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Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2006

Selected Works

Scott A. Shaffer

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Validation Of Water Flux And Body Composition In Glaucous Gulls (Larus Hyperboreus), Scott A. Shaffer, Gabrielsen, G.W., Verreault, J, Costa, D.P Dec 2005

Validation Of Water Flux And Body Composition In Glaucous Gulls (Larus Hyperboreus), Scott A. Shaffer, Gabrielsen, G.W., Verreault, J, Costa, D.P

Scott A. Shaffer

Water influx rates (WIR) measured with tritiated water dilution were compared with direct measures of water and energy intake in glaucous gulls (Larus hyperboreus). Total body water (TBW) measured isotopically was also compared with TBW determined by body composition analysis (BCA) of the same birds. Seventeen wild gulls were captured and studied in outdoor enclosures at Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, in July 2002. Gulls were hand-fed known quantities of Arctic cod (Boreogadus saida) or given water on the basis of one of four experimental treatments: (A) fasting, (B) fish only, (C) water only, or (D) fish and water. Water and energy content ...


A Database For The Study Of Marine Mammal Behavior: Gap Analysis, Data Standardization, And Future Directions, Scott A. Shaffer, D P. Costa Dec 2005

A Database For The Study Of Marine Mammal Behavior: Gap Analysis, Data Standardization, And Future Directions, Scott A. Shaffer, D P. Costa

Scott A. Shaffer

A relational database that contained published information on the diving behavior and/or movement patterns of marine mammals was compiled to facilitate a modeling effort of the Effects of Sound on the Marine Environment (ESME) program. A total of 448 references from reports, books, and peer-reviewed journal articles were obtained. The metadata describing each animal studied, location of the study, and equipment used were entered into the database as well as empirical data describing the diving behavior and movement patterns of each animal. In total, the database contained 1815 entries from 51 different marine mammal species or subspecies. The majority ...


Interpolation Of Tracking Data In A Fluid Environment, Y Tremblay, Scott A. Shaffer, S L. Fowler, C E. Kuhn, B I. Mcdonald, M J. Weise, C -A Bost, H Weimerskirch, D E. Crocker, M E. Goebel, D P. Costa Dec 2005

Interpolation Of Tracking Data In A Fluid Environment, Y Tremblay, Scott A. Shaffer, S L. Fowler, C E. Kuhn, B I. Mcdonald, M J. Weise, C -A Bost, H Weimerskirch, D E. Crocker, M E. Goebel, D P. Costa

Scott A. Shaffer

Interpolation of geolocation or Argos tracking data is a necessity for habitat use analyses of marine vertebrates. In a fluid marine environment, characterized by curvilinear structures, linearly interpolated track data are not realistic. Based on these two facts, we interpolated tracking data from albatrosses, penguins, boobies, sea lions, fur seals and elephant seals using six mathematical algorithms. Given their popularity in mathematical computing, we chose Bézier, hermite and cubic splines, in addition to a commonly used linear algorithm to interpolate data. Performance of interpolation methods was compared with different temporal resolutions representative of the less-precise geolocation and the more-precise Argos ...