria, Mon-Ray Shao, Guomei Wang, David O. Nino-Liu, Hardik Kundariya, Yashitola Wamboldt, Ismail M. Dweikat, Sally Ann Mackenzie Sep 2014

Msh1-Induced Non-Genetic Variation Provides A Source Of Phenotypic Diversity In Sorghum Bicolor, Roberto De La Rosa Santamaria, Mon-Ray Shao, Guomei Wang, David O. Nino-Liu, Hardik Kundariya, Yashitola Wamboldt, Ismail M. Dweikat, Sally Ann Mackenzie

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

MutS Homolog 1 (MSH1) encodes a plant-specific protein that functions in mitochondria and chloroplasts. We showed previously that disruption or suppression of the MSH1 gene results in a process of developmental reprogramming that is heritable and non-genetic in subsequent generations. In Arabidopsis, this developmental reprogramming process is accompanied by striking changes in gene expression of organellar and stress response genes. This developmentally reprogrammed state, when used in crossing, results in a range of variation for plant growth potential. Here we investigate the implications of MSH1 modulation in a crop species. We found that MSH1-mediated phenotypic variation in Sorghum bicolor ...