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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Distinct Toll-Like Receptor Expression In Monocytes And T Cells In Chronic Hcv Infection, Angela Dolganiuc, Catherine Garcia, Karen Kodys, Gyongyi Szabo Mar 2006

Distinct Toll-Like Receptor Expression In Monocytes And T Cells In Chronic Hcv Infection, Angela Dolganiuc, Catherine Garcia, Karen Kodys, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

AIM: Hepatitis C virus often establishes chronic infections. Recent studies suggest that viral and bacterial infections are more common in HCV-infected patients compared to controls. Pathogens are recognized by Toll-like receptors (TLRs) to shape adaptive and innate immune responses.

METHODS: In this study, to assess the ability of HCV-infected host to recognize invading pathogens, we investigated Toll-like receptor expression in innate (monocytes) and adaptive (T cells) immune cells by real-time PCR.

RESULTS: We determined that RNA levels for TLRs 2, 6. 7, 8, 9 and 10 mRNA levels were upregulated in both monocytes and T cells in HCV-infected patients compared ...


Comparative Efficiency Of Six Stable Fly Traps., David B. Taylor, Dennis R. Berkebile Dec 2005

Comparative Efficiency Of Six Stable Fly Traps., David B. Taylor, Dennis R. Berkebile

David B. Taylor

Five adhesive traps and the Nzi cloth-target trap were compared to determine their trapping efficiency and biases for stable flies, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae). Two configurations of the BiteFree prototype trap, constructed of polyethylene terephthalate, were most efficient for trapping stable flies, whereas the EZ trap was least efficient. The two Alsynite traps, Broce and Olson, were intermediate to the BiteFree prototype and EZ traps. All adhesive traps collected a ratio of approximately two males for each female. Approximately 50% of the flies collected on the adhesive traps, both male and female, were blood fed, and 20% were vitellogenic ...