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Articles 1 - 15 of 15

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Homeland Security: Engaging The Frontlines - Symposium Proceedings, George H. Baker, Cheryl J. Elliott Apr 2006

Homeland Security: Engaging The Frontlines - Symposium Proceedings, George H. Baker, Cheryl J. Elliott

George H Baker

The rise of the American homeland security endeavor under the leadership of the new Department of Homeland Security has been heralded by several major national strategy documents. These documents have served to organize efforts at top levels within the government and industry. However, the national strategy guidance is not getting to many organizations and people at the grass-roots level who can make the most difference in preventing attacks, protecting systems, and recovering from catastrophic events, viz. the general citizenry, private infrastructure owners, and local governments. To better understand grass-roots issues and solutions, James Madison University, in cooperation with the Federal ...


Male Influx, Infanticide, And Female Transfer In Macaca Radiata Radiata, Mewa Singh, H Kumara, M. Kumar, Mirdula Singh, Matthew Cooper Mar 2006

Male Influx, Infanticide, And Female Transfer In Macaca Radiata Radiata, Mewa Singh, H Kumara, M. Kumar, Mirdula Singh, Matthew Cooper

Matthew A. Cooper

In bonnet macaques, males usually disperse between groups and females remain philopatric, but researchers have reported female transfer. We report a rare case of male influx during the mating season in our bonnet macaque study group in the Anaimalai Hills. The density of bonnet macaques in the study region was unusually high. The study group had a single, crippled adult male with a long tenure and 5 adult females. During the mating season, adult females approached and mated with outgroup males, and then several males entered the group. The adult male left the group without any resistance. The incoming males ...


Identifying Placebo Effects With Data From Clinical Trials, Anup Malani Jan 2006

Identifying Placebo Effects With Data From Clinical Trials, Anup Malani

Anup Malani

A medical treatment is said to have placebo effects if patients who are optimistic about the treatment respond better to the treatment. This paper proposes a simple test for placebo effects. Instead of comparing the treatment and control arms of a single trial, one should compare the treatment arms of two trials with different probabilities of assignment to treatment. If there are placebo effects, patients in the higher-probability trial will experience better outcomes simply because they believe that there is a greater chance of receiving treatment. This paper finds evidence of placebo effects in trials of antiulcer and cholesterol-lowering drugs.


Examining The Direction Of Imagery And Self-Talk On Dart-Throwing Performance And Self Efficacy, Jennifer Cumming, Sanna M. Nordin, Robin Horton, Scott Reynolds Jan 2006

Examining The Direction Of Imagery And Self-Talk On Dart-Throwing Performance And Self Efficacy, Jennifer Cumming, Sanna M. Nordin, Robin Horton, Scott Reynolds

Jennifer Cumming

The study investigated the impact of varying combinations of facilitative and debilitative imagery and self-talk (ST) on self-effi cacy and performance of a dart-throwing task. Participants (N = 95) were allocated to 1 of 5 groups: (a) facilitative imagery/facilitative ST, (b) facilitative imagery/debilitative ST, (c) debilitative imagery/facilitative ST, (d) debilitative imagery/debilitative ST, or (e) control. Mixed-design ANOVAs revealed that performance, but not self-effi - cacy, changed over time as a function of the assigned experimental condition. Participants in the debilitative imagery/debilitative ST condition worsened their performance, and participants in the facilitative imagery/facilitative ST condition achieved better ...


Functional Connectivity In A Baseline Resting-State Network In Autism, Vladimir Cherkassky, Rajesh Kana, Timothy Keller, Marcel Just Dec 2005

Functional Connectivity In A Baseline Resting-State Network In Autism, Vladimir Cherkassky, Rajesh Kana, Timothy Keller, Marcel Just

Marcel Adam Just

No abstract provided.


Brain Correlates Of Discourse Processing: An Fmri Investigation Of Irony And Conventional Metaphor Comprehension, Zohar Eviatar, Marcel Adam Just Dec 2005

Brain Correlates Of Discourse Processing: An Fmri Investigation Of Irony And Conventional Metaphor Comprehension, Zohar Eviatar, Marcel Adam Just

Marcel Adam Just

No abstract provided.


Sentence Comprehension In Autism: Thinking In Pictures With Decreased Functional Connectivity, Rajesh K. Kana, Timothy A. Keller, Vladimir L. Cherkassky, Nancy J. Minshew, Marcel Adam Just Dec 2005

Sentence Comprehension In Autism: Thinking In Pictures With Decreased Functional Connectivity, Rajesh K. Kana, Timothy A. Keller, Vladimir L. Cherkassky, Nancy J. Minshew, Marcel Adam Just

Marcel Adam Just

No abstract provided.


Neural Basis Of Dyslexia: A Comparison Between Dyslexic And Non-Dyslexic Children Equated For Reading Ability, Fumiko Hoeft, Arvel Hernandez, Glenn Mcmillon, Heather Taylor-Hill, Jennifer L. Martindale, Ann Meyler, Timothy A. Keller, Wai Ting Siok, Gayle K. Deutsch, Marcel Adam Just, Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli, John D. E. Gabrieli Dec 2005

Neural Basis Of Dyslexia: A Comparison Between Dyslexic And Non-Dyslexic Children Equated For Reading Ability, Fumiko Hoeft, Arvel Hernandez, Glenn Mcmillon, Heather Taylor-Hill, Jennifer L. Martindale, Ann Meyler, Timothy A. Keller, Wai Ting Siok, Gayle K. Deutsch, Marcel Adam Just, Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli, John D. E. Gabrieli

Marcel Adam Just

No abstract provided.


From Faculty For Undergraduate Neuroscience: Encouraging Innovation In Undergraduate Neuroscience Education By Supporting Student Research And Faculty Development, Eric Wiertelak, J. C. Hardwick, M. Kerchner, B. Lom, J. J. Ramirez Dec 2005

From Faculty For Undergraduate Neuroscience: Encouraging Innovation In Undergraduate Neuroscience Education By Supporting Student Research And Faculty Development, Eric Wiertelak, J. C. Hardwick, M. Kerchner, B. Lom, J. J. Ramirez

Eric Wiertelak

No abstract provided.


Unlimited Access To Heroin Self-Administration: Independent Motivational Markers Of Opiate Dependence, Laura O'Dell Dec 2005

Unlimited Access To Heroin Self-Administration: Independent Motivational Markers Of Opiate Dependence, Laura O'Dell

Laura Elena O'Dell

No abstract provided.


Behavioral And Neurochemical Responses To Cocaine In Periadolescent And Adult Rats, Laura O'Dell Dec 2005

Behavioral And Neurochemical Responses To Cocaine In Periadolescent And Adult Rats, Laura O'Dell

Laura Elena O'Dell

No abstract provided.


Biphasic Alterations In Serotonin1b (5-Ht1b) Receptor Function During Abstinence From Extended Cocaine Self-Administration, Laura O'Dell Dec 2005

Biphasic Alterations In Serotonin1b (5-Ht1b) Receptor Function During Abstinence From Extended Cocaine Self-Administration, Laura O'Dell

Laura Elena O'Dell

No abstract provided.


Diminished Nicotine Withdrawal In Adolescent Rats: Implications For Vulnerability To Addiction, Laura O'Dell Dec 2005

Diminished Nicotine Withdrawal In Adolescent Rats: Implications For Vulnerability To Addiction, Laura O'Dell

Laura Elena O'Dell

No abstract provided.


Extended Access To Nicotine Self-Administration Leads To Dependence: Circadian Measures, Withdrawal Measures, And Extinction Behavior In Rats, Laura O'Dell Dec 2005

Extended Access To Nicotine Self-Administration Leads To Dependence: Circadian Measures, Withdrawal Measures, And Extinction Behavior In Rats, Laura O'Dell

Laura Elena O'Dell

No abstract provided.


Corticotropin-Releasing Factor Within The Central Nucleus Of The Amygdala Mediates Enhanced Ethanol Self-Administration In Ethanol-Dependent Rats During Withdrawal., Laura O'Dell Dec 2005

Corticotropin-Releasing Factor Within The Central Nucleus Of The Amygdala Mediates Enhanced Ethanol Self-Administration In Ethanol-Dependent Rats During Withdrawal., Laura O'Dell

Laura Elena O'Dell

No abstract provided.