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2014

Agriculture

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1521

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

U.S. Drought Monitor, December 30, 2014, Brad Rippey Dec 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, December 30, 2014, Brad Rippey

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for December 30, 2014 (12/30/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


En El Do De La Unión Europea: Registro De Denominaciones De Origen Protegidas, Indicaciones Geográficas Protegidas, Etc., Luis González Vaqué, Cristina Vidreras Pérez Dec 2014

En El Do De La Unión Europea: Registro De Denominaciones De Origen Protegidas, Indicaciones Geográficas Protegidas, Etc., Luis González Vaqué, Cristina Vidreras Pérez

Luis González Vaqué

No abstract provided.


Broadband In Nebraska: Current Landscape And Recommendations, Nebraska Information Technology Commission, Nebraska Broadband Initiative, Nebraska Public Service Commission, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln, Nitc Community Council, Nebraska Department Of Economic Development, Aim Dec 2014

Broadband In Nebraska: Current Landscape And Recommendations, Nebraska Information Technology Commission, Nebraska Broadband Initiative, Nebraska Public Service Commission, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln, Nitc Community Council, Nebraska Department Of Economic Development, Aim

Publications of the Rural Futures Institute

N ebraska’s broadband vision is that residents, businesses, government entities, commu-nity partners, and visitors have access to affordable broadband service and have the necessary skills to effectively utilize broadband technologies.

Objectives

To increase economic development opportunities, create good-paying jobs, at-tract and retain population, overcome the barriers of distance, and enhance qual-ity of life in Nebraska by stimulating the continuing deployment of broadband technologies which meet the need for increasing connection speeds.

To increase digital literacy and the widespread adoption of broadband technolo-gies in business, agriculture, health care, education, government and by individu-al Nebraskans.

Goals

The following goals and targets ...


2014 Iowa Land Value Survey: Overview, Michael D. Duffy, Karen Kovarik, Andrew Guinness Dec 2014

2014 Iowa Land Value Survey: Overview, Michael D. Duffy, Karen Kovarik, Andrew Guinness

Iowa Land Value Surveys

This briefing paper includes background information on the Iowa land value survey, including historic information, an analysis of highest/lowest land values and changes from last year’s survey.


U.S. Drought Monitor, December 16, 2014, David Miskus Dec 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, December 16, 2014, David Miskus

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for December 16, 2014 (12/16/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


Nitrogen Fertilizer, Cropping Systems, And Iowa Groundwater, Robert Dehaan, Ronald Vos, Matt Schuiteman, Matt Van Schouwen, Harlan Kruid Dec 2014

Nitrogen Fertilizer, Cropping Systems, And Iowa Groundwater, Robert Dehaan, Ronald Vos, Matt Schuiteman, Matt Van Schouwen, Harlan Kruid

Faculty Work Comprehensive List

Summary presentation of research conducted over a 5 year period to determine which cropping systems best reduce nitrate leaching. Initial data was collected on nitrate concentration from individual wells in the Sioux Center, Iowa area which led to connections with the Iowa Department of Natural Resources Source Water Protection Program. A community group was then formed comprised of city representatives, Dordt College faculty, local farmers, Source Water Protection Program staff, and others. The group applied for and received a Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture grant to fund field experiments to identify cropping systems that retain nitrate and are workable for ...


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Dec 2014

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Index To Volume 25, Agricultural Law Digest Dec 2014

Index To Volume 25, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Uniform Basis: Who Can Claim Depreciation After Death And How Much?, Neil E. Harl Dec 2014

Uniform Basis: Who Can Claim Depreciation After Death And How Much?, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Leaving property at death to the surviving spouse for life (a legal life estate or a life estate in trust) with a remainder interest to a child or children has been a fairly common strategy and continues to be used even with the larger applicable exclusion amount1 and “portability” (which allows the surviving spouse to use the unused applicable exclusion amount at the death of the first spouse to die if the requirements are met).2 One important issue is how is the income tax basis handled under the “uniform basis” rules? What happens if the holder of the life ...


Tall Fescue Seed Extraction And Partial Purification Of Ergot Alkaloids, Huihua Ji, Franklin Fannin, J. Klotz, Lowell P. Bush Dec 2014

Tall Fescue Seed Extraction And Partial Purification Of Ergot Alkaloids, Huihua Ji, Franklin Fannin, J. Klotz, Lowell P. Bush

Kentucky Tobacco Research and Development Center Faculty Publications

Many substances in the tall fescue/endophyte association (Schedonorus arundinaceus/Epichloë coenophiala) have biological activity. Of these compounds only the ergot alkaloids are known to have significant mammalian toxicity and the predominant ergot alkaloids are ergovaline and ergovalinine. Because synthetically produced ergovaline is difficult to obtain, we developed a seed extraction and partial purification protocol for ergovaline/ergovalinine that provided a biologically active product. Tall fescue seed was ground and packed into several different sized columns for liquid extraction. Smaller particle size and increased extraction time increased efficiency of extraction. Our largest column was a 114 × 52 × 61 cm (W ...


Oregon Wine Board Meeting Minutes December 9, 2014, Oregon Wine Board Dec 2014

Oregon Wine Board Meeting Minutes December 9, 2014, Oregon Wine Board

Oregon Wine Board Documents

These meeting minutes list individuals in attendance and missing from the December 9, 2014 Oregon Wine Board (OWB) meeting, held at the Aquariva Restaurant in Portland, Oregon. The meeting included reports from the finance, marketing/communications, and education committees, as well as a discussion of Board governance. The Board went into Executive Session for approximately 30 minutes; upon reconvening, the Board reviewed viticulture and enology research. The meeting lasted 3 hours 24 minutes (including the time spent in Executive Session).


U.S. Drought Monitor, December 9, 2014, Anthony Artusa Dec 2014

U.S. Drought Monitor, December 9, 2014, Anthony Artusa

US Ag in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for December 9, 2014 (12/9/14) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


Case Study: Minimizing Food Wastage From Farm To Consumer Products – A Systems Approach, David Masser Dec 2014

Case Study: Minimizing Food Wastage From Farm To Consumer Products – A Systems Approach, David Masser

The Last Food Mile Conference

Sterman Masser, Inc. is committed to minimizing food loss throughout the process of growing, harvesting, and packaging a consumer ready product through the use of cutting edge technology industry leading techniques. Combining Integrated Pest Management with crop rotations and more resistant potato varieties, SMI has minimized the potential for crop destroying fungi and insects to propagate. In response to hazards from rocks in the soil and the stresses from harvesting we have acquired rock crushers capable of pulverizing everything down to a powder and new harvesters designed to reduce the stresses of harvesting. Potatoes, coming from the fields, enter our ...


Panel I: Food Industry - Overview, David Galligan Dec 2014

Panel I: Food Industry - Overview, David Galligan

The Last Food Mile Conference

No abstract provided.


Overview Of Food Loss In The United States, Jean Buzby Dec 2014

Overview Of Food Loss In The United States, Jean Buzby

The Last Food Mile Conference

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Economic Research Service (ERS) estimates the amount, value, and calories of food loss at the retail and consumer levels in the United States. Food loss represents the edible amount of food, postharvest, that is available for human consumption but is not consumed for any reason. It includes cooking loss and natural shrinkage (e.g., moisture loss); loss from mold, pests, or inadequate climate control; and food waste. While ERS developed the Loss-Adjusted Food Availability (LAFA) data series to monitor food intake and diet quality, the food loss estimates have been used to inform ...


Global Food Loss And Food Waste And The Environmental Footprint, Barbara Ekwall Dec 2014

Global Food Loss And Food Waste And The Environmental Footprint, Barbara Ekwall

The Last Food Mile Conference

Looking at the global context, the key-note speech will start by examining major trends in food security and nutrition and challenges ahead to feed a world of 9.2 billion people by 2050, 2.3 billion people more than today. It will look at urbanization, changing diets, rising middle class, natural resources and climate change. This is the context in which FAO is fulfilling its mandate to promote food security and nutrition for all, to preserve natural resources, and to promote economic development.

Reducing food loss and waste is an integral part of efforts in view of achieving a zero ...


Sustainably Feeding Nine Billion: Challenges And Opportunities, Kenneth Cassman Dec 2014

Sustainably Feeding Nine Billion: Challenges And Opportunities, Kenneth Cassman

The Last Food Mile Conference

No abstract provided.


Impacts Of Land-Cover Change And High Rainfall On Soil Erosion Among Three Farms In Cerro Punta, Chiriquí, Panamá., Madeline Happ Dec 2014

Impacts Of Land-Cover Change And High Rainfall On Soil Erosion Among Three Farms In Cerro Punta, Chiriquí, Panamá., Madeline Happ

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Soil erosion is a key source leading to the depletion of Earth’s natural resources. Beginning with deforestation, soils are stripped of their rich vegetation cover, leaving them vulnerable to wind, water, and sometimes total exhaustion. One of the major causes of deforestation, if not the primary cause, is for agricultural purposes. Extensive agricultural fields, steep slopes, and heavy rains characterize the highlands of Chiriquí; thus, the land displays potential for severe loss of soil. This paper illustrates and discusses the extent of soil erosion in Cerro Punta, Chiriquí, specifically considering the steep terrains and very wet environment that impact ...


Nông Thôn Mới And Rural Development In The Mekong Delta: A Comparative Study Of Bàu Môn And Hòa Phụng C Hamlets, Alex Lintz Dec 2014

Nông Thôn Mới And Rural Development In The Mekong Delta: A Comparative Study Of Bàu Môn And Hòa Phụng C Hamlets, Alex Lintz

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Vietnam’s Nông Thôn Mới or New Rural Development program is a relatively new target program introduced in 2010. As of yet there has been little research done on its effects on the economies in rural areas. This paper attempts to analyze the economic situation in the Bàu Môn and Hòa Phụng C hamlets with a particular emphasis placed on income and factors that affect income in terms of Vietnam’s Nông Thôn Mới or New Rural Development program. In order to assess the economic situation in the hamlets, a survey was administered to 25 participants in each hamlet and ...


Ultrasonication Of Sugary -2 Corn For Enhanced Enzymatic Hydrolysis, Melissa Tabada Montalbo-Lomboy, Lawrence A. Johnson, Samir Kumar Khanal Dec 2014

Ultrasonication Of Sugary -2 Corn For Enhanced Enzymatic Hydrolysis, Melissa Tabada Montalbo-Lomboy, Lawrence A. Johnson, Samir Kumar Khanal

Lawrence A. Johnson

This study investigates the potential application of high powered ultrasonics as a liquefaction pretreatment of sugary-2 corn slurry. Ground sugary-2 corn ( Zea Mays L. ) slurry was treated with ultrasonics at 20kHz and amplitudes of 192-320 µ m pp (peak-to-peak) for 5, 10, 15, 20 and 40 seconds. After sonication, enzymes (Stargen TM 001) were added to the samples to hydrolyze the starch into fermentable sugars. It was found that the reducing sugar released in the treated samples were 6-fold higher than in the non-treated samples. Scanning electron microscopy images revealed that the sugary starch was partially gelatinized during sonication. This ...


Nutrient Reduction Strategy Update And Opportunities For Agribusinesses, Jamie Benning Dec 2014

Nutrient Reduction Strategy Update And Opportunities For Agribusinesses, Jamie Benning

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

The Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy is a science-based framework that identifies in-field, edge of field, and land use practices that minimize loss of nitrogen and phosphorus to surface water. In addition to reductions in agricultural non-point sources of nutrients, the strategy also identifies reductions for non-agricultural point sources such as municipal wastewater treatment plants. The Hypoxia Task Force identified a goal of reducing the total nitrogen and total phosphorus load by 45%. The Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy outlines the effectiveness of the identified agricultural practices to assist farmers in selecting practices individually or in combination to meet their nutrient reduction ...


Importance Of Protecting Pollinators For Our Food Supply, Gary S. Reuter Dec 2014

Importance Of Protecting Pollinators For Our Food Supply, Gary S. Reuter

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Crops in the United States valued at over $18.9 billion dollars per year require pollination. Worldwide the figure is over $217 billion. Without bees to pollinate our grocery shelves would contain some boring food. I like pasta but some flavorful sauce to put on it sure is nice.


Strip-Tillage Successes, Watch-Outs Based On Soil Type, Soil Drainage, And Climate, Mahdi Al-Kaisi Dec 2014

Strip-Tillage Successes, Watch-Outs Based On Soil Type, Soil Drainage, And Climate, Mahdi Al-Kaisi

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

The perceived effect of no-tillage on soil temperature, soil moisture conditions, soil compaction, soil productivity, and nitrogen movement and availability has become a major concern among producers considering adopting this tillage system. No-tillage presents a unique challenge in poorly drained soils, in which certain surface soil properties are affected due to the absence of tillage as a corrective measure. Effective tillage systems create an ideal seedbed condition (i.e., soil moisture, temperature, and penetration resistance) for plant emergence, plant development, and unimpeded root growth.


Incorporating Risk Into 4r Nutrient Management Decisions, Peter Kyveryga, Pat Reeg, Tristan Mueller, Chris Anderson Dec 2014

Incorporating Risk Into 4r Nutrient Management Decisions, Peter Kyveryga, Pat Reeg, Tristan Mueller, Chris Anderson

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

A substantial amount of the uncertainty and unpredictability related to corn nitrogen (N) management across the Midwest can be attributed primarily to several common risk factors: (1) environmental losses of N to water or air, (2) economic penalties from over or under applications of N, and (3) difficulties of quantifying the supply of nitrogen available from the soil, and therefore, making adjustments for in-season weather. Rainfall plays a crucial role in controlling all of these risk factors, but its effects on N management are difficult to quantify when making management decisions for unobserved or future situations.


Fertilizer Situation And Outlook, David Asbridge Dec 2014

Fertilizer Situation And Outlook, David Asbridge

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

No abstract provided.


Nutrient Management Plus With Perennial Grass Strips, Matt Liebman, Tim Youngquist, Ken Moore, Jill Euken Dec 2014

Nutrient Management Plus With Perennial Grass Strips, Matt Liebman, Tim Youngquist, Ken Moore, Jill Euken

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

This session will share learnings from two applied research projects conducted in Iowa that are designed to 1) decrease soil erosion; 2) improve water quality; 3) provide feedstocks for bioprocessors; and, 4) improve farm profitability.


Weather-Based Decision Tools, Chad Hart Dec 2014

Weather-Based Decision Tools, Chad Hart

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Useful to Usable (U2U): Transforming Climate Variability and Change Information for Cereal Crop Producers, is a USDA-funded research and extension project designed to improve the resilience and profitability of U.S. farms in the Corn Belt amid a changing climate. The team of over 50 faculty, staff, and students from nine Midwestern universities are experts in applied climatology, crop modeling, agronomy, cyber-technology, agricultural economics, and other social sciences. We are working together, and with members of the agricultural community, to develop decision support tools, resource materials, and training methods that lead to more effective decision making and the adoption of ...


Fungicide Resistance In Field Crops, Daren Mueller Dec 2014

Fungicide Resistance In Field Crops, Daren Mueller

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Herbicide resistant weeds have been in the news quite frequently lately, and rightfully so. Their existence is changing how farmers currently manage weeds in corn and soybean fields. But resistance to pesticides is not limited to weeds. Fungi that cause crop disease can also develop resistance to fungicides. This presentation will cover the basics of fungicide resistance and outline ways to avoid or delay fungicide resistance from occurring. Some of this research is funded through the soybean check off from Iowa Soybean Association and the United Soybean Board. We thank our sponsors for this support.


Crop Weather Outlook 2015, Elwynn Taylor Dec 2014

Crop Weather Outlook 2015, Elwynn Taylor

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

The Midwest suffered the first drought since 1988 during 2012. Chances are that event opened a period of crop weather that will have greater variability (a mixture of very good and of very bad crop years) than we have seen since before 1996.


New Farm Bill, New Safety Net, Alejandro Plastina Dec 2014

New Farm Bill, New Safety Net, Alejandro Plastina

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

The 2014 Farm Bill introduced several changes to the commodity programs available through the Farm Service Administration (FSA) and created a new insurance program to complement one commodity program through the Risk Management Agency (RMA).This article provides an overview of the new safety net available to Iowa crop farmers from 2014 to 2018, explains the timing of the decisions involved in selecting a farm program, and highlights the factors that affect program election through three numerical examples.